REED Anglo-Latin Wordbook

Abigail Ann Young

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Principal Terms Relating to Performance


a, ab prep with abl 1. by, by means of CH36/21m, etc; EK23/33, etc; EL16/9, etc; LI341/28, etc; WL78/24, etc; 2. in a particular direction, on WL219/25; a dextris on the right EK204/15, etc; a sinistris on the left EK204/18, etc; 3. from, out of (expressing separation or release) CH46/321, etc; EK26/8, etc; EL3/9, etc; IC43/26, etc; LI762/13, etc; WL247/15, etc; 4. from (a source or point of origin) CH717/23, etc; EK734/7, etc; EL22/16, etc; IC652/15, etc; WL3/6, etc; 5. from (with verbs of asking or the like) CH616/21; EL230/2; 6. from (a point in time) CH65/18, etc; EK731/15, etc; EL16/30, etc; IC479/8; LI316/14, etc; ab antiquo of old EK324/19, etc; EL139/3--4; IC13/28; LI316/9; WL218/4; in correlation with 'in' a tempore in tempus from time to time CH119/30-1, etc; 7. (expressing a length of time) for CH77/32; WL215/352, etc; 8. with respect to, as regards LI328/3; 9. in mixed E and L texts a occasionally functions as a vernacular preposition meaning 'to' before E phrases, eg, a le May poole to the maypole CH298/24; a lez waytes to the waits EK103/32; a lez Iustys IC16/10, etc; hence by extension a mimis to performers EK742/32 (where CL would use dative); a proclamare to proclaim EK758/16 or a fauendo to nurture EK749/16 (where CL would use ad + gd or gdve); a usum opusque (instead of CL ad usum opusque) at the need and requirement (of) EK764/13; 10. in various idioms ab olim of old, formerly EK307/36; a diu WL215/35 or adiu est WL216/15 for a long time; a retro in arrears, used of payments of money (usually written as one word) CH153/31-2, etc; EK956/15, etc; EL26/14, etc; W413/8, etc

abbacia, -e n f abbey, religious house under the authority of an abbot or abbess LI342/11; abbathia SH159/19, etc

abbas, -atis n m 1. abbot, head of a monastery CH716/17, etc; EK24/14, etc; H189/9, etc; LI341/13, etc; SH126/32m, etc; SM173/35; W397/34, etc; WL215/19, etc; 2. title of the leader of a May game at Shrewsbury SH176/38, etc, or the name of the game itself SH203/12; see p SH658 (endnote to SRO: 3365/430, f [6v])

abbatissa, -e n f abbess, head of a house of nuns OX3/7, etc

abbettamentum, -i n nt instigation, abetment LI609/33

Abendonia see Abundonia

aberratus, -a, -um adj divergent (from a norm or standard), out of kilter OX427/29 [cp OLD aberro]

abettans, -ntis prp abetting, aiding CH616/12

abinde conj 1. from that place, thence CH716/20, etc; 2. from that time, thereafter CH718/32; WL4/1

abiuro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to abjure, renounce OX8/23

ablego, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally to banish, hence to expel (ie, from university) OX530/12

abolicio, -onis n f (formal) pardon (ie, from a criminal offence) EL208/23

abreuio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to shorten LI5/11

absento, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to be absent OX3/11, SX20/19

absoletus, -a, -um for obsoletus [OLD]

absolucio, -onis n f absolution, the formal assurance of forgiveness from sin or remission of a penalty, such as excommunication, incurred for committing a sin in ecclesiastical law EK608/15, etc; H99/35, etc; L75/18, etc; LI58/26; SH59/28; SM77/36, etc; SX38/32; W369/17m; WL235/31

absoluo, -ere, -ui, -utum v tr 1. to absolve, forgive a sin or the penalty or sentence for sin C408/25, C841/21; CH681/38, etc; EK608/16, etc; EL208/24, etc; H171/20, etc; L75/21, etc; LI313/16, etc; SH327/6, etc; SM239/14, etc; SX41/24, etc; W356/3m, etc; WL235/32, etc; 2. to complete, finish, bring to perfection (eg, a work of art) C283/5

Abundonia, -e n f Abingdon, site of an important Benedictine house OX3/19; Abendonia OX33/37

abusio, -onis n f misuse, abuse, used of a custom or practice CR504/3

abusus, -us n m misuse, abuse, used of a custom or practice H57/15; SH5/36

abuttans, -ntis prp abutting on, sharing a common boundary (used in describing a plot of land) L77/19

ac see atque

academia, -e n f the university, whether considered as a physical site C229/17, etc; an institution C229/12, etc; or a community of persons C236/7, etc; (not differentiated) OX135/34, etc

academicus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to the university C295/29, etc; OX497/12, etc; 2. m pl as sbst members of the university of whatever status C283/2, etc; OX218/17m, etc; f sg as sbst the university OX217/20

accedens, -ntis sbst nt a drawing near, approach: see per

accedo, -dere, -ssi, -ssum v intr with 'ad' + acc 1. to come to, attend, visit BR5/35-6; SX24/4; 2. prp H99/9m

accepto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. literally to receive or accept (something) OX42/9, etc; 2. hence to receive or accept (something) as true or sufficient EK880/5; H150/18, etc; LI58/29; SH325/20, etc; 3. by extension to receive (someone) into a given status or relationship OX491/15

accersitus, -a, -um adj literally brought in from elsewhere, foreign, hence sought-after, recherché WL257/10

accido, -ere, -i v intr to fall within a certain period of time (defined by abl phr or 'infra' + acc) EL35/12; H111/2, etc

accipio, -ipere, -epi, -eptum v tr 1. to receive or accept (something) IC510/5; 2. accipere super se literally to take upon one's self, hence to undertake (a task or responsibility) IC7/9--10

accomodacio, -onis n f (act of) lending LI350/32, etc

aceciam var of atque etiam [OLD atque 4b]

acer, acris, acre adj sharp, harsh; see uinum

Achilles, -is n m Achilles, a Greek hero of the Trojan War: named as a character in the play Ajax Flagellifer OX308/3; named as a representative of military prowess IC425/14

acquerenda var of acquirenda [OLD acquiro]

acquietantia, -ae n f acquittance, a written receipt or discharge from debt OX519/38, etc; acquietansia IC34/25; acquitantia OX522/23

acquieto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to acquit (someone from a charge) OX9/25; 2. hence pfp pass quit, freed from specified obligations, in this case, from the conditions of a bond L36/4

acra, -e n f acre, measurement of land which varied in size by region, standardized in the late 13th century as 4840 square yards LI103/33; SM179/14, etc [OEDO]

actio, -onis n f 1. activity, action; work (as opposed to leisure) C316/22; 2. performance (of a play or dialogue) C94/22, etc; hence scenica actio, stage production, theatrical performance C308/25, etc; 3. legal action, lawsuit CH78/19; EL230/26, etc; LI341/20, etc; here apparently in a church court L75/20; see also preclusio

actito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to put on (a play or the like), perform OX136/22

actor, -oris n m 1. literally a doer, one who acts, hence participant; when used of a participant in a play, it is unclear whether its meaning is restricted to actors in the modern sense C94/17, etc; LI5/19, LI203/22m; used of participants in a school play DR171/43; hence actor scaenicus stage player EK226/15; fabule actor play actor LI238/5-6; hence actor OX37/36 (where 'actor' translates E 'player'), etc; 2. complainant in a lawsuit, plaintiff EK947/27

actum, -i n nt 1. action, doing OX542/21, etc; 2. by extension legal proceedings, action (sometimes used of the record of such proceedings) DR222/41 (in form act<.>); EK947/28, etc; OX258/39, etc; SX179/20m; acta (f) EK20/12; 3. administrative or legislative decision, act OX481/34

actus, -us n m 1. action, activity EK308/5; OX141/8; SM238/21; by extension possibly academic exercise or disputation publicly delivered [REED Cambridge EG acte] C4/7; 2. by extension act, a subdivision of a play OX310/31m, etc; WL43/42; 3. legal proceedings, action, (sometimes used of the record of such proceedings) EK533/40, etc; H183/40, etc; SH61/32, etc; SM116/34, etc

acupictura, -e n f embroidery LI583/23 [from OLD acus 'needle' and pictura 'painting']

ad prep with acc 1. to, toward: A. literally, of space CH716/18, etc; EK26/11, etc; EL14/6, etc; IC377/10, etc; LI14/30, etc; OX5/32, etc; SX24/4; hence (of letters or the like) to, (addressed) to CH55/27, etc; EL238/24, etc; B. figuratively CH36/13; EK308/19, etc; IC47/7, etc; LI4/8, etc; C. of events or occasions EL14/11, etc; D. of states or conditions (eg, ad laciuiam) EK938/19, etc; OX4/7, etc; SX3/10; E. of goals LI4/2, etc; ad hoc SX3/12; 2. (expressing position in space) at, in front of, before: A. literally CH46/28; EK822/10, etc; EL14/18, etc; IC424/38; LI6/22, etc; OX40/20, etc; B. (expressing contact) at, against OX8/25, etc; or on, upon EL23/23; C. figuratively, of events or occasions CH35/40, etc; EK24/14, etc; IC43/24, etc; LI6/3, etc; OX29/20, etc; 3. (expressing a point in time) at: A. literally CH841/6, etc; EK27/23, etc; EL26/10, etc; IC32/31, etc; LI6/21, etc; OX16/17, etc; SX182/10, etc; B. in idioms ad diuersas uices EK320/11, etc; SX185/8--9; W399/24, etc; (or ad varias uices SX186/10) at various times; ad duas uices on two occasions, twice EK346/13; LI36/38; OX19/321; SX187/26; ad tres uices on three occasions SH128/32-3; ad uices at times, on occasion EK905/21, etc; LI333/39, etc; 4. (of a period of time) throughout EL22/30, etc; LI608/11; 5. (of circumstances) at, eg, ad misas et expensas CH78/24; ad eius humilem peticionem EL208/22; ~ specialem requisitionem IC35/24, etc; ad requisicionem LI608/29, etc; 6. (expressing manner) after, in accordance or harmony with CH616/16, etc; EK25/17, etc; EL22/9, etc; IC43/27, etc; LI132/26, etc; OX6/38, etc; ad mandatum EL18/8, etc; OX7/37, etc; SX18/9, etc; ad effectum SX20/16; hence ad arma ire to go in arms, to be armed LI606/18, etc; 7. (expressing relationship or connection) to CH56/6, etc; EL3/7, etc; 8. (expressing quantity) at (an amount) IC10/21, etc; 9. (with numbers and sums of money) round about (an amount), up to (a total) CH46/26, etc; EK34/31, etc; EL97/26, etc; IC11/35; LI316/22, etc; OX8/29, etc; 10. (expressing purpose) to, for CH48/21, etc; EK24/35, etc; EL14/20, etc; LI104/52, etc; OX6/37, etc; with acc of gd or gdve CH716/15, etc; EK25/5, etc; EL17/18, etc; IC11/5, etc; LI3/11, etc; OX6/23, etc; SX171/3, etc; by extension with E participle ad mayynge OX8/5; ad opus + gen for the benefit (of) CH714/29, etc; EK763/36; EL18/21, etc; L94/10, etc; LI25/37, etc; SH159/24; a opus (cp a, ab sense 8) EK764/13; ad usum + gen to the use (of) CH153/28, etc; EL18/28, etc; IC49/12; OX94/16, etc; SX171/21; ad opus et usum for the benefit and use (of) CH726/22 (in form ad <..>us et usum due to damaged text), etc; 11. used pleonastically with infinitive, rendering E 'to': ad fecisse LI313/13; 12. (expressing goal of action) to, for CH36/24, etc; EK308/20, etc; EL16/10, etc; LI78/32; OX6/14, etc; ad hoc to this end CH45/1; EL21/19--20; IC93/22--3; LI607/30, etc; OX9/27, etc; 13. (expressing admission to a status, condition, or office) to, for CH78/12, etc; EL21/37; IC29/3, etc; LI127/6, etc; OX30/12, etc; 14. (with expressed or implied questions) in reply to, to CH27/38, etc; EL146/14, etc; OX47/26; 15. substituting for dative EK734/21, etc; IC36/9; LI25/13, etc; OX19/322, etc; SX18/4, etc; followed by a vernacular expression EK650/18, etc; IC6/40, etc; LI156/7, etc; 16. in various idioms: ad effectum effectively SX20/11; ad hoc EK308/12 or ad hec EK939/20, etc (ad haec EK938/19); LI5/15, etc, besides; ad manus + gen at the hands of (expressing responsibility) CH153/27, etc; (expressing agency) LI27/15; OX88/37; ad minus at least C133/9; ad presens at present, now CH47/2, etc; H98/11 (also written as adpresens H99/9); ad statim at once EK947/30; ad ter on three occasions, three times SX184/35; ad tunc at that time, then CH731/26, etc; EK311/9; IC11/39, etc; L113/17; SH264/22, etc; SM251/39, etc; SX13/40, etc (also written as adtunc C388/36; CH691/38, etc; EK339/31; EL230/7, etc; H70/30, etc; IC93/13; L113/19, etc; LI35/3; SH265/39, etc; SM189/13, etc; WL238/4); deliberare ad proprias manus LI345/5-6 or soluere ad manus to deliver or to pay into one's hands, pay directly to EK16/38, etc; IC66/24; LI121/34, etc; SH139/32, etc; SM250/7; see also arma, conseruandus, constabularius, curia, dimitto, ludo, iusticiarius, septimana, seruiens, usque

adagium, -ii n nt proverb, adage, here in title Adagium Chilias (error for Adagiorum Chiliadia), a collection of proverbs by Erasmus SM195/30-1m

adaugeo, -gere, xi, -ctum v tr to increase, here in idiom ad duplum adauctum having been doubled C563/20-1

additionalis, -e adj additional, further; see positio

addo, -ere, -idi, -itum v tr to add (numbers), perform addition IC651/11, etc

addubbatus, -a, -um pfp pass studded EL15/8

adherens, -ntis sbst comm follower, adherent BR4/38

adhuc adv 1. still, up to this time EL129/4; 2. (in headings) still, ie, continuing from a previous entry EL229/35

adiaphorum, -i sbst nt (morally) indifferent or neutral action SM311/17

adinuencio, -onis n f invention, imagining LI103/17

adinuentus, -a, -um pfp pass devised, invented, conceived CR503/39; EL17/6

adinuicem prep phr 1. mutually, together LI607/1, etc; WL79/14; 2. one from another WL10/1 [see OLD inuicem]

adiudico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to impose (a sentence or penalty), award (judgment) EL231/11; 2. to sentence (an accused person to a penalty) OX7/36; SM397/13

adiungo, -gere, -xi, -ctum v tr literally to join to, here in idiom animos uestros adiungere to set your minds (to something) OX56/28; used in error for iniungo [OLD] H154/24

adiutis, -is n f aid, assistance CH768/11

adiuuamen, -inis n nt remedy, assistance LI25/10

admercio see amercio

administrator, -oris n m administrator, one in charge of the estate of a deceased person or a minor C614/25; CH152/201, etc; OX196/4, etc; admynistrator CH645/4

administrallo either 1. dat of the rare administrallus, -i n m minstrel [cp REED Devon LG administrallus] or 2. ad ministrallo error for ad ministrallum [cp ad sense 15 and ministrallus] EK760/30

admiralis, -is n m admiral, here specifically lord high admiral, supreme commander of a national fleet EK625/23, etc; SX48/35; admirallus EK759/14; see also curia

admissio, -onis n f 1. permission L113/16; 2. admission, act of admitting (a person) to a status or office OX54/12m; to the legal status of tenant L83/28, etc; to membership in a group IC37/7m, etc

admitto, -ittere, -isi, -issum v tr 1. to admit (a person into a place), allow LI3/22, LI4/11; 2. to admit (a person) to a legal status or condition, used of burgess-ship L40/10; LI321/5, etc; OX192/4, etc; SM242/27 and tenancy L82/31, L82/33; 3. to admit (a person) to membership in a body CH78/13, etc; IC35/21, etc; 4. to admit (a person) to an office or responsibility C253/35; EK946/6; EL211/17, etc; LI319/35, etc; OX54/5, etc; used of a wait's office L52/6; 5. specifically to admit (a cleric) to a cure of souls in a given church, here as an assistant W348/23; 6. to admit (evidence, a statement, or the like) before a court EK947/31, etc; SM185/20, etc; hence to admit (a party) before a court (to present a case or argument) CH772/16; admittere in testes to admit (persons) as witnesses C388/33; 7. to permit, allow SM32/6

admoneo, -ere, -ui, -itum v tr to warn C296/21; OX86/3; hence to issue a formal legal warning to offenders C296/7; H146/7, etc; OX48/34; SH51/22, etc; SX40/28; W388/4

admonicio, -onis n f formal warning given by a judge to a defendant at dismissal enjoining better behaviour in future EK871/37; H154/40, etc; SH12/18, etc; SX40/34; W392/3; WL221/14

admunio, -ire, -ii, -itum v tr to provide (someone) with means of defence, to arm (someone) CH717/37, etc

adnullo, -are, aui, -atum v tr to bring to no effect, annul (eg, a law or rule) W394/9

adpresens see ad

adquiro, -rere, -siui, -situm v tr literally to get, acquire (something), here by extension to hire (a person) EK829/18

adscio, -ire, -iui, -itum v tr to hire OX487/39 [cp OLD ascio2]

adtunc see ad

aduantagium, -ii n nt advantage, gain EL138/15, etc; aduauntagium EL125/30

aduentura, -e n f joust, venture of arms OX529/32; auentura C399/8

aduentus, -us n m 1. literally coming, arrival SH136/20, etc; WL57/23, etc; 2. by extension Advent, the liturgical season serving as a preparation for the celebration of the Incarnation at Christmas W400/21 or the first Sunday of Advent W468/19, etc; aduentus Domini WL216/24; in primo Aduentu at the beginning of Advent, ie, on the first Sunday SH194/21

aduersus prep with acc against: Aduersus Gentes 'Against the Gentiles,' title of a work by Arnobius CH812/4; used of a law-suit or charge C332/21

aduisate adv deliberately, advisedly SH265/8

aduocacio, -onis n f right of presenting (a cleric) to a cure of souls, advowson LI127/5m

aduocaria, -e n f avowry, advocacy, the state of being a patron or advocate to a person or a benefice 45/9, etc

aecclesia see ecclesia

aedendo over-correction of edendo [OLD edo2]

aedes see edes

Aedichristianus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to Christ Church OX305/33

aedidit over-correction of edidit [OLD edo2]

aedificium, -ii n nt literally building, here a temporary structure erected within an existing building C236/21

aedilis, -is n m in CL a Roman Republican officer in charge of various public works and services such as the games, by extension member of the university chosen to oversee plays C238/6

aeditus, -a, -um over-correction of editus [OLD edo2]

aedituus see edituus

Aegidius, -ii n m the name Giles: Sanctus Aegidius St Giles (in the Fields), a parish outside London's city wall and en route from the prison at Newgate and the gallows at Tyburn; condemned prisoners customarily were offered a last drink nearby, here the name of a marquessate held by a Christmas prince IC424/20

Aeneanasensis, -e adj of or pertaining to Brazen Nose, the eponymous emblem of Brasenose College; see collegium

aeneus, -a, -um adj made of brass, brazen; see nasus

aequester, -tris, -tre adj literally mounted on horseback, equestrian; in CL a reference to the equestrian class, a lesser aristocracy below the rank of senator, hence in AL knightly: aequestris ordo equestrian order, ie, the knightly class OX217/37 [over-correction of OLD equester]

aer, aeris n m air, hence breath, here in idiom aerem impellere to blow (eg, through a musical instrument) WL3/15

aerarium, -ii n nt in CL public treasury of Republican Rome, by extension the treasury containing a college's funds C147/28; erarium C205/33

Aesopicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Aesop, an ancient fabulist; here, with 'opus' understood, referring to his writings as a body DR172/6

aetas see etas

affabre adv in a craftsmanlike manner, artfully OX894/29 [cp OLD affaber]

affatus, -us n m conversation WL7/16

affectuose adv sincerely, earnestly EK974/29

affibilitatem var of affabilitatem [>OLD affabilitas]

affirmatiue adv in an affirmative manner; yes (of replies) C316/14, etc

affinitas, -atis n f affinity, connection, hence resemblance, similarity WL10/29

affixio, -onis n f act of attaching or affxing something to a surface, here referring to the act of affixing a copy of the official citation ordering an accused person to appear in a church court to the doors of his or her home or parish church when all other means of delivery failed EK713/33, etc; SX20/14; afficcio EK13/10

affraia, -e n f 1. literally affray, a fight between two or more persons in a public place, by extension an assault CH197/30, etc; L31/25, L31/29; SH310/34m, etc; 2. hence affraia pacis a breach of the peace CH715/19; SH281/4, etc [Black's Affray]

Agamemnon, -onis n m Agamemnon, leader of the Greek forces in the Trojan War, here named as a type of military leadership IC425/13

ager, agri n m field; see Dorsettensis

Agesilaus, -i n m Agesilaus (444-360 BC), king and general of Sparta [OCD]; see oracio

aggrauacio, -onis n f worsening, aggravation (eg, of a punishment) SM391/22m, etc

aggreo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to agree, come to an agreement IC45/18, etc

agitacio, -onis n f literally disturbance, (violent) motion, hence baiting (ie, of bears) SH173/6, etc

agito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to put on, perform, produce acgitandis C147/28

agnellus, -i n m lamb (likely without the strong diminutive force of CL) EK753/10 [cp OLD agnellus, DML agnellus]

agnominatio, -onis n f the rhetorical figure of alliteration IC455/22

agnus, -i n m literally a lamb, by extension referring to Christ (as Lamb of God; cp Jn 1.24) EL239/30

agreamentum, -i n nt agreement CH56/16; agrementum CH56/22

Aiax, -acis n m Ajax, a Greek hero of the Trojan War, here named as a character in the play Ajax Flagellifer OX307/34, etc

aisiamentum, -i see aysiamentum

alacritas, -atis n f speed, haste SH14/16

alarius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to gambling, especially with dice [confusion of OLD ala and alea?]); see taberna

alauda, -e n f lark, probably a skylark EK34/23

Alba Fortunata, Albe Fortunate n f Alba Fortunata, imaginary kingdom of St John's Christmas Prince, so named because of a punning connection between the surname of the Prince (Tucker), the Greek word τύχη (luck), and the Latin 'fortunatus' (lucky) OX360/38

Albanus, -a, -um adj Alban, here used in the name of an Oxford hall OX73/19

Albanus, -i n m Alban, name of an English saint, hence Sanctus Albanus St Albans, a town named for him LI116/15

albus, -a, -um adj 1. white EK100/30, etc; IC549/11; 2. f as sbst alb, a long white vestment EK25/2; EL15/8, etc [ODCC]; see also halec, panis, uinum

alcumista, -ae n m alchemist, one who studies the supposed properties of elements with a view to their transformation, here used in reference to the play The Alchemist OX387/23

alderman(n)us, -i n m alderman: 1. a civic officer CH177/38 (Chester); EK77/15, etc (Canterbury); L41/16 (Liverpool); LI319/26, etc; OX493/9; W412/8, etc (Worcester); aldirmannus EK537/22 (Faversham); aldrimannus OX492/7; 2. a guild officer CH55/30, etc; LI25/26, etc

alea, -e n f a game of chance played with dice on a board or the dice themselves CH812/14; CR465/6; EK939/12; LI7/18; SM238/2, etc; W348/5; de Ludis Aleae 'Of Dicegames,' title of a work by Lambert Daneau CH812/16-17m; alia LI7/18c; WL216/27

aleator, -oris n m one who plays 'alea,' dice-player 342/4

aleatorius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to gambling, especially with dice; see domus, ludus

Alexander, -dri n m 1. Alexander the Great (356--323 BC), here likely named as a character in a play OX178/15; 2. Alexander Seuerus Severus Alexander (208/9--35), Roman emperor 222--35, here named as a character in the play Marcus Geminus OX137/24

Alexandra, -ae n f Alexandra Salome, queen of Judea 76--69 BC, who successfully ended a revolt of the Pharisees against her late husband Alexander Jannaeus OX179/3 [see OCD Jews]

alexcio, -onis n f enticement EK975/24 [OLD allectatio]

alia see alea

alias adv 1. elsewhere CH681/38; DR275/12; EL140/21, etc; H99/10, etc; L25/5; SH58/26m, etc; SM424/10, etc; SX38/32, etc; W348/24, etc; 2. else W350/10; 3. on another occasion LI609/23; 4. otherwise CH18/25; CR527/12; EL129/26; LI320/8, etc; SH264/18; 5. with alternate names, alias CH160/9, etc; DR275/28; EL129/34, etc; H146/1, etc; L23/37, etc; LI257/13, etc; SH299/41, etc; SM172/26, etc; SX29/2, etc; W381/22, etc

alienere var of alienare [OLD alieno]

alimentacio, -onis n f literally nourishing, hence sustaining, support LI208/22

aliqualis, -e adj of whatever kind, any LI25/24

aliqualiter adv in any way CH767/41; LI25/40; SH74/3, etc; WL238/23

allegacio, -onis n f allegation, a plea or claim, eg, one made by, or on behalf of, one party to a suit against the other C326/22, etc; CH843/12, etc; EK729/9, etc; EL216/15, etc; SM686/28, etc; SX38/11

allego, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to allege, to state or claim (something) formally in court as true or sufficient C332/25, etc; CH843/15, etc; EK728/39, etc; EL129/14, etc; H140/38, etc; LI266/17, etc; OX73/27, etc; SM210/36, etc; SX18/29, etc; WL235/32

Allemannus, -a, -um adj German W379/21

alleum, -ei n nt garlic clove or head EK34/25

Alleluia interj alleluia, liturgical interjection of praise derived from a Hebrew phrase EK26/11, etc [ODCC]

alligatus, -a, -um pfp pass allied, joined OX8/16

allocacio, -onis n f 1. allowance, acceptance EL23/12; hence allowance of an expenditure as valid and subject to reimbursement C67/36; OX217/36m; 2. allowance, provision EK34/29; IC23/1m, etc; LI118/43, etc; 3. permission, leave L113/16; allacacio IC188/17m (sense 2)

alloco, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to allow, provide IC7/24, etc; LI112/12, etc; OX253/5, etc; 2. to allow (eg, an account or payment) as valid, approve (also used of legal briefs) C56/25, etc; EK60/8, etc; EL33/20, etc; IC159/1; LI164/8; SH138/33m, etc

alloquor, -qui, -cutus v tr 1. to converse (with), speak (to), address OX3/9; 2. to state formally OX9/25

altar, -aris n nt (Christian) altar, referring to a specific altar in a church or chapel EK27/8, etc; EL16/17; LI105/14, etc; WL54/15, or to the altar as the focal point of liturgical ministry EK912/1; EL3/9

altarista, -e n m acolyte, a boy attending the clergy in the chancel during services SM240/30, etc; alterista SM247/16, etc

alternus, -a, -um adj literally alternate, here by extension other, another (possibly an antiquarian misreading of alterius) CH60/14

Altissimus, -i sbst m the Most High, used as a divine title BR6/27; CH46/39; EL243/24; OX11/7, etc; W349/27

altram, altri, altrum syncopated forms of alteram, alteri, alterum [OLD alter, altera, alterum]

altus, -a, -um adj high, lofty; see aula, chorus, missa, uicus

alueum, -i n nt literally a concave surface or object, in CL a kind of gaming board used for throwing dice, hence a backgammon table or, by extension, the game of backgammon OX56/23 (cp OX56/31, where it is rendered by E 'tables')

alumnus, -i n m 1. literally foster son, ward OX309/20, hence student C237/8, etc; OX136/10, etc; by extension protégé EK62/3 (in form alumpnus); 2. graduate C842/22

alura, -e n f covered walkway or passage EL25/33, etc [cp OEDO alure n.]

amandi gen gd (nom sg lacking) see ars

Amantius Letus n m fictive name for a mock sheriff, 'Loving Leet-Court' IC463/16

amasia, -ie n f (female) lover, mistress OX4/6

amator, -oris n m lover; see hospicium

ambassator, -oris n m ambassador EK360/33; ambasiator EK340/35

Ambrosius, -ii n m St Ambrose (c 339-97), bishop of Milan and theologian CH808/29m, etc [ODCC]

ambulo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr literally to walk, here by extension to follow or pursue (eg, a way of life) EL239/2, etc

amendacio, -onis n f amendment of life, improvement in conduct H172/10

amerciamentum, -i n nt amercement, a fine assessed at the discretion of the court CH78/21; IC23/39, etc; L31/30 [Black's, DML admerciare, admerciamentum]

amercio, -ere, -i, -itum v tr to amerce, assess for a fine CH78/16; DR169/7 IC7/11, etc; admercio IC32/43; amerceo IC29/5

amicabilis, -e adj amicable, friendly LI341/21

amicus, -i n m friend; see curia

amisia, -ie n f amice, an item of ecclesiastical dress, probably originally a hood, or hooded cape, with a fur lining EK714/34 [ODCC ALMUCE, OEDO amice2]

am(m)odo adv from now on, hereafter CH221/19; CR504/38; LI320/7; OX4/34

am(m)oueo, -ouere, -oui, -otum v tr to cause (someone) to be legally removed from possession of a landholding EL26/25, etc; W413/25

amor, -oris n m love, here spiritual love, charity EL15/24

amphibologicus, -a, -um adj having a double meaning, ambiguous EL280/37, etc

amplijs var of amplis [OLD amplus]

Anabaptista, -e n m Anabaptist, properly a member of one of several radically pietist Protestant movements in the sixteenth century that rejected infant baptism OX387/24, etc [ODCC]

anathema, -atis n nt literally something accursed, by extension formal declaration of excommunication or other canonical censure EL4/1; H57/21; SH6/1; W396/13

ἀνατύποσις, -εως n f mould, model OX343/7 [LSJ]

ancer var of anser [OLD anser1]

ancyle, -is n nt literally a waisted shield [OLD ancile], here a shield used as a decorative heraldic device OX306/6

Andreas, -ee n m the name Andrew: in idiom Andree (with 'festum sancti' understood) feast of St Andrew, 30 November EK16/2m, etc

angelicus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to an angel, angelic EK980/1, etc

angelus, -i n m angel, a heavenly messenger CH36/14; (with reference to John 20.12) EK25/23; in the Lincolnshire passages, it is often not clear whether in these passages an image or a person representing an angel is meant LI108/9, etc; angilus LI128/19; aungelus 153/2 [ODCC]

Anglia, -e n f England C65/26, etc; CH616/7, etc; DR296/5; EK974/6, etc; EL27/2, etc; H94/6; IC61/1, etc; L36/2, etc; LI608/36, etc; OX3/7, etc; SH177/36, etc; SM189/11, etc; SX183/24, etc; W396/3, etc; WL57/17, etc

Anglicanus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to England C510/17; CH43/33, etc; EL19/3; OX893/28; W445/13; WL158/4; 2. of or pertaining to the English language C237/32; CH768/35; SH265/9; SM251/13, etc; WL238/18

Anglice adv in the English language BR134/1, etc; C578/19, etc; CH116/2, etc; DR282/29, etc; EK100/25, etc; H97/28, etc; L24/2, etc; LI42/13, etc; OX149/6, etc; SH205/30, etc; SM251/14, etc; SX29/2; W394/12; WL9/14, etc

Anglicus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to England, English OX135/35, etc; W396/9; 2. of or pertaining to the English language WL238/5; 3. nt sg as sbst the English language OX7/20; SM251/12

Angligena, -ae n m Englishman OX314/11; specifically a Saxon SX212/18

Anglus, -i n m Englishman CH36/9; OX313/30; specifically a Saxon SX212/10, etc; hence in pl the English, the English people WL57/15, etc

anima, -e n f 1. soul, here of a dead person SM240/28, etc; 2. as legal term in animam + gen on behalf of (eg, a client) SM140/3; see also cura, regimen

animal, -alis n nt (nonhuman) animal, beast W347/8; specifically domesticated animals put to graze or kept in a pasture CH717/4, etc; DR247/18; EL3/6; W347/12; also domesticated or draft animal WL21/21, etc

animosius adv violently EK308/10

annexit; annexus, -a, -um var of adnexuit; adnexus, -a, -um [OLD adnecto]

annominatio, -onis n f literally pun, here by extension play on words WL9/2

an(n)ualis, -e adj annual CH153/31, etc; EL128/6, etc; IC95/34, etc

an(n)uatim adv yearly, on an annual basis BR6/38; C207/5, etc; CH55/37, etc; EK644/28; EL26/8, etc; IC97/5; L82/27, L82/28; LI24/30, etc; WL215/37; annuatem L82/18

annuitas, -atis n f annual payment: it is unclear whether it is for services rendered or as an honorarium C227/15; LI132/24

annullo, -are, -aui, -atus v tr to annul (an order or decree) EL23/17

annunciacio, -onis n f announcement, annunciation, especially the annunciation by an angel to the Virgin Mary of the impending birth of Christ (Lk 1.26-38), commemorated liturgically on 25 March C344/34, etc; EK81/35, etc; OX162/34; SX185/27, etc; W412/29, etc; gen Annunciacionis (with 'festum' understood) feast of the Annunciation EK16/18m, etc; see also festum, terminus

annuo var of adnuo [OLD]

an(n)us, -i n m 1. year CR493/23, etc; CH36/3, etc; DR252/11, etc; EK731/10, etc; EL21/12, etc; IC5/24, etc; LI5/4, etc; OX3/15, etc; SH10/7, etc; SX183/1; WL79/3, etc; hence in a play title, Annus Recurrens OX308/25; 2. in various idioms: annorum inscius literally unaware of years, hence, showing youthful inexperience DR172/5; ~ domini year of the Lord, AD BR6/24, etc; C147/36, etc; CH47/20, etc; CR528/5, etc; DR248/9, etc; EK975/6, etc; EL16/28, etc; IC20/30, etc; LI342/26, etc; OX126/7, etc; SX14/7, etc; WL215/15, etc; anno ætatis vicesimo tertio inchoato literally when the twenty-third year of (my) age had begun, ie (because of the inclusive counting methods used by CL writers), when I was twenty-two years old OX209/11; ~ gracie year of grace, equivalent to AD BR3/22; OX108/43; ~ incarnacionis dominice year of the Lord's incarnation, equivalent to AD EL19/2-3; ~ regni (with ordinal number) literally the Nth year of a reign, expressing the regnal year, CH44/39, etc; EK323/30, etc; EL25/16, etc; IC6/40, etc; LI609/24, etc; OX5/15, etc; SX170/28, etc; WL158/3, etc (with 'regni' understood CH118/31, etc; EK330/28, etc; IC6/19, etc; WL257/2-3m); ~ salutis year of salvation, equivalent to AD EL281/2, etc; duodecimo aetatis anno inchoato literally when the twelfth year of (my) age had begun, that is (because of the inclusive counting methods used by CL writers), when I was eleven years old DR170/31; see also de, per

antecessor, -oris n m ancestor CH65/16

antedictus, -a, -um pfp pass said or stated before C301/14, etc; CH56/28, etc; CR504/37; EK946/6; EL21/36; OX146/24, etc; SM106/17; WL236/36

ante hac var of antehac [OLD]

antenominatus, -a, -um pfp pass named before or above SM357/37, etc

anterior, -oris compar adj nearer, closer WL12/17, etc

antiphona, -ae n f antiphon, verse or sentence (usually scriptural) sung before and after parts of the divine office; antiphons are often sung responsively by cantor and choir or a divided choir EK24/29, etc [ODCC]

antiphonarium, -ii n nt antiphonary, liturgical book containing all the parts of the divine office and mass intended to be sung antiphonally, here referring specifically to the antiphonary mistakenly attributed to Pope Gregory I EK24/5 [ODCC ANTIPHONAL]

antiquus, -a, -um adj 1. ancient, old LI316/9; 2. m pl as sbst men of olden days LI607/33; nt sg as sbst the past, past times: ex antiquo of old, from long ago IC52/14; LI137/13; see also a, ab

Antonius, -ii n m a Roman gentile name or one of the holders of that name, especially Mark Antony, the triumvir, here named as a character in the play Caesar Interfectus OX178/14, etc

Antuerpia, -ae n f Antwerp C845/5

anualis see an(n)ual(l)is

apediamentum, -i n nt hindrance, impediment H200/26; apodiamentum H200/30 [possibly a var of OLD impedimentum but more probably an independent formation on the same root]

apercio, -onis n f 1. state of being open SM174/22; 2. act of opening, in idiom aperciones pixidum the opening of the boxes, the formal beginning of the accounting quarter in Rye (see Sussex Introduction, p SXlxviii) SX49/6

apertura, -e n f literally opening, here in idiom apertura magni altaris the opening of the high altar, apparently a regular accounting practice at Lincoln Cathedral involving receipts of funds LI121/2

apologeticus, -a, -um adj apologetic, appropriate to the defence of some position: here as sbst m, The Apologeticus, title of a treatise by Tertullian SM192/7m

apostolicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to an apostle, apostolic, used with reference to St Peter and his successors as pope, papal EL21/26; LI7/25, etc; WL215/13, etc; see also rescriptum, sedes

apostolus see ap(p)ostolus

apostasia, -e n f 1. apostacy, renunciation of faith LI5/12; 2. hence renunciation of a religious vocation by a monk or nun LI317/11

apostata, -e sbst f runaway nun, one who has renounced her vocation by leaving her convent without permission LI317/18, etc

apotecarius, -ii n m apothecary, member of the Apothecaries' company SH128/10 [OEDO apothecary]

apparatus, -us n m gear, outfit, clothing; here in idioms duplex apparatus literally double clothing, hence two outfits or sets of clothing BR55/20, etc and singularis apparatus literally single clothing, hence one outfit or set of clothing BR157/15; apparratus BR74/23

apparellus, -i n m apparel or gear IC36/4

apparitor, -oris n m summoner, officer of the ecclesiastical courts with special responsibility for delivering citations to appear in court to accused persons CH664/33; EK947/27, etc; H167/31, etc; LI27/3, etc; SH120/17, etc; W390/11, etc

appensio, -onis n f act of affixing (eg, a seal) WL218/6

appensus, -a, -um pfp pass appended, attached (used of seals and the like) EL26/40; LI342/25

applausus, -us n m applause, expression of approval C283/2; OX307/25, etc

applicatus, -a, -um pfp pass to lay on (eg, metal or metallic thread on cloth) EL15/23

Appollonius, -ii n m Apollonius Molon, a Greek rhetor, one of the teachers of Cicero WL247/16 [OCD Apollonius (9) Molon]

appono, -onere, -osui, -ositum v tr 1. literally to place, put OX894/21; (of fire) to set LI607/7; hence in idioms manus apponere to put one's hands (to something), either to sign (something) CH763/22 or to apply oneself (to a task or the like) OX799/9; and sigillum apponere to affix a seal, to seal CH48/13, etc; EL98/11, etc; SH14/18; SM175/9; SX171/23, etc; 2. by extension of expense or cost, to incur EL230/27, etc; LI108/30

ap(p)ostolus, -i n m apostle, one of the first followers of Jesus, often found in the names of saints' days or churches BR3/28, etc; C5/29, etc; CH616/14; CR503/24; EK308/38, etc; LI105/39, etc; OX11/40, etc; SH14/3, etc; SM192/5-6m, etc; also often used in reference to St Paul EK912/12; EL18/36, etc; H98/21, etc; SH5/30; see also dies, epistola, festum, uigilia

appreciator, -oris n m appraiser, here one who values the goods of a recently deceased person prior to the probate of his will C203/19, etc

apprecio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to appraise, here to value the goods of a recently deceased person prior to the probate of his will C203/19; CH172/16, etc; EL97/21, etc

apprenticia, -e1 n f (female) apprentice, one bound to a craftsman or other master for a term of years in order to learn certain skills BR152/31

apprenticia, -e2 n f the period or term of being an apprentice, apprenticeship LI324/18

apprenticiatus, -us n m the period or term of being an apprentice, apprenticeship BR219/1

apprenticius, -i n m (male) apprentice, one bound to a craftsman or other master for a term of years in order to learn certain skills BR55/17, etc; CH462/17, etc; LI323/5, etc; OX332/29, etc; by extension apprenticius curie literally apprentice of the court, hence a junior barrister BR6/28-9

appunctuacio, -onis n f appointing, arranging LI219/30, etc

Aprilys var of Aprilis gen sg [OLD Aprilis2]

apronarius, -ii n m literally naperer, officer in charge of household linen, but here likely an antiquarian misreading of a guild name CH54/3

aproprio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to appropriate (land or holdings) LI103/31; 2. specifically of a monastery, to appropriate (a church), to annex or attach it as a benefice owing tithes, et al CR527/9, etc (as pfp pass)

approximo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to come near, approach EK25/32

apud prep with acc 1. at (locative) C69/25, etc; CH36/19, etc; EK309/7, etc; IC34/4, etc; OX8/16, etc; SH13/36, etc; 2. among (position) C93/33, etc; CH843/31, etc; OX305/4; 3. on, upon, at (of work or other activity) C150/4; EK625/17, etc; 4. at (someone's) home, with (a person) IC808/42; OX38/6; 5. before, in the presence of IC424/26; OX137/24, etc; 6. in the eyes of, for (someone's) part C296/15, etc; OX307/6; 7. (of time) at, on (an occasion), during (an event) C66/13, etc; CH763/18; EK315/14m, etc; IC38/9, etc; OX18/6, etc; SH208/31; aput OX21/11

aquabagilus, -i n m parish clerk SM119/40 [ODCC]

arbitrator, -oris n m umpire LI109/17

arbor, -oris n f literally tree OX5/4; hence timber, wood (for construction) OX94/29, OX94/35

Arcadia, -iae n f Arcadia, literally a region in the Peloponnese, by extension an imagined and idealized setting used in pastoral verse and other writing: referring to the title and setting of the play Arcadia Reformed OX309/9, etc; hence Arcadia Utopica Utopian Arcadia, ie, the imagined pastoral setting of the play OX310/8; Isiaca Arcadia Arcadia on the Isis, ie, Oxford OX310/8--9

Arcas, -ados adj of or pertaining to Arcadia, Arcadian OX314/7; m sg as sbst an inhabitant of (the imaginary) Arcadia OX309/30; hence Isiaci Arcades Arcadians of the Isis, ie, Oxford men OX309/9

archana var of arcana [OLD arcanum]

archangelus, -i n m archangel, one of the highest order of angels CH135/11, etc; EK81/34, etc; EL127/39, etc; H412/34; OX16/39; see also festum

archidiaconalis, -e adj of or pertaining to an archdeacon or archdeaconry, archidiaconal EK974/20; LI341/7, etc

archidiaconatus, -us n m archdeaconry, district under the authority of an archdeacon DR248/3; EK534/31, etc; LI3/7, etc

archidiaconus, -i n m archdeacon, cleric appointed by a bishop to assist him principally in administering justice and in supervising parochial clergy BR5/8, etc; C363/20, etc; CR464/4; EK974/19; EL17/10, etc; LI3/5, etc; W377/37; WL247/11, etc; archidyaconus SM423/18

archidiocesis, -is n f archdiocese, administrative district under the authority of an archbishop EK714/17

archidux, -cis n comm literally chief duke, hence archduke, from the mid-fourteenth century a title of the ruler of Austria EK779/23, etc; one of the titles of a Christmas prince IC424/19

archiepiscopalis, -e adj of or pertaining to an archbishop, archiepiscopal EK947/3, etc

archiepiscopus, -i n m archbishop, the chief bishop of an ecclesiastical province EK974/6, etc; WL247/9, etc

archigrammataus, -i n m lord chancellor [from ἀρχιγραμματέυς, a chief secretary or scribe] C95/8

archipraesul, -ulis n m archbishop OX894/4, etc

Architas, -ae n m Archytas of Tarentum, a Pythagorean mathematician who flourished in the first half of the fourth century BC and was believed to have built a mechanical dove OX307/21

architectonex, -icis n m architect, builder OX306/1

Arcitus, -i n m Arcite, a character in the play Palamon and Arcite OX138/24, etc; Arcis OX136/21

arctans, -ntis prp binding, obligating CH772/28 [OLD arto]

arcus, -us n m literally bow (for archery), hence 1. an arch: parochia Beate Marie de Arcubus parish of St Mary Arches, another name for St Mary le Bow EL230/6; 2. a bow for playing a musical instrument LI205/37

arena, -e n f sand, gravel C156/23

Areopagiticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to the Areopagus, meeting place of the council of the Areopagus, Athens' highest court; see oratio

aresto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to arrest (an accused person) LI609/28

aretro see a, ab

arga see erga

Argonautica, -ae sbst f the Argonautica, title of an epic poem by Apollonius Rhodius about Jason and the heroes who sailed on the Argo IC549/33

argumentor, -ari, -atus sum v intr with dat of the person + object clause to maintain or allege (something) against (someone) L26/30

aries, -etis n m 1. literally a ram, hence Aries, the first sign of the zodiac, symbolically the beginning of the solar year OX308/34; 2. by extension a sort of post, or quintain, used as a jousting target for military exercises and competitions (so-called because of its shape or appearance?) LI5/17, etc; in idiom arietes leuare to put up such quintains, hence to hold such exercises or contests LI8/7; W348/6; see also lignum, rota

Aristophanes, -is n m Attic dramatist, a writer of Old (ie, politically satiric) Comedy (c 448-c 380 BC) C111/21, etc

armiger, -eri n m literally one who bears arms: 1. squire, one training to become a knight LI607/2, etc; 2. in AL used as a title, esquire CH721/34, etc; EK83/19, etc; EL128/3; IC151/27, etc; L82/23, etc; LI121/19; OX196/1, etc; SH173/23, etc; SM309/15; W387/1; WL237/8, etc

armilausa, -e n f a sleeveless cloak OX8/34

armonia, -e n f 1. harmony, the combination of musical notes to produce melody WL10/17; 2. music, here singing accompanied by an instrument WL14/15

armum, -i n nt 1. weapon OX140/9, etc; LI606/18, etc; SH264/172; WL223/1; as a symbol of conflict WL260/1; in various idioms: resignare arma to lay down one's arms, hence to stop doing some task OX799/17; vi et armis by force and arms, a legal fiction used in stating a charge or allegation of theft or trespass, irrespective of any actual use of force CH716/35-6, etc; EK967/30; EL230/5; IC495/8; L149/27; SH264/171, etc; WL158/7, etc; 2. in pl arms, used as emblematic of knightly skills and way of life LI607/27, etc; in idioms: excercitacio armorum exercise of arms, knightly drill and practice, especially in a tournament or the like LI608/10; factum armorum feat of arms, especially in a tournament or the like LI608/42; OX529/24, etc; facta ad arma IC10/41--11/1; 3. in pl (heraldic) arms SH99/6; arma ciuitatis a city's arms EK60/17, etc; arma quinque portuum arms of the Cinque Ports EK310/14-15; see also ad, haraldus, homo, seruiens

Arnobius, -ii n m Arnobius (d. c 330), a Christian apologetic writer CH808/10, etc [ODCC]

aromaticus, -a, -um adj spicy, pleasantly fragrant; as sbst it may refer to a sort of tree, hence possibly of or pertaining to such a tree or its wood C43/31

arraio, -are, -aui, -atus v tr to array, prepare, adorn EK61/2; pfp pass equipped, arrayed CH740/1; OX8/16; SH264/11, etc

arreagium, -ii n nt arrears, used of payments of money or in kind EK316/17; EL26/18, etc; W413/13; arreragium IC11/34, etc

arrectus, -a, -um adj attentive, alert WL60/7

ars, -tis n f 1. skill, craft C567/32; IC651/12, etc; LI603/11; OX307/21, etc; WL8/20, etc; especially that associated with a particular trade or guild BR55/18, etc; CH78/13, CH781/19; OX414/12, etc; hence ars heraldicus heraldry OX306/6; ars ... pelliparia skinners' craft WL54/9; ars sutoria tailoring WL54/9; fabrica ars blacksmithing WL12/36; by extension a craft guild CH48/19, etc; 108/5, etc; 2. hence an art, a branch of learning WL12/35; facultas arcium faculty of arts, the lowest level of study, which students had to complete before continuing in one of the higher faculties (law, medicine, or theology); its curriculum was based on the seven liberal arts OX52/18--19; septem ... artes liberales the seven liberal arts, made up of the trivium (grammar, rhetoric, and dialectic (or logic)) and the quadrivium (arithmetic, music, geometry, and astronomy), that formed the university arts curriculum OX306/30; 3. hence in title De Arte Amandi On the Art of Loving, a work by Ovid usually referred to as Ars Amatoria IC459/5-6, etc; see also bacchalaureus, magister

articulariter adv made up of, or in the form of, articles C364/9

articulatim adv article by article or in the form of articles C332/26

articulo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to set out charges in the form of an article or articles CH730/32, etc; H70/21, etc; to specify in articles SH58/28

articulum, -i n nt (found as n m in C, EK, IC, LI) 1. article, a charge or list of charges laid against a person in court C363/25, etc; CH767/25, etc; DR137/34; EK607/35, etc; EL54/1; H97/15, etc; L109/30m, etc; LI347/22, etc; SH120/18, etc; SM251/11, etc; SX167/22, etc; W392/2, etc; WL236/27, etc; 2. article, part of a series of charges or allegations upon which witnesses are interrogated BR164/33; C326/21, etc; CH27/38, etc; DR123/1, etc; EK947/43, etc; EL171/16, etc; OX47/26; SM64/19, etc; WL196/37, etc

articulus, -i n m literally a finger-joint (as used for counting), hence a group of ten, the tens place (in a number) IC655/1

artifex, -icis n m artisan, craftsman, member of a craft guild LI318/42m; SH127/31; by extension the Creator WL80/5

arto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to constrain, compel EL23/5

Arundellia, -e n f Arundel, name of an earldom SX17/30; Arundellum EK762/22

ascendo, -dere, -di, -sum v tr and intr 1. literally to go up, hence to mount (a horse) EL18/9, etc; 2. to come (into), occur to (of thoughts or ideas) EL238/25

ascensio, -onis n f 1. a going up, ascension, hence the liturgical festival commemorating the ascension of the risen Christ to heaven (Acts 1.6-11), celebrated on the Thursday forty days after Easter C13/34; EK42/15, etc; SH194/24; ascencio EK311/28, etc; assencio EK33/11; see also festum; 2. in Lincoln, describing a representation of some kind celebrating the Virgin Mary (as it was also called assumpcio and most often coronacio, it seems likely that it somehow represented her being taken up to heaven and her crowning as queen of heaven, but it should be noted that Christ's Ascension and the Virgin's Assumption and Coronation were associated in some fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Marian devotions) LI119/29, LI120/4; assencio LI118/4, LI119/16; assensio LI127/9

aspiro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to reach for, attain to (used metaphorically) C282/35; OX55/10, etc

asportacio, -onis n f transportation, carriage (of goods) EK361/27

assacio, -onis n f roasting EK747/7

assaltum, -i n nt attack, assault CH694/18

assemblea, -e n f meeting, assembly LI25/30; assemblia LI107/32

assemblo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to gather together, assemble CH740/5; SM145/28; pfp pass used with reflexive in middle construction SH264/12

assencio, assensio see ascencio

assensus, -us n m agreement, assent, formal consent (eg, of a governing body such as a town council or group of officials) C253/35; CH47/33, etc; EK308/11, etc; EL21/19, etc; IC48/36, etc; LI608/33, etc; OX38/33, etc; SM251/39; W412/12, etc

asser, -is n m plank, board OX155/31, etc [DML; but see OLD asser]

assercio, -onis n f claim, assertion SM92/8

assessio, -onis n f assessment, rating (eg, for taxation) OX286/20

assessus, -a, -um pfp pass assessed (used of sums of money or goods) CH716/20, etc

assideo, -idere, -edi, -essum v intr 1. literally to sit near, sit by, hence to be in company with, to join with LI7/18; 2. by extension to preside over a trial (used of fellow members of a judicial panel), to sit on a panel of judges at a trial or hearing C316/1; WL217/18

assigno, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to allot or assign (something to someone) CH47/12, etc; EK331/1; EL18/28; IC11/38; L94/8, etc; LI609/3; SH265/37; SX178/13 (pfp pass often used of a judge or in the formal title of a JP CH668/4, etc; IC462/15 (a mock judgeship); L94/8; LI325/26; OX8/15); 2. with dat of the person to order (someone to do something) EK744/14, etc; L72/15; SM69/14; SX167/22, etc; 3. to designate, assign (someone or something) for some purpose EK824/5, etc; EL128/7, etc; LI108/9, etc; SM177/28; 4. pfp pass as sbst assign, a person to whom another has assigned, or made over, rights in property or in receivable sums of money CH153/27, etc; EK644/21, etc; EL26/6, etc; L82/36; OX196/2, etc; W412/29, etc

assisa, -e n f 1. assizes, court sessions held regularly before a panel of judges sent under commission from the central courts in Westminster to each county of England to hear serious charges under common law DR288/38, etc; assizis (3rd decl) DR211/7 [Black's]; hence iusticiarii ad assisas assize justices EK33/8-9; 2. assize, regulation governing the quality, size, or cost of certain goods EL25/32; hence redditus assise rent of assize, a fixed rent EK693/24; see also candela

assistentia, -e n f act of assisting in delibertion at a trial (used of one of a group of judges) C378/30

assisto, -ere, astiti v intr 1. literally to stand by or near, here to assist in deliberation at a trial (used of fellow members of a judicial panel) C359/31, etc; 2. prp used as sbst A. sbst comm literally one who stands by or near, here by extension one present at a meeting OX45/29; B. subst m swornman, sidesman, a lesser parish officer inferior to a churchwarden SH328/19, etc; SM185/14

as(s)porto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to take away, remove EL26/17; 2. to carry away, take away, steal CH616/9; L149/30; SH264/25; WL217/5; 3. to carry, bring EL33/34, etc; L24/3

assumo, -ere, -psi, -ptum A. v tr to incur (a debt or fine) IC39/10, etc; B. v intr 1. in idiom with 'super' + acc or 'pro' + abl to undertake (to do something) on behalf of (someone), here used in a bond L19/33, etc; LI325/29; 2. in refl idiom to take upon oneself (to do something), undertake CH685/10, etc; IC35/8, etc; SM140/5, etc

assumpcio, -onis n f 1. assumption, especially the liturgical festival commemorating the assumption, or taking up, of the Virgin Mary into heaven, celebrated on 15 August EK54/10, etc; OX5/14; 2. in Lincoln, describing a representation of some kind celebrating the Virgin Mary LI118/21, etc; assumpsio LI120/31m; see also assencio

Astiages, -is n m Astiages, title character in the play Astiages OX245/32

asyamentum see aysiamentum

at conj 1. (expressing contrast) but, however WL80/20; 2. (expressing added emphasis) and, and in fact WL129/20

Atalanta, -ae n f Atalanta, legendary Greek huntress beloved by Meleager, here likely named as a character in Gager's Meleager OX178/16

Athenae, -arum n f 1. literally the city of Athens C846/12; 2. by extension (with reference to Athens as the home of Plato's Academy and its successors), a college of Cambridge University C295/17

athleta, -ae n m athlete; in CL, it could refer specifically to a wrestler or boxer and may do so here C399/14

Atlas, -antis n m Atlas, in classical mythology a Titan who supported the world upon his shoulders, here presented as the brother of the king of beans (see rex sense 5) OX799/16

atque, ac conj 1. and IC6/31, etc; 2. also IC72/10

atrium, -ii n nt in a Roman house the first main room or entrance hall, traditionally open to the sky, by extension ecclesie atrium either the court or yard of a church, churchyard or the church porch DR247/7, etc; EL4/2, etc; SM423/8; W347/12

attachio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to attach, to subject (someone) to attachment, or seizure, of their person or goods CH691/34, etc; EK974/24; H112/25 (of arrest in the event of failure to return a wrongfully detained book or its value); atacho LI123/37m

attamen conj yet, nevertheless OX10/29, etc [see OLD at1]

attempto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr try, attempt H99/37

attemptus, -us n m attempt, trial (here in hostile sense) SM32/5

attendencia, -e n f attendance at (something) or upon (someone) SH176/38, etc

attendo, -dere, -di, -tum v intr 1. to take trouble, exert oneself IC53/28; 2. to attend, wait (upon) IC11/5; OX426/20, etc

attingo, -tingere, -tigi, -tactum v tr (of sums of money) to amount to, come to (a total) EL231/11; IC11/35; LI580/13, etc

attornatus, -i n m 1. legal representative, attorney, proxy C614/22; CH50/6, etc; EK967/26; EL26/9, etc OX196/2, etc; atturnatus C403/37; CH154/6, etc; 2. in idiom attornatus regis the attorney-general CR424/34

attorno, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to depute, appoint CH154/4, etc; atturno CH156/33

attumnalis, -e adj literally pertaining to autumn or harvest-time, ie, the period from late July or August to October, here by extension pertaining to summer SM8/20, etc (see p SM869, endnote to SRO: D/P/ba.mi. 4/1/4 mb [1])

auca, -e n f goose EK34/19

aucinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a goose; see caro

auctenticus, -a, -um adj having authority, authentic, real, here used of a seal H58/2; SH6/12

aucthoritas, -atis for auctoritas [OLD]

aucthorizo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to authorize (someone) to (do something) CH691/40

aucupium, -ii n nt fowling; hawking (here context makes the latter most likely) C132/37

aucurrerunt var of accurrerunt [OLD accurro]

audiencia, -e n f 1. hearing, attention SM174/1; 2. hence hearing (of a charge or case), judicial consideration CH797/31

audio, -ire, -iui, -itum v tr 1. literally to hear, listen CH767/35, etc; LI3/6, etc; SH159/6, etc (used of music); 2. by extension as legal term to hear a case LI257/7; SH56/38; part of commission of assizes judges: ad diuersas felonias ... audiendas et terminandas to hold assizes, also called courts of oyer (audire) and terminer (terminare), to try various felonies and other serious offences SH263/36 [Black's Oyer and terminer]; 3. in idiom male audire to hear bad things of (someone or something) CH182/30; 4. in phr audimus vocem (literally we hear a voice), title of a piece of liturgical music, probably an error for one of the motets 'Audite vocem de caelo' or 'Audite vocem Domini' LI332/34

auditor, -oris n m 1. student C132/20; 2. auditor of accounts C143/7, etc; IC11/26; LI28/32

auena, -e n f oats, probably for fodder; see ualettus

auentura see aduentura

auferro, -rre, abstuli, ablatum v tr 1. take away (something from someone), deprive of the possession or use of C207/1; 2. receive (eg, as a response) C296/13

augmentacio, -onis n f 1. literally the act of increasing or enlarging LI24/28, etc; used of altering clothing, possibly letting out C54/34, etc; 2. referring to the support of cathedral clergy CH46/22m, etc; see also curia

augmento, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to increase CH46/29; LI24/35

augmentum, -i n nt increase, enlargement CH47/18

auguracio, -onis n f accession, formal beginning of a monarch's reign C627/20

augustalis, -e adj pertaining to Augustus Caesar, imperial, hence royal OX305/34, etc

Augustinensis, -e adj of or pertaining to St Augustine of Canterbury (d c 605), the first archbishop of Canterbury, hence palatium Augustinense St Augustine's Palace, name given to the royal palace in Canterbury EK204/3; clerici Augustinenses clerics associated with St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury, founded by the archbishop EK974/17; likewise presbiteri Augustinenses priests associated with the same abbey EK974/31

Augustinus, -i n m 1. Augustine, the name of several saints, eg, St Augustine of Hippo (354-430) patristic theologian and exegete CH808/9; LI5/23; OX177/37m; SM194/19m [OCD]; 2. sanctus Augustinus used by extension as name of an abbey founded by, and later rededicated to, St Augustine of Canterbury (d. c605) EK975/37, etc; see also dies

Augustius var of Augustus [OLD Augustus3 2a]

auis, -is n f literally bird OX6/24, etc; hence bird of prey, a hawk, especially one trained for hunting OX64/36, etc; auis reclamatoria hawk trained to be recalled either by voice or a lure OX6/26 [see OEDO reclaim n.1 and v.]

aula, -e n f 1. hall, dining area and centre of corporate activity in a community IC4/10, etc; eg, a college C37/1, etc, OX6/33?, OX6/34?, OX10/41, etc; or manor SM177/27, etc, or chapter residence SM255/32; or in a monastery or household EK907/17, etc; or in a royal or noble household OX345/4, etc (referring to the fictive hall of the Christmas Prince); WL11/29, etc; alta ~ the high hall, name for the principal hall in Merton College OX29/10, etc (~ alta OX63/37--8; also magna ~ OX57/39, etc, and ~ magna OX51/8 the great hall), possibly so called in distinction to ~ communis common hall OX65/11, etc; or for a guild LI158/10 (~ communis common hall LI27/29, etc); 2. in idioms ab ~ condita from the founding of the hall, a mock dating formula in imitation of the Roman reckoning 'ab urbe condita,' from the founding of the city IC479/8; ~ Regis the king's hall, royal hall IC809/28; 3. hall, a place of residence and instruction for students, originally distinct from a college in having no 'collegium' or corporate body of fellows, but usually endowed; some halls were either incorporated into colleges or became colleges; ~ Clarensis, Clare Hall C409/4; ~Katerine, Catharine Hall C150/20; ~ Pembrokia, Pembroke Hall C308/24, etc; ~ Sancte Trinitatis, Trinity Hall C326/28, etc (the proper name of a hall sometimes occurs alone with names to indicate affiliation with a particular hall, eg C308/23); in Oxford, though technically distinct from a college in having no 'collegium' or corporate body of fellows, sometimes used synonymously with 'collegium' OX6/24, etc; 4. town hall, centre of town government: ~ communis LI79/24; gilda ~ guild-hall (in the same sense) C68/2; CR494/11; see also guilhalda; 5. hence a meeting of the town council LI323/22, etc, or the town council itself LI320/13

auledus, -i n m literally one who sings accompanied by piping [OLD auloedus], here singer, musician (a synonym of musicus) OX498/23

aulicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to court: m sg as sbst courtier OX180/38, etc; nt sg as sbst the royal court OX309/7

aungelus see angelus

auratus, -a, -um adj golden, wearing gilt spurs (as a symbol of knighthood) IC424/23

auretenus prep phr see OLD auris and tenus2

aureum, -i n nt a gold coin, literally the aureus, a Roman coin equal to twenty-five silver denarii, by extension an angel, an English coin worth at this period about 10s EK203/15

auricula, -e n f literally ear, here by extension a decorative piece shaped like an ear, probably one of the two pieces on a wait's scutcheon to which the ends of the chain were attached EK86/32 [cp OEDO ear n.1 8.b.]

aurifrigium, -ii n nt orphrey, fabric with gold embroidery EL15/8

auris, -is n f ear OX3/26, etc; in OX364/4 the phr aurium tenus, literally up to one's ears, is rendered by E 'ouer shooes' as part of a punning speech [see OEDO over-shoes adv.]

aurum, -i n nt gold, a precious metal, here likely as coined in money LI36/22; hence ~ Venetum Venice gold, a kind of gold thread originally made in Venice LI585/29, etc

Austria, -e n f Austria, at this period an archduchy of the Holy Roman Empire EK779/23, etc

autenticus, -a, um adj authentic, genuine WL220/4

authentice adv authentically, authoritatively SM175/8

author var of auctor [OLD]

authoritas var of auctoritas [OLD]

autor var of auctor [OLD]

autoritas, -atis var of auctoritas [OLD]

autumpnus, -i n m literally autumn, hence harvest, harvest-time; see inductio

aysiamentum, -i n nt accomodation, easement CH53/37, etc; aisiamentum LI103/34; asyamentum CH54/14; aysamentum CH57/7, etc [OEDO easement 2.b.]


b molle n phr a note of the scale, B-flat, literally B lowered by a semitone WL8/16, etc

bacchalaureus, -i n m bachelor: 1. one holding the lowest academic degree in a given faculty; unmodified, it probably refers to a bachelor of arts C344/17 (in form bacchulaureus); OX31/2 (in form baccalarius), etc; 2. bacchalaurei minores minor bachelors, probably all bachelors in faculties inferior to theology C352/20; 3. in artibus (or artium) ~ bachelor of arts, BA, one holding the lowest degree obtainable and the formal prerequisite for all higher degrees C308/24, etc; bacularius artis OX428/17, OX428/23; 4. in legibus ~ bachelor of laws, LLB, one holding a bachelor's degree in both laws, ie, civil and canon law (after the teaching of canon law was forbidden at the universities by Henry VIII, the degree was in civil law only and retained the pl by custom) C326/25, etc; H151/13-14, etc; legum baccallaurius OX76/27; 5. in sacra theologia (or sacre theologie) ~ or ~ in theologia bachelor of theology (STB) or divinity (B.Div.), one holding a bachelor's degree in theology, the highest of the faculties; probably, though not certainly, one in, or studying for, holy orders C147/25, etc; sacre theologie baccalaureus SM160/4-5, etc; bacalaurius in theologia EK63/13 or sacre theologie bacchelarius EK305/5-6; sacre theologie bachalarius CH305/21; 6. iunior bacularius junior bachelor, apparently the junior of two bachelors chosen as officers at Merton College OX51/14, etc; senior bacularius senior bachelor, apparently the senior of two bachelors chosen as officers at Merton College OX51/14, etc; baccalaureus OX73/10, etc; baccalarius OX31/2, etc; bacchilarius OX58/38; bachalarius OX62/29, etc; bachillarius OX44/13

baco, -onis n m bacon SM177/32, etc

baculus, -i n m staff, rod EL18/25; bacculum IC87/37; here especially one serving as symbolic of a boy bishop's office EL18/27, EL24/3; ~ pastoralis literally a pastoral staff, ie, a bishop's staff, here one serving as symbolic of a boy bishop's office LI104/29; ~ stultorum fools' staff, a staff used in choir during the mock liturgy of the feast of fools EL15/5

baga, -e n f bag, here for storing the silver collars of the Shrewsbury waits SH168/15, etc; for storing accounting records LI580/10, etc

Bagoas, -e n m Bagoas, a Persian eunuch, a favourite of Alexander the Great, here apparently named as a character in a play OX178/15

Bailiolensis, -e adj of or pertaining to John de Baliol (d. 1269); see collegium

baillium, -ii n nt bail, bond money SH280/34m, etc

baiula, -e n f stoup, a basin or other vessel to contain holy water WL4/6 [see OEDO stoup 3.]

balliua, -e n f bailiwick, district under the jurisdiction of sheriffs EL97/17, etc

balliuatium, -ii n nt office or position of being a bailiff, bailiwick EK1342/45

balliuus, -i n m bailiff: 1. a civic officer BR6/38; EK60/9, etc; L35/32; LI110/13, etc; SH127/17, etc (in Shrewsbury the two bailiffs were the chief officers of the town); W412/7, etc; WL42/24; uillanus ~ town bailiff OX42/8, etc; ballius EK60/16; 2. a royal officer subordinate to the sheriff who presided over the hundred court LI608/16; SH14/7; SM182/25; hence ~ itinerans bailiff-errant, an officer appointed by the sheriff to travel a county to serve writs and carry out other judicial business CH691/33, etc; bailliuus SH14/11 [OEDO bailiff 4.]; 3. a household officer L114/7, L114/15, L114/23; 4. a manorial officer DR296/8; see also hundredarius

bancus, -i n m 1. bench, especially that upon which judges and magistrates sat in an official capacity IC43/16; communis bangus domini regis the court of king's bench IC37/12; 2. by extension the governing body of an Inn of Court IC40/37; hence magistri de banco masters of the bench, benchers, senior members of an Inn from whom its governors were chosen IC49/10, etc; 3. by transference one who sat upon the bench, bencher IC217/9

banna, -e n f banns, public announcement or proclamation, eg, of a play EK739/12, etc; hence clamacio bannorum act of crying the banns, bann crying EK740/7; clamantes de bannis EK623/34 or clamatores bannarum EK752/19, etc, persons making such announcements, bann criers; banys (abl pl) EK739/14; bannum (nt) EK740/7, etc

bannarius, -ii n m person who makes a public announcement of a play, bann crier EK749/10, etc

bannator, -oris n m person who makes a public announcement of a play, bann crier EK751/4, etc

Banquo, -onis n m Banquo, putative ancestor of the Stuart line, here named in a pageant for James I/VI's arrival in Oxford OX315/3, etc; Bancho OX305/6, etc

baptismus, -i n m baptism, sacrament of Christian initiation WL79/18, etc [ODCC]

baptista, -e n m baptist, one who baptizes; always in reference to St John the Baptist C62/4, etc; CH36/21, etc; EK 53/5, etc; LI24/23, etc; OX5/22, etc; SH133/11, etc; SM905/5; W462/15, etc; see also crastinum, dies, festum, terminus, uigilia

baptizatus, -a, -um pfp pass having been baptised WL79/19

barba, -e n f beard, here probably false beard as a stage property C151/25, etc; SH159/24; SM243/19

Barbaria, -e n f Barbary, literally the country where barbarians live; it could refer to the Levant or the coast of North Africa SH99/24 [OEDO Barbary]

barbitonsor, -oris n m barber, one who practises minor surgery and dentistry as well as hairdressing, (in Shrewsbury) member of Barbers' company C7/14, etc; SH128/9

barbator, -oris n m barber, one who practises minor surgery and dentistry as well as hairdressing WL288/7

barcarius, -ii n m tanner, member of the Tanners' company SH128/2 [OEDO barker n.]

Bardeneia, -e n f Bardney, name of a parish and an abbey LI341/13, etc

bardus, -i n m bard, a performer who composed and performed songs in praise of patrons and their families WL8/32, etc

barellus, -i n m barrel, cask EK100/34, etc; barellus ferer barrel ferrer, a container used to transport liquids on horseback EK61/7 [OEDO barrel-ferrer]

barganizo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to bargain WL237/28

baro, -onis n m baron: 1. lowest rank in the hereditary peerage LI603/14, etc; OX218/6, etc; SH172/26, etc; W401/35; 2. a freeman of one of the Cinque Ports EK731/8 [OEDO baron 3.]; boro EK765/4; 3. title applied to the judges of the court of Exchequer EL127/38, etc

barra, -e n f 1 literally bar, barrier, specifically the bar separating the seats of more senior members of an Inn from those of the more junior: in idiom uocari ad exteriorem barram to be called to the outer, or utter, bar, to be made an utter barrister (a rank between those of clerks and of masters) IC47/7; 2. by extension bar, a legal objection sufficient to preclude, or bar, any further action on the part of a plaintiff EL230/21 [OEDO bar n.1 18.]

barrectator, -oris n m barrator, one who maliciously encourages discord and lawsuits among his neighbours CH795/39, etc

barronettus, -i n m baronet, holder of the lowest hereditary titled order, ranking below a baron CH26/32

Bartonensis, -is n f Barton, name of a church and chapelry LI341/8, etc

baselardum, -i n nt dagger OX9/14

Basilia, -ae n f Basel, a city in Switzerland OX106/27

basilica, -e n f literally basilica, a church designed according to a late Roman Imperial style of public building, by extension church, church building CH35/39, etc; WL53/20; hence basilica regalis King's College chapel C238/12

bassus, -i n m bass, the lowest adult male voice part in a song or other polyphonic composition IC294/16; LI333/3

bastardus, -a, -um adj bastard, born out of wedlock IC11/2

bastardus, -i n m bastard, a variety of sweet Spanish wine IC4/4

battellum, -i n nt battel, account for the provisions for members of a college OX424/35, etc; hence the provisions themselves OX70/23

Bathonia, -e n f the town of Bath SM7/23, etc

Bathoniensis, -e adj the town or diocese of Bath SM173/34, etc

Bauaria, -ae n f Bavaria, a German duchy OX261/14

beatus, -a, -um adj 1. blessed, happy C295/20; SH100/5; 2. as the title of a saint, especially the Virgin Mary, blessed BR4/40, etc; C4/38, etc; CH767/23, etc; CR464/12, etc; EK24/2, etc; IC8/18, etc; LI5/23, etc; OX3/14, etc; SH13/34, etc; WL79/5, etc; see also arcus, Maria, uespere

Bedfordia, -e n f Bedford: 1. name of a dukedom EK321/16, etc; OX38/40, etc; Bedefordia W411/31; 2. name of a county IC201/34

bedellus, -i n m 1. bedell, one of several university officers entrusted with primarily judicial and police responsibilities C11/3, etc; 2. bedell, a civic officer in Sandwich bidellus EK826/26; 3. beadle, a guild officer LI219/13, etc; bedallus LI219/4

Belgia, -e n f Belgium, one of the Low Countries DR170/30

Belial n m Belial, a Hebrew word of uncertain meaning, generally treated in Christian Latin as a name for a devil or for Satan, hence turbe Belial crowds of Belial, followers of the devil EK307/38 [ODCC]

bellum, -i n nt war, battle OX309/26, etc; SX213/1; Bellum Iudaicum The Jewish War, title of a work by Flavius Josephus (37--c100 CE) covering the history of Judaea from the capture of Jerusalem by Antiochus Epiphanes in 170 BCE to its destruction by Titus in 70 CE OX179/6--7m; also as a place-name Bellum Battle, a town in Sussex SX184/32

bellus, -a, -um adj good-looking, charming, pretty IC458/33, etc; as name element Bellus Mariscus Beaumaris, a town in Anglesey WL158/1; de Bello-Monte, Latinisation of F Beaumont OX349/4

belta, -e n f a belt, here used as a name element, perhaps with reference to a belt as symbolic of knighthood IC462/8 [cp OEDO belted]

Belzebul n m (indecl) Beelzebub, a name applied to Satan in the NT, hence a devil CH616/20 [ODCC]

benediciti, -orum sbst comm pl blessed ones, the blest CH339/33

benedico, -icere, -ixi, -ictum v tr to bless EL18/10, etc; WL80/15, etc

benedictio, -onis n f blessing BR5/9; CR527/11; DR247/10; EK974/7; H98/11, etc; LI3/6, etc; OX3/8; SM173/38

Benedictus, -i n m St Benedict of Nursia, founder of western monasticism; see collegium, ordo

benefactor, -oris n m benefactor, here a patron of a religious house W411/34; of a religious guild LI316/13, etc

beneficialius compar adv more beneficially CH56/38

beneficiatus, -i sbst m one holding a benefice, a beneficed person LI7/17c

beneficium, -ii n nt 1. benefit, freely bestowed gift OX342/39, etc; with attr gen absolucionis beneficium EK608/15, etc; EL208/22; H99/35, etc; LI58/26; SH59/28; SM77/36, etc or beneficium absolucionis WL235/31; beneficium sanitatis H200/24; benificium SX38/32; 2. benefice, an ecclesiastical appointment, often one to a parish and involving a cure of souls EL22/10; LI208/22; OX45/27; W383/32

beneplacitum, -i n nt good pleasure, in idiom ad beneplacitum + gen or poss adj at (one's) pleasure, subject to (one's) approval C399/27 (used of the term of imprisonment ordered by a judge); IC709/26; LI132/26; OX530/12 (written as two words); durante beneplacito during (one's) good pleasure LI580/9, etc

berelus, -i n m bear (possibly a nonce-word, coined by a single clerk) SM143/35, SM143/36

berewardus, -i n m bearward, keeper of a bear, either trained or simply captive, for exhibition or baiting EK615/17

beria, -e n f beer, in idiom duplex beria double or strong beer C210/32

beris, -is n f beer (here always to be distinguished from ale) EK646/14, etc; bera EK753/3, etc; birra EK659/16; LI32/25, etc; birrus LI28/9, etc

Bernardia, -ae n f Bernard's Inn, an Inn of Chancery attached to Gray's Inn, here an archduchy belonging to Gray's Christmas prince IC424/20

bestia, -e n f wild animal, here apparently a bear SH173/7; see also custos

biberium, -i n nt bever, apparently a light meal with wine served as a supper in the evening or after special events C102/8; OX29/10, etc; bibesium OX60/14; see also potatio

Biblia, -e n f Bible OX27/23, etc; Biblia (coll nt pl) LI26/39, etc Biblium (nt) OX92/17

bibliopola, -ae n m stationer, bookseller, one who sells both books and the materials used to produce them C180/16

bibliotheca, -e n f literally a bookcase, hence library: Historica Bibliotheca The Bibliotheca title of a world history by Diodorus Siculus SM194/14m

bidellus see bedellus

bifurca, -e n f pitchfork with two prongs CH681/6

biga, -e n f literally a cart, hence a cart-load IC88/8, etc

bigata, -e n f cart-load IC92/8, etc

bigator, -oris n m carter C34/37

billa, -e n f 1. bill, itemized statement of charges or expenses C36/28, etc; EK319/21, etc; IC23/4, etc; LI119/3, etc; OX30/4, etc; SH187/7; in idiom ~ obligatoria note of hand C249/19; 2. complaint, allegation SH112/7, SH222/25; SX11/1, etc; especially a bill, list of allegations or the sheet on which such a list is presented EK726/21m, etc; EL229/40, etc; SM251/9, etc; ~ certificatoria certificatory bill, such a bill of charges certified by the presenters' signs or signatures EK875/34, etc; ~ deteccionis bill of detection, list of allegations detected, ie, charged, against a defendant in an ecclesiastical court SX180/19; ~ uera true bill, the decision of an inquest jury that a bill is sufficient for a valid indictment CH22/18, etc; SH112/9, etc; SM143/40, etc; W370/6; WL158/15; 3. bill, a handbill or placard containing an announcement, here one containing the banns of a play EK755/30 [cp OEDO bill n.3 8.a.]

binatim adv two by two, in pairs W597/5

birra, birrus see beris

Blasius, -ii n m Blaise, name of a saint, here likely referring to a person representing the saint LI108/8

blasphemia, -e n f blasphemy, contemptuous words or actions directed against God directly (or indirectly as against the saints, the sacraments, etc) and treated as an offence under canon law CR504/1 [ODCC]

Bletherus, -i n m Bledri, a Welsh proper name (here apparently misunderstood by the 17th-c. antiquarian Peter Leycester as an agentive noun meaning a blatherer, one who babbles) CH38/8, etc

blodius, -ii n m the colour blue C77/9; SM243/32

Boemus, -i n m Boemus, surname of Johannes Boemus (c 1485--1535), author of Omnium gentium mores, leges et ritus OX310/17m

Boeoticus, -a, -um adj literally of or pertaining to Boeotia, a district of Greece, here sbst nt pl Boeotica, title of Book IX of Pausanias' Description of Greece, about Boeotia SM199/35m

Bokynghamia, Bokynhamia see Bukinghamia

bonus, -a, -um adj good; see curia, de, gestus

Bonifacius, -ii n m Boniface, name of several saints and nine popes, here used in the fictive name of a mock-jury member, Bonifacius Bellus 'Pretty-face Charming,' by combining elements of L and E vocabulary IC463/33

borealis, -e adj 1. northern WL10/15, etc; borialis CR493/38; see also uicus; 2. f as sbst the North (of England): see concilium

boro see baro

bos, bouis n comm ox; see caro

boscus, -i n m 1. woodland, here probably part of a tenant's individual holding or, less likely, land from which a tenant has the right to cut or gather wood SM179/26, etc; 2. wood (as a commodity), here likely firewood LI197/8

botellus, -i n m bottle EK61/9

botularia, -e n f buttery, a store-room for provisions, by extension provisions themselves or an allowance for them IC45/9

Botulphus, -i n m Botolph, the name of a saint: Sancti Botulphi extra Algate (with 'parochia' understood) the parish of St Botolph without Aldgate EL53/36-7m; Sanctus Botulphus St Botolph, another name for the town of Boston, so-called from the dedication of the parish church LI607/3, etc

bouinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to an ox; see caro

Brabancia, -ae n f Brabant, a district (duchy) of the Low Countries C845/5; EK779/24, etc

brasium, -i n nt malt, malted grain, probably for brewing EK34/15; LI25/38

brauium, -ii n nt prize (eg, for a contest) LI5/18, etc

breudatus, -a, -um pfp pass embroidered EL18/20

breue, -is sbst nt (legal) writ CH52/2, etc; EK732/33, etc; EL97/13, etc; IC7/11; OX529/22, etc; SH266/1, etc; breue de priuato sigillo a writ issued under the royal privy seal BR204/6; CH56/42; see also custos

breuiuscula, -ae n f a short period of time OX310/14

Brioccius, -ii n m Brioc, name of a saint of Welsh origin WL79/3, etc; hypocoristic form of Briomaglus WL78/21

Bristollia, -e n f Bristol, name of a city BR3/6m, etc

Britannice adv in the Welsh language WL220/2, etc

Britannicus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to Wales, Welsh WL53/18; 2. of or pertaining to Britain, British OX305/14, etc

Britannus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to Britain, British OX314/4; Brytannus OX128/20; 2. m as sbst a man from the British Isles, a Briton IC512/29

Brito, -onis n m originally an inhabitant of Britain, Briton, hence, a Welshman WL223/3, etc; dextrales Britones South Walians, especially those from Deheubarth WL222/27; by extension Breton CR554/13

Brit(t)ania, -e n f Britain OX305/13, etc; Magna Britannia Great Britain IC666/22; Maior Brittania Greater Britain, the island containing England, Scotland, and Wales, as opposed to Britanny, or Lesser Britain WL10/15

browecum, -i n nt broth or meat stewed in broth with various seasonings: browecum de gallina chicken stewed in broth SM182/29 [MED brouet, OEDO browet]

brusdatus, -a, -um pfp pass embroidered C988/14

Brutus, -i n m a Roman cognomen, or one of the holders of that name, especially Marcus Junius Brutus (c78-42 BC), one of the assassins of Julius Caesar, here named as a character in the play Caesar Interfectus OX108/7, etc

Brytannus see Britannus

buccinator, -oris n m trumpeter, probably used generically for one who plays upon any wind instrument; possibly used to distinguish one who plays upon a curved wind instrument from one who plays upon a straight wind instrument C76/29, etc; CH731/26 (here used as a synonym for E 'piper'); OX158/23, etc;WL223/8; buccinitor OX256/4; buccionator C358/10 [from OLD bucina, a curved trumpet or horn, probably originally made from the curved horn of cattle; the usual -cc- AL spelling may be influenced by OLD bucca, cheeks, mouth]

buccino, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to sound a trumpet or horn, to play a wind instrument WL223/11

Bucleus, -ei n m Latinization of the E surname Buckley IC651/5

Bukinghamia, -e n f Buckingham, name of a dukedom SX47/37; Bukkinghamia EK70/19, etc; Bokynghamia EK614/17; Bokynhamia EK73/3

burdeicia, -e n f tilting, joust OX529/25 [see OEDO bourdis]

burderius, -ii n m either 1. jester, (from OF bordare, to jest); or possibly 2. smallholder (from ME bordar), but the second is less likely at this period C37/18

burgagium, -ii n nt burgage, a special form of tenure for houses or lands formerly containing houses within a borough L77/27; [Black's Burgage, Burgage-tenure]

burgemotum, -i n nt burghmote, an assembly of the freemen of a borough; see curia

burgensis, -is n m 1. burgess, one having the privileges, or freedom, of a city or town BR6/26; C25/15, etc; L40/10, L41/17; LI79/24, etc; OX503/17; SH301/41; SM242/28, etc; WL42/24, etc; 2. hence a town-dweller IC497/5

burglaria, -e n f burglary, felonious entry into a house by night WL237/17

Burgondia, -e n f Burgundy, a duchy of France EK779/24, etc; Burgundia IC11/2

burgus, -i n m borough: 1. borough, a fortified town: Nouus Burgus Newport, name of a town in Monmouthshire WL219/29, etc; (written as one word) Nouusburgus WL222/21; 2. an incorporated town CH645/23; DR200/24, etc; LI325/23m, etc; SM376/33m; Burgus Sancti Petri Peterborough, from the dedication of the abbey there LI606/20

bursa, -e n f purse EK203/15, etc

bursarius, -ii n m bursar, a financial officer in a college or other corporation OX30/31, etc; secundus bursarius second bursar, one of Merton College's three bursars OX63/38, etc; burssarius OX67/1, etc; see also festum

bushellus, -i n m bushel, a dry measure containing four pecks or eight gallons EK78/3; LI316/24

butta, -e n f butt, cask for wine of varying capacity EK100/20


cacodaemon, -onis n m evil spirit, demon (from Gk κακοδαίμων) EK827/26

cado, -ere, cecini, casum v intr to be applied to (charges or expenses), used of sums of money C496/18

cadus, -i n m barrel, cask C73/13

caelicola, -e n comm heaven-dweller, angel EK980/7

caena see cena

Caesar see Iulius Caesar

Caius, -ii n m Caius, the surname of John Caius (d.1573), second founder of Caius College, Cambridge (formerly known as Gonville and Caius College); see collegium

calamistra, -e n f weaver's reed, a tool made of reed or cane used to separate the threads of the warp and beat up the weft while weaving WL54/13 [OEDO reed n.1 10.a.]

calamodum, -i n nt reed-pipe, pipe (?) SX14/11[DML, OLD calamus]

calculus, -i n m literally a pebble or stone, in CL also a playing piece in certain board games, hence a chessman, in pl the game of chess OX56/23

caldarium, -ii n nt cauldron, kettle or other vessel for heating water WL12/30

calendae, calendas see kalende

calex, -icis n f in CL wine cup, hence chalice SX3/6; WL216/42; see missalis

caliamentarius, -ii n m shoemaker L40/5

Calicia, -e n f Calais C112/9, etc; Calisia C117/36

caliga, -e n f stockings, hose C44/17; IC45/9; OX8/34; SM126/35; calliga CH172/16

Calvinus, -i n m Calvin, surname of John Calvin (1509-64), a French theologian and church reformer CH779/32 [ODCC]

calx, -cis n m heel: see stockingo

Cambria, -e n f Wales SH97/33, etc

cambuca, -e n f crook or bend (eg, in a staff) EL15/5, etc

camera, -e n f 1. room, chamber EK40/19, etc; IC45/24, etc; LI123/12, etc; OX8/31, etc; WL14/2; specifically a royal chamber WL12/19; kamera WL14/29; 2. specifically one used as the site of civic administration EK62/16, etc; comunis camera LI208/18; or one used as the site of judicial proceedings C315/27, etc; SH42/32, etc; or a city court EL34/5; 3. in various idioms: camera regia or ~ regalis royal chamber, a department of the royal household EK203/25; IC201/3; camera stellata Star Chamber, the king's council sitting as a court H96/14-15 (see p H21); LI301/41; SM364/16; presentiae camera presence-chamber, one in which a monarch receives formal or state visits OX894/11; see also seruiens

camerarius, -ii n m chamberlain: 1. a civic officer EK79/14, etc; LI324/27; W412/9, etc; either a civic officer or an officer of the county palatine of Chester CH718/35; 2. an officer of the royal household EK77/13, etc; here a household officer fo a Christmas prince IC462/8; 3. a guild officer LI27/32, etc; 4. a servant in an inn C327/26

cameratus, -a, -um adj curved WL4/6 [see DML camuratus and OLD camur(us)]

caminus, -i n m fireplace, hearth C158/31

Camoena, -e overcorrection of Camena [OLD]

campana, -e n f 1. bell C841/15; EK976/34, etc; possibly a small bell used to decorate clothing OX1093/3; here likely a handbell EL/22/39; WL4/6; 2. bell rung as a signal CH716/23; or to call worshippers to a service LI24/40; campana communis common bell, ie, such a bell rung for official purposes, such as assembling a community OX503/16; 3. hence by extension in pl set of bells rung as part of the formal declaration of excommunication H99/32

campana, -orum n nt pl fields, ie, land under, or prepared for, cultivation CR493/9

campanile, -is n nt bell-tower EK976/34; LI109/20

campanilla, -e n f (diminutive of campana, -e) a little bell, perhaps a handbell CH177/40

Campanus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Campania, Campanian; see Geminus

campus, -i n m 1. literally a field IC11/2, etc; ~ (Sanctus) Georgianus St George's Fields, a district in Southwark IC458/34, etc; 2. here referring to land pertaining to a church building but apparently in some way distinct from the churchyard, possibly land extending beyond or around the churchyard W348/24 [DML campus 2b]

canabus, -i1 n m hemp, tow SM248/38

canabus, -i2 n m canopy EK203/20

cancella see cancellus

cancellariatus, -us n m state or office of being a chancellor, chancellorship OX529/10

cancellarius, -ii n m chancellor: 1. another name for a vicar general, deputy of a bishop with primarily administrative and judicial responsibility: the chancellor of the diocese of Bristol DR171/14; the chancellor of the diocese of Chester CH681/37; the chancellor of the diocese of Hereford H98/10; SH72/5m; chancellor of the diocese of Lincoln LI266/39; 2. hence the chancellor of Cambridge University, originally a deputy of the bishop of Ely, later head of the corporation composed of chancellor, masters, and scholars of the university C141/23; the chancellor of Oxford University, originally a deputy of the bishop of Lincoln, later head of the corporation composed of chancellor, masters, and scholars of the University OX4/31, etc; chancellarius OX279/25; 3. one of the officers of a cathedral chapter CR504/26 (with particular oversight for the cathedral school); LI120/30, etc; 4. (royal) chancellor, originally the royal secretary, the post evolved to become that of the most senior administrative and judicial officer of the realm EK908/21, etc; OX7/231, etc; SX45/3

cancello, -are, aui, -atum v tr to obstruct (especially with a beam or block fallen or placed crosswise), block OX12/32

cancellus, -i n m chancel (of a church) SM226/26, etc; SX24/1; cancella SX178/37

cancerosus, -a, -um adj cankerous, malignant W349/27

Cancia see Kancia

candela, -e n f candle, whether of tallow or of wax EL14/8; IC4/9, etc ; LI104/14, etc; OX34/19, etc; SM177/37, etc; candela de assisa, assize candle, one which meets assize requirements SM177/36, etc

candelabrum, -i n nt literally a stand for a burning lamp or candles, here by extension a holder for a processional candle or torch EL17/3; SH138/33 [OLD]

caneuasium, -ii n nt canvas cloth EK34/27; canuasium EK100/31

canis, -is n m 1. dog OX6/23; as trained for bearbaiting OX37/22; 2. hence hunting dog, hound OX64/36, etc; canis uenaticus hunting dog EK912/8; OX6/25

cano, -ere, cecini, cantum v tr or intr 1. to sing C567/33?; EL4/3 (here of secular music); OX56/23, etc (always here of secular music); SH10/22, SH10/26, SH10/27, SH198/6; WL10/11, etc; hence to chant (liturgically) WL260/14; 2. to sing of, to tell of in song or verse C240/16; SH99/15; 3. to prophesy OX315/1, etc; WL9/23; 4. to play (a musical instrument), to sound a tune C567/33? (this CL sense was certainly known to the seventeenth century, however in the Cambridge passages under sense 1 'canere' probably distinguishes vocal from instrumental music); OX270/13? (the word-play here suggests this sense may have been intended rather than sense 1)

canon, -onis n m literally a model or standard, hence 1. canon misse the canon of the mass, the invariable central portion of the service comprising the eucharistic prayer W348/3; 2. canon, a provision of church law CH803/28; EK949/36; EL267/21; SM236/19, etc; sacri canones CH46/31-2; CR464/1; EK912/1; EL21/26; H57/15-16; SH5/36 or canones ecclesiastici CH772/20 sacred (or ecclesiastical) canons, the authoritative precepts of ecclesiastical law, used collectively, canon law

canonicalis, -e adj of or pertaining to a canon regular LI607/4

canonicatus, -us n m canonry, position held by a canon in a secular cathedral chapter EK946/7, etc; EL21/37

canonice adv canonically, in accordance with a specific canon or with canon law in general CH772/20; CR464/5; SM175/2; W347/9, etc; WL217/33

canonicus, -a, -um adj 1. canonical, pertaining or appropriate to a specific canon or to canon law in general C4/4; CH768/6; EK308/24, etc; H98/31, etc; LI4/32, etc; SM236/20, etc; W369/26, etc; WL217/39, etc; 2. nt sg as sbst canon, a provision of church law DR248/5; EK308/40; SM174/5; see also hora

canonicus, -i sbst m canon: 1. canon regular, a priest living in a community under a rule similar to that of St Benedict (under which monasteries were organised); canons often served as members of secular cathedral chapters or collegiate churches and other colleges CR493/14; EK23/36; EL14/18, etc; H201/1, etc; LI104/7, etc; SM173/36; ~ maior major canon, a senior canon in a cathedral chapter, as opposed to a minor canon EL17/12 (~ senior in same sense EL14/9); ~ regularis canon regular LI607/5; ~ residenciarius LI120/31, etc or ~ residens LI106/5 residentiary canon, one who fulfils the canonical requirement of residing in the chapter to carry out liturgical and other duties (also used of cathedral clergy in the post-Reformation Anglican church LI208/17); minor canonicus minor canon, a lesser canon chosen primarily to fulfil responsibilities in choir and usually not a full member of the college, at St Paul's the minor canons formed a separate college, after the Reformation the minor canons and their college remained at St Paul's EL20/28, etc; canonicus ... minor EL17/12, etc (paruus canonicus in same sense EL23/12); canonicus 2i ordinis literally canon of second rank, hence probably minor canon, a canon chosen primarily to fulfil responsibilities in choir and usually not a full member of the college OX70/23; 2. in the post-Reformation Anglican church, a cleric belonging to a cathedral chapter EK946/13, etc; OX89/36, etc 3. by extension of sense 1 a chorister chosen to play the part of a canon in a boy bishop observance SM236/7, etc; see also residenciarius, resideo

Cantabrigia, -e n f Cambridge: 1. name of a town, county or university C35/7, etc; IC124/33; OX306/33; Cantebregia C74/18; Cantebriga C73/34; Cantebrigia C34/1, etc; 2. name of an earldom EK59/11

Cantabrigiensis see Cantebrigiensis

cantaria, -e n f chantry, an altar or chapel established by an individual for the singing of masses for his own soul and those of his friends or family BR5/33; LI127/6, etc [ODCC]

cantaris, -is n m singer, chorister CR493/15

cantator, -oris n m singer, usually a choir singer LI343/5, etc; OX29/26, etc; SH76/33, SH77/20 (although the occurrence in SH10/24 is unlikely to bear that sense)

Cantebrigiensis, -e adj 1. of or pertaining to Cambridge C842/21, C125/22, etc; OX142/21; 2. f as sbst Cambridge C180/24, etc; Cantabrigiensis IC651/5

canticum, -i n nt secular song C44/37; song, whether secular or liturgical (eg, a canticle) OX45/36, etc; although the original CL sense of a sung passage in comedy was probably no longer meant, the negative connotations attached to comedy in the patristic period probably influenced the use of the word in the canons of the third council of Toledo (589) quoted by Gerald of Wales W395/27, or in this early saint's life WL78/28, etc

Cantianus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Kent, Kentish EK204/26

cantilena, -e n f popular or folk song, ballad, probably one having a refrain, often but not exclusively with negative associations (especially associated with dancing) C76/5; CH812/15 (quoted from a continental source); EL23/7; H188/21; OX4/6, etc; SH193/7; W395/20, etc; WL54/3, etc; sometimes associated with E 'carol' and 'balet'; CL meaning is 'refrain'; cantulena OX28/3 [see REED Herefordshire/Worcestershire LG cantilena and EG carrall, and OLD cantilena]

canto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to sing, chant: sometimes the context is explicitly liturgical, eg, EK25/35; LI199/14; OX12/10; sometimes clearly secular, eg EK938/8, EK938/12; EL34/2; OX4/7, etc; WL12/9, etc; while other contexts remain ambiguous EK68/10, EK824/1; IC6/29; prp as sbst singer (here probably a choir singer) OX33/32

canto, -onis n m canton, district, here an area under the lordship of a Christmas prince IC424/22

cantor, -oris n m 1. literally a man or boy who sings, usually a chorister CR540/6; EK203/40; choir singer C166/20; chorister or choir singer OX33/37; 2. by extension cantor, chanter, leader of liturgical music in a collegiate or monastic choir, who also acted as an administrative officer in the chapter EK24/26; CR504/26; 3. perhaps sometimes a secular performer EK624/34; IC25/20

cantrix, -icis n f 1. literally a woman or girl who sings, hence either a female chorister or a female chanter; most likely referring to a member of a convent or other house for female religious CR540/6; 2. by extension chantress, leader of liturgical music in a convent choir, who also acted as an administrative officer OX3/16

Cantuaria, -e n f 1. Canterbury, name of a city and an archdiocese EK974/6, etc; OX42/20, etc; SX184/34; 2. Kent, name of a county IC201/7, etc

Cantuariensis, -e adj of or pertaining to Canterbury EK308/22, etc; OX3/6, etc; f sg as sbst Canterbury EK65/14, etc

cantulena see cantilena

cant(t)us, -us (in Oxford, once with a 2nd decl abl ending) n m 1. singing, here apparently raucous OX13/7, etc; SM237/23; 2. an instance of such singing, a song WL10/9, etc; cantus inhonestus a rude song OX40/23; cantus ritmicis a song in verse, rhythmic song OX7/20; 3. a sacred or secular song, particularly a piece of polyphonic music LI332/25, etc; ~ currens a current song, ie, a popular one LI332/23; 4. chant, (liturgical) singing, or the study thereof EK912/10; EL17/16; see also sc(h)ola; 5. by extension the blast of a trumpet or the like OX140/10

canuasium see caneuasium

Canutus, -i n m Canute (c 994--1035), king of England from 1014 OX315/19

capa, -e n f cope, a liturgical vestment also worn by as a choir habit EK25/14, etc; EL15/15; OX47/27 [ODCC]

capcio, -onis n f 1. the act of taking (something), here in idiom corporis capcio arrest EK902/30-1, etc; (without gen of specification) SH265/34, etc; by extension an arrest order CH778/16m, etc; WL194/27; 2. the act of holding (eg, a meeting or court sesion): dies capcionis ... inquisicionis the day of holding an inquest EL97/20

capella see cap(p)ella

capellanus, -i n m chaplain: 1. a priest serving or having charge of a chapel BR5/32, etc; CH716/26, etc; CR491/16; EK28/5, etc; IC103/34; OX6/38, etc; SH10/16, etc; SX3/11; W349/14; WL215/30; 2. a priest serving a religious guild LI24/35, etc; 3. referring to choir-boys chosen to take the part of chaplains in a boy-bishop observance EL17/20, etc

capicium see capucium

capiendo exitus v phr literally 'taking the profits,' part of a statute defining primer seisin, the Crown's right to receive a year's revenues from the heir of a tenant who held lands by a knight's fee IC496/33

capio, -ere, cepi, -tum v tr 1. to take, receive EK319/18, etc; LI27/18, etc; OX10/26, etc; SH354/10, etc; hence; 2. to take hold of, seize, capture CH616/9, etc; EL26/17; LI603/15, etc; OX310/7; SH14/13; 3. hence to arrest EL231/12; OX8/13; 4. to get, grasp OX10/27; 5. to take, remove L149/30; 6. in idiom with L148/26 or without L94/12; LI72/38 'recognicio' to take or require (a bond); 7. to hold (an event) SH200/33; 8. by extension of sense 7 to hold a court session of some kind CH615/39, etc; EL97/9, etc; OX5/20; SH263/30; 9. to cost (eg, expressing price, used of a thing) EK101/23; 10. in various idioms: possessionem capere OX259/5, etc, or possessionem seisinamque ... capere CH154/7-8, etc, to take legal possession (of property); uires capere to take fresh strength, revive OX163/1

capitalis, -e adj 1. capital: capitale supplicium capital punishment OX139/1--2; 2. capital, principal, chief OX12/18, etc; ~ iusticiarius chief justice IC37/12, etc; ~ promus chief steward IC222/21, etc

capitaneus, -i n m captain, leader C841/12; LI607/32, etc; OX8/18; capitanius C841/23

capitularis, -e adj 1. of or belonging to a cathedral chapter, capitular EL21/25, etc; LI132/15; OX30/18m, etc; see also domus; 2. nt as sbst chapter, a chapter meeting LI120/28, etc

capitulariter adv in the manner characteristic of or appropriate to a cathedral chapter EL21/19; LI132/13, etc

capitulum, -i n nt chapter: 1. an organized and partially self-governing body of monks or secular clerics serving a cathedral or collegiate church CR503/20, etc; EK62/2, etc; EL17/11, etc; LI103/14, etc; OX92/24, etc; SM236/30, etc, also used of a chapter meeting called for administrative or disciplinary purposes OX3/19; W348/15, W396/14?; 2. hence an organized and partially self-governing body of fellows of an academic college or a meeting thereof C563/20, etc; OX29/11, etc; 3. a meeting of local clergy and parishioners called by an archdeacon for administrative or disciplinary purposes LI5/3, LI7/10, LI342/10; 4. one of the subdivisions making up a collection of canons or statutes C132/15, etc; hence a regulation W396/14?; 5. any subdivision of a longer work, eg of a book C486/30m; CH807/29, etc; EL21/25, EL271/22m; OX27/23, etc; SM195/15m, etc; W442/9m; or of an accusation CH767/25

capo, -onis n m capon CR490/1, etc; EK34/20, etc; caupo EK341/23, etc

cappa, -e n f cap: cappa de plate a cap armoured or reinforced with plate 717/34 [OEDO plate n. 9.b.]

cap(p)ella, -e n f 1. chapel LI341/8, etc; OX12/16, etc; W348/36; ~ domine regine literally the lady queen's chapel, the Chapel Royal IC87/37; capellus regine IC89/12; capella regis the Chapel Royal EL231/28m; 2. specifically the place of worship in a chapelry, a subdivision of a parish CH767/28, etc; CR527/8, etc; owing to the area covered by many Lancashire parishes, places which in most parts of England would be parishes in their own right were chapelries L92/31

captio, -onis n f the act of taking or capturing (someone) LI603/5

captiuus, -i n m captive, prisoner, here in play titles: Captiuus The Captive, a play by Plautus (d. c 184 BC) normally called Captiui [OCD Plautus] OX194/1; Captiuus Regalis The Royal Slave, a play by William Cartwright OX894/25

captus, -us n m literally taking, grasping, hence figuratively understanding WL60/7

capucium, -ii n nt hood EK714/35; capicium OX15/27

caput, -itis n nt 1. literally the head (of a human being, animal, etc) C308/33; CH715/20; 2. by extension head, source C139/20; 3. hence the head, or leader, or a group CH35/38: capita collegiorum heads of colleges, the presiding officers of the various colleges, who formed an executive body under the vice-chancellor C410/33; hence in terra supremum caput Anglicane Ecclesie supreme head on earth of the Church of England, title assumed by Henry VIII after the break with Rome CH78/34-5; 4. beginning of a text, heading IC23/23; 5. hence any section or passage in a text; secundum caput the second lesson or passage appointed to be read at morning or evening prayer W378/1-2; 6. by extension a name used as a heading in a list DR283/4; 7. in legal idiom tenere ... in capite to hold in chief, ie, to hold land or rights immediately from a lord, and not through intermediaries CH49/36, etc; in capite (of tenancy) in chief, that is, held directly from a lord and not through intermediaries IC388/27, etc

carbo, -onis n m charcoal or coal C151/10; EK34/26, etc; IC4/10, etc; LI197/8; OX28/1, etc (without more context, it is often unclear which is being referred to: in EK744/15 and OX28/1, the reference is likely to mineral coal); carbona IC135/36, etc; carbonus IC143/32, etc; LI219/1

carcer, -eris n f 1. prison, gaol OX7/37 (in coll pl), etc; a prison within the royal castle BR4/15, etc; 2. by extension rendered Castell as part of a pun in a macaronic text on OX363/34; see also custos

carcoisum, -i n nt (animal) carcass EK34/18

carda, -e n f playing card L77/19

cardinalis, -is n m cardinal, one of a group of senior bishops forming a council that elected and advised the pope C842/23; EK323/22, etc; LI344/7, etc; OX306/35; SX184/34; cardonalis EK324/37

cardo, -inis n m hinge; see par

careo, -ere, -ui, -itum v intr with dat to lack (something), be missing (something) EK86/31; here in idiom expressing weight quarterio uncie carens less a quarter ounce EK85/8-9, etc

caretta, -e n f cart 103/35

cariacio, -onis n f carriage, act of carrying goods or the like EK107/27

cariagium, -ii n nt 1. carriage, act of carrying goods CH228/15; EK320/5, etc; LI27/17, etc (in coll pl LI341/32); SH159/19; SM7/7; carragia (nt pl (coll)) W348/13; 2. hence a vehicle for carrying something, conveyance, here in reference to a pageant wagon CH61/13, etc; caragium CH54/3, etc; carigium CH856/7; carragium CH53/37, etc; carriagium CH53/25, etc; carriagiy (gen sg) CH858/8

carietis, -is n m cart-load IC56/37

caritas, -atis n f love, lovingkindness, by extension charity CR491/9; charitas LI208/15; see also potus

carmen, -inis n nt 1. song, poem (especially one intended to be sung) EL4/3; OX54/6?, OX305/10, etc; WL9/1, etc; here one in honour of a supposed martyr BR5/1, etc; 2. poem, verse OX54/6?, OX213/11

Carmilita, -e n m Carmelite; see frater

carnalis, -e adj 1. fleshly, carnal LI103/19; 2. hence earthly (as opposed to spiritual) LI6/30

carnaliter adv carnally, not spiritually EL258/26

carnifex, -icis n m butcher EK93/4, etc; member of Butchers' company SH128/1

carnispriuium, -ii n nt literally removal of meat (from the diet), hence the beginning of Lent, often Shrove Tuesday, the day preceding Lent or sometimes either of the two Sundays preceding Shrovetide, Sexagesima Sunday (second before Ash Wednesday) or Septuagesima Sunday (third before Ash Wednesday) OX1123/42; carnipreuium EL20/12; Dominica in Carnipriuio the Sunday in Shrovetide, Quinquagesima Sunday, the Sunday before Ash Wednesday LI27/29, etc [see DML Carniprivium]

caro, carnis n f 1. flesh, meat LI27/25, etc; SM177/42, etc; caro bouina LI28/9, etc; SM182/28 or ~ bouis SM177/31, etc, beef; ~ ... aucina goose LI28/9-10, etc; ~ ... cignetina LI32/40-33/1, etc, or ~ ... cegnetina LI31/34-5 swan; ~ crudis uncooked meat SM178/3, etc; ~ ... gruina crane LI31/34-5, etc; ~ insalubris unwholesome meat SM376/35; ~ ... multonina mutton LI28/9, etc; ~ ... pulcinaria chicken LI28/9-10, etc; ~ ... uitulina LI28/9-10, etc or ~ vitulorum CR490/6 veal; ~ ... uolatilis fowl LI31/34, etc; 2. in pl by extension meat (as an article of diet) WL216/23; 3. the body (as opposed to the soul) EL141/20

carola, -e n f a dance in a ring, or possibly a ring for such a dance SH14/3 [DML carola, carolare]

carpentarius, -ii n m carpenter, member of the Carpenters' company CH74/18; IC34/13; LI27/15; SH128/6

carpentarius, -ii n m carpenter, hence here a member of the Chester Carpenters' guild CH47/30, etc

car(r)io, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to carry, transport EK734/7, etc; LI31/5, etc; SH159/21; SM8/13

carta, -e n f 1. literally sheet (of paper or parchment) SH53/19 (in form charta); 2. hence legal document written on such a sheet, a charter CH153/16, etc; LI25/38; OX259/10; charta CH38/1, etc

carto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to transport by cart EK61/21

caruca, -e n f cart EK61/21

caructa, -e n f carucate, plough-land, a measure of area originally based on the amount of land that could be cultivated in a year using a single plough, usually reckoned as about 120 acres WL216/2

casa, -e n f case, box (for storage or safekeeping) SM633/7 (in abl form casys)

Cassius, -ii n m Cassius, a Roman gentile name or one of the holders of that name, especially C. Cassius Longinus, one of the assassins of Julius Caesar, here named as a character in the play Caesar Interfectus OX180/16, etc

casso, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to abolish, annul, cancel EL23/17

castellum, -i n nt castle CH298/35; WL197/41m

castimonia, -ie n f chastity OX140/4

castrum, -i n nt (castra, -orum in CL) originally in CL a military camp, hence a fortified town WL220/2, etc, or its castle WL219/27; castle BR3/24, etc; DR170/21; EK33/26, etc; SH146/5, etc; W350/12; town or castle CH842/5, etc; LI103/31, etc; Castra Episcopi Bishops Castle, name of a parish SH115/16-17m; Nouum Castrum super Tynam Newcastle upon Tyne, name of a town LI317/12-13

casula, -e n f chasuble, outermost of the vestments worn when celebrating the Eucharist EK974/32 [ODCC]

casus, -us n m 1. event, occurrence EK827/23; OX136/11, OX270/6 (where the resemblance to E 'case' is used in a punning speech); 2. situation, circumstances C571/33; EK537/12; SH265/17; 3. chance OX347/20 (as part of multilingual puns on the E surnames Case and Tucker (see Τυχερος)

catallum, -i n nt chattel, moveable property CH616/11, etc; EK779/35, etc; EL97/18, etc; L19/36, etc; LI24/29, etc; OX8/35, etc; W387/8; WL111/25, etc; catellum CH714/28; EL97/26; cattallum CH172/17, etc; SH264/23; cattellum CH30/13, etc; chattallum C571/30, etc; CH27/2

cathedra, -e n f literally a chair, often that of a teacher but here victor's chair in a poetic competition WL22/13; by extension a throne EK204/11 (although in medieval usage it frequently refers to a bishop's throne or cathedra, his official seat within his cathedral, that cannot be the case here, since this throne, though also ancient and made of marble like St Augustine's Chair, the archbishop's cathedra, is located in the hall of his palace and not in the cathedral)

cathedralis, -e adj of or pertaining to the see of a bishop or his church; cathederalis; see ecclesia

cathena var of catena [OLD]

catholicus, -a, -um adj literally universal, by extension Catholic, of or pertaining to the then universal church in the Latin West CR503/35

caucio, -onis n f literally a precaution or a written stipulation, here by extension advance warning, notice CH843/18 [DML, OLD cautio]

cauda, -e n f literally tail (of an animal) or the penis, here in cauda seems to function both as wordplay on E 'entail' and (especially in the first occurrence) as a sexual innuendo IC388/33, IC388/36

Caumbriggia, -ie n f Cambridge, name of an earldom EK314/29

caupo see capo

causa, -e n f 1. cause, reason C147/26, etc; CH47/12, etc; EK87/12, etc; H140/29, etc; LI608/15, etc; OX29/12, etc; SH265/33, etc; SX11/33, etc; hence excuse LI25/1, etc; OX86/5 (in form caussa); hence causal agency, (philosophical) cause EL252/171, etc; 2. law case, legal proceedings C296/10, etc (used metaphorically C296/37); CH797/31; EL242/25, etc; H171/29, etc; LI341/30, etc; OX42/7, etc; SH60/37, etc; SX3/12; W360/23, etc; in ecclesiastical courts EK947/23, etc; in secular courts: causa ... sumaria summary cause, a case to be considered summarily, ie, with a streamlined procedure CH843/26-7; causae saeculares EK938/20, etc; sanguinis causa a case involving bloodshed W347/16; by extension sigillum nostrum ad causas apparently the name of a seal used by the bishop of Worcester chiefly for judicial business W350/11-12; see also hora; 3. hence by extension cause, (one's) side OX180/13, etc; causam agere to plead one's cause OX140/20, etc; 4. cause, sake C229/31; LI107/33; OX529/13; in various idioms: in abl with gen of sbst, gd, or gdve to express purpose for the sake of OX6/33, etc; SH14/3, SH14/16; in abl with gen of sbst because of C4/2, etc; EK939/12; SH154/23; ex causis or ex certis causis for cause EK609/26, etc; LI313/16, etc; SH326/22

causatus, -a, -um pfp pass caused EL252/17; hence nt pl as sbst things caused, ie, the created order, the universe OX799/10

causius var of cautius [see OLD caute]

cautela, -e n f warning, cautioning OX40/34

Cedda, -e n m Chad, name of a saint, here referring to the Shrewsbury church dedicated to St Chad SH199/35-6

cedula see schedula

cegnetinus see cignetinus

celebracio, -onis n f celebration (of the eucharist or another divine service) EK975/29; OX3/8m

celebro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to celebrate the eucharist or another divine service BR5/34; C662/18; EK24/5, etc; LI7/1, etc; OX3/17, etc; SM236/23; W348/36, W451/28; WL12/27; 2. to observe an event or occasion, to keep as a day of special observance C316/4; EK203/36; LI607/3, etc; OX4/34, etc; WL79/5, etc; 3. to hold (a council or other meeting) LI342/9; OX32/21, etc; SX3/21c; 4. to celebrate, extol OX305/5, etc

cella, -e n f room, cubicle, hence lodging EK930/5

cel(l)erarius, -ii n m cellarer, a monastic officer EK909/27, etc; LI345/6

cellarius see sellarius

cellula, -e n f cell, a daughter house dependent on a monastery LI747/30

celsitudo, -inis n f height, hence as address to a monarch (here a Christmas prince), tua celsitudo Your Highness IC424/31

celum, -i n nt 1. the sky, by extension heaven EL241/17; 2. heaven, a stage machine used to represent the heavens C174/26, etc (in form coelum [var of OLD caelum2]); see also Domine celi & terre

cena, -e n f 1. supper, the latest of the three main meals of the day, usually less elaborate than dinner C8/27, etc; CR489/23, etc; EK320/18, etc; EL14/5, etc; IC87/36; LI129/20, etc; OX10/41, etc; SH127/23; SX48/15; caena OX6/14, etc; coena C185/21, etc; IC4/11, etc; OX251/6, etc; 2. in idiom caena Domini the Lord's Supper, ie, Maundy Thursday, the festival, held the Thursday before Easter Sunday, commemorating the institution of the Eucharist OX100/5

cenapium, -ii n nt mustard (as a seasoning) SM177/31, etc

ceno, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to have supper EL17/18, etc; SH128/22

Cenomannensis, -is n f Le Mans, name of a diocese and monastery in Maine, France WL218/2

censura, -e n f censure, rebuke, punishment DR247/13; H99/2, etc; LI4/32, etc; OX534/34; SM175/3; SX3/10

cepta see septa

cepula, -e n f small cup OX20/19

ceretaca, cereteca, cerot(h)eca see chirotheca

ceratus, -a, -um pfp pass locked EK62/22 [see OLD sero3]

ceremonia, -ae n f ceremony, ritual: 1. a customary or traditional practice OX62/30, etc; 2. traditional student practices to be abolished C203/10, etc; see also serimonium

cereteca, cerotheca, cerotica see chirotheca

cereus, -i n m processional candle EK823/19c, etc; H98/1, etc; LI104/6, etc; cerus LI104/8

ceroferarius, -ii n m literally candle-bearer, hence acolyte EL17/20; ceropherarius EL17/23

certamen, -inis n nt 1. struggle, conflict C295/19, etc; singulare certamen single combat OX139/34--5; 2. fight or bout staged as entertainment OX529/21m; gladiatorum certamen fencing bout OX512/13; 3. baiting or other animal fight staged as human entertainment C267/13

certe adv assuredly EL258/22

certificacio, -onis n f certificate, a document introduced in court to verify a statement or compliance with an order (often written on the backs of citations or schedules of penance) or the act of producing such a document LI24/23, etc; SM149/39

certificarium, -ii n nt certificate, a document introduced in court to verify a statement or compliance with an order (often written on the backs of citations or schedules of penance) or the act of producing such a document CH14/15, etc; H171/11, etc; LI266/38, etc; SH327/5, etc; SM230/33, etc; SX13/41, etc; W356/14m, etc

certificatorius, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to a certificate, certificatory; see billa, littera; 2. nt sg used as sbst certificate, a document introduced in court to verify a statement or compliance with an order (often written on the backs of citations or schedules of penance) or the act of producing such a document CH742/8; EK904/8, etc

certifico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to inform H57/31; SH6/10; SM175/4, etc; W350/11; 2. as legal term to certify formally, eg, the truth of a statement, compliance with an order, or the performance of an obligation C388/7, etc; CH15/39, etc; CR504/18, etc; DR248/7, etc; EK947/27, etc; EL209/39, etc; H97/17, etc; L21/5, etc; LI27/2, etc; SH327/2, etc; SM233/6, etc; SX13/37, etc; W381/28, etc; WL220/27, etc; certifacatum (pfp pass) CH681/36

certitudinaliter adv assuredly, with certainty EK974/10

certorium, -ii n nt information, specifically that provided to a church court by summoners about delivery of citations and the like SM116/38, etc

certus, -a, -um adj certain: 1. particular EL16/17, EL140/20; 2. undoubted, assured CH154/10, etc; EL26/9, etc [DML 2, OLD 5]

ceruisia, -e n f 1. ale (not always clearly distinguished from beer) C6/4, etc; CR489/24; EK646/14 (in form ceruisium), etc; L113/18; OX13/14, etc; SH128/18, etc; SM177/30, etc; (not distinguished from beer) LI105/39, etc; (distinguished from beer) LI28/9, etc; ceruicia EK537/9; LI106/35, etc; ceruisium OX20/19; ceruitia LI220/9, etc; seruicia C7/11; CR494/10, etc; EK614/27, etc; LI37/19, etc; OX25/29, etc; SH159/17, etc; SM8/7, etc; seruicium SX14/25; seruisia EL14/8; LI29/17, etc; OX22/6, etc; SH344/5, etc; seruisia EK648/4, etc; 2. beer (as distinct from ale) EK100/25; ceruisia lupulata hopped ale, that is, probably beer brewed with hops SM189/14; 3. (church) ale, a parish fundraising event at which ale was sold DR252/10, etc (called a 'king ale'); ceruisia ecclesia OX16/9 or ~ ecclesie OX16/17, etc; seruisia ecclesie SM252/3 [cp MED āle, bēr]

ceruix, -icis n f neck, in idiom ceruicem erigere to be stiff-necked, hence stubborn in resistance or proud W348/26

cerura, -e n f lock EK62/22

cerus see cereus

Cestershiria, -ae n f Cheshire, name of a county CH42/22; Cestershiria CH38/3

Cestrensis, -is n f Chester, name of a diocese CH797/32, etc

Cestria, -e n f 1. Chester, name of a city, a diocese, and an earldom CH36/19, etc; SH168/22, etc (city); SH98/35, etc (earldom); 2. Cheshire, name of a county CH37/40, etc

Cestrisiria, -e n f Cheshire, name of a county CH45/1, etc

cetus, -us n m 1. literally meeting, hence congregation at a religious service SM173/5, etc; 2. by extension group, band (of people), hence trade guild, company CH153/22 [OLD coetus]

chalo, -onis n m blanket CH616/10

chancellarius see cancellarius

charitas see caritas

charta see carta

chartula, -ae n f literally a small sheet (of paper or parchment), hence a short piece of writing, a little work (here used by an author with a deliberate assumption of modesty) OX313/19

charus for carus [OLD carus1]

chatallum see catallum

chemisia, -e n f shirt OX15/27

Chestertonensis, -is n m the village of Chesterton C296/4

chilias, -adis n f one thousand; see adagium

chiualerus, -i n m knight CH615/40, etc; chiualer (nom) CH721/28

chirotheca, -e n f glove OX279/24, etc; ceretaca LI124/8, etc; cereteca LI122/7, etc; OX14/26; cerot(h)eca LI110/5, etc; OX26/15, etc; cerotica OX28/11; ciretheca LI113/18; ciroteca C44/16; cirot(h)eca LI104/21, etc; cirotica LI114/5, etc; cheritheca OX281/15; cyroteca EK308/1; LI764/14; cyrotheca OX63/17; serot(h)eca LI111/26, etc; sirot(h)eca LI111/42, etc; sirotica LI115/21

chithera see cithara

choraea see chorea

choragus, -i n m (from Gk χορηγός) in CL literally one who contracted to supply a dramatic company with all necessary equipment, hence (play) producer, one responsible for putting on a play C95/1; OX343/31; used figuratively producer, orchestrator OX106/35

choralis, -e adj of or pertaining to a choir, choral; see uicarius

choraules, -is n m (from Gk χοραύλης and CL choraules) literally one who plays reed pipes, a piper, probably used generically for any player of a wind instrument C185/20

chorda see corda

chorea, -e n f dance, originally a round dance; apparently used to describe a country dance held out of doors EK938/19, etc; EL14/6, etc; LI347/20; SM237/22; SX3/11; WL54/3; in W396/7 it describes a dance which took place around a church and was accompanied by singing; choraea OX209/16, etc; corea CR463/10; DR247/15, etc; EL4/2; LI342/2; OX5/29, etc; SM423/14, etc; correa OX5/2; W348/4

chorista, -e n m member of a choir, chorister C81/19; EL22/39, etc; LI155/6, etc; SM240/30, etc; chorusta EL14/17m; SM247/24; corista EL128/12, etc; SM247/15

chorus, -i1 n m 1. literally chorus, those who performed the choral passages in classical drama OX308/13 [OLD chorus 3]; 2. by extension in later Latin a choir, those who performed sacred music in a church or chapel CH36/22 (in dat/abl form coris); EK26/11, etc; EL22/9?, etc; OX3/11?; used figuratively in a play on sense 1 and sense 2 DR171/39; 3. by extension of sense 2 choir, part of a church building used by the choir CH47/11; EK946/15, etc; EL22/9?, etc; LI118/6, etc; OX3/11?; SM242/18, etc; altus chorus literally the high choir, probably a name for the Angel Choir of Lincoln Cathedral LI125/5; missa chori choir mass, a mass sung or celebrated by or in the choir OX3/14

chorus, -i2 n m crwth, a plucked, and later a bowed, lyre [see Bethan Miles, Robert Evans: 'crwth', Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed 18 May 2005),]

chorus, -i3 n m cor, a biblical measure for grain, probably used as a synonym for quarter, an E measure of varying capacity according to the substance to be measured but usually of around 8 bushels for grain LI25/25 [see OEDO quarter n. and DML corus]

Christianus, -a, -um adj Christian C141/35, etc; CH767/41; H98/15; OX178/19; SH100/19; m pl as sbst Christian people, Christians C316/26; EK827/27; H98/13, etc; LI4/14; OX177/38; WL79/17

Christicola, -e n comm worshipper of Christ, Christian EK980/3

Christifidelis, -e adj faithful in Christ, hence comm pl as sbst Christifideles faithful people, the faithful CH769/8, etc; EL125/12; Christi fideles EL138/5

Chrysostomus, -i n m St John Chrysostom (c 347-407), theologian and patriarch of Constantinople CH808/16m

cibaria, -orum n nt literally provisions, food, hence meals WL12/28

Cicestrensis, -is n f Chichester, name of a city and a diocese SX3/21, etc; Cichestrensis SX24/39

Cicestria, -e n f Chichester, name of a city SX38/29

Cicilia, -e n f Sicily EK779/24, etc

cignetinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a swan; cegnetinus; see caro

cimiterium, -ii n nt 1. churchyard BR3/28, etc; CR463/5, etc; DR247/17, etc; EK938/20m, etc; EL3/6, etc; H97/28; LI6/11, etc; SH199/35; SM423/5, etc; SX3/9, etc; W395/20, etc; cymiterium EL4/2; W347/20; WL54/3, etc; 2. as name element(?) Richardus de Cimiterio Richard Churchyard SH10/13-14

cinctura, -e n f binding (of a book) OX213/11

cindo see (s)cindo

cineritius, -a, -um adj ashen, ashy; see festum

cinis, -eris n nt ash, ashes OX163/1; figuratively (in reference to Ash Wednesday and the start of Lenten observance) OX177/35; hence conuiuium cinerum a banquet held for graduands of the Ash Wednesday convocation, the first of the two spring commencements C372/39-40; see dies, posterior

ciphus, -i n m bowl EK34/24, etc; SM177/26, etc

Ciprus, -i n m Cyprus EK50/35

circa 1. prep with acc A. around, about (of motion) LI25/17, etc; B. around, near (of time) LI24/25; OX5/17, etc; C. in connection with, concerning DR247/12; LI104/36, etc; OX63/24, etc; D. after, for (of purpose) LI347/37; OX1093/2 (referring to a future event); 2. prep with abl about, concerning, with respect to CR492/13, etc

circiter1 adv with eo thereabouts L241/24

circiter2 prep with acc 1. around, near (of time) L241/15; 2. (of space) W396/7; 3. in connection with, concerning LI132/19 [error for OLD circa2?]

circuitus, -us n m 1. a circular structure, circle OX306/20 [OLD circu(m)itus]; 2. round dance OX5/24m

circulus, -i n m literally circle, here apparently a ring or band of metal SH144/28

circumcisio, -onis n f circumcision: 1. used literally LI103/17, etc; 2. used figuratively LI103/19; 3. referring to the liturgical commemoration of Jesus' circumcision on 1 January (Lk 2.21) C45/11, etc; CR504/18; EK36/35, etc; LI103/20, etc; OX25/4, etc; SX185/28; W465/3; circumscisio C45/34; circumsicio EK907/17, etc; see also dies

circumfero, -ferre, -tuli, -latum v tr to carry or move around, in pass to wind about, circle WL54/3

circumquaque adv all around, on every side C399/10, etc; OX5/19

circumspeccio, -onis n f prudence, circumspection CH59/5, etc

circumspecte agatis v phr literally 'you shall act circumspectly,' name of a royal ordinance of 1286 settling jurisdictional boundaries between royal and church courts IC471/16, etc

circumuicinus, -a, -um adj nearby, located about or around a place C333/16; CH771/13

cirographus, -i n m indenture LI342/24 [DML chirographum]

ciroteca see chiroteca

cirpa, -e n f rush, reed C6/3

cissor, -is n m tailor OX5/21m, etc

cissus for scissus [OLD scindo]

cista, -e n f a box or chest: for storing garments C151/21, etc; for keeping money and other valuables EK62/22; hence used as a name for a treasury C841/21

Cisterciensis, -e adj of or belonging to Citeaux, Cistercian; see ordo

citacio, -onis n f 1. citation, summoning OX503/15; 2. hence citation, a document summoning an accused person to appear before an ecclesiastical court EK307/35m, etc; H57/28, etc; SH6/7, etc; citacio personalis citation delivered in person SM208/37, etc; SX20/13

citatorius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a citation; see littera

cithara, -e n f 1. literally a lyre WL262/12; 2. in AL usage, often by extension a harp CR540/10 (possibly used generically for other plucked-string instruments); OX15/13; WL13/21, etc; cit(h)era IC3/6, etc; OX9/8, etc; chithera BR6/31; cythara OX5/25; WL4/16, etc [OLD cithara]

cithareda, -e n f in CL but probably n comm in AL in CL a singer who accompanies him or herself upon the lyre hence by extension one who plays the harp, harper, possibly used generically for a player upon any plucked-string instrument C91/18; OX42/34 (in form cithereda); cythareda C88/9 [OLD citharoeda]

citharedes, -i n m literally a singer who accompanies himself upon the lyre, hence by extension one who plays the harp; possibly a generic term applied to players of plucked-string instruments EK29/25; W397/18, etc; citheredes EK66/24 [see OLD citharoedus]

citharedus, -i n m literally a singer who accompanies himself upon the lyre, hence by extension one who plays the harp; possibly a generic term applied to players of plucked-string instruments W397/2; in later AL likely a fiddler OX426/25, etc (in form citharaedus); citheredus H106/40; cytharedus OX81/29, etc [OLD citharoedus]

citharis, -is n f harp, possibly a generic term for a plucked-string instrument SM424/17

citharista, -e n m literally one who plays on a lyre, hence by extension harper; possibly a generic term applied to players of plucked-string instruments C48/30; CR540/10; EK907/9, etc; H200/21, etc; LI317/12, etc; OX30/30, etc; WL38/13 citherista EK68/18, etc; setherista LI37/32; thetherista LI36/22 [OLD]

cit(h)era see cithara

citherarius, -ii n m harper OX41/36, etc

citherator, -oris n m literally one who plays on a 'cithara' (in CL a lyre but in AL usage a harp), harper; possibly a generic term applied to players of plucked-string instruments EK907/27, etc; IC3/5, etc; SH354/3, etc; SX187/25; WL289/11; sicherator SX47/24 [see OLD cithara]

citherazator, -oris n m harper, player on a plucked-string instrument W400/3, etc

Cithereus, -i n m fictive L cognomen formed on the root of 'cithera,' possibly representing E surname Harper IC462/12

cithero, -onis n m a harper IC53/27

cito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr cite, issue a citation (to appear before an ecclesiastical or university court) C296/7, etc; CR504/14, etc; DR247/39; EK308/31, etc; EL53/38; H57/26, etc; LI193/24, etc; OX495/15, etc; SH6/5, etc; SM233/26, etc; SX9/14, etc; W381/22, etc; WL235/31m, etc

citra1 adv (of time) past WL215/36, etc

citra2 prep with acc 1. on the near side of, on this side of WL219/28; 2. without regard to, ie, to the exclusion of WL7/20; 3. within, during (a period of time) CH770/30

ciuetas var of ciuitas [OLD]

ciuilis, -e adj peaceful, characterized by civility, civil LI608/7

ciuitas, -atis n f in phr de ciuitate Dei The City of God, title of a work of historical theology by St Augustine of Hippo (354-430) SM194/19m

clamacio, -onis n f literally the act of crying out; see banna

clamator, -oris n m crier, a minor town officer SH130/33, etc; see also banna, ludus

clamo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. cry out, hence announce EK827/40; 2. to make a claim (used of rights in property or the like) 40/36, etc; L241/22; see also banna

clamor, -oris n m act of crying out, in legal idiom facere clamorem to make a cry, ie, a formal announcement or proclamation EK650/19

clanidestinus var of clandestinus [OLD]

Clara, -e1 n f Clare, name of a feudal honour in Suffolk; see honor

Clara, -e2 n f Clare, the name of a saint, St Clare of Assisi (1194-1253), founder of the 'Poor Clares,' a women's order organized on Franciscan principles LI116/33 [ODCC]

clare adv clear, net (of accounting) IC72/6

Clarencia, -e n f Clarence, name of a dukedom CR493/3; EK76/19, etc; SH150/31; W405/5, etc; Clarencius (n m) EK616/5, etc

Clarensis, -e adj 1. of or pertaining to Clare; m sbst as name element Ricardus Clarensis Richard de Clare WL57/16; 2. hence of or belonging to Elizabeth de Clare, founder of Clare Hall (later Clare College), Cambridge; see aula

claretus, -a, -um adj claret; see uinum

clario, -onis n f 1. clarion, type of trumpet originally used for military signalling, or the sound of such a trumpet OX6/15; 2. one who plays a clarion, clarioner OX256/18, etc [see OEDO clarion n.]

clarus, -a, -um adj bright, clear, famous; see de

claua, -e1 n f a mace; see seruiens

claua2 see clauis1

clauicordis, -is n f clavichord, a struck-string keyboard instrument, here in idiom par clauicordis a pair, or set, of clavichords, so called because each individual instrument was made up of distinct mechanisms EK108/12

clauis, -is1 n f key: 1. a device to open a lock C180/8; EK822/16; 2. (in form claua) a piece of metal used to fit, or lock, other pieces together, here apparently one of a number of interlocking pieces forming a chain with three decorative crowns to which a waits' scutcheon was attached by its 'ears' EK86/31 [see OEDO key n.1 1. and 9.]

clauis, -is2 n m nail C264/33; EK747/6, etc; see also clauus

clausio, -onis n f an enclosed area, enclosure W347/10

claustralis, -e adj 1. enclosed, cloistered, here applied to a college community OX209/18; 2. suitable for or belonging to a (monastic) cloister CR528/1

claustrum, -i n nt an enclosed place, hence 1. a cloister LI342/35; WL216/21; 2. a cathedral close LI109/15; SM238/14, etc

clausura, -e n f 1. act of enclosing, fencing-in DR247/17; hence the state of being enclosed, enclosure EK644/26 [cp Black's close, inclosure]; 2. by extension an enclosed place, hence a cloister CH47/10; 3. similarly the enclosed precincts of a cathedral, the close LI123/12, etc

clausus, -us n m 1. closing, completion LI34/7, etc; 2. by extension the close or end of something: clausus Pasche Low Sunday, the Sunday after Easter, that closes the octave of the feast CH47/34; 3. the enclosed precincts of a cathedral, close LI123/12, etc; here likely the Vicar's Close of Chichester Cathedral SX38/29; 4. (legal idiom) close, a parcel of land enclosed either by physical fences or hedges or by detailed boundaries in a deed or similar document SH264/18 [Black's Close]

clauus, -i n m 1. nail C55/28, etc; EK104/32, etc; paruus clauus small nail, tack C121/9; oblongus clauus long nail, spike C121/27; 2. helm, tiller C141/15

Clementinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to St Clement; see festiuitas

clericalis, -e adj 1. pertaining to or suitable for a cleric, clerical CH46/37; CR503/21, etc; OX11/19, etc; SM236/18, etc; W356/37; 2. of or belonging to clerks, the most junior members of an Inn: see communis

clericus, -i n m 1. cleric, one in holy orders BR3/26; C3/26; CH36/21m, etc; CR464/10, etc; EK938/7m, etc; EL15/27, EL17/21, EL20/30; H72/25, etc; LI3/16; OX4/5, etc; SH42/31, etc; SM236/15, SM898/22, SM929/22; W348/4; WL12/37, etc; de clerico venatore literally 'about a cleric as hunter,' a canon prohibiting hunting by members of the clergy IC498/11; by extension one serving a particular parish as a minister C4/28?, C60/19, C62/13?; CH803/22; EK726/20, etc; LI41/5, etc; SM130/2, etc; SX3/7; 2. in the pre-Reformation period, often specifically a cleric in minor orders, probably one below the rank of subdeacon EK59/18; especially one serving liturgically in a cathedral or other church LI105/18, LI105/22, LI106/10, LI108/17, LI333/37(2); here one assisting in a cathedral almonry EL19/10; in idioms: clerici elemosinarii almoner's clerks, boys who had received the first tonsure and were students at the almonry school of a monastery or the like EK65/9; hence clerici sancti Nicholai St Nicholas clerks, boys in minor orders, usually students at a monastery or almonry school, taking part in boy-bishop celebrations on St Nicholas' Day (6 December) or the feast of the Holy Innocents (28 December) EK54/23, etc; EL20/10; SM128/36, SM129/3, SM415/24; SX184/32; hence a boy taking the part of a cathedral cleric in a boy-bishop observance EL17/23, etc; 3. clerk, one of several administrative and financial officers serving the Lincoln Cathedral chapter LI106/7; ~ capituli clerk of the chapter LI105/21, etc; ~ commune clerk of the common fund LI105/20, etc; ~ fabrice clerk of the fabric fund LI123/13, etc; ~sacriste sacrist's clerk LI106/10 (without 'sacriste' LI105/20); 4. specifically a parish clerk, in pre-Reformation use, a cleric in minor orders assisting the priest of a parish in liturgy, et al OX17/1, etc; ~ parochialis CH24/13; EL20/11; OX35/35; ~ parochie CH788/11; 5. hence possibly a person, not necessarily a cleric (eg, a layman or choirboy) appointed as part of a celebration on Christmas or a saint's day (all these occurences may simply be examples of sense 1) C12/18, C12/36, C20/23, C78/33; 6. clerk, an administrative and financial officer in a town EK309/26, etc; L57/5; communis ~ EK314/39, etc; SH172/7 or ~ communitatis OX491/11, etc, town clerk; ~ fori EK63/21 or ~ marcati EK361/37 (or ~ mercati SH162/2) clerk of the market, an officer who supervised a market, with quasi-judicial powers over disputes within it [Black's Clerk of the market]; ~ Penticij clerk of the Pentice, a local court in Chester CH195/42; 7. clerk, an adminstrative and financial officer in a guild LI28/6, etc; 8. clerk, an administrative or financial officer in a household EK650/23; 9. clerk, the most junior member of an Inn, apparently equivalent in status to a law student: see communiones, communis

clerus, -i n m clergy as opposed to laity BR5/21; CH36/24; EK26/32, etc; EL17/17; WL4/8; in idiom concio (or sermo) ad clerum a sermon delivered to a university audience, usually in Latin, on set occasions C315/35, etc

cloca, -e n f cloak EK714/35; clocus (n m) OX9/13

cocha, -e n f cog, a type of boat EK827/30, etc [cp OEDO cog n.1]

Cocia see Scotia

cocus, -i n m cook, member of the Cooks' company SH127/35 [OEDO cook n.]

coelestis var of caelestis [OLD caelestis1]

coelum see celum

coena see cena

coenaculum, -i n nt literally dining room, here likely lodging OX305/34

coexibicio, -onis n f act of showing something together or jointly, joint exhibition EK65/29

cognicio, -onis n f 1. the faculty of understanding, cognition EL238/17; 2. acknowledgment, confession (of wrongdoing) SM397/12; 3. recognizance, a pledge or bond, eg, for appearance in court SH112/6; SM376/31; 4. legal idiom cognizance, jurisdiction LI342/9

cognomen, -inis n nt surname, family name L75/25

cognosco, -oscere, -oui, -itum v tr 1. to acknowledge, accept (an obligation or debt), here used in bonds CH48/21, etc; DR200/23, etc; L94/8, etc; LI323/5, etc; 2. to acknowledge title or possession (of land) L84/37; 3. to acknowledge, accept (that a statement is true) SM143/31, etc

cohabitacio, -onis n f literally act of living with or near (another person of persons) here by extension close association with others LI4/14; SX4/8

cohercio var of coercitio [OLD]

colarium, -ii n nt collar: 1. the separable collar of a garment C152/5; 2. silver collar from which a wait's badge depends SH183/12, SH196/10

collaboro, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to work together OX105/7

collacio, -onis n f discussion, discourse, hence a sermon EL238/9

colleccio, -onis n f collection (of money, eg, a tax or assessment) CH716/24; IC11/20, etc

collectarium, -ii n nt collectar, book of collects for liturgical use CR504/40 [ODCC]

collector, -oris n m literally one who collects: 1. (male) Hock-tide gatherer C50/40; 2. a royal appointee assigned to collect subsidies for the Crown CH716/13, etc; 3. an official of a Chester trade guild CH48/19; 4. collector, here a member of an Inn appointed to collect a special assessment for some purpose IC11/27, etc; 5. hence compiler, a self-deprecatory reference by an author C235/34m

collegiatus, -a, -um adj collegiate, of or pertaining to a college in whatever sense, here probably referring to the chapel of an academic college C29/15; m pl as sbst collegiati members of a collegiate church CH47/10; see also ecclesia

collegium, -ii n nt college: 1. organised body of clergy and priests serving a particular church CH46/26; EK714/36, etc; LI333/31; collegium Etonense OX30/12; here in particular a college of minor canons serving in a cathedral EL20/31; 2. hence an academic college, viewed as a corporate body composed of a head, fellows, and scholars: of a single college C31/12, etc; in pl, referring to (Cambridge) colleges in general C203/4; (Oxford) colleges OX11/13, etc; with proper names or adj: collegium Aeneanasense Brasenose College, Oxford OX498/31, etc; ~ Bailiolensis Balliol College, Oxford, founded by John de Baliol DR170/32-3; ~ Benedicti Benet College (another name for Corpus Christi College, Cambridge) C145/6; ~ Caii Caius College, Cambridge C360/9 (shorter name for Gonville and Caius College); ~ Christi Christ's College, Cambridge C146/4 or Christ Church, Oxford OX135/31; ~ Corporis Christi Corpus Christi College, Cambridge C309/4-5, etc; Corpus Christi College, Oxford OX147/2; ~ Diue Marie Magdalene OX46/1 or ~ Magdalense OX200/40, etc, or ~ Mariae Magdalenae OX178/16--17m, Magdalen College, Oxford; ~ Diui Ioannis OX178/14--15m or Ioannense ~ OX314/40 St John's College, Oxford; ~ Emanuelis Emmanuel College, Cambridge C407/33; ~ Gonvilli et Caii Gonville and Cauis College, Cambridge C286/5-6m, etc; ~ Iohannis C145/6 (or ~ Diui Iohannis C283/1) St John's College, Cambridge; ~ Lyncolnense Lincoln College, Oxford OX498/28--9, etc; ~ Mertonense Merton College, Oxford OX525/36; ~ Nouum New College, Oxford OX525/37, etc; collegium Regale C29/20-1, etc (or ~ Regis C157/15) King's College, Cambridge; collegium Reginale Queens' College, Cambridge C203/19, etc; collegium Trinitatis C157/15, etc (or ~ sancte et indiuidue Trinitatis C295/15-16, etc) Trinity College, Cambridge; ~ Wadhamus Wadham College, Oxford OX525/36. The proper name or adj of a college's name sometimes appears alone with personal names to indicate affiliation with that college, eg, Iohannis Thrower Benedicti, John Thrower of Benet (College) C491/33

collobium, -ii n nt fruit presented as a course or a gift SH161/34 [DML collybum]

collocuntur var of colloquuntur [OLD colloquor]

colloquium, -ii n nt conversation OX894/5; forinsecum colloquium either conversation about external topics or conversation with outsiders OX3/12

colludium, -ii n nt literally a joint pastime, hence a bout or match between two (or more) participants, here likely a joust CH36/3m [cp DML colludium b]

colludo, -ere, -si, -sum v tr to play at (a game, sport, or other pastime) together WL216/27

Colonia, -e n f Cologne, a city in Germany associated in the Middle Ages with the Three Magi because their relics were believed to be in the cathedral there SH173/38

columba, -ae n f 1. literally dove OX307/17, etc; 2. here likely an object (perhaps a banner) representing a dove, symbolizing the Holy Spirit LI105/22

columbarium, -ii n nt dovecote C93/22, etc

columbinus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to a dove, dovelike OX307/20

coma, -e n f hair, by extension a wig: coma muliebris a woman's wig (either as representing a woman's hair or possibly as made from women's hair) likely used as a costume OX105/26

comaedia, comoedia see comedia

Combaldus, -i n m fictive L nomen formed from a mix of E and L elements: Cornelius Combaldus 'Cornelius Completely-Bald' IC389/1

combaro, -onis n m fellow baron, here referring not to a peer but to a freeman of one of the Cinque Ports EK731/14, etc [cp OEDO baron 3.]

Comberlandia, -ae n f Cumberland, name of a county IC125/6

Comberlandius, -a, -um adj of or belonging to Cumberland, an English earldom and county: m sg as sbst the earl of Cumberland OX313/13

comburgensis, -is n m literally fellow burgess, in Stamford, one of the magistrates associated with the alderman in civic government LI320/5

comedia, -ae n f comedy, a play, usually in verse, often of a humorous or satiric nature, sometimes modelled on ancient comedy but also drawing upon scriptural and other sources, or its performance C84/28, etc (play); C122/2, etc (performance); EL100/21; OX38/4, etc; comaedia OX79/31, etc; commedia EL15/26, etc; IC103/35; LI203/22m, etc; commodea OX54/7; commodium LI192/25; commodum LI185/18; comoedia C95/13, etc; OX85/7, etc

comedialis, -e adj of or pertaining to a comedy or its performance, comic C151/22

comedo, -edere, -edi, essum v tr or intr 1. to eat WL216/24; 2. hence to dine CH47/9; EK31/3, etc; WL79/15

comes, -itis n m 1. companion, comrade C237/3; IC425/14; LI603/8?; WL79/4; 2. earl, a peer ranking above a viscount but below a marquess C23/23, etc; CH38/3, etc; CR492/39, etc; DR170/35; EK35/5, etc; IC90/36, etc; L41/16; LI603/5, etc; OX146/43, etc; SH127/5, etc; SX183/25, etc; W396/35, etc; WL289/8; 3. in idioms ~ marescallus earl marshal, an officer of state with jurisdiction over the court of chivalry, here an officer of a Christmas prince IC462/9; ~ palatinus earl palatine, one exercising quasi-royal authority within his earldom, here a courtier of a Christmas prince IC424/21; 4. (continental) count EK329/5, etc; SH133/31, SH135/5, SH135/36; comes palatinus count palatine, a count of the Holy Roman Empire exercising quasi-royal jurisdiction within his territory C510/9; OX438/39 [OEDO count n.2 2.]

comicus, -a , -um adj 1. of or pertaining to a comedy or its performance, comic C130/18; OX177/30, etc; hence fabula (or res) comica a comedy or its performance C95/1-2, etc; 2. hence m as sbst (comic) actor, player EK876/39; 3. witty, humorous (of writers) C586/40

comisia see comitia

comitas, -atis n f county IC124/25, etc

comitatus, -us n m 1. accompanying escort or group, retinue IC424/28; OX313/2; WL11/21; 2. county BR3/5, etc; C327/25, etc; CH716/14, etc; DR211/3, etc; EK779/26, etc; IC464/13, etc; L14/11, etc; LI607/26, etc; OX8/14, etc; SH13/35, etc; SM189/10, etc; SX170/28, etc; W451/23, etc; WL159/37, etc; 3. hence comitatus palatinus CH691/38 or palentinus CH691/34 county palatine, originally the territory under the authority of an earl palatine, who excercised a quasi-royal jurisdiction within his county; 4. county court, so-called because it was seen in law as standing for the county as a whole SH13/34

comitia, -iorum n nt (university) commencement C217/10, etc; OX257/15, etc; comisia C370/40

comitissa, -e n f countess, wife of an earl EK48/10, etc; OX313/34; SH129/8, etc

comitiua, -e n f 1. company, fellowship, group C841/25; EL14/10; OX11/29, etc; SH353/14, etc; 2. specifically the body of members of an Inn IC31/21, etc; cometiua IC66/24

commeatus, -us n m regular or standard provisions of food, in idiom preter commeatum a grant of extra or special provisions beyond what was usual C192/14, etc

commedia see comedia

commemoracio, -onis n f commemoration, feast (of a saint): commemoratio sancti Palli commemoration of St Paul C75/3 (probably an abbreviated reference to the 'commemoratio sanctorum Pauli et Petri' 30 June, which was also the observance of St Paul's alleged beheading)

commessacio, -onis n f dinner, banquet OX60/37, etc

commestus for comessus [OLD comedo1]

comminarius, -ii n m commoner: normally a student at an Oxford college who is not a member of the foundation and must therefore pay for his commons, ie, his board, but here likely one receiving full commons, hence possibly a kind of fellow (see semicommunnarius) OX170/25

commissarius, -ii n m commissary: 1. deputy or representative of a bishop or other high ecclesiastic, often presiding as a judge on behalf of his principal EK308/37, etc; H57/27; LI341/17; SH6/6; SM230/33, etc; W445/15; commissarius ... generalis commissary general, probably another title for the vicar general of a diocese OX499/13; SM173/38; see also uicarius; 2. by extension a judge presiding over a university court as the deputy of the vice-chancellor OX42/7, etc; at Cambridge, the commissary's court customarily exercised the university's jurisdiction over those not members of the university C326/27, etc; 3. commissioner, a royal officer (possibly a household officer) delegated to carry out specific responsibilities CR493/13; EK361/34

com(m)issio, -onis n f commission, grant of authority to act: eg, for the Crown CH716/15, etc; EL228/26m, etc; possibly a commission of the peace L161/27; commission to carry out an episcopal order SM173/34m; commissio taxacionis commission for taxation CR494/29 (in form taxa<...> due to manuscript damage)

com(m)issionarius, -i n m 1. commissioner, one empowered by a royal commission to undertake specified responsibilities CH305/17; EL128/3; SH161/16, etc; eg, to take statements and conduct examinations DR191/34; 2. an officer of Star Chamber delegated to take sworn answers WL105/6

committo, -ittere, -isi, -issum v tr 1. with 'ad' + gdve and acc of the person to entrust (a responsibility) to (someone) L76/18; 2. to commit (a crime) L25/4

commoditas, -atis n f asset EL125/30, etc

commodatio, -onis n f loan OX76/27

commodea see comedia

commodium, commodum1 see comedia

commodum, -i2 sbst nt benefit, beneficial use LI320/13 [OLD]

communa, -e1 n f 1. commons, the standard daily provision of supplies, usually foodstuffs, made for each member of a chapter, college, or other community or the monetary value thereof C133/21, C841/22; H113/2, etc; LI333/31, etc; OX13/25, etc; SM236/7, etc; W398/34; communia EL22/25; SM239/25, etc; 2. commons, a standard daily provision of meals and supplies made for members of an Inn according to their rank: com(m)unie f pl IC92/7, etc; com(m)unia nt pl IC88/9, etc; 3. daily meals provided for a visitor, servant, or workman by a college C63/37, etc; 4. right of common: communa pasture right of common pasture, right to pasture one's animals in a field common to all tenants of a manor SM182/6, etc [Black's Common, Commoners]

communa, -e2 n f common fund, part of the treasury of the Lincoln Cathedral chapter LI105/20, etc; communia LI208/17

communarius, -ii n m commoner, freeman of a borough, often specifically one who belongs to the town council EK315/18, etc; communiarius EK657/36, etc

communia, -e1 n f commonalty, corporate body made up of the freemen of a borough BR3/5m

communia2 see communa

communiarius, -i n m communar, official of a religious house with oversight of the purchase and distribution of commons SM247/16, etc

communicacio, -onis n f communication, conversation EK185/16, etc; EL184/12; OX40/29

communio, -onis n f 1. one's dealings with others, social intercourse OX11/29, etc; 2. (Holy) Communion, church service at which the Eucharist is celebrated and administered SX24/39 [ODCC EUCHARIST]; 3. in pl commons, a standard daily provision of meals and supplies made for members of an Inn according to their rank: ~ clericorum clerks' commons, the commons provided for clerks, the most junior members of an Inn IC36/18, etc

com(m)unis, -e adj 1. common, communal, of or pertaining to a community, eg, a chapter, a college, a parish, or a town C6/36, C37/1, C296/36, C333/9, C841/21; CH154/13, etc; CR504/19; EK537/23, etc; EL22/37, etc; L35/35, L36/3; LI25/29, etc; OX65/11, etc; SH172/7, etc; SM252/3, etc; W413/34; 2. hence A. comm pl as sbst the commons, members of a community, here town burgesses LI320/61; B. f pl as sbst commons, a standard daily provision of meals and supplies made for members of an Inn according to their rank IC39/21, etc; communes clericales IC37/9--10, etc, or ~ clericorum IC40/38, clerks' commons, the commons provided for clerks, the most junior members of an Inn; ~ magistrorum masters' commons, the commons provided for benchers IC35/23, etc; 3. common, general, ordinary C253/34; CH33/39, etc; DR172/31; EK822/18, etc; EL53/36; IC37/12, etc; OX6/30, etc; in idiom in communi in common, together CH46/35; 4. common, open to the public L113/17; LI103/35, LI109/14?; see also dies, domus, histrio, intersessio, ludus

com(m)unitas, -atis n f community, commonalty, commons (of a town or city) C68/35, etc; CH153/15, etc; CR493/31; EK307/35, etc; LI78/42, etc; OX799/18, etc; SH131/5, etc; SM252/2, etc; W412/13, etc

communiter adv 1. in ordinary language, in English (as opposed to Latin) C367/12; W349/35; 2. openly, generally, hence publicly CH768/13, etc; L113/17; SM242/28; 3. commonly, generally LI108/19

communitor, -oris n m commoner, one who shares in the provision of commons IC52/22

comoedia see comedia

comparencia, -e n f appearance before a judge DR288/38, etc; comparancia DR276/5, etc

compareo, -ere, -ui v intr 1. to appear, come into sight OX305/12, etc; 2. hence as legal term to appear before a judge, whether in church or secular courts C249/16, etc; CH119/38, etc; CR504/14 (church); DR248/1, etc (church); EK308/37, etc; EL34/4, etc; H57/26, etc (church); L19/2, etc (church) and L148/40, etc (secular); LI321/30, etc (undifferentiated); OX73/39, etc (undifferentiated); SH323/25, etc (church), SH273/29 (secular); SM256/37, etc; SX11/33, etc (church); W381/23, etc (church); WL2125/16, etc; comparabit CH763/17; comparandum CH264/27

comparicio, -onis n f appearance before a judge C388/23, etc; H71/30; SH280/35, etc

compertio, -onis n f finding, determination of wrongdoing by an inquest or the like EL231/3

compertorium, -ii n nt finding, determination of wrongdoing by an inquest or the like SM378/21

competens, -ntis adj 1. suitable (for a task), capable of serving in some (specified) capacity, competent, adequate C332/20; CH843/24, etc; LI266/18, etc; SH44/3; 2. relevant LI342/20

compilatus, -a, -um pfp pass compiled: collected or possibly composed LI332/34 [OEDO compile v.]

compitus see compotus

completorium, -ii n nt compline, latest of the canonical hours making up the divine office of monks and clerics, said in the evening after supper LI125/6; SM174/16

completus, -a, -um pfp pass 1. finished, done C132/21; 2. as adj full, entire C150/35

complex, -icis sbst comm accomplice (to a crime) BR3/24, etc; EK308/16, etc; LI607/16

composicio, -onis n f writing, composition, here of a poem, apparently one intended to be sung BR5/14

compositus, -i n m a composite number, one of two or more places IC655/1 [OEDO composite a. and n. 3b, compound a. 2c]

compotacio, -onis n f drinking, act of drinking especially in a social group, here glossed by E 'scotale' LI5/2, etc; see also Lincolnshire EG scotales

compotus, -i (or -us) n m 1. account, formal accounting made of the receipts and disbursements of an institution or by the collector of specific payments or the like EK53/30, etc; EL127/35, etc; IC6/11, etc; LI197/10; OX7/10; SM881/34; in idioms tempus (huius) compoti (this) accounting period, the period of time covered in a given account EK326/15-16, etc; EL33/22, etc (in form computi); H111/20, etc; LI580/5-6, etc (in form computi); W404/9-10, etc; compitus EK9/39; computus (2nd decl) IC24/9, etc; LI137/13, etc; OX215/5, etc; computus (4th decl) EK735/34, etc; 2. accounting, the process, or act, of drawing up such an account C330/12; computus (2nd decl) C357/28?, C357/29?; computus (4th decl) C214/15; 3. accounting for specific costs C570/11; computus (2nd decl) C357/28?, C357/29?; see also dies

compurgator, -oris n m compurgator, one who supports the oath of an accused party by his own oath; in ecclesiastical courts, this process, called compurgation, was a means by which the accused could be cleared of a charge C364/23, etc; SH324/18, etc; SM226/25; W389/21, etc; WL236/32; see also purgacio

computacio, -onis n f calculation, reckoning, in idiom secundum computacionem ecclesie Anglicane according to the reckoning of the English church, used of dates to describe the English custom, retained formally until 1752, of treating Lady Day, 25 March, as the start of a new calendar year (see Cheney, pp 12-13) W445/13; even when the phr 'iuxta computacionem ecclesie Anglicane' does not occur in full, the abbreviated expression iuxta &c after dates presumably stands for it H64/32, etc; SH60/20, etc; W378/36-7

computo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. calculate the cost of, account for spending on H106/33, etc; LI106/25, etc; W404/8, etc; 2. render an account LI27/35, etc; W411/17; 3. prp as m sbst accountant EK209/32, etc; EL33/20, etc; IC15/14, etc; LI121/34, etc; compotans IC14/38, etc; cumputans IC103/18

computus see compotus

concameratio, -onis n f literally vaulting, vaulted ceiling, hence a vaulted room OX306/29

concaruandus, -a, -um see conseruandus

concauitas, -atis n f concavity, curving inward WL222/22

concensus, concensu var of consensus, consensu [OLD consensus]

concepcio, -onis n f conception (of a child), especially the Conception of the Virgin Mary, commemorated liturgically on 8 December C76/15; SM240/28, etc

concerno, -ere, concreui, conceptum v tr 1. to concern, have regard to EK947/8; 2. prp concerning C333/19; CH305/22, etc; LI25/40; SH40/33, etc

conceruandus see conseruandus

conciliariis var of consiliariis [OLD consiliarius]

concilium, -ii n nt council: 1. church council, an assembly of bishops and other clerics for the purpose of deciding theological and doctrinal issues LI7/9; W395/25, etc; concilium Pisanum Council of Pisa EK62/4; concilium synodale synod, a local church council, eg, held for a single diocese SX3/21c; generale ... concilium general council, one held for the church as a whole LI7/6; provinciale concilium provincial council, one held for a single ecclesiastical province LI7/6; 2. town council EK848/10; 3. a secular deliberative body with wider authority than a town: Concilium ... in Partibus Borealis Council of the North IC201/24--5

concinnatus, -a, -um pfp pass produced, made OX251/7 [OLD concinno]

concio, -onis n f 1. sermon C315/13, etc; CH768/23; OX177/23; contio OX200/39; 2. assembly, gathering C267/26, etc

concionator, -oris n m preacher CH767/38, etc; IC108/23, etc

concionor, -ari, -atus -sum v intr 1. preach C315/13; CH768/33, etc; EK204/5; 2. deliver a speech or address C229/22

conclaue, -is n nt small private room C157/39, etc; OX894/4

concordo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr 1. to be in agreement, agree CH52/18, etc; IC45/9, etc; LI208/16 (in pass with middle force LI24/33); 2. impers pass to be agreed LI112/12, etc; 3. hence pfp pass concordatus checked C301/10, etc; SH218/33; 4. to come to an agreement, come to terms (with) IC53/27

concrepo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr 1. (of instruments) to sound WL8/16; 2. (of the human voice) to sing, chant WL60/10

concretus, -a, -um pfp pass thoroughly tested or tried WL9/1 [see OLD con- and cerno]

concubia, -e n f literally bedtime, here midnight SH264/26

concubicularius, -ii n m one with whom one shares a bedroom, room-mate OX91/38 [see DML concubicularius]

concurrens, -ntis prp consecutive (of periods of time) CH768/17

condicio, -onis n f 1. condition, stipulation (of a bond) C279/26, etc; CH714/31, etc; W387/12; WL111/29; condiccio CH27/3; 2. station of life, situation CH36/4; WL237/31; in idiom libere condicionis of a free status, ie, not a villein, a status which persisted in law until the early 17th c. C327/31, etc; H112/22

condico, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr to agree LI607/1

condoleo, -ere, -ui v tr to grieve or sorrow with (someone) LI4/24

conduco, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr to escort (someone), to conduct WL11/37, etc

conducticius, -ii n m 1. conduct, conduct-priest, a stipendiary cleric, especially one hired to help with liturgical or chapel duties LI333/38; 2. one of a group of stipendary chaplains who composed part of the 'collegium' of King's College C58/4

conductio, -onis n f 1. conveying, transporting (of a person or thing) EK334/4 (in form conduxio); SH154/8?, SH159/20; 2. hiring (of a person or thing) EK101/22, EK101/40, EK101/41, EK104/1, etc; LI107/13; SH154/8? (the occurrences on EK101/22, EK101/40, and EK101/41 are possibly also examples of sense 1)

conductus, -us n m literally transport, here in idiom saluus et securus conductus safe-conduct SH265/33

confectio, -onis n f 1. making, drawing up (eg, of a document) LI342/19; 2. by extension comfit, confection IC4/3; OX51/19

confederacio, -onis n f alliance, compact, hence often with negative connotation conspiracy LI25/33

confederator, -oris n m member of an alliance or compact, confederate, hence often with negative connotation conspirator LI347/11

confessatum, -i sbst nt something confessed, specific point of a confession EK892/32, etc

confessio, -onis n f 1. statement, acknowledgement (in response to a charge), confession C407/25; H150/17, etc; LI58/30, etc; SH53/29, etc; SM233/6; 2. likely alluding to the sacramental rite of confession OX179/2; 3. by extension confession of faith (connotes such a confession made in the face of persecution or danger) EL147/40

confessor, -oris n m literally one who avows or states, confessor; in Christian Latin writers, one who bears witness to the faith but without having suffered martyrdom, usually found in reference to saints and their festivals SX48/31 [ODCC]

confiteor, -fiteri, -fessus sum v tr 1. to make a statement, acknowledge, confess C249/19, etc; CH22/2, etc; H62/31, etc; L21/3, etc; LI607/15, etc; OX76/33, etc; SH61/25, etc; SM211/14, etc; SX37/24, etc; W390/29; here to make (a quasi-sacramental) confession of WL80/7; 2. to make (sacramental) confession CR491/6; LI3/21, etc; idiom pro confessis (possibly on account of things confessed (nt sg of pfp act used as sbst but with pass sense?) appears to be the name of a particular type or form of confession SX23/8; 3. by extension to make a confession of faith (connotes such a confession made in the face of persecution or danger) EL239/29

conflictus, -us n m conflict, struggle WL12/8, etc

confluentia, -e n f gathering, group, confluence, influx C267/34

confluxus, -us n m confluence (of persons) OX305/27

confocium, -ii n nt act of nurture, cherishing LI6/19

confrater, -tris n m literally brother, hence fellow member of a closely knit body of men: of the town corporation EK84/33; LI319/26; of a cathedral chapter or religious guild LI125/7, etc; of a confraternity or guild SH208/32

confratria, -e n f confraternity, brotherhood, guild CR491/7

confuga, -e n m fugitive BR3/27

congaudens, -ntis prp rejoicing particularly EK27/11

conger, -gris var of conger, congri [OLD]

congregacio, -onis n f 1. gathering together, meeting BR5/37; EK824/11, etc; LI608/41, etc; 2. specifically a gathering of people in church for a service, congregation H73/28; SX23/11; W377/39

congregatus, -a, um pfp pass gathered, met IC61/11; LI120/32, etc

congruus, -a, -um adj suitable, fitting LI107/28, etc

congrue adv fittingly, suitably, appropriately BR5/19

conniuentia, -e n nt literally a wink (of the eye), hence acceptance, connivance C399/32

conopeus, -i n m canopy EK204/1, etc

conquestus, -us n m (Norman) conquest BR6/25; CH716/18, etc; EK85/6, etc; EL25/17, etc; W413/40

conquiesco, -escere, -eui v intr to be settled, put to rest (of conflicts or disagreements) LI341/23

conquiror, -iri, -estus v intr to make a legal complaint OX7/21--2, etc

conscindo, -ere, -idi, -issum v tr to cut, saw C150/21

conscriptus, -a, -um pfp pass enrolled, conscript, hence electores conscripti conscript electors, in a L speech by St John's Christmas Prince, imitating CL 'patres conscripti,' conscript fathers, a customary address to the (Roman) Senate OX343/1 [see OEDO conscript a. and n. A.1.]

consecrabilis, -e adj capable of being consecrated; see panis

consecracio, -onis n f literally the act of making holy, here consecration, the act of ordaining a bishop CR504/21; DR248/9; EK975/6; SM175/9; W350/14; WL218/8; also as a title de consecratione, part three of Gratian's Decretum W395/24

consedeo, -ere, -sedi, -sessum v intr to sit down together WL79/14

consedo var of concedo [OLD]

conseruandus, -a, -um gdve of conseruo, to keep, preserve [OLD] in idiom ad pacem conseruandum L94/32-3, etc, or ad pacem ... conseruandam CH668/3, etc; LI325/25; SH263/34; OX8/14--15, to keep the peace, part of the formal title of a JP ; concaruandam L94/8; conceruandam CH688/11, etc; see also iusticiarius

conseruator, -oris n m literally one who keeps or preserves, here keeper of a beast or beasts, either trained or simply captive, for exhibition or baiting: in idioms conseruator ursorum bearward CR494/17 and conseruator unius bestie vocate a camele camelward CR494/18-19

consideracio, -onis n f consideration: 1. act of considering CH56/6; IC36/10; 2. object of one's considering CH153/15, etc; 3. in idiom in consideracione + gen in consideration of, in return for BR133/39; L82/21, L241/1; 3. result of considering, decision IC87/5, IC87/9; 4. in pl reasons, considerations IC23/31, etc

considero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to make a judgment or decision (that) IC21/36; OX9/31; with 'de' + abl to make a judgment or decision (about someone or something), used of a judge SH265/39

consiliarius, -ii n m counsellor, adviser EK974/27; OX125/9, etc; consilarius EK204/23

consilium, -ii n nt 1. counsel, advice EK307/35, etc; IC61/11; OX3/16, etc; 2. deliberation OX11/12, etc; 3. council, a group of advisers, or a meeting thereof EK974/12, etc (unclear whether sense 1 or sense 3 is paramount in the occurrence at EK974/29 or that at CH716/39); IC45/12; OX7/23, etc (in the occurrence at OX313/5, a play on senses 1 and 3 seems intended); hence the Council in the Marches of Wales SH177/1, etc; 4. town council EK848/10, etc; OX481/35, etc

consistorialis, -e adj of or pertaining to a consistory court; locus consistorialis the site of such a court, consistory C388/11, etc; EK229/29, etc; H66/5, etc; LI57/38, etc; SH58/10, etc; SM134/10, etc; WL221/1, etc; see also curia, dies

consistorium, -ii n nt consistory, originally a council-chamber in a bishop's residence which became the site of a court meeting under the bishop or his deputy, later the court itself DR248/2; EL208/7; SH58/29; W350/8; or any chamber in which it met W383/39; in Hereford there was a dean's consistory as well as a bishop's consistory; in Cambridge applied to a court meeting under the VC or his deputy C388/13, etc

consocius, -ii n m accomplice, fellow, partner H62/29m

consolatus, -us n m consolation EK980/9

consortium, -ii n nt fellowship, guild LI220/32, etc

constabularia, -e n f office of a constable, constableship: ~ turris constableship of the tower, one of the Christmas offices established at Inns in emulation of the royal court IC42/6

constabularius, -ii n m constable: 1. an officer of the peace in a county or a hundred, inferior to a sheriff CH37/40, etc; EK537/4, etc; LI72/36; SH14/7; 2. a royal officer in charge of a castle and its fortifications BR3/23, etc; EK55/32, etc; LI103/31; here an officer of a Christmas prince IC78/36: ~ turris IC39/21, etc, or ~ ad turrum IC78/37, constable of the tower; constabilarius EK974/22

Constabulus, -i n m Constable, Latinization of E surname LI86/6

constamentum, -i n nt cost EK34/3

constans, -ntis prp in idiom constans est it is agreed (for the more usual constat) EL231/6-7 [OLD consto 9]

Constantius, -ii n m Constantius, the name of three of the later Roman Emperors, here used as the fictive L nomen of a courtier of the Christmas prince IC462/12

constitucio, -onis n f decision, decree CH56/34; EL18/12; LI319/39m, etc; OX44/6; SX3/21

consuetudinarie adv customarily, regularly C132/24

consuetudo, -inis n f 1. custom, practice SM239/10; 2. custom, customary usage, (here apparently describing a tenant's customary rights, contrasted with seruicium, his or her customary dues to the lord of a manor) SM178/13, etc; in idiom secundum consuetudinem manerii according to the custom of the manor: within the jurisdiction of a manorial court, customary usage had the force of law, especially as regards land tenure L82/32, etc

consuetus, -a, -um adj 1. customary, usual; see uestis; 2. customary, in accordance with (manorial) custom L82/38; see also consuetudo, seruicium

consuitudine var of consuetudine [OLD consuetudo]

consularis, -e adj literally in CL of or pertaining to a consul, consular, here m pl as sbst the earl's men (as opposed to those supporting the king) LI603/11

consulo, -ere, -ui, -tum v tr 1. to consult (a person) for information, advice, or the like SM203/25m, etc; 2. hence by extension to consult (a document) SM399/23, etc

consultarunt syncopated form of consultauerunt [OLD consulto]

consutus, -a, -um pfp pass stitched together (used of legal documents so attached) EL97/14

contardo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to be particularly late EK755/29

contemplacio, -onis n f (spiritual) contemplation, meditative prayer LI342/34

contemptus, -us n m 1. literally contempt, scorn SH6/9; 2. hence by extension the common law offence of contempt SH265/7 [Black's Contempt]

contenta, -orum sbst nt contents WL215/28, etc

contesto, -are, -aui, -atus v tr to attest, approve OX310/5 [see OLD contestor]

contiguatus, -a, -um adj adjoining, contiguous DR247/24

contineo, -inere, -inui, -entum v tr 1. to keep: hence in reflexive idiom sese in pedibus ... continere to keep one's feet WL79/13--14; 2. to contain, include LI103/33, etc; 3. hence of documents, to state (that) LI607/26

continuo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to continue (an action or a state, etc) EK974/20, etc; IC92/7, etc; LI24/32, etc; WL237/21; 2. to carry over, or hold over (proceedings or the like) by adjournment from one court session to the next C385/38, etc; EK819/9, etc; EL34/4, etc; H181/29, H184/25; SH117/34, etc; SM233/6, etc; SX22/2m; 3. by analogy to carry over other business from one session of a convocation to another EL100/21; 4. to extend a deadline, eg, for producing a certificate EK876/34; EL210/11; H171/16, H64/16; LI77/25; SH48/38, SH118/16, SH122/6; SX13/41, etc; 5. to extend or prolong by observance (here used of Sabbatarian restrictions) C316/11

contio see concio

contra prep with acc 1. (of space) opposite, facing, in the direction of EK26/32; hence as an accounting term per contra on the other side (of the ledger), as a set-off EL69/7; 2. (of decisions, orders, or the like) against (a person or group) EK308/40, etc; EL14/17m, etc; 3. contrary to EK537/11; EL230/9; 4. (of purpose) for, against (a future time or event) EK47/28, etc; EL26/13

contradictio, -onis n f opposition, gainsaying, here specifically a challenge to the validity of a compurgation W389/22

contradictor, -oris n m one who is disobedient H57/22; SH6/2

contrado, -dere, -didi, -ditum v tr hand over, deliver H169/37

contrafacio, -acere, -eci, -actum v intr to act contrary to or in opposition to (an order, decision, or the like) IC93/24

contrafactus, -a, -um pfp pass having been counterfeited or forged W394/11

contrarium, -ii sbst nt the contrary, in idioms in contrarium to the contrary, in opposition CH47/15; LI320/12; iubere in contrarium (with dat) to forbid (someone to do something) EK537/5; see also memoria

contratenor, -oris n m countertenor, the adult male voice part above the tenor in a song or other polyphonic composition LI333/4

contrauenio, -ire, -i, -tum v tr to violate or contravene (eg, an order or decree) BR3/13; C841/17; DR247/38; H99/1, etc; OX512/15; W350/1

contributorius, -ii n m (voluntary) contributor CH719/1

controuersia, -e n f dispute, controversy CH777/31; IC425/7

contubernialis, -is sbst m fellow (of a college or hall) OX51/19

contubernium, -ii n nt college, organized body of clergy and priests serving a particular church OX41/27

contumacia, -e n f contumacy: 1. stubborn rebelliousness C296/12; 2. as legal term, deliberate refusal to comply with a summons, sentence, or other order of an ecclesiastical court or its officers, punished in an ecclesiastical court proper by excommunication and in post-Reformation university courts apparently by expulsion C408/19, etc; CH843/13; EK608/11; EL140/22; SM204/14; SX37/4, etc

contumaciter adv in a contumacious manner, ie, one characteristic of the offence of contumacy SX20/18

contumax, -acis adj 1. contumacious, stubbornly rebellious EK308/21; 2. as legal term guilty of the offence of contumacy C408/19, etc; EK305/1, etc; EL140/22; H64/6, etc; SH52/24, etc; SM132/5, etc; SX41/4, etc

contumelio, -are, -aui v intr to make abusive or insulting remarks, to insult C578/31

contumeliosus, -a, -um adj insulting, abusive (of language or behaviour) C296/13

conueneror, -ari, -atus v tr to honour, revere SH98/4

conuenticula, -e n f unlawful gathering or assembly DR247/14; conuenticlum SH264/13, etc [DML conventiculum]

conuentualis, -e adj conventual, belonging to a religious community; see ecclesia

conuentus, -us n m 1. assembly, group of people OX370/1; 2. convent, religious house or the community living therein (used for houses of friars as well as of monks and nuns) CR527/10; EK31/11; LI341/13, etc; OX3/8, etc; SH191/24; SX184/17; W404/27 (in form couet'), etc

conuersacio, -onis n f manner of living, way of life CH46/30, etc

conuersio, -onis n f literally a turning in a new direction: 1. change, transformation: humanae conuersiones Human Transformations, used as alternate title for Ovid's Metamorphoses OX141/3; 2. (religious) conversion OX107/10; 3. used to mark the change of a discourse to address a particular audience directly C241/21m

conuerso adv in the opposite direction, turned around EK204/17

conuersor, -ari, -atus sum v intr 1. to talk (with), make conversation (with) OX60/35; 2. to behave, act OX11/26, etc

conuerto, -tere, -ti, -sum v tr and intr literally to turn around, change direction, in various extended senses: 1. to turn toward (a person) WL80/3; 2. to turn (one thing into another), to change (one thing for another) WL79/22, etc; 3. to undergo a religious conversion, convert WL80/6

conuicinus, -a, -um adj neighbouring EK975/25; hence as comm sbst neighbour SX48/16

conuiciosus, -a, -um adj abusive, reviling CH767/36, etc

conuictor, -oris n m fellow (of a college) OX253/4, etc

conuictus, -us n m insult, derogation C205/35 [either an error of usage for OLD conuicium or an attraction of OLD conuictus to the sense of conuicium on the basis of a false derivation]

conuiuo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to entertain (someone) with food and drink, to feast (someone) OX44/13, etc

conuocacio, -onis n f 1. meeting, assembly, convocation EK537/22; LI28/5, etc; OX4/33, etc; SM251/38; 2. in idiom domus conuocacionis literally house of convocation, a deliberative assembly, either the Oxford town council OX50/30 or the University convocation OX200/37

cooperacio, -onis n f covering, act of covering SM633/7

cooperans, -antis prp working together with, cooperating CR528/4; OX94/32

cooperio, -are, -aui, -tum v tr to cover, hence of buildings, to roof SX3/6

copia, -e n f copy, often specifically used of a copy of a legal instrument C363/19, etc; CH41/6, etc; CR489/34, etc; L76/28, etc; SM210/41m; hence in idiom per copiam curie rotuli, by copy of the court roll, a reference to copyhold, a form of land tenure in which the property rights of the tenant were guaranteed by a copy of the record of his or her entry into the land L241/3 [Black's Copy-hold]

coquina, -e n f kitchen EK100/19; IC4/10; OX94/29

corda, -e n f 1. string, cord, lace C55/27; LI109/40, etc; 2. hence string (of a harp or other instrument) IC3/6, etc; LI204/18, etc; WL8/16, etc; de decem chordis 'On the Ten Strings,' alternate title of a sermon of St Augustine CH808/9; chorda LI203/36 [OLD chorda]

Corderianus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Mathurin Cordier, a 15th-century French schoolmaster and educational writer, the teacher of John Calvin; here, with 'opus' understood, referring to his writings as a body DR172/7

cordetenus adv by heart WL3/22

corditer adv cordially, heartily EK974/30

cordula, -e n f 1. string, cord, lace C158/30; EK734/8; LI119/2; cordulus LI27/13, etc; 2. hence, string of a harp or other instrument IC4/8 [diminutives of corda]

cordwenarius, -ii n m cordwainer, a shoemaker, member of the Shoemakers' company SH128/3

corea see chorea

Corinthius, -ii sbst comm a person from Corinth, Corinthian, hence in 1 Corinthios a short title for a commentary on St Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians, here attributed to St Ambrose CH807/29; prima ad Corintheos (with 'epistola' understood) St Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians, a NT book EL238/24, etc

corista see chorista

Coriticianus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to Ceredigion, or Cardigan WL78/21 [var of DML Kereticus]

cornicatio, -onis n f act of blowing a horn WL3/7

cornicen, -inis n m horn player CR540/12

corno, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to sound a horn EK311/9

cornu, -us n nt animal horn: 1. ink horn OX8/28; 2. a horn or trumpet, originally made from animal horn, used for military signals [OLD cornu], here apparently indicating an instrument used for entertainment or ceremonial purposes CR540/12; EK537/231, etc; OX503/17; WL3/5, etc; also used of an instrument used to signal the hue and cry CH717/21; see also hutesium; cornum LI321/29

Cornubia, -e n f Cornwall: 1. name of a dukedom CR554/15; CH57/28, etc; EK41/12; SH98/35; 2. name of a county IC32/14

corona, -e n f crown: 1. used literally SH98/5; as a play property LI106/34, LI107/13; apparently a property for a king game SM7/15, etc; apparently one made of braided straw used in a representation of Christ's Passion WL216/31; 2. awarded as a prize (used metaphorically) EL247/27; 3. standing symbolically for royal authority, the Crown CH781/28, etc; EL127/38, etc; L149/31; SH13/35, etc; SM189/18, etc; SX171/18; W451/34; WL129/25; 4. a crown-shaped object: part of the chain from which a wait's scutcheon was hung EK86/32; apparently a piece of decorative embroidery, forming part of a wait's livery LI35/22, etc

coronacio, -onis n f 1. coronation, ceremonial crowning of a monarch EK733/13, etc; IC34/4, etc; 2. here describing a representation of some kind celebrating the Virgin Mary, probably involving her crowning by Christ as queen of heaven (the most frequently used term for this representation) LI124/36, etc; see also assencio

coronarius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to the coronation of a monarch C352/38

coronator, -oris n m coroner, an officer whose responsibilities included jurisdiction over cases of accidental or violent death; usually a coroner was an officer of the Crown, eg, BR3/8; CH25/38, etc; EK63/12; OX5/18, etc, but could also be an officer of a lord exercising a manorial or similar jurisdiction, eg, SX170/30, etc; see also uisus

coronatus, -a, -um pfp pass crowned, surrounded by a crown SH98/17

corporalis, -e adj bodily, physical; see iuramentum, sacramentum

corporaliter adv physically, tangibly; see presto, tactus

corporatus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a (civic) corporation, corporate; see sitella

corpus, -oris n nt 1. literally the human body C4/6, C237/9, etc; CH781/18; CR527/17, etc; EL22/14; OX11/1, etc; SM145/18; SX212/19, etc; in idioms heres de corpore heir of one's body, ie, one's genetic offspring, not an adoptive heir CH721/26; malus de corpore suo literally (to be) evil as concerns one's body, hence (to be) sexually immoral LI25/7; 2. hence a dead body, corpse CH25/39; CR463/7; DR247/18; EK25/26; LI25/17; SH74/2?; SM423/12; W347/6, etc; 3. by extension of sense 1 physical appearance SH74/2?; 4. body, one's person CH692/5; EK308/31; H112/25; SH265/31, SH266/8; 5. metaphorically body, collection or group of people, things, or ideas SH99/3; 6. in idiom corpus Christi the Eucharistic body of Christ C4/21, etc; CH47/32-3, etc; DR252/16, etc; EK309/35, etc; LI121/21, etc (also dominicum corpus the Lord's body LI7/1); SH127/31, etc; SM41/7-8, etc; W399/20, etc; used metaphorically with reference either to the church as the body of Christ (see 1 Cor 12) or to the Eucharistic body of Christ, present in churches in the reserved sacrament EL3/15; see also capcio, collegium, dies, festum, uisus

correa see chorea

correctio, -onis n f 1. punishment, usually corporal C267/20; 2. as legal term correction (of wrongdoer by fine or other punishment) C407/5; EK5/15, etc; LI347/21; SH48/33; SM91/20, etc; SX40/13; see also domus

correus, -a, -um adj made of leather EK106/5

coruisarius, -ii n m corviser, a shoemaker SH136/3

corus see chorus

costagium see custagium

costodia, -e n f for custodia [OLD]

costos see custos

Couentria, -e n f Coventry, name of diocese SH177/1

crastinum, -i sbst nt the morrow EK974/24, etc; specifically the day after a feast day CR492/5; SH10/7, etc; SM183/1,1m; crastinum Decollacionis Sancti Iohannis Baptiste the morrow of the Decollation of St John Baptist, 30 August EL34/3; ~ Epiphanie Domini the morrow of the Lord's Epiphany, 2 January CR505/4; ~ Purificacionis the morrow of Candlemas, 3 February IC22/7; ~ sancte Trinitatis the morrow of Trinity Sunday EL230/30-1; ~ sancti Martini the morrow of St Martin's Day, 12 November EL128/18; ~ sancti Thome episcopi the morrow of the feast of St Thomas Becket, either 30 December or 8 July EK909/15-16

creator, -oris n m creator, used as a divine title H98/18, etc

credentia, -e n f credit, trustworthiness WL237/14

creditum, -i n nt 1. debt C64/32? (possibly an occurrence of AL creditor [DML] but this is unlikely); C610/35; 2. specifically money owed to a person or his estate OX259/8, etc

credulitas, -atis n f act of trusting or believing, belief SM707/18; W389/24

cribiro var of cribro [OLD]

crinalia, -ium sbst nt wig SM248/38, etc [OLD crinalis, crinis]

crinis, -is n m hair, by extension a wig: crines muliebres a woman's wig (either as representing a woman's hair or possibly as made from women's hair), likely used as a costume OX61/31

crispatus, -a, -um adj either caused or affected by vibration, as of the strings of a musical instrument, or subtle WL8/13 [cp OLD crispo and DML crispare]

Cristus for Christus; see aedes

crociatus, -a, -um adj flavoured with saffron SH161/29

croftum, -i n nt croft, a small enclosure of land attached to a house L77/27

cronica, -e n f chronicle, annal OX11/18, etc; cronicum IC6/33 [OLD chronicum]

cruciferarius n m crucifer, one bearing a (processional) cross C105/16

crucifixio, -onis n f crucifixion, here a representation of Christ's crucifixion CH48/8, etc

crucifixus, -i sbst m a crucified man: 1. apparently referring to one representing Christ in a mock crucifixion WL216/30; 2. by extension Christ OX12/21

crudis, -e adj raw; see caro

crumenaria, -e n f from CL 'crumina' or 'crumena', a small purse, + -'aria', a suffix usually denoting a place [OLD], but probably to be taken as synonymous with 'crumina'; see Cambridge Appendix 6:2, De Crumena Perdita C248/27

crus, -ris n nt 1. (lower) leg, shin OX136/14, etc; 2. by extension leggings, hose (in punning phr crurum tenus literally as far as the legs, rendered by E 'over bootes') OX364/5 [see OLD cruralis, DML crurale, OEDO hose n. 1.a.]

crux, -cis n f cross: 1. as an instrument of execution under Roman law (represented in a play) OX137/33; 2. symbol of Christ's death or of the Christian faith, here apparently referring to the Holy Cross or relic thereof as the dedication of an altar within a cathedral EL16/18; used figuratively for Christ's saving work H99/21; used as a sign of the wearer's committment to join a crusade WL222/19, etc; 3. often an article of church furnishing CH46/28; EK24/11, etc; OX12/21, etc; or a processional cross LI27/33, etc; likely used in a play OX63/23; 4. in the name of a festival: Crucis (with 'dies sancte' understood), Holy Cross Day, 14 September EK20/11m; see also festum; 5. as a name element: Parshore St Crucis Pershore Holy Cross W385/42-3m; ecclesia ... sancte Crucis Holy Cross Church CR504/26-7; 6. a market cross or the like, eg, that near the Canterbury bullstake EK126/4m; 7. a cross used as a heraldic device SH98/30, etc (see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)); as part of a wait's badge LI172/1, etc

cubicularius, -ii n m one with whom one shares a bedroom, room-mate OX60/31, etc [cp DML concubicularius with cubicularius]

cubile, -is n nt bedroom WL266/29

culpabilis, -e adj guilty (as a plea or verdict in a court) BR3/10; CH616/19, etc; LI208/10; OX9/26, etc; SH265/22, etc; SM399/24, etc; SX171/25; WL217/11, etc

cultus, -us n m 1. religious practice, observance, worship DR247/28; EL21/35; H57/6; SH5/28; WL78/24; de uero cultu 'On true worship,' title of book six of Lactantius' Diuinae institutiones CH812/3; 2. in idiom cultus diuinus divine service, used collectively for the regular liturgical observance required in a Christian church CR503/37; EL21/20, etc; LI24/28, etc (or diuinus ~ LI762/12); used collectively for the regular liturgical observance required of monks, nuns, and the regular clergy EK912/3; WL216/1

Cumbria, -ae n f Cumberland, name of an earldom OX218/33

cumputans see computo

cuprum, -i n nt the metal copper EL18/27 [see OLD cyprum1]

cura, -e n f literally care, concern here in idiom animarum cura cure of souls, the responsibility borne by a cleric for parishioners entrusted to him SX4/1; used without 'animarum' in the same sense, cure EK975/32 [OEDO cure n.1 4.a.]

curatus, -i n m curate, any priest having the cure of souls CH803/22, etc; H72/25; EK726/20, etc; L24/12; LI41/5; SM106/15, etc; W349/14

curia, -e n f 1. law court, either ecclesiatical or secular C361/32, etc; CH135/9, etc; DR282/40, etc (borough); EK227/36; EL128/2, etc; H159/16, etc; L77/17, etc; SH138/14, etc (secular), SH117/34, etc (ecclesiatical); SM397/10m, etc; WL128/37; here a borough court acting both as a law court LI78/26 and as a deliberative body LI79/23; idioms: bonus amicus in curia a good friend in court, ie, someone who acts or intervenes on one's behalf in legal proceedings CR490/25-6; ~ admirallis admiral's court, here with reference to the court of admiralty of the Cinque Ports, which sat under the lord warden or his commissary EK625/22; ~ augmentacionum court of Augmentations EL127/37, etc; ~ de burgemoto burghmote court EK63/39; ~ consistorialis consistory court, ecclesiastical court meeting under a bishop or his deputy, normally in a chamber called the consistory CH767/21; ~ histrionum CH59/6-7m, etc, or ~ minstralciae CH40/4 entertainers' court or minstrelsy court, a feudal court at which all minstrels in Cheshire were required to appear annually to do homage and pay a fee; ~ manerii manorial court DR295/41 (see also rotulus); ~ portmoti portmote court, a borough court in the city of Chester CH119/37, etc; ~ scac(c)arii court of Exchequer EL128/31; specifically that of the county palatine of Chester CH691/32; ~ Schepweye court of Shepway, the court for the administration of justice in the Cinque Ports, so called from the place where it met EK974/25-6; see also hospicia; 2. court session: de curia ad curiam from one court to the next, ie, at successive court sessions EK947/34, etc; 3. court personnel, especially the judge of a court EK306/33, etc; 4. (royal or noble) court, a retinue accompanying a ruler CH35/38; OX10/33; WL247/20, etc; by extension ~ Romana the Roman curia, the papal court EK974/8, etc (also found unmodified in this sense EK974/12, EK974/15, EK975/4); 5. manor house, seat (of the lord of a manor) SM177/27, etc; see also apprenticius

curialis, e adj of or pertaining to the (royal) court, courtly OX534/30

curialitas, -atis n f gratuity, gift EK733/5, etc; L114/7, etc; LI120/4

curiositas, -atis n f literally state of being 'curiosus,' ie, careful, elaborate, or inquisitive, hence diligence, elaboration or extravagance, curiosity, or even fussiness, but used in Lydd accounts of the second quarter of the fifteenth century as though synonymous with the foregoing: gratuity EK647/14, etc

currens, -ntis prp in progress, current CH768/19, etc; see also cant(t)us

curriculum, -i n nt a carriage EK204/4, etc

curso, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally to course, to hunt with hounds, hence to bait (bears) CH26/10

cursor, -oris n m courier EK63/20

cursus, -us n m 1. a series or succession, hence one's turn at something C133/18; 2. practice, habitual course of action, in idiom secundum cursum ecclesie Anglicane, abbreviated to secundum cursum etc or iuxta cursum etc, according to the practice of the English church, used of dates to describe the English custom, retained formally until 1752, of treating Lady Day, 25 March, as the start of a new calendar year (see Cheney, pp 12-13) C335/7; EL19/3; SM160/4; SX38/28

curtillagium, -ii n nt curtilage, plot of ground, often enclosed, surrounding a dwelling as part of a feudal holding SM177/24, etc [Black's Curtilage]

curtus, -a, -um adj short; see tunica

custagium, -ii n nt cost, expense EK60/16 (in form custa<...>), etc; El230/26, etc; costagium EK60/35; EL26/13

custodio, -ire, -iui, -itum v tr to keep: 1. to observe (eg, a festival) IC52/14, etc; 2. hence by extension to be present during (a vacation) IC21/37, etc; see uacacio; 3. to maintain, carry out (eg, duties, an office) IC50/34, etc; 4. to abide by (eg, rules) CH55/37, etc; 5. to maintain (eg, guests, animals) CH68/27, etc; L77/18, etc; 6. maintain, keep up (eg, provisions) IC56/34, etc; 7. to preserve CH763/19; 8. to maintain (eg, a site) CH116/2; 9. to operate (a business) L113/16(2); 10. to maintain, run (eg, an event or spectacle) SM189/12

custoditor, -oris n m keeper of a beast or beasts, either trained or simply captive, for exhibition or baiting: custoditor ursorum bearward LI86/35, etc

custos, -odis n m warden, keeper IC72/2: 1. a guardian SH98/19; used of a cleric appointed to watch over the tomb of a locally venerated bishop H200/13, etc; 2. head of a collegiate chapter CR503/20, etc; or of an academic college OX13/26, etc; 3. a civic officer EK731/15, etc; 4. officer of a cathedral or guild LI105/14, etc; 5. as title of other offices: used absolutely SX48/14, etc, or in phrs custos bonorum ecclesiae keeper of the church's goods, ie, a churchwarden SM905/5; ~ breuium keeper of the writs, normally an officer of the royal courts with charge of writs and similar documents but here apparently an officer of Gray's Inn IC235/10; custos carceris keeper of the gaol, gaoler BR4/15; custos ... lez masques et disguisinges a royal officer, keeper of the masques and disguisings LI584/29-30; ~ nigri keeper of the Black Book, a Christmas officer at Lincoln's Inn IC131/17; custodes placitorum corone keepers of Crown pleas, ie, coroners, four royal officers in the county subordinate to the sheriff who kept the judicial and financial records of the county SH13/35 (see also coronator); custos quinque portuum EK754/24, or custos portuum EK756/3 lord warden of the Cinque Ports; ~ signorum keeper of the signs, ie, tokens or seals, a Christmas officer at Middle Temple IC36/9; dominus custos priuati sigilli lord keeper of the privy seal, a senior royal officer and counsellor with oversight of all material issued under the privy seal SH201/28-9; 5. keeper of a beast or beasts, either trained or simply captive, for exhibition or baiting L129/21; SH159/36, etc; custos bestiarum literally beast-keeper, probably a bearward EK756/3; custos leonis lion-keeper EK78/31; custos ursorum bearward CR494/15; EK762/29; LI82/36, etc (also costos ursorum LI85/31); SX184/12, etc

custus, -i n m cost, charge, expenses C49/11; CH55/34; EK732/33, etc; IC4/30; LI119/2, etc (abl pl in '-ibus' and '-ubus'); SM183/37, etc

cygnus, -i n m for cycnus [OLD]

cymbalum, -i n nt an heraldic device or badge bearing such a device [Latham] here a badge, probably bearing the arms of the city L35/35, L36/3 [from OLD symbolus, a signet ring]

cymbator, -oris n m player upon cymbals C36/18

cymiterium see cimiterium

cyndicus see syndicus

Cyprianus, -i n m Cyprian (d. 258), bishop of Carthage and theologian 811/34m

Cyrillus, -i n m Cyril, name of several saints, especially St Cyril of Alexandria (d. 444), bishop and theologian 812/24m

cyroteca see cirotheca

cythara see cithara

cythareda see cithareda

cytharedus see citharaedus

cytharizo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to play the harp WL7/21


Dacus, -i n m Dane WL10/27

damarium, -ii n nt deer-park, an enclosure in which deer are kept OX111/8

damisella, -e n f a young woman, damsel BR6/31

damnifico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to damage OX12/33

Damon, -onis n m Damon of Syracuse, famous for his friendship with Phintias (commonly but erroneously called Pythias), named here as an eponymous character in the play Damon and Pithias OX148/37, etc [OCD Damon (i)]

dampnabilis, -e adj damnable, worthy of condemnation or damnation EL241/4

dampnabiliter adv in a manner worthy of condemnation EK308/17; H57/24; SH6/4

dampnum, -i n nt 1. detriment, (financial) loss; 2. condemnation, damnation; the occurrences on CR503/33 and W349/22 represent a play on the two senses

Danaeus, -i n m Daneau, surname of Lambert Daneau (1530-95), Reformation theologian 812/16m

Danubia, -e n f Dean, name of a forest WL219/27

Danuersius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Danvers, a family name and barony, hence m sg as sbst Lord Danvers OX313/27

Darbia see Derbia

datiuus, -a, -um adj dative, serving in an office at the pleasure of the one making appointment; see prior, -oris

datus, -a, -um pfp pass 1. dated (of a document or letter) LI580/6, etc; OX196/4, etc; WL218/6; 2. hence f as sbst date (of a document or letter) EL26/6, EL138/33; LI323/7, etc; WL216/35; nt in same sense BR55/19; CH691/33, etc; see also gero [OLD do1]

Dauiticus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to David (here as putative author of the Psalms) OX146/25; see also psalterium

daunsa, -e n f dancing EL14/6

de prep with abl 1. (expressing motion) down from WL216/31; 2. (expressing source, origin, or residence) from, of CR470/9, etc; CH38/3, etc (source); CH616/22, etc (point of origin or residence); DR252/102, etc; EK307/40, etc; EL15/5, etc; IC11/26, etc; LI341/72, etc; OX5/24, etc; WL12/13, etc (source); WL57/24, etc (point of origin or residence); 3. hence as if synonymous with 'ab' or 'ex,' out of CH616/19, etc; EK27/5; EL247/3; LI6/6, etc; OX5/27, etc; 4. (as name element, likely originally based on sense 2) of CH36/6m, etc; CR527/10, etc; DR137/32, etc; EK29/19-20, etc; EL16/29, etc; IC388/20, etc; LI103/32, etc; OX5/15, etc; SX186/33, etc; WL288/7, etc; 5. (expressing motion or separation) from, away from CH56/4; EK822/15, etc; EL14/21; IC7/8, etc; LI25/72, etc; OX8/26; WL3/14, etc; 6. (in partitive sense) of, from CH36/7, etc; CR491/7; EK34/15, etc; EL17/12, etc; LI342/102, etc; OX7/18, etc; SX3/7, SX212/2; WL79/15, etc; 7. (expressing reason or cause) from, of CH721/221, etc; EK762/72, etc; EL20/19, etc; LI608/29, etc; OX47/32; SX171/13; 8. about, concerning CH36/3m, etc; CR464/10, etc; DR248/3, etc; EK939/1, etc; EL16/27, etc; IC11/20, etc; LI603/5, etc; OX3/8m, etc; SX3/5; WL3/5, etc; 9. (expressing more remote connection) in regard to, for, of CH616/20, etc; EK734/7 (possibly also an occurence of sense 2), etc; EL19/11, etc; IC5/23, etc; LI342/13, etc; OX9/29, etc; SX3/13; WL22/12, etc; 10. for (a period of time) EK316/173, etc; OX9/24; 11. (expressing instrumentality) by EK731/13, etc; EL14/172, etc; LI25/39; OX3/16, etc; 12. substituting for CL genitive CH45/33, etc; CR493/23; EK316/172, etc; EL16/30, etc; IC4/25, etc; LI105/5, etc; OX32/11, etc; WL3/10m; acting as descriptive genitive EK310/14, etc; EL14/171, etc; WL217/1; with gd or gdve phrs EK814/10, etc; EL23/23, etc; LI7/25, etc; SX30/5, etc; with titles (usually landed) CH59/12, etc; CR494/17-18; EK35/5, etc; IC11/1, etc; LI79/5, etc; OX447/30, etc; SX183/25, etc; with vernacular expressions CH717/34, etc; CR493/9; DR253/18, etc; EK714/34, etc; IC17/25, etc; LI316/34, etc; OX8/32, etc; 13. representing E 'of' in expressions in which CL would use an appositive CH45/52, etc; CR504/19; EK822/9, etc; EL17/10, etc; IC7/11, etc; LI341/14, etc; OX3/8, etc; SX170/27, SX170/31, SX184/32; WL53/21, etc; 14. in other idioms: de antiquo tempore of old time, formerly EK764/6; de bono ad melius literally from good to better, hence to a better, or greater, degree C4/9; de bono et malo for good or ill OX9/26--7; de cetero hereafter, henceforward CH56/12; EL16/11 (written as one word), etc; LI6/27, etc (written as one word LI112/12, etc); OX28/35, etc; SM236/20, etc (written as one word C841/8; CR504/5); de claro clear, net (of accounts) OX22/27, etc; SH342/20, etc (written as one word OX45/4, etc; SM881/34); de dono as a gift EK320/38; de eo quod because EL230/3-4; LI78/30; de facili easily OX12/31, etc (written as one word); de iure by law CH772/14; IC98/25; de necessario of necessity, necessary CH56/33; de nouo anew, afresh LI125/12; SH200/51; W413/17 (written as one word W417/36); WL4/1, etc; de nocte by night EK909/37; WL217/7; de presens at present CH616/22; in correlation with 'in': de anno in annum from year to year CH77/34; EL65/35-6; LI132/23; de tempore in tempus from time to time EL129/2, etc; de uilla in uillam from town to town CH717/20; de uirtute in uirtutem from strength to strength EL247/20; under vernacular influence the forms del CH616/1, etc (senses 1, 2, 9, and 10); IC4/24, etc (sense 12), des CH48/5 (sense 5) and dez IC4/1, etc (in sense 12), are also found; see also curia, prouideo, quero(r), recordum, seisitus

deama, -e n f for damma [OLD]

deambulatorium, -ii n nt walkway, gallery EK204/36

deambulo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to walk about CH220/38; WL54/12

deamelatus, -a, -um adj enamelled EK62/15; dealmelatus EK74/20

deauratus, -a, -um adj covered or ornamented in gold EK85/7, etc; EL18/27; OX306/7; see also pannus

deauracio, -onis n f gilding, here likely by the use of gold thread LI583/27

debaccacio, -onis n f raving, frenzy SM237/2, etc

debeo, -ere, -ui, -itum v intr 1. to owe IC6/12, etc; in pass to be due (to) EL3/15, etc; LI341/16, etc; 2. to be under an obligation (to do something), (I, you, he, etc) ought to (do something) should (do something) IC46/33, etc; LI3/14, etc; WL80/12, etc; 3. hence by extension (I, you, he, etc) must (do something) EL14/5, etc; WL247/22

debilis, -e adj weakened, worn EL15/16

decanatus, -us n m deanery, an administrative division of a diocese; in the diocese of Hereford deaneries were used as court divisions for the ecclesiastical courts H182/29m; SH43/32m, etc

decanto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to sing (a song or poem), perform OX163/17; WL12/11, etc; 2. to chant (used of liturgical music) EK25/35; OX3/13, etc

decanatus, -us n m deanery, an administrative division of a diocese LI335/20

decanus, -i n m dean: 1. administrative head of a collegiate or cathedral chapter (in most dioceses, a dean might have jurisdiction over peculiars in his own consistory court) CH44/37, etc; CR504/25; EK947/9, etc; EL16/29, etc; H98/10, etc; LI103/14, etc; OX92/24, etc; SM236/30, etc; 2. hence an administrative officer in a college C578/24; OX13/26, etc; 3. a rural dean, a priest supervising a deanery, an administrative division of a diocese which also functioned as a court division for the diocesan courts BR5/8; DR246/7, etc; L21/9; LI3/15; 4. a boy chosen to take the part of the dean as part of a boy-bishop observance EL18/10; 5. title of a Christmas lord at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge C582/37

decapito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to remove the head of, decapitate LI609/31, etc

decas, -adis n f literally a group of ten, hence a traditional division of Livy's history, Ab urbe condita, into groups of ten books, here used as a name for the whole work SM194/28m, etc

decasus, -us n m ruin, decay CH298/26

decedens, -ntis prp act literally dying but here used as if pfp pass deceased, dead SX3/7

decem-drachmarius, -ia, -ium adj literally worth ten drachma, hence ten a penny, common, cheap OX309/36 [cp OEDO penny n. P2.d.]

decertator, -oris n m contender, one that strives against (someone or something) LI6/28

decetero see de

decim indecl adj for decem [OLD]

decimo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to tithe LI342/3

declamatio, -onis n f declamation, formal speech on a given subject, possibly a public lecture OX257/17

declaracio, -onis n f 1. literally a making known, act of making clear or explaining C102/16; 2. hence explanatory discourse on a text OX27/24, etc; 3. declaration, a formal statement (eg, to a court) CH689/38

declaro see de

declinatio, -onis n f literally a swerving (away), hence avoidance, refusal (to engage in some activity) OX6/37

declino, -are, -aui, -atum literally to divert or turn aside, especially downward, found in several extended senses: 1. v intr to resort to, travel to, visit (with 'ad' + acc to express destination) CR527/22; EL17/18, etc; 2. v tr to refuse, not to acknowledge C363/22

decollacio, -onis n f beheading BR3/20, etc; OX7/11; see also crastinum, dies

decollator, -oris n m one who beheads, hence a headsman BR4/14m, etc

decrementa, -orum n nt decrements, a sum of money deducted from a scholar's foundation grant to pay for his share of common provisions such as fuel OX262/38, etc [OEDO decrement 3.]

decretum, -i n nt decree; see uia

Decumanus, -i n m Decuman, a Welsh saint, here in name of parish Sanctus Decumanus St Decumans SM210/38

dedicacio, -onis n f act of dedicating a church, often used of an annual commemoration of the dedication, possibly influenced by the account (which uses the phrase 'dies dedicacionis') of the annual celebration of the dedication of the Temple ordered by Judah Maccabee (1 Macc 4.59) C11/36, etc; see dies, festum

dedico, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr to deny LI78/33

dedimus potestatem vb phr name of a writ issued to empower commissioners to take statements on oath from persons involved in a suit before Star Chamber; apparently the name of this writ and a style of cause were normally written on the dorse of interrogatories used, or answers taken, by commissioners in a given suit DR61/28; H88/41, etc

deduco, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr literally to bring, bring down, take away, here in idiom ad noticiam ... deduci to be brought to (someone's) attention or notice EL21/15-16

deductor, -oris n m one who leads the way, a guide WL57/19

defacili see de

defalta, -e n f default, failure CH729/36m (to fulfil the conditions of a bond); defaltum IC62/32

defamacio, -onis n f bringing shame or ill-repute upon another, defamation WL238/2

defectus, -us n m default, failure IC30/39, etc

defencibilis, -e adj capable of being protected EL26/13

defencor var of defensor [OLD]

defendens, -entis sbst comm defendant (in a lawsuit) CH48/21, etc; DR191/31, etc; EK737/19, etc; LI78/32, etc

defensiuus, -a, -um adj 1. defensive (as opposed to offensive) CH681/7; 2. of or pertaining to the defendant(s) in a law suit SM151/8

defensus, -us n m defence: in defensibus + gen in defence (of), as a defence (of) OX107/3

deferro, -rre, -tuli, -latum v tr 1. bring or bear (something) back BR4/2; 2. in idiom deferre in publico BR5/2 (or in publicum BR5/13) to make (something) public or known

degustatus, -a, -um adj tasty, delicious EL15/24

del see de

delacio, -onis n f wearing (of clothing or the like) SM237/28, etc; dilatio SM237/7

delegatio, -onis n f act of delegating (a task or the like), assignment OX200/37

deliberacio, -onis n f 1. delivery, handing over, transfer of (something) from one person to another CH155/25; EK755/32 (in form diliberacio); 2. clearance, here in idiom gaole deliberacio gaol delivery, the clearing out of prisoners from a gaol by trying them, generally held concommitantly with assize sessions SH273/31; generalis gaole deliberacio DR211/7-8; also with 'gaole' understood generalis deliberaceo DR246/37; see also gaola

delibero1, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to deliberate, give due consideration to something in consultation with others C410/31; 2. by extension to decide, determine CH135/9, etc

delibero2, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to give, hand over, deliver C54/36; CH154/9, etc; EK61/13, etc; LI78/30, etc; OX256/17, etc; SH166/13, etc; dilibero IC11/36, etc; in idiom deliberare de recordo to deliver (a document) as a matter of record SH266/16; 2. to release from custody SM146/7

deligencia var of diligentia [OLD]

Delirius, -ii sbst m fictive L nomen formed from 'delirium,' 'frenzy, derangement,' here in the name of a mock-jury member: Delirius Rusticus 'Crazy Countryman' IC463/31

delitieris var of delitisceris [OLD delitisco, DML delitescere]

demanda, -e n f demand CH110/25

demando, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to entrust, turn over (with acc object and double dat) C363/4

dementatus, -a, -um pfp pass maddened, crazed OX179/4

demeritum, -i n nt fault, offence CR464/4

demisit var of dimisit [OLD dimitto]

demitto see dimitto

demo, -onis n m demon, devil CH616/16; LI5/20, etc

democratia, -ae n f popular rule OX343/12

demolior, -iri, -itus sum v tr to dismantle a previously erected structure C175/4

demolicio, -onis n f act of dismantling a previously erected structure C145/3

demonium, -ii n nt demon, devil, evil spirit CH52/22, etc; probably used with reference to pagan (ie, Greco-Roman) deities SM423/16

demonstracio, -onis n f show SH172/1

demonstrans, -ntis prp showing, putting on (a play or pastime) EK650/33

demonus, -i n m demon, devil EL241/2

denariatum, -i n nt (from denarius, a penny) a pennyworth, the amount of a commodity that can be bought for a penny EK78/3

denarius, -ii n m 1. a penny, one-twelfth of a shilling BR133/39; C133/15, etc; CH616/9, etc; EL128/14, etc; H200/32; L82/18; etc; LI105/15, etc; OX62/5, etc; W397/1, etc; WL288/20; denarij beati Petri Peter's pence, an annual tax of 1d paid by English householders to the Holy See before the Reformation LI342/17; 2. in various idioms: in pl money, coin C18/4, etc; EK317/25, etc; EL112/35; IC5/21, etc; LI111/42, etc; SH131/13, etc; SM7/15, etc; SX182/7; denarii missales mass pence, money given as an offering at mass, here apparently money given the boy bishop by the chapter for his offering H100/38-9; denarii numerati (ready) money, coin CH616/10

denunciacio, -onis n f denunciation: eg, a public proclamation or announcement of a canonical offence CR464/2; a public proclamation of guilt or excommunication made against a person charged in an ecclesiastical court H153/18

denunciatus, -us n m announcement EK939/3

denuncio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to warn, give warning of SM423/19; 2. to announce, proclaim, promulgate (a decree) CR436/9; SH341/2; SM423/13; 3. (+ pro and abl) to denounce or report (someone, eg, for a crime), to denounce (someone) as, proclaim (someone) as (a criminal, an excommunicate, or the like) C841/19-20; CR464/4; H99/33, etc; SH6/3; SM211/7; 4. to lay information about an offence SM120/1, etc

deparrioda see p CH1059 (endnote to Wing: H2063 pp 147-8)

depauperatus, -a, -um pfp pass impoverished CH56/4

depono, -onere, -osui, -ositum v tr 1. to lay down, put down EK26/26; 2. to make a payment, pay EK15/6; 3. to remove (someone) from an office, depose OX7/31, etc; 4. to depose, make a formal statement or give evidence before a court BR164/33, etc; C327/32, etc; CH843/32, etc; DR123/1, etc; EK184/34, etc; EL147/11, etc; OX32/21, etc; SH42/13, etc; SM257/1, etc; 5. prp as sbst deponent, witness CH28/15; EK966/14

deposicio, -onis n f deposition: 1. formal statement made in a court C301/16, etc; DR123/28, etc; EL207/14; 2. removal from office OX7/39

depositum, -i n nt literally something left in safe-keeping, hence physical remains, body (of a dead person) C283/8

depriuacio, -onis n f deprivation, act of depriving an ecclesiastic of a benefice, usually as a punishment EK946/9

deprivo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to deprive (someone) of (something) (with de + abl) WL237/34

de profundis n phr (literally 'from the depths') title of Ps 130 (129 Vulg.), sung as part of the funeral liturgy LI284/24

depropero, -are, -aui, -atum v int to hasten (to do something) WL223/14

deputo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to appoint (someone) to a specific task or duty EL17/14; 2. OX6/16, etc; 2. pfp pass deputed, set apart for a certain purpose (used of persons or things) CH767/22; WL7/18, etc; 3. A. hence m as sbst deputy, delegate DR296/7; EL138/201, etc; IC61/7; deputatus maioris deputy mayor EK343/33, etc; B. specifically deputy judge, one delegated by a superior to hear cases on his behalf C279/28, etc; EK814/6; H171/14, etc; OX259/4, etc; SH50/26, etc; W390/16; WL236/26, etc

depyngtam var of depinctam [OLD depingo]

Derbia, -e n f Derby, name of an earldom L41/16; LI607/32, etc; Darbia C330/27

deruo, -ere, -i, -tum v tr to take apart, dismatle a previously assembled structure IC328/22

des see de

descendo, -dere, -di, -sum v intr literally to descend, go down, here by extension to go to, visit EL18/2, etc

desculptus, -a, -um pfp pass sculpted, carved OX306/6

descumbo for discumbo [OLD]

desertator, -oris n m deserter? (or possibly simply a spelling var of decertator) LI6/28c

Desdemona, -ae n f Desdemona, wife of Othello, here named as a character in a play OX387/32

deseruio, -ire, -ii, -itum v intr with dat to serve (a person or institution) EL22/27; SM177/34

Desiderius, -ii n m LL name formed from 'desiderium,' 'desire, longing,' here in the fictive name of a mock-jury member IC463/26

despondeo, -dere, -si, -sum v tr to betroth (used of either party to a betrothal) SH129/29

desuper adv 1. moreover EK305/9, etc; SM252/5; 2. (with reference to a previous topic) thereabout, about that EK896/4; SM121/28, etc; WL221/4

detectio, -onis n f detection, formal laying of information against a suspected party before an ecclesiastical court C363/20; EK534/34, etc; EL208/2; LI266/33m, etc SH41/20; SM140/27, etc; SX40/13, etc; detecio SM69/13

detectum, -i sbst nt the content of a formal detection, information laid against an accused party EL208/24

detego, -gere, -xi, -ctum v tr literally to uncover, expose, here by extension to detect, to allege formally before church authorities that a given person has committed a canonical offence C407/23, etc; EK605/23, etc; H97/14, etc; SH12/10, etc; SX9/28, etc; W356/8, etc; WL236/6, etc

detencio, -onis n f detention: 1. the act of wrongfully withholding goods lawfully acquired from their owner, eg, refusing to return goods borrowed or let, or those left in one's possession by the owner for a term at the end of that term; also the name of an action at law for the recovery of goods wrongfully detained CH50/17; H112/23 [Black's Detinue]; 2. the act of detaining an arrested person in prison SH265/34, etc

deter(r)ioro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. literally to make worse, hence cause damage or loss, to injure EK967/34; LI350/31, etc WL238/25; 2. pfp pass made worse, hence harmed CH56/3

determinacio, -onis n f settlement, determination, decision EK727/4, etc; SM172/32

detineo, -inere, -inui, -entum v tr to commit detention, detain unlawfully CH50/18

detractio, -onis n f disparagement, carping criticism CH767/39; OX11/2, etc

detractor, -oris n m one who detracts, detractor, critic WL3/18

deuago, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to wander about (with an intention of ill-doing implied) WL216/18

deuasto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to spend or consume wastefully, waste EK909/35

deuocio, -onis n f 1. piety, devotion CR527/17, etc; LI3/9, etc; SM236/23, etc; WL247/13; 2. hence devout observance OX4/35

Deuolensis, -is n m Dublin, name of an archdiocese EK68/31

Deuonia, -e n f Devon, name of a county BR58/34; IC37/33, etc

Deuonius, -ia, -ium adj of or pertaining to Devon, a county and earldom, m sg as sbst the earl of Devon OX313/15

deuote adv piously, devoutly CR527/25; LI4/11, etc; deuocius compar CH46/40; CR503/26, etc; deuotissime superl CH36/23; OX12/25

deuotus, -a, -um adj pious, (religiously) observant, devout, (used of persons and of things) CR504/31; CH46/38; DR247/29, etc; LI316/20

deuoueo, -ouere, -oui, -otum v intr to solemnly promise, vow WL80/11

dexteritas, -atis n f right-dealing, honest conduct WL237/23

dextralis, -e adj literally on the right side, hence southern; see Brito, Kambria

diabolicus, -a, -um adj characteristic of the devil, diabolic, fiendish CH768/22; EK976/15; LI103/17; SH264/40

dez see de

diabolus, -i n m the devil EK308/18; EL258/22

diaconus, -i n m deacon, a member of the lowest of the three major orders of clergy, the other two being bishop (episcopus) and priest (presbyter or sacerdos) EK976/36, etc; H98/1; LI104/5, etc; SM236/16, etc

diaeta see dieta

dialogus, -i n m in CL a discussion, dispute or a literary work in dialogue form, eg, Cicero's de amicitia, here used as a dramatic or quasi-dramatic entertainment in dialogue form, possibly a play in the modern sense, without a chorus, as opposed to classical drama C128/38, etc

Diana, -e n f Diana, in classical mythology the virgin goddess of the moon and the hunt, Apollo's sister OX140/3, etc; in the deliberately skewed, invented mythology of the king of beans correspondence named as the mother of Neptune OX799/6 (in form Dyana)

dictamen, -inis n nt literary composition or style, art of composition WL8/30

didicacio see dedicacio

Didimus, -i n m literally twin, applied in the New Testament as a distinguishing epithet to the Apostle Thomas LI105/5, etc

dies, diei n m or f 1. day C5/20, etc; CH45/5, etc; CR528/4, etc; DR248/7, etc; EK974/28, etc; EL18/4, etc; H187/7, etc; IC20/32, etc; L40/10, etc; LI606/181, etc; OX9/16, etc; SH353/29, etc; SM177/28, etc; SX48/15, etc; W372/11, etc; WL79/5, etc; feriales ~ ordinary days (as opposed to holidays) IC6/32; 2. day of the week:

  1. ~ dominica C7/22-3, etc; CH47/7, etc; EK647/6, etc; L35/31, L35/35; LI609/27, etc; OX5/14, etc; SH127/16, etc; SX3/13, etc; or dominica ~ CH36/21; or ~ dominicus C296/3; DR247/36; EK875/37, etc; H99/31-2, etc; L14/13, etc; LI321/31, etc; OX6/6, etc; SH12/41, etc; SM423/9, etc; SX179/1; W347/15-16; or ~ solis SM173/6, etc; or dominicus ~ solis H174/10 Sunday;
  2. ~ Iouis Thursday C86/12, etc; CH616/6, etc; EK39/25; H160/41; OX5/22, etc; SH10/7, etc; SM203/6; WL215/14;
  3. ~ Lune Monday C36/20, etc; CH44/39, etc; EK822/8, etc; H64/3; LI104/22, etc; OX5/17, etc; SH166/9, etc; SM203/10;
  4. ~ Martis Tuesday C48/17, etc; EK36/35, etc; H98/32; OX569/6; SH131/25;
  5. ~ Mercurii Wednesday C64/4, etc; CH220/12m; EK40/29, etc; EL230/12; H98/20, etc; LI107/30-1; OX29/20, etc; SH127/24; W519/14; WL42/23;
  6. ~ Sab(b)ati Saturday C35/6, etc; CH719/7; EK647/10, etc; EL230/31; LI120/28, etc; OX9/10, etc; SH153/18, etc;
  7. ~ Veneris Friday C61/19, etc; CH716/17, etc; EL100/20, etc; SH58/10; EK662/34; OX8/17, etc; SM32/29; W500/38;
see also Iuppiter, Luna, Mars, Mercurius; 3. day, daytime (as opposed to night) C236/8; CH46/25; CR492/5?; EK728/6; EL22/13; SM177/35, etc; WL129/23; 4. day as a measurement of time C12/27, etc; CH45/8, etc; CR491/9; EK324/17, etc; H100/3, etc; IC39/22; LI27/16, etc; OX6/7, etc; SH6/7, etc; SM174/351; WL78/27, etc; 5. day set aside for a special purpose: C5/29, etc; LI106/6, etc; SH129/29, etc;
  1. referring to one or both of the Hock days W349/19, W349/20, W349/34; ~ nuncupatus hocday OX23/9--10 or ~ hockeday OX24/6; ~ de hokemunday EK84/24 or ~ Lune in quindena Pasce C95/35-6 or ~ videlicet hockmunday C101/15 Hock Monday, the Monday after the octave of Easter; ~ de hoketuysday Hock Tuesday, the Tuesday after the octave of Easter EK84/25; ~ viz hokkyng day Hock Monday (or possibly Hock Tuesday?) C50/40-1;
  2. ~ capituli chapter day, day of a chapter meeting OX29/10--11m;
  3. ~ cinerum Ash Wednesday C841/5, C385/21-2, etc;
  4. ~ comitiorum commencement day C217/10, etc;
  5. ~ comitatus county court day SH13/34;
  6. ~ computi EK735/34 or ~ (istius) compoti EK654/10, etc, or ~ computus EK647/6 (this) account day, day when accounts were rendered; ~ ultimi computi last account day EK693/24;
  7. ~ consistorialis day upon which a consistory court could meet W350/9;
  8. ~ domini Iesu literally the day of the Lord Jesus, ie, the day of judgment EL141/20;
  9. ~ installacionis domini prioris the lord prior's installation day (at Worcester Cathedral Priory) W397/15-16;
  10. ~ introitus domini prioris day upon which a new prior entered office EK39/12;
  11. ~ intronizacionis literally the day on which an ecclesiastic is enthroned, here by extension the anniversary of an abbot's installation EK41/5;
  12. ~ iuridicus court day, day upon which legal business could be conducted C385/21, etc; CR504/14-15; EK308/37; H57/28; L76/17; SH6/8; SM78/16, etc; SX23/11, etc; W383/38;
  13. ~ natalis birthday EK204/8;
  14. ~ nuptiarum wedding day C493/35;
  15. ~ operalis working day BR134/13;
  16. ~ paraseue literally day of preparation, Good Friday, Friday before Easter H200/14-15; or ~ paraceues LI35/30;
  17. ~ penitencialis H97/16, etc; W390/32-3 or ~ penitencie SH328/4, etc; WL220/26, etc, day of penance, a day, usually a Sunday, assigned by a church court for a penance, such as public confession, to be performed;
  18. ~ purificacionis purification day, the day on which a woman who had recently given birth took part in a service of thanksgiving for the birth, so called because it originated in the OT rite of purification after child-birth WL288/19;
  19. ~ rogacionum Rogation Days, the Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday before Ascension Day W340/n97;
  20. ~ Sabbati the sabbath, here referring both to the Jewish sabbath and to Christian observance of Sunday as a sabbath EL258/26, etc;
  21. ~ Sabotum Sabbath day EK18/5-6;
  22. ~ sessionis day on which a court session was held SH127/15, etc; SM140/29;
  23. ~ sponsacionis day on which a betrothal is celebrated SH354/28, etc;
  24. primus ~ quadragesime literally the first day of Lent, Ash Wednesday C315/12, etc;
6. a saint's day:
  1. sollempnis eiusdem ~ her solemn feast-day (referring to St Elined's Day, 1 August) WL53/25;
  2. ~ Annuntiationis the Annunciation, Lady Day, 25 March C662/17;
  3. ~ Apostolorum Petri & Pauli Sts Peter's and Paul's Day, 29 June EK905/20;
  4. ~ Assumpcionis beate Marie the Assumption of St Mary, 15 August EK57/8;
  5. ~ Beati Iacobi Apostoli St James the Apostle's Day SH14/2-3;
  6. ~ Beati Thome St Thomas' Day, here likely the Translation of St Thomas Becket, 7 July EK38/25;
  7. ~ Concepcionis Beate Marie the Conception of St Mary, 8 December EK35/12; W494/29;
  8. ~ decollationis Sancti Iohannis Baptiste the Beheading of St John the Baptist, 29 August OX7/11;
  9. ~ (sanctorum) Innocentium C29/5, etc; EL14/5, etc; H100/17, H102/18, etc; OX3/22, etc; SM239/25-6, etc or ~ festi sanctorum Innocencium H100/31 Holy Innocents' Day, 28 December;
  10. ~ Marie Magdalene CR491/16 or Marie Magdalene ~ CR492/5 or ~ Sancte Marie Magdalene EK67/14-15; OX29/25 St Mary Magdalene's Day, 22 July;
  11. ~ Natiuitatis Beate Marie the Nativity of St Mary, 8 September EK71/32-3; W396/23;
  12. ~ Omnium Sanctorum All Saints' Day 1 November, C6/35; EK37/39, etc;
  13. ~ Purificationis (Beate Marie) the Purification (of St Mary), Candlemas, 2 February C19/34, etc; EK51/29, etc; IC21/6, etc; OX40/21--2;
  14. ~ (Sancte) Anne (St) Anne's Day LI120/30-1m, etc;
  15. ~ Sancte Margarete St Margaret's Day, 20 July C91/17-18;
  16. ~ Sancti Augustini St Augustine's Day, 26 May EK76/9;
  17. ~ Sancti Bartholomei (Apostoli) St Bartholomew (the Apostle)'s Day, 24 August EK823/21-2, etc; LI79/14-15 (or ~ ~ Bertholimei LI82/39);
  18. ~ Sancti Dunstani St Dunstan's Day 19 May EK33/36;
  19. ~ Sancti Edmundi Regis St Edmund's Day 20 November, C6/36, etc;
  20. ~ Sancti Edwardi St Edward the Confessor's Day, 5 January EK66/3;
  21. ~ Sancti Georgij St George's Day, 23 April SX18/13;
  22. ~ Sancti Iacobi Apostoli St James the Apostle's Day SM376/21;
  23. ~ Sancti Iohannis Baptiste St John the Baptist's Day, 24 June EK826/1, etc; LI25/3, etc;
  24. ~ Sancti Iohannis (Euangeliste) St John's Day, 27 December C55/12; LI155/5;
  25. ~ Sancti Martini in yeme St Martin's Day in winter, ie, Martinmas, 11 November SX182/15;
  26. ~ (Sancti) Michaelis St Michael's Day, Michaelmas, 29 September C16/33; EK33/18; H100/6;
  27. ~ Sancti Nicholai St Nicholas' Day, 6 December C33/18, etc; EK646/22, etc; OX16/32;
  28. ~ Sancti Oswaldi St Oswald's Day, 5 August LI344/9-10, etc;
  29. ~ Sancti Stephani C16/17, etc; EK69/36; SM178/4-5 or ~ Stephani C46/20, etc, St Stephen's Day, 26 December;
  30. ~ Sancti Thome in Natale St Thomas' Day in Christmas, ie, St Thomas Becket's Day, 29 December EK59/37; also ~ Sancti Thome Martiris C68/14-15; EK30/5, etc, or ~ passionis Beati Thome EK36/30, etc, or ~ passionis Sancti Thome EK30/29, etc (or ~ passcionis Sancti Thome EK31/28, etc);
  31. ~ Sancti Vlstani St Wulfstan's Day, 19 January OX53/13;
  32. ~ Translacionis Beati Thome EK30/10, etc, or ~ Translationis Sancti Thome EK32/26, etc, Translation of St Thomas Becket, 7 July;
7. feast day, festival, celebration (religious or secular) SH99/31, etc; ~ festi holidays BR134/13; festive days OX55/6; ~ ... festiuales festivals, holidays IC6/32--3; ~ festiuus festival, holy day EK644/24, etc; H73/28; W348/12, etc; ~ festiui CH47/7, etc; LI5/22, etc; or ~ ... sancti LI5/26-7; or ~ sol(l)em(p)nes CH46/39; LI5/24, etc, holidays, festivals, festive days; ~ profesti festive days C132/27; ~ ... sollempnis holy day, festival DR247/36; W348/12; festi ~ holidays, festive days, feast days CH36/20-1m; WL54/5--6; in various idioms:
  1. ~ Ascencionis EK42/15, etc; SH194/24 or ~ Assencionis EK33/31 Ascension Day, the Thursday forty days after Easter;
  2. ~ augurationis C627/20 or ~ inaugurationis regiae C2662/17-18 or ~ regiae inaugurationis C676/14 or ~ regis C631/34-5 king's day, anniversary of the king's accession;
  3. ~ Circumcisionis (Domini) C87/1; EK907/17 (in form Circumsicionis), etc; LI103/24--5, etc; OX70/1, etc, Circumcision Day, 1 January;
  4. ~ Corporis Christi Corpus Christi Day, the Thursday after Trinity Sunday C57/27; LI32/10-11, etc; SM126/34; W399/13;
  5. ~ dedicationis dedication day, annual celebration of the dedication of a church C6/3, etc; EK659/17; SX184/21;
  6. ~ Epiphanie Epiphany, 6 January, C8/13 (in form Ephiphanie), etc; EK68/10; LI104/35-6, etc; OX46/27, etc; SH354/37;
  7. ~ Natalis Domini C34/1; EK38/33, etc; LI104/5, etc, or ~ Natiuitatis OX67/8, or ~ Natiuitatis Domini SH10/19-20 Christmas, 25 December;
  8. ~ palmarum literally day of palms, Palm Sunday W397/27-8;
  9. ~ Pasche Easter Day, Sunday after the full moon on or following 21 March EK23/33, etc; LI6/33, etc; OX38/21, etc;
  10. ~ Pentecostes LI34/5, etc; OX111/1; W480/24, etc, or ~ Pentecostis C498/29; EK41/23, etc, or ~ Pent(h)ecoste OX19/30, etc, or ~ Pentechostyn EK740/12, or ~ Sancti Spiritus Paracliti LI32/10-11, etc, Pentecost, Whitsunday, Sunday fifty days after Easter;
  11. ~ Sancte Trinitatis Trinity Sunday, the Sunday after Pentecost EK33/3, etc; W466/28;
8. other idioms: ante paucos ~ a few days ago OX149/5 (this adv phrase should not be confused with the prep phr ante paucos ~ before a few days (have passed), ie, in a few days OX107/13); crastinus ~ the morrow, tomorrow OX29/13; haec instans ~ today CH228/4; hic ~ today OX56/25; hiis diebus in these days, at present CR527/13; his diebus nostris in our own time W396/3; histerna ~ yesterday OX55/20; indies daily, every day OX232/40; nostri ... ~ literally our days, hence modern times, nowadays WL44/5; nostris diebus in our times, nowadays CR593/32; postremis his diebus literally in these last days, hence recently OX387/21 [see OEDO last a. 3.a. and b.]; see also capcio, carnipriuium, mensa, natalis, per

dieta, -e n f a day's supply of provisions, usually foodstuffs C27/29, etc; EK101/39; EL14/21; diaeta OX177/32

dietim adv on a daily basis, by the day OX93/14, etc

dieto, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to stay, sojourn LI333/31

diffamacio, -onis n f defamation, slander, an offence punishable under ecclesiastical rather than common law EK947/23

diffamator, oris n m one who defames, defamer LI59/39 (in form diffamato<.> due to MS damage)

diffamatorius, -a, -um adj slanderous, defamatory CH767/37, etc

diffamatrix, -cis n f a woman who defames or slanders others, a defamer EL53/36

diffido, -dere, -sus sum v tr to lack confidence (in a satisfactory outcome), to despair (of), hence by extension to be reluctant (to do something) WL238/23

diffinitiuus, -a, -um adj full, complete, final C333/21; CH772/25

digitus, -i n m 1. literally a finger IC560/2; 2. by extension digit, a number from one to nine IC655/1

digladacio, -onis n f literally a gladiatorial contest, in idiom scholastica digladiatio a formal school disputation, held as a degree excercise or as an exhibition for prominent visitors C243/28

digladior, -ari, -atus sum v intr to fight with swords, fence OX138/31

dignus see fidedignus

dii, diis forms of deus [OLD]

dilacio see delacio

dilectio, -onis n f affection (here that between a lord and his liege followers) LI606/15

diliberacio see deliberacio

dilibero see delibero

dimedium var of dimidium [OLD]

diminucio, -onis n f lessening, impairment, loss CH767/38; EL21/27; LI341/27 [cp OLD deminutio]

diminuo, -uere, -ui, -utum v tr to lessen, weaken, impair CH770/41, etc

dimissio, -onis n f 1. dismissal of defendant from further proceedings, usually upon payment of court expenses and/or a fine CH14/15m; EK305/5m, etc; EL212/33m; H97/31m, etc; SH120/18m, etc; SM72/9m, etc; SX40/12m, etc; W391/42m, etc; WL236/26m, etc; 2. demise, lease EL26/26

dimitto, -ittere, -isi, -issum v tr 1. to let go of, give up EK62/2; WL21/24; hence to renounce EL16/11; 2. to disregard, leave off or out EK24/26; 3. to release, set free H200/28; dimitti immunes literally to be set free exempt (from), hence to be exempted (from) LI6/29-30; 4. to dismiss, send away, expel C296/19, etc; dismitto C407/37; 5. hence to dismiss or release (an accused person) from court without further charges, punishments, or citations pending, usually upon payment of court expenses and/or a fine C385/26, etc; CH664/22, etc; EK305/11, etc; EL34/6, etc; H63/12, etc; LI313/10, etc; SH120/19, etc; SM209/15m, etc; SX40/15, etc; W381/28, etc; WL236/13m, etc; demitto EL54/4; SX11/34; dismitto CH797/39; H74/3; SM120/39; 6. to demise, to convey or grant title or possession of property by will or lease W413/3, W413/20; 7. to lease, let: CH153/17, etc; EL25/27, etc; W412/42; ad feodi firmam dimittere or ad firmam dimittere to demise at fee-farm or at farm, ie, to lease property to someone at a fixed rent, usually for a specified term of years CH153/17; EL25/26; W412/13-14

diocesanus, -i sbst m diocesan, bishop of a particular diocese WL215/29, etc

diocesis, -is n f diocese, administrative district under the authority of a bishop CH46/22, etc; CR527/10, etc; EK308/38, etc; H57/20, etc; OX4/36m, etc; SH5/38, etc; SM173/36; W349/15; WL215/30; hence festum diocesium a feast day observed locally within a particular diocese OX4/35--6m; dyocesis OX4/35

Diodorus Siculus, Diodori Siculi n m Diodorus Siculus (fl c 60-21 BC), Greek historian SM194/12m [OCD]; see also bibliotheca

diolectalis, -e adj of or pertaining to dialectic, one of the arts of the trivium, the first stage in the study of the seven liberal arts required for the medieval arts degree: libri ... diolecticales books on dialectic OX9/7, etc [cp DML dialecticus]

directe adv not through an intermediary, directly EK895/11

director, -oris n m overseer, director, possibly organizer SH115/26

dirigo, -igere, -exi, -ectum v tr 1. to direct, guide EL21/33, etc; 2. hence to direct (a letter or similar document) to someone (with dat of person) DR247/7; EL97/13; OX529/23; SH266/8; pfp pass directed to (of letters or the like) CH57/32, etc; LI606/22; 3. imper sg used as sbst dirge, the Office for the Dead, so called from the opening of the antiphon (from Ps 5.8) LI25/17 [cp OEDO dirge n.]

diruo, -ere, -i, -tum v tr 1. to demolish, wreck OX251/6 [OLD]; 2. to take apart, dismantle a previously assembled structure C121/36; OX94/23, etc

diruptio, -onis n f literally explosion, here possibly taking apart, breaking up C174/38

Dis, Ditis n m Dis, one of several names for the king of the underworld in classical mythology: a Ditis palatio ad maximi Iouis arcem from Dis' palace to great Jove's citadel, ie, from the westernmost shore of the encircling Ocean to the top of Mt Olympus, from one end of the earth to the other OX799/6--7

discerno, -ernere, -reui, -retum v tr literally to distinguish (one thing from another), separate, hence to distinguish visually or mentally, to discern WL8/22

discipulus, -i n m 1. student WL38/14, hence follower, disciple WL80/14; 2. used in reference to Christ's disciples EK980/27; discupulus OX177/26

discrecio, -onis n f judgment, discretion CH746/27; EK714/38; EL23/13; IC52/16; OX13/25, etc; discrescio EK829/19; discresio SH280/35m, etc

discretus, -a, -um adj discerning, prudent, discreet CH767/27

discumbo, -mbere, -bi, -bitum v intr to recline (for a meal), hence to sit down at table OX364/16; see also ostrum

discupulus see discipulus

discus, -i n m dish SM177/26, etc

disgisacio, -onis n f disguising, an entertainment held, often at Christmas time, in King's College, Cambridge C49/22

dismitto see dimitto

dispensator, -oris n m literally one who dispenses, hence a steward, bursar, here said to be the origin of the surname Spenser CH38/15, etc

dispensatus, -a, -um pfp pass literally having been allowed as a dispensation, dispensed (from some regulation, usually of canon law), hence of persons having a dispensation or exemption, exempted SM211/11

displicencia, -e n f displeasure, dissatisfaction CR503/22

disposicio, -onis n f disposition: 1. decision, disposal CH664/35; 2. temperment, cast of character CH55/34

disputacio, -onis n f a formal disputation, an academic exercise in which the disputant resolves a difficult problem in fields such as theology or philosophy C102/15; OX11/13, etc

disputo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to hold a formal disputation, either as a degree exercise or as an exhibition for a distinguished visitor C229/23; OX233/1

disrumpo, -umpere, upi, -uptum v tr for dirumpo [OLD]

dissencio, -onis n f for dissensio [OLD]

dissertatio, -onis n f literally disquisition, here apparently used for disputatio, a formal disputation OX141/25

dissolucio, -onis n f 1. easing, slackening: in idiom dissolucio ieiuniorum literally fast-breaking, apparently an early morning meal taken before breakfast LI27/20, etc; 2. hence dissolution, dissolving (of a meeting or the like) OX51/8; 3. dissolute behaviour, immorality, or an instance thereof SM174/15; WL217/10; the occ at CR465/4 may represent a play on senses 1 and 3 although sense 3 is probably primary; the occ at H188/21 may also represent a play on those senses but it is hard to decide which is primary

dissoluo, -uere, -ui, -utus v tr to dissolve (a meeting or the like) OX32/23

dissuetudo, -inis n f disuse OX29/4

distinctio, -onis n f literally the act of separating into sections or a section so created, hence distinction, a subdivision of a longer work, here one of the subdivisions into which the parts of Gratian's Decretum are divided W395/25

distractio, -onis n f (mental) distraction OX6/28, etc

districtio, -onis n f 1. stricture, punishment H98/31, etc; LI7/11; SM237/4; 2. distraint, the act of seizing goods, etc, for non-payment of some debt or other obligation, or the goods so seized CH717/3, etc; EL26/17; W413/11

districtius compar adv more strictly CH47/17; EL4/5; OX13/16; SM423/8

districtus, -a, -um adj strict, stringent LI6/23; WL217/32

distringo, -ngere, -nxi, -ctum v tr to distrain, to seize goods, etc, as distraints EL26/17; W413/11

disturbo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr disturb, upset WL12/21, etc; disturpo WL22/11

diuago, -are, -aui, -atum v intr(?) roam through, travel about C267/30

diuersitas, -atis n f variety WL78/28

diuersus, -a, -um adj 1. differing, different IC4/3; WL10/1; 2. various, divers CH717/4, etc; EK29/11, etc; EL33/21, etc; IC11/38, etc; L115/5, etc; LI609/23, etc; OX5/25, etc; SH353/27, etc; SM8/5, etc; SX182/23, etc; WL14/34, etc; diuercus EK336/39; SM126/27

diuerto, -ere, -ti, -sum v intr to change course, turn aside WL79/3 [cp OLD deuerto]

diuidentia, -e n f supplementary revenue EK953/9

diuillo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to go away from a town, leave town OX197/19m

diuinus, -a, -um adj 1. divine, pertaining to or suitable for God C237/29, etc; CH35/38, etc; CR503/19, etc; DR247/9, etc; EK974/6; EL26/40, etc; H98/9, etc; LI4/5, etc; OX3/6, etc; SH5/34, etc; SM237/24, etc; W349/11; WL53/18, etc; 2. nt pl as sbst godly matters or concerns EK912/10; hence by extension divine service, an unspecified liturgical service, often used to refer to the main worship service at a parish church on any Sunday CH735/11; EK975/23, etc; H167/30, etc; L72/17; LI3/11, LI193/23; SH323/25, etc; SM79/25, etc; SX9/29, etc; W350/5, etc; probably also used to refer to the regular daily worship at a cathedral EL22/27; hence also a synonym for the eucharist C662/18 or the sacraments LI313/15 or for the divine office, the set of daily prayers and scriptural readings to be said by religious at the canonical hours C363/20; diuina matutina morning prayer, matins, the post-Reformation morning office of the Church of England, based upon the pre-Reformation offices of matins and prime SH71/39; see also cultus, epitome, officium, prex, seruicium1, sol(l)empnis

diuisim adv individually, separately BR5/23; C333/1, etc; CH59/9, etc; EK727/22, etc; LI208/6; SM174/32

diuus, -a, -um adj literally divine; used as a title, Saint, holy C99/5, etc; EL125/13, etc; OX46/1, etc

doctor, -oris n m 1. literally a learned person, here likely referring to members of the Sanhedrin appearing as characters in a Passion play CR550/8, etc; 2. hence doctor, one holding the highest academic degree in one of the superior faculties (eg, theology or law) C120/36, etc: often used as a title with names DR170/32; EK22/23; H70/34, etc; LI57/39; OX73/26, etc; SH50/25, etc; SM357/28, etc; W390/16 (in form docorem), etc; in idioms ~ in medicinis doctor of medicine, MD OX48/1; in sacra theologia ~ OX42/17--18 or sacrae theologiae ~ OX498/28, etc, doctor of sacred theology, STD; legum ~ doctor of laws, LLD (the pl 'legum' indicated a degree in both laws, ie, canon and civil, but after the teaching of canon law was forbidden at the universities by Henry VIII, the degree was presumably in civil law only and retained the pl by custom) C326/26, etc; EK814/6; EL125/13, etc; H143/1, etc; L75/13; SH326/36, etc; SX38/29; W445/11, etc; sacre pagine ~ literally doctor of the sacred page, one holding a doctorate in theology WL217/17, etc

doctrina, -e n f teaching, hence often in ML (Christian) doctrine, sound teaching CH767/41, etc; LI4/27, etc; OX10/30, etc

dodecatemorium, -ii n nt 1. the zodiac OX308/27; 2. one of the twelve signs of the zodiac OX314/35

dolium, -ii n nt tun, cask SH159/15, etc

domesticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a household or home, domestic, by extension of or belonging to a college [see OEDO house sb1 4.b.]: pubes domestica the youth of the college OX85/26; m sg as sbst domestici those belonging to or residing at a college OX146/10, etc; see also lector

domicellus, -i n m donzel, squire EK976/17, etc

domina, -e n f 1. lady, a woman of rank LI609/16; 2. used as honorific for the Virgin Mary LI120/32m; 3. used as honorific for royalty, peeress, or peer's wife C25/10, etc; CH134/15, etc; EK43/12, etc; EL125/35, etc; H107/1; IC28/10, etc; L14/12, etc; LI366/2, etc; OX72/4, etc; SH354/28, etc; SM251/22, etc; SX184/20, etc; W400/17; WL129/17, etc

Domine celi & terre n phr 'Lord of heaven and of earth,' the title of an antiphon by Richard Davy LI332/35

dominicus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to the Lord (see also dies) LI7/1; f as sbst Lord's Day, Sunday OX36/12, etc; W400/21; WL216/6; hence dominica in ramis palmarum Palm Sunday, the Sunday before Easter EK58/21-2; dominica Septuagesime Septuagesima Sunday, the Sunday seventy days before Easter, ie, the third Sunday before Ash Wednesday EK51/37, etc; see also carnispriuium; 2. of or pertaining to a (feudal) lord: nt as sbst demesne, area under the authority of a lord CH721/22, etc; here in idiom antiquum dominicum ancient demesne, land considered to be under the king's hand at the time of the Norman Conquest; it conferred special status on its tenants even if it were granted to another feudal lord SM182/30, etc; see also an(n)us, dies, natiuitas

dominium, -ii n nt domain, lordship (territory) EL127/36

dominus, -i n m 1. the Lord, title of God or Christ C8/11, etc; CH36/20, etc; CR528/5, etc; DR247/27, etc; EK24/17, etc; EL4/3, etc; H100/10, etc; IC5/22, etc; L87/33, etc; LI4/1, etc; OX10/31, etc; SH10/20, etc; SM423/6, etc; SX213/2, etc; W396/9, etc; WL80/8, etc (see also an(n)us); 2. lord, a ruler or member of the nobility CH59/12, etc; EL33/21, etc; a ruler OX799/7 or a member of the nobility OX102/30; or the lord of a manor or liberty L57/36, etc; SM177/27, etc; lord (of a feudal holding) WL57/18, dominus libertatis SX171/21-2 (see also libertas, manerium); hence in idiom agere dominum to act the part of a lord in a play or game, play the lord OX55/41; 3. by extension of sense 2 lord: A. title of a mock ruler appointed in some colleges or Inns (there often a prince) to oversee plays and other entertainments, usually at Christmas-time C133/1, etc; IC93/21, etc; OX209/14, OX209/17; sometimes called dominus ludorum lord of games C164/4, etc, or ~ de mysrule IC84/8 (or misrule IC93/21) lord of misrule; ~ de Purpoole lord of Purpoole, another name for the prince of Purpoole, a Christmas prince at Gray's Inn IC112/33; also applied to courtiers of a Christmas prince IC462/7, etc; or B. title of a mock abbot in a Shrewsbury May game SH191/7, etc; or C. title of a mock ruler appointed as part of traditional plays or other entertainments, often at Christmas time, eg, dominus de misrule lord of misrule EK690/31; dominus iocosus SX184/31? (see also iocosus); 4. master (of a villein or servant) WL12/35, etc; dominus domus master of a house, householder CR464/16; 5. hence by extension husband OX308/12; 6. client, principal (of an attorney or proctor) SM140/3, SM140/4; hence the cathedral officer whose part is being played by a particular boy in a boy-bishop observance EL17/28, EL18/2; 7. used figuratively the possessor of a quality or characteristic OX308/8 or lord or master (of a particular tool or weapon) IC657/27; 8. sir (as courteous address, in voc) C229/12, etc; 9. Dom, honorific for Benedictine monk CH78/31; EK36/22, etc; SX184/31?; WL217/16; 10. lord:

  1. honorific for church dignitaries (abbot H189/9; SH126/31m, etc; SX183/33, etc; bishop CH767/201, etc; CR504/30, etc; DR137/32; H200/9, etc; OX34/12; SM202/37, etc; SX3/21, etc; W399/23, etc; WL217/15; bishop, dean, ecclesiastical officials and judges EL20/20, etc; LI341/12, etc; cardinal SX184/34; ecclesiastical officials or judges C249/20, etc; CH843/11, etc; EK28/10, etc; H98/10, etc; L18/14, etc; SH196/29, etc; SM251/10, etc; SX11/33, etc; W381/25, etc; WL235/33, etc; prior W397/2, etc) (see also officium);
  2. honorific for secular dignitaries (kings and princes CH44/40, etc; CR493/13, etc; DR211/3, etc; EK537/24, etc; H187/14, etc; L116/19, etc; OX5/18, etc; SH11/5, etc; SM41/22, etc; SX182/7, etc; W399/20, etc; WL157/39, etc; kings, royal officials, or justices EL20/19, etc; peers EK43/17, etc; L115/26, etc; OX15/20, etc; SH127/6, etc; SM415/18, etc; SX183/26, etc; W399/20, etc; WL289/8, etc; royalty or peers C6/19, etc; IC25/19, etc; LI24/26, etc; royal officers or justices CR493/23; DR137/33, etc; EK313/30, etc; L148/40, etc; SH161/28? (possibly used to refer to peers), SH191/14, etc; SX45/3);
  3. honorific for university officials or judges and college officers C279/17, etc; OX4/31, etc;
11. Sir:
  1. honorific for priest CR548/26; EK727/8, etc; H200/6, etc; LI104/21, etc; SM236/30, etc; SX14/11;
  2. honorific for knight or baronet DR170/20; EK974/22, etc; H189/13, etc; IC7/7, etc; L149/28; LI103/32; OX266/37, etc; SH14/2; SX186/20; W400/2, etc; WL288/7, etc;
  3. honorific for university graduate holding a BA degree C68/16, etc; EK892/5? (possibly another occ as an honorific of a priest); OX46/33, etc

domorsum adv homewards, on the way home CR489/36

domus, -us n f or m domu and domo found as abl sg 1. building, house, home C69/25; CH616/5, etc; EL14/18, etc; H69/32, etc; L99/12, etc; LI607/17, etc; OX93/6, etc; SH129/12, etc; SX171/2, etc; WL79/4, etc; used metaphorically LI6/6, etc; hence the lodgings of the head of a college OX40/20, etc; 2. by extension a structure within a building OX137/23; 3. as the site of an alehouse SH10/22; SX44/30, etc (in some cases, such as EK909/37, etc; SH277/20; or in Rye records in Sussex, it is not possible to be sure whether the 'domus' is a private dwelling, an alehouse, or both); 4. in various idioms: ~ aleatorius public gambling house C259/23-4; ~ capitularis chapter house, the site of chapter meetings EL25/28, etc; LI120/32, etc; SM930/7 [ODCC]; ~ communis literally common house, here apparently a town hall or other civic meeting place EK731/9; ~ correctionis house of correction, gaol WL247/37, etc; ~ Dei God's house, ie, a church EL17/6; LI103/14--15; ~ Domini the Lord's house, ie, a church H57/5; SH5/27; ~ elemonsinarius EL23/30 or ~ elemosinaria EL25/39 almonry house, a house used by the almoner as a residence and for the instruction of the almonry boys; ~ lupinarie literally house of prostitution, brothel WL129/21; ~ mansionalis dwelling place, home L21/27 [Black's Mansion]; ~ mercati market house, building in a market area for the use of buyers and sellers W412/27; ~ ... oracionis house of prayer, ie, a church LI6/14, etc; communis ~ tipulacionis a public alehouse, literally a common house of tippling L113/17; 5. playhouse L82/17, L241/12; 6. pageant house, structure to house a pageant wagon CH74/18, etc; also known locally in Chester as a carriage house: ~ cariagij CH160/27, etc; W412/23; 7. stage house, part of the traditional scenery used for presentations of Roman comedy C143/17; 8. (royal or noble) household C50/8, etc; here by extension used in reference to Lincoln's Inn IC68/34; ~ regia royal household IC6/31; SX184/15; 9. religious house C49/29; CH47/9; EK909/29, etc; LI342/2, etc; OX3/24; or by analogy a college C4/6; OX11/12, etc; WL215/13 [see OEDO house n.1 4.a. and 4.b.]; 10. by extension of sense 1 one's substance, possessions OX179/1; see also conuocatio, rectoria, sanctuarium

Dorcestria, -e n f 1. Dorchester, name of a town DR171/28; 2. Dorset, name of an earldom EK331/18, etc

dormiens, -entis prp literally sleeping, used of warrants or the like, dormant, ie, drawn up but left blank as to particulars such as names until needed LI580/6, etc

dormitorium, -ii n nt room for sleeping, dormitory WL216/31

dorsatum, -i n nt dorse, the back of a sheet of paper or parchment EK533/40, etc

Dorseta, -e n f Dorset, name of an archdeaconry in the diocese of Salisbury DR248/3; name of an earldom and a marquessate EK66/40, etc

Dorsetia, -e n f Dorset, name of a county OX76/6

Dorsettensis, -e adj of or pertaining to the county of Dorset, hence ager Dorsettensis the territory of Dorset DR170/22

Dorsettus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Dorset, a county and an earldom; m sg as sbst the earl of Dorset OX313/3

dorsum, -i n nt dorse, the back of a sheet of paper or parchment H171/17, etc; LI34/31; SH251/21, etc

dosanum, -i n nt dozen C214/3

Douer, -eri n m Dover, name of a suffragan bishopric EK203/38

Douoria, -e n f Dover, name of a town EK307/35, etc; Doueria EK307/38m

draco, -onis n m literally dragon, by extension the name of a banner or streamer, perhaps in the shape of a dragon, traditionally carried in liturgical Rogation processions W340/n97; also apparently a feature of a Whitsun ale OX20/19

Draperia, -ae n f the Drapery, the Drapers' hall in Oxford (see p OX1084, endnote to Bodl.: MS. Twyne 4 pp OX32--3) OX5/29, etc

dressorum, -i n nt (kitchen) dresser, cupboard EK34/28

Drusius, -ii n m Drusius, Latin surname adopted by Johannes van den Driesche (1550-1616), a Flemish linguist and exegete CH810/26m

duadena, -e sbst f literally a dozen, hence a jury: duadena le quest an inquest jury(?) EL34/2-3 (see also duodena)

dubium, -ii sbst nt object of doubt, questionable point IC500/11

ducissa, -e n f duchess, whether a peeress in her own right or the wife of a duke C49/17; EK321/37, etc; H400/24; LI185/20, etc; ducessa C48/3; EK343/23, etc

duco, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr to lead: 1. (used metaphorically) to lead (one's life) SM237/22; 2. to think, consider SM237/8; 3. in idiom ducere manus violentas in to lay violent hands on (someone), attack SM210/37 (in acc supine)

ductor, -oris n m literally one who leads, hence a keeper of performing animals: ~ de le marmosett & iennet leader of the marmoset and jennet, ie, one who led a horse or donkey ridden by a monkey (?) IC17/25; ~ ursorum bearward L128/11, etc

duellum, -i n nt 1. judicial combat IC447/25; 2. duel, single combat between two persons OX139/12; SX4/6: de dullo 'De Duello' shortened title of a treatise by the Bolognese legist Giovanni de Legnano, 'De Bello, de represaliis, et de duello,' covering aspects of war, self-defence, and duels IC401/39

dulcis, -e adj sweet; see uinum

dulcisone adv in a sweet-sounding manner, sweetly EK25/35

dulcisonus, -a, -um adj having an agreeable sound, sounding sweetly SH98/32; WL4/15

Dunelmensis, -is sbst m Durham, name of a diocese EL20/21

dunsus, -i n m dull, stupid man, originally, a follower of the logical or philosophical school of Johannes Duns Scotus, which fell into disrepute in the sixteenth century for over-subtlty and pedantic reasoning C851/23 (cf C850/1-4)

duodena, -e n f a group of twelve, one dozen EK69/17, etc; IC4/26; OX93/34; duodena (n nt pl) OX93/33, etc; SH159/26

duplex, -icis adj double OX305/35; nt as sbst a double portion, here probably a double portion of daily provisions or commons W339/n82; see also apparatus, festum, uestis

dupplicatus, -a, -um adj lined (of garments) OX8/34, etc

durans, -antis prp in abl abs during IC200/30; LI607/3, etc [cp OEDO during, pres. pple. and prep.]

dux, -cis n m 1. leader OX180/19, etc; SH98/40; 2. duke, ruler of a duchy EK779/23, etc; OX261/14, etc; SX212/9 (the duke of Normandy); dux Athenarum duke of Athens, a late medieval title for Theseus as king of Athens OX138/28; 3. duke, highest rank of the hereditary peerage C16/32, etc; CH57/28, etc; CR493/3, etc; EK41/12, etc; L114/7, etc; LI609/15, etc; OX10/33, etc; SH130/8, etc; SX44/17; W399/21, etc; 4. duke, a mock officer chosen as a leader of student misrule C841/12; here a title of a Christmas prince IC424/20

Dyana see Diana

dyapente var of diapente [OLD]

dyatessaron var of diatessaron [OLD]

dynastes, -ae n m nobleman, peer OX894/21

dyocesis see diocesis


Eastrya, -e n f Eastry, a manor of the prior of Christ Church EK41/21, etc; Eastria EK42/20

ebdomada, ebdomas see (h)ebdomada

Eboracensis, -e adj of or belonging to York, a city and archdiocese EL147/39; m as sbst York, name of a royal dukedom C38/5

Eboracum, -i n nt York: 1. name of a royal dukedom C25/12; EK321/19, etc; SH133/35, etc; SX47/27, etc; W399/34, etc; 2. name of a city LI343/34; WL10/16; used as a name element Gilbertus de Eboraco Gilbert of York W372/7

Eborum n indecl York, name of a county IC200/38

ecclesia, -e n f church: 1. a specific church or church building BR3/27-8, etc; C4/1, etc; CH36/23, etc; CR463/5, etc; DR247/23, etc; EL14/20, etc; EK938/20, etc; H98/11, etc; L24/4, etc; LI762/12, etc; OX4/34, etc; SH5/29, etc; SM423/5, etc; SX3/5, etc; W347/11, etc; WL53/22, etc; 2. in various idioms: conuentualis ~ conventual church, church of a religious house DR247/8, etc; SM174/9; WL215/16; ~ cathedralis cathedral, a bishop's seat BR3/21-2; CH305/22, etc; CR504/26; EK946/8, etc; EL25/23, etc; (or ~ cathederalis EL125/13, etc); H57/27, etc; LI118/4, etc; SH6/7; SM173/36-7, etc; SX14/10, etc; W349/13; WL217/29; ~ collegiata collegiate church, one served by a chapter of priests and other clerics CH46/21, etc; CR503/20, etc; ~ hospitalis church attached to a hospital, principally for the worship of its religious community, but also serving a lay community, perhaps as a parish church EK824/4; ~ metropolitica metropolitan church, provincial cathedral EK946/7-8m, etc; ~ monasterii monastery church, a church attached to a monastery for monastic worship but frequently also serving a lay community in place of a parish church SX184/21; ~ parochialis parish church EK608/19, etc; EL210/24, etc (or parochialis ~ EL65/33); H97/17, etc; L21/3-4; LI341/15, etc; OX42/19--20, etc; SH53/15, etc; SM173/5, etc; SX10/18, etc; W389/1; matrix ~ (or mater ~ LI6/24, etc) mother church, here apparently the cathedral as mother church of the diocese LI107/29; but here apparently a parish church EK976/5; 3. ~ Christi Christ Church, both a cathedral and a college in Oxford OX146/40, etc; 4. the church as a corporate or spiritual body BR5/20; EK308/22, etc; EL17/4, etc; H99/34, etc; L25/6; LI7/4; OX3/6, etc; SH5/37; SM237/30, etc; SX38/34; W445/13; WL268/12; hence de vera ecclesiae reformandae Ratione 'Of the True Reason for Reforming the Church,' title of a work by John Calvin CH779/32 (see p CH1057, endnote to Wing: H2063 pp 89-90); ~ Anglicana the Church of England CH78/35; WL158/4; ~ Anglicana the Church in England EL19/3; in aecclesia Dei literally in the church of God, ie, throughout the universal church EK23/36; sancta mater ~ holy mother church, the church viewed as a spiritual mother 341/10; 5. the church as a worshipping community, a congregation, here in idiom in facie ecclesie in the presence of the congregation EK821/7, etc; LI77/42; see also computacio, cursus

Ecclesiastes, -is n m literally the preacher, name of an OT book CH808/20m

ecclesiasticus, -a, -um adj 1. ecclesiastical, of or pertaining to the church CH772/20; EK939/13, etc; EL21/41, etc; H99/2, etc; LI5/6, etc; OX6/7; SM237/24, etc; SX3/7, etc; 2. m as sbst ecclesiastic, cleric, ie, one in holy orders OX92/21; 3. m as sbst Ecclesiasticus Ecclesiasticus, an OT apocryphal book also known as Sirach or the Wisdom of Jesus ben Sirach EL243/23; see also immunitas, melodia, officium

economus see iconomus

econtra adv on the contrary, conversely LI6/14, etc; WL80/11

edes, -is n f (often in pl form with sg meaning, as in EK) 1. building OX313/7; hence private house, residence EK251/21, etc; OX200/38, OX313/7; hence in pl the lodgings of the head of a college OX95/10?, OX146/16, etc; 2. house used as the site of a court session EK893/25, etc; SM134/12, etc; SX38/29; 3. stage house, part of the traditional scenery used for Roman comedy C93/24; OX137/19, OX894/12?; 4. community residing together, hence college: Aedes Christi Christ Church OX305/17, etc; Aedes Diui Iohannis St John's College OX305/17; aedes EK16/12, etc (senses 1,2); majority form in Oxford

edictum, -i n nt order, decree, edict, here used to refer to a form of citation (per publicum edictum) used as a final resort by ecclesiastical authorities when previous attempts to serve a citation personally and/or by ways and means had been unsuccessful or at least had failed to compel an appearance by the accused person; this decree was posted or proclaimed at the parish church of the accused H146/2-3, etc; SH63/2, etc; W389/36; WL221/36, etc

edituus, -i n m in CL one who has charge of a temple, hence by extension: 1. sacrist, member of a monastic community with responsibility for the contents of the monastic church, including vestments, vessels, and furniture EK24/11; 2. a churchwarden H180/11, etc (in form aedituus)

educacio, -onis n f 1. literally act of leading or bringing out LI237/6; 2. by extension education, instruction EL138/9, etc

effectualis, -e adj effectual, valid CH772/24

effero, -rre, extuli, elatum v tr to lift up, raise, hence uocem efferre to raise one's voice (in song) WL54/9

efficatior over-correction of efficacior [OLD efficax]

Effinghamius, -ia, -um adj of or pertaining to Effingham, the name of a barony, hence m sg as sbst Lord Effingham OX313/28

effraia see affraia

effusio, -onis n f spilling, shedding, hence ~ sanguinis C308/32-3m; SM238/16 or sanguinis ~ EK976/14; SX4/6 or sanguinis effusiones LI6/26 bloodshed

egredior, -edi, -essus sum v intr literally to go out, hence to run away LI317/11

eicio, eicere, eieci, eiectum v tr to throw (someone) out, eject EL16/18; hence to remove (someone) from an appointment or office EL139/39, etc

elabor, -bi, -psus sum v intr literally to slip away, escape OX139/6; pfp with pass sense elapsed, past (of time) CH33/39, etc; LI103/32; OX146/41, etc

electio, -onis n f choice, election CH78/1; EL210/25, etc; IC402/20; OX799/21, etc; WL217/39; elexio OX69/12m

electiuus, -a, -um adj chosen, elect: see prior

electo, -are, aui, atum v tr to choose, elect IC11/8

elector, -oris n m elector, here one of a group entitled to elect St John's Christmas Prince OX342/39, etc

electorius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to an elector, electoral OX343/11

electrinus, -a, -um adj made of pewter EK101/23, etc

elementarius, -ii sbst m student of the basics (in any subject), in particular, a student learning the rudiments of reading and writing, an elementary student WL4/3

elemosina, -e n f alms, charitable gift C5/27, etc; EL14/17; LI350/37; SM174/19, etc; eleemosyna C578/36; OX6/22; elimosina LI25/20; elimozina W411/35

elemosinarius, -a, -um adj 1. characteristic of almsgiving or charity, charitable SH154/23; hence of or pertaining to the almonry EL25/30, etc; 2. f as sbst almonry, department of a chapter or religious house that dispensed alms and often also conducted a school EL14/6, etc; LI350/37; OX13/36; elimosinaria OX14/13; elemozinaria EL125/22, etc; elimozinaria EL138/13m, etc; 3. m sg as sbst almoner, officer of a religious house, a cathedral or collegiate chapter, or a secular household responsible for distribution of alms; often ecclesiastical almoners took on further responsibilities, such as oversight of a charitable school EK62/3, etc; EL18/35, etc; SH161/16; W349/13; elemozinarius EL138/24; elimozinarius EL138/17; see also clericus, domus, episcopus

eleuacio, -onis n f act of raising or lifting: 1. referring to putting up quintains LI5/17; 2. referring to the elevation of the Host by the priest during the prayer of consecration LI321/30

elexio see electio

Eliacus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Elis, a district of the Peleponnese, hence priores Eliaci book 5 of Pausanias' Description of Greece, the first of two books on Elis (presumably plural because each book is made up of multiple chapters) IC559/33

Eliensis, is n m town or diocese of Ely C363/20, etc; EK34/4

elisus, -i sbst comm one who has been crushed or knocked down, hence a wretched or downcast person WL80/17

Elizabeth n indecl Elizabeth, name of various saints, especially Elizabeth the kinswoman of the Virgin Mary and mother of John the Baptist; it is not always clear whether in these passages an image or a person representing the saint is meant LI109/35; Elizabet LI109/5, LI109/28

elocutio, -onis n f verbal expression of an idea or thought: de elocutione On Expression, alternate title of the Rhetorica ad Herennium, a treatise on rhetoric long attributed to Cicero WL10/4

elongo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr 1. to go apart or away from EL246/5; 2. hence in refl se elongare to absent oneself LI78/32

eluceso, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to brighten, shine, shine out C4/10

emano, -are, -aui, -atum 1. v intr to come forward, be promulgated, used of a legal order or decision, especially from a bishop or his court CH691/32 (prp); CR504/25; EK902/30m, etc; H68/21m, etc; SH323/23m, etc; SM210/41m, etc; SX9/13m, etc; W356/2m, etc; 2. v tr to promulgate, issue C363/23, etc?

Emanuelis, -e adj of or pertaining to Emanuel, another name for Christ; see collegium

emendacio, -onis n f 1. repair, act of mending C179/24; DR252/30, etc; EK104/2, etc; LI104/29, etc; OX280/42, etc; SH353/16, etc; SM242/11; 2. amendment (eg, of behaviour) SM203/5

emendo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to mend, repair C274/15; CH298/26; EK62/38, etc; LI27/2; OX105/9, etc; 2. to amend (one's behaviour) LI25/6

emolumentum, -i n nt profit, advantage EL22/21, etc

encomium, -ii n nt praise OX209/19; Encomium Patriae Latin title of a work by the Greek satirist Lucian of Samosata (b c 120) SM197/6m

enormis, -e adj literally exceeding the standard, excessive, hence outrageous, awful EK976/14 (in form inormis); W349/24; nt pl as sbst outrageous actions, criminal acts BR3/25, etc; CH681/13, etc; EK308/4, etc; SH112/3; WL216/33

enormitas, -atis n f enormity, extreme outrageousness or wrong-doing WL216/34

enormiter adv 1. extremely, excessively CH772/3; WL3/21; 2. outrageously BR3/25, etc; EK308/2; WL216/17

enterludium see interludium

ephiscopus see episcopus

ephydrias, -dis n f literally she who is above or upon the water, hence water nymph, Nereid OX314/1 [see LSJ ἐπί sense G + ὑδριάς]

epilogus, -i n m epilogue, a speech delivered at the conclusion of a play OX180/4, etc

epiphania, -e n f epiphany, revelation: 1. here the revealing of Christ to the gentiles (Mt 2.1-12) 107/5m; 2. the liturgical festival commemorating that event, observed on 1 January C36/35, etc; EK55/29, etc; L31/5; OX46/26, etc; SH127/17, etc; SM972/39, etc; SX185/17; W399/27, etc; see also dies, festum, nox

episcopalis, -e adj of or pertaining to a bishop, episcopal CH803/27, etc; SM134/10, etc; see also palatium

episcopatus, -us n m literally the office or function of a bishop, here likely the area under a bishop's authority, diocese LI4/22; W396/16

episcopus, -i n m 1. bishop, member of the highest of the major orders of clergy, the other two being deacon (diaconus) and priest (presbyter or sacerdos) BR3/21; CH59/36, etc; CR503/19, etc; DR247/9; EK34/4, etc; EL20/20, etc; H98/9, etc; LI3/5, etc; OX34/12, etc; SH177/1, etc; SM929/42, etc; SX3/21, etc; W396/12, etc; WL217/10; 2. boy bishop, a boy, originally a choirboy in a cathedral or other collegiate church or a student in an almonry school, chosen to act as a mock bishop in liturgical and other observances on the feast of St Nicholas or of the Holy Innocents (although the boy bishops in Canterbury, Dover, and Maidstone arose within a collegiate environment of some kind, that in New Romney was apparently sponsored by an ordinary parish church) C12/19, etc; EK714/37, etc; EL14/10, EL17/18, EL18/6, EL20/12; H100/24; LI155/8; OX16/33, etc; SM240/30, etc; ephiscopus EK669/27, etc; ~ Diui Nicholai OX63/18 or ~ Sancti Nicholai C50/25; EK905/27, etc; EL24/10, etc, or ~ Nic(h)olai OX15/27, etc, (St) Nicholas bishop; ~ elemosinarie OX13/36 or ~ elimosinarie OX14/13 almonry bishop; ~ Innocencium SM236/7 or ~ innocentum EL15/9, EL15/10; ~ paruulorum EL18/21; ~ paruorum H100/17; ~ puerorum C54/35, etc; EL19/12, etc; LI104/12, etc; SM246/14, etc; paruus ~ EL18/28; H100/31, etc; SM239/25, etc; paruus ~ puerorum SM244/15, etc; puer ~ EL23/40; see also castrum

epistola, -e n f letter: epistola ad Maecenatem letter to Maecenas, another name for Horace's first epistle (Epist. 1.1) SM197/18m; epistola Iudae Apostoli title of a New Testament book, the Epistle of Jude SM192/5-6m

epitasis, -is n f middle section of play in which dramatic tension builds as a result of the development of the plot (from Gk ἐπίτασις a stretching, straining) C119/36

epitome, -es n f abridgement: Diuinarum Institutionum Epitome 'Epitome of the Divine Institutions,' title of Lactantius' abridgement of his Diuinae institutiones CH812/3-4

eques, -itis n m in CL a member of the equestrian order, ranking between the nobility (patricians) and common people (plebs), by extension in AL a knight IC424/23; OX282/8, etc

equester, -tris, -tre adj literally mounted on horseback, hence of or pertaining to a rider: see histrio

equilis, -e adj of or pertaining to horses, here in idiom viri equiles mounted men, horsemen SH201/15

equitatura, -e n f act of riding H99/39

equus, -i n m horse; see magister

erarium see aerarium

Erasmus, -i n m Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536), Dutch Roman Catholic humanist and textual scholar SM195/30m; see also adagium

erectio, -onis n f 1. raising (of a building or other structure), construction C156/28; 2. act of setting a shop or business CH55/32

eremum, -i n nt hermitage, a religious house or cell for an individual or small group, usually in an isolated or remote area EL259/9m

erga prep with acc 1. of space toward, in the direction of L241/7; 2. of relationship towards, with regard to C384/23, etc; EK246/11, etc; IC424/37; L5/37, etc; LI208/15; OX28/31, etc; SH265/1, etc; arga LI72/36; 3. of purpose for (referring to a future event) C49/22-3; EK62/39, etc; IC39/31, etc; LI113/11, etc; OX18/21; SH324/20, etc; SM117/3, etc; WL194/4

ergastulum, -i n nt in CL a prison farm for 'problem' slaves, hence in AL by extension a prison, thence a castle (as the site of a gaol) OX37/21 (rendered by E 'castell' on OX37/16)

erigo, -igere, -exi, -ectum v tr 1. to set up (eg, a shop or business) CH56/131, etc; SM397/10; 2. to set up, raise up (a person in an office or role) IC84/8

erogo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to bestow, grant LI203/23; WL217/21

Erotium, -ii n nt Erotium, the name of a character in Plautus' Menaechmi OX178/16

erraneus, -i sbst m wanderer, a person who has lost his way EK25/29

error, -oris n m error, mistake CH768/32; by extension error in doctrine or faith BR5/18; LI4/29; de origine erroris 'Of the Origin of Error,' title of a theological work by Heinrich Bullinger (1504-75), a Swiss reformer CH779/38-9m

escheator, -oris n m escheator, a royal officer with oversight of escheats, reversions of property to the Crown, within a given county CH49/30, etc; SH129/11; eschaetor CH44/40

esse inf as nt sbst one's being, character SX213/11

essedus, -i n m carriage, coach OX306/24

essendi (gen) gd (nom sg lacking) being, to be IC28/28, etc

Essexia, -ae n f Essex: 1. name of a county BR55/16; 2. of an earldom C344/30; EK827/11; OX180/29

estas, -atis n f summer; see medius

estiualis, -e adj of or pertaining to summer; see pertica

estrio see histrio

etas, -atis n f age CH52/10, etc; EL241/27; in various idioms: minor etas literally lesser age, hence minority, the state of being under age CH59/11, etc; EL177/32-3; omnis etas literally every age, hence people of all ages CH36/3; aetas CH694/39

ethemologia, -e n f literally etymology, hence in pl Ethemologie Etymologiae title of an encyclopaedic work by St Isidore of Seville (c 560-636) EL19/9

ethnicus, -a, -um adj gentile, pagan OX178/31

Etonensis, -e adj of or belonging to Eton, a town in Berkshire OX30/12

eua, -ae n f eve (of a festival) WL258/27m, etc

eua interj likely expressing praise or jubilation (possibly a Christian adaptation of CL eu(h)an, eu(h)oe) EK824/1

euangelicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to the gospel, evangelical SM174/28

euangelio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to bring or proclaim good news SX41/4

euangelista, -e n m evangelist, one of the traditional authors of the four canonical gospels C49/7, etc; CH717/25, etc; CR503/24; SX51/4; ewangelista WL215/15; see also festum

euangelium, -ii n nt 1. literally gospel, one of the four New Testament books narrating the birth, ministry, death, and resurrection of Christ CH812/25m; OX179/3; 2. hence the gospel reading in a liturgical service H65/10, etc; SH342/1; SM20/12, etc; W348/33; ewangelium EK975/18; 3. in pl a gospel book, ie, one containing all four canonical gospels, used in swearing oaths CH767/31; EK975/18; EL23/23; L75/20; OX76/28; SM92/7, etc; WL4/9

Eucaristia, -e n f Holy Communion, Eucharist, one of the seven sacraments of the medieval church LI7/7

Euclio, -onis n m Euclio, the main character in Plautus' play Aulularia OX178/14

Eugenus Europhilus n m fictive name for a courtier of the Christmas prince: 'Eugene Eastophile,' formed from a mixture of Gk and L roots IC462/9

euidentia, -e n f (legal) evidence DR289/6; EK22/20

eunuchus, -i n m a eunuch, hence title of a play by Terence, or a reference to its chief character Dorus C151/13

euphonia, -ae n f sonorousness, sounding well IC651/18

Euripides, -is n m Athenian tragic poet (480-406 BC), last of the three great tragedians of the fifth century C846/11

ewangelista see euangelista

ewangelium see euangelium

exagito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to disturb, harass OX48/30; 2. to bait (eg, a bear) with dogs OX37/22

exalo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally to give off, exhale, hence calorem exhalare to produce heat, to heat WL220/12-13

exaltacio, -onis n f literally act of lifting up or raising, here in the name of a feast day, the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, often known as Holy Cross Day, 14 September OX11/39

examen, -inis n nt judicial examination of a case, charge, or person SM119/3, etc; SX30/6

examinacio, -onis n f 1. judicial examination of a case, charge, or person C388/35; EK947/15, etc; H167/33, etc; SH120/28, etc; SM27/11; W392/2, etc; 2. examination of a student, exam C132/21

examinator, -oris n m examiner, one who administers an exam C132/31, etc

examino, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to examine, scrutinize C120/36, etc; CH195/41 (pfp pass); EK203/27; LI28/32, etc; 2. to examine (a person or a case) judicially, used of a judge BR164/33; C327/32, etc; DR137/34; EK184/11, etc; H167/33, etc; L94/24, etc; LI208/8; SH120/18, etc; SM65/10, etc; SX30/6, etc; W388/23; WL215/34; 3. to examine (an account), audit IC159/1

exantlo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr for exanclo [OLD]

exceptio, -onis n f 1. reception, receiving (of a visitor) C157/14, etc; 2. exception, a judicial objection made in response to the statement or submissions of the opposing party in a suit C335/4; SM260/11, etc

ex(c)erceo, -ere, -ui, -itum v tr 1. to carry out, perform (eg, an action or activity, duties, an office) CR463/10, etc; DR247/7; EK939/14, etc; IC34/42, etc; OX47/33, etc; 2. to pursue (an activity), devote attention (to) IC6/32; OX48/28, etc; 3. hence se exercere to devote oneself, practise IC6/30; 4. to spend time at, frequent CR465/; EK930/5; EL20/29; OX11/28, etc [Oxford occurrences all exerceo except OX90/7 (sense 2)] [OLD exerceo]

excercicio, -onis n f for exercitio [OLD]

excercitacio var of exercitatio [OLD]; see arma

excessiue adv inordinately, excessively IC45/19, etc; OX40/21, etc

excessiuus, -a, -um adj inordinate, excessive EL21/11, etc

excessus, -us n m excessive behaviour, acts of misconduct, crime BR3/20; C841/22; CH772/19; EK974/10; LI342/2; OX11/4, etc; SH40/33; SM173/39; WL4/4

Excestra, -e n f Exeter, name of a dukedom SH139/3, etc

Excestria, -e n f Exeter, name of a dukedom C24/12, etc; EK320/38, etc

Excetria, -e n f Exeter, the name of a dukedom W401/3

excogitatus, -a, -um pfp pass thought of or planned beforehand; see malitia

excommunicacio, -onis n f excommunication, ecclesiastical penalty under which the guilty party was punished by exclusion from the sacraments and especially the reception of communion C841/7, etc; CH763/1, etc; CR504/4; EK646/2, etc; EL214/4m, etc; H100/2, etc; L19/4, etc; OX5/4; SH6/3, etc; SM116/33m, etc; SX38/32, etc; W356/1, etc; WL268/12m; ipso facto ~ ipso facto, or automatic, excommunication, so called because some offences were deemed to have incurred an automatic sentence of excommunciation without the action of a church court or judge SM239/13; at times, further disabilities were imposed, such as exclusion from all social intercourse with other church members; this more severe form is also called greater excommunication: ~ maior DR247/38; W350/1 or maior ~ C841/7-8; CH768/5-6; EK308/16-17; OX5/2; SM238/21

excommunico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to excommunicate, impose the penalty of excommunication on someone CH843/14, etc; EK308/18, etc; EL140/23; H99/25, etc; L25/6; LI59/38, etc; SH12/13, etc; SM117/12, etc; SX41/22, etc; W381/23, etc; WL220/34, etc; 2. pfp pass as sbst one who has been excommunicated C841/19; SM211/6

excreto, -ere, -i, -tum v tr to cause to grow, increase W349/22

excudo, -dere, -ssi, -ssum v tr literally to strike or hammer, hence to print W539/24

execror, -ari, -atum var of ex(s)ecror [OLD]

execucio, -onis n f 1. execution, carrying out (eg, of an order or a sentence) C363/4; H100/8, etc; SM174/39, etc; 2. carrying out, performance (eg, of duties or an office) IC101/18, etc

executor, -oris n m executor, a man who oversees the due execution of the various clauses and bequests in a will and is accountable to the ecclesiastical authorities for so doing C283/6; CH152/20, etc; EK714/38; El26/6, etc; OX196/3, etc; W452/37

executrix, -icis n f executrix, a woman, often the widow of the testator, who oversees the due execution of the various clauses and bequests in a will and is accountable to the ecclesiastical authorities for so doing C694/11; EK954/40; W445/12

exemplificatus, -a, -um pfp pass exemplified, copied, used of the formal copying or exemplification of legal documents L234/21 [Black's Exemplification]

exequor, -qui, -cutus sum v tr 1. treated as deponent to carry out (an order) EK307/37; OX12/6, etc; SM174/3, etc [OLD ex(s)equor]; 2. treated as pass to be carried out (eg, of an order) EK15/40, etc; OX12/8; SM210/4, etc

exerceo see excerceo

exercero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to perform, exercise IC45/23

exercicio, -onis n f carrying out, performance (eg, of duties or an office) IC75/12, etc

exercitacio, -onis n f carrying out, performance (eg, of duties or an office) IC104/36, etc

exercitia, -orum n nt (academic) exercise, eg, a formal disputation or oration OX218/16

ex(h)ennia, -e n f gift, present EK34/29, etc; SX186/21; W411/16; exemia W406/1; nt forms: exemium SH136/19; exhenium SH159/14, etc; ex(h)ennium W405/30; W411/34

exhibicio, -onis n f 1. showing, presentation WL8/2; 2. exhibition, a bursary or similar payment made to a student for his support OX62/5

exigencia, -e n f requirement, exigency C408/18; CH803/27, etc; EK878/37

exigo, -igere, -egi, -actum v tr to set or raise up SX29/11

exilium, -ii n nt literally exile, hence absence: in idiom mentis ... exilium absence of mind, inattention EL21/7

existat, existant var of exstat, exstant [OLD ex(s)to]

existo, -ere, exiti var of exsisto [OLD ex(s)isto]

exitus, -us n m revenue, proceeds, profit CH49/37, etc; EK966/5; L241/25; see also capiendo exitus

exnunc adv from now on CR504/6, etc; OX5/5

exoneracio, -onis n f discharge (of duties or an office) IC23/33

exonero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to discharge (someone) from court without further fine or punishment LI72/31; SH277/23, etc; SM375/11m, etc; 2. to discharge (someone) from a bond or other obligation, normally when its conditions have been met L148/40; OX74/10; hence exoneretur 3rd per pres pass literally 'let him/her be discharged,' a certificate that a bond or bail has been fulfilled IC452/12; 3. to discharge a debt or bill LI187/35, etc; OX114/2, etc; SH198/12m, etc; 4. to discharge (someone from a duty or an office) IC7/8, etc

Exonia, -e n f Exeter: 1. name of a city CR470/9; 2. name of a dukedom EK64/38, etc

Exoniensis, is sbst f Exeter, name of a city and diocese CR503/19, etc

expecto var of exspecto [OLD ex(s)pecto]

expedicio, -onis n f expedition, dispatch LI203/27

expello, -ellere, -uli, -ulsum v tr 1. to throw (someone) out (eg, from a house) OX371/13; hence to expel (a student) OX48/35; 2. to expel or eject (someone) from possession of property EL26/25, etc

expendo, expensa, expensus see ex(s)pendo

explanendum var of explanandum [OLD explano]

explicit treated as 3rd per sg pr but actually abbrev of explicitus pfp pass of explico [OLD], here ends EL247/30 [see also OEDO explicit n.]

exploro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to discover, find out WL57/23

exposicio, -onis n f exposition, explanation, specifically scriptural exegesis C102/16; OX60/19, etc

exposserit var of exposcerit [OLD exposco]

ex professo prep phr see professus [OLD; OEDO ex professo phr. not relevant here]

expulsio, -onis n f removal, expulsion: expulsio a communis removal from commons OX28/34--5; expulcio a communis OX40/28--9, OX40/38--9

exspatior, -ari, -atus sum v intr to travel, journey OX142/20, etc

ex(s)pendo, -dere, -di, -ditum (or -sum) v tr 1. to make use of, consume IC45/19, etc; SH136/24, etc; 2. hence to spend C5/28, etc; EL22/3, etc; 3. pfp pass A. in form expenditus, -a, -um i. spent (of sums of money) EK627/23; LI219/30, etc; ii. consumed, used (of commodities) C74/19; EK734/35, etc; LI36/13, etc; SH128/18, etc; B. in form ex(s)pensus, -a, -um i. spent (of sums of money) C142/36; CR490/40, etc; ii. consumed, used (of commodities) C90/26; CR491/17, etc; EK336/39, etc; FORMS: expencus C69/25, etc; SX45/6, etc; ex(s)pencus EK320/39, etc

expensa, -e sbst f that for which money is spent, expense C5/8, etc; CH78/24, etc; EK31/18, etc (or sbst nt EK829/18); EL21/11, etc; IC4/11, etc; LI342/21, etc; OX7/10, etc (or sbst nt OX188/25m, OX189/33); SH127/14, etc; SX44/11, etc; also in idiom expense facte expenses incurred C165/4; EK648/3, etc; LI105/5, etc; OX43/18, etc

expertus, -a, -um pfp pass experienced, hence knowledgeable, learned LI797/29

extasis, -is n f swoon, trance WL54/4

extendo, -dere, -di, -sum v tr 1. literally to extend, stretch out EK204/11; OX218/9; 2. hence to postpone (a case) LI59/23; 3. by extension to apply (of decisions and the like) SM163/26, etc; 4. in idiom se extendere ad to amount to (of sums or money or the like) EK321/32; OX16/33; 5. by extension to value, assess EL98/9 [DML extendere 5]

extensio, -onis n f literally extent in time or space, by extension postponement or extension of a deadline SH73/29m

extermino, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally to put (someone or something) out of bounds, hence 1. to expel OX530/11; 2. to put an end (to) LI4/13

extinctus, -a, -um pfp pass with middle sense void, cancelled EL65/31m

extirpo var of exstirpo [OLD ex(s)tirpo]

exto var of exsto [OLD ex(s)to]

extorqueo, -quere, -si, -tum v tr to obtain (something from someone), usually by force but here by persuasion WL12/10, etc

extra prep beyond, out of, outside: with acc CH36/3, etc; with abl CH692/19

extraccio, -onis n f act of dragging out or away, removal BR4/37

extraho, -here, -xi, -ctum v tr 1. to draw (something) out of (a place) BR4/1, etc; WL54/11, etc; 2. hence to draw (something) out of a cover, sheath, or similar case, eg, a knife, SH11/8; 3. to draw (blood) L21/32; SH14/6; 4. to copy out, make a copy or extract of H65/10, etc; IC45/18m, etc; SH45/23, etc; SM226/25; WL229/36, etc; extrata pfp pass L79/34; 5. to extract (money) from LI3/23; 6. to work out, calculate IC651/12, etc

extraneus, -a, -um adj literally external, other, foreign: hence 1. extraneous, irrelevant SM237/19; 2. from another college or town OX41/37, etc; 3. m as sbst stranger, one from another town or district extranius LI31/17, etc; extraneus LI333/21; 4. away (from), absent from IC44/14; 5. exempt IC39/21

extransuerso for ex transuerso [OLD transuersus]

extunc adv from then on, thenceforward BR55/19, etc; CH719/7, etc; EL26/7, etc; IC22/2; LI320/10, etc; OX414/14, etc; SM174/36; SX180/17; W412/31, etc

exulator, -oris n m outlaw CR554/15 [DML]

exultant, exultantes var of exsultant, exsultantes [OLD ex(s)ulto]

exurgit var of exsurgit [OLD ex(s)urgo]


faba, -e n f bean; see regnum, rex

faber, -bri n m artisan: 1. a smith C158/37; WL13/33, etc; member of the Smiths' company SH128/4, etc; possibly used as a surname SH10/12; WL129/7; 2. faber lignarius (also written as one word C193/27) woodwright, joiner C179/32, etc; IC232/15, etc

fabrica, -e n f literally fabric, building, hence fabric fund, one of several funds that were part of the treasury of the Lincoln Cathedral chapter LI109/19, etc

fabricor, -ari, -atus sum v tr to make, fashion, here by extension fabricari de musick to make music IC809/28

fabricus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to an artisan, especially a smith, or his craft WL12/36

fabrilegus, -i n m wright-law, a punning nonceword coined from the roots of 'faber,' artisan, wright, and 'lex,' law, to represent the English surname Wriothesley C94/27

fabula, -ae n f 1. literally story, tale OX4/6, OX136/21?, OX141/2, OX177/35?, OX305/4; aniles fabulae old wives' tales OX179/2; fabula militis The Knight's Tale OX136/8; 2. hence a play OX136/21?, OX145/30, OX148/37, OX177/35?, OX178/2, OX178/3, OX178/12, OX178/13m, OX306/14, OX307/8, OX307/17, OX307/33, OX308/25, OX428/1, OX894/19; 3. fable OX141/9; see also actor

facies, -ei n f literally face, surface LI163/40;; see also ecclesia

factum, -i n nt deed, feat LI341/31, etc; see also arma

factura, -e n f the act of making or constructing EK315/1, etc; IC45/36; LI106/33, etc; OX61/30; SH144/28, etc; SM241/34, etc

facultas, -atis n f 1. ability, faculty C229/30; OX106/28; in pl means, resources OX137/28; 2. talent, art, artistic or musical ability C227/14; 3. academic discipline, faculty C841/11, etc; OX52/18--19, etc (C229/21 is a play upon senses 1 and 3); see also ars

faelix see felix [OLD felix1]

faitura, -e n f the act of making or constructing LI34/27 [back-formation from OF faiture?]

falcacio, -onis n f mowing (ie, with a scythe or sickle) SM178/6

falcastrum, -i n nt billhook CH681/6, etc

falco, -onis n m hawk, falcon; see signum

familia, -e n f 1. household, an extended family group that includes everyone living under the authority of the head of the household EK51/26, etc; H200/8; OX7/18; WL7/20, etc; famulia EK51/10; applied to all lay persons under the authority of an abbey LI342/11, etc; 2. retinue, group of (household) retainers EL17/19; WL57/24, etc; 3. by extension (nuclear) family: famila LI208/21; 4. expressing spiritual relationship rather than a household or a kinship group CH36/20

familiaris, -e adj 1. of or belonging to the household or retinue WL12/27; 2. comm pl as sbst household members, retainers WL12/1

familiaritas, -tatis n f familiarity, over- or inappropriate friendliness OX28/31

famula, -e n f female servant C12/35; LI256/42; SH74/16; SM117/14 [f form of famulus]

famulus, -i n m 1. servant, especially one who is a member of the 'familia,' the extended household or 'family' that comprises everyone living under the authority of the head of the house, household servant C7/13, etc; EK63/11, etc; LI268/11; OX36/12, etc; SM398/40, etc; SX185/8, etc; W401/10, etc; 2. by extension one who stands in an analogous relationship: A. workman in the service of a master craftsman, possibly living on his premises C121/3, etc; OX100/21, etc; B. one of a large group of privileged persons providing goods and services to the university and enjoying access to its courts C333/9, etc; C. with Dei or Christi understood monk SH172/1, SH174/1 [DML famulus]; D. a personal servant of some kind EK906/21, EK907/28; OX106/26; E. servant, or officer, of a town EK324/35m, etc; 3. used metaphorically, of those supervising university sponsored entertainment for a royal visit, quasi totius Academiae famuli C237/7

farata, -e n f foregate (of a town), hence the district near such a gate, here the name of a district in Shrewsbury, Farata monachorum Abbey Foregate SH309/19 [DML foregata]

farculum see ferculum

fasciculus, -i n m 1. faggot, a bundle of wood, here intended for use in building C156/25, C174/38; 2. fascicule, booklet C164/37

fasianus, -i n m for phasiana [OLD]

fatidica, -ae sbst f seeress, (female) soothsayer OX315/1

fatigacio, -onis n f baiting (of animals) LI231/7 [cp OLD fatigo 2 and 3]

fatuus, -i sbst m fool, buffoon IC45/34, etc

faueo, -ere, -i, -tum v tr 1. to favour, be well-disposed to EK822/22; 2. by extension (and attraction?) to nurture, nurse, tend EK749/16 [see OLD foueo]

feliciter adv literally happily, often used in ML to refer to saints, blessedly WL53/19

Felix, -icis n m Felix, the name of several saints, here an early Christian martyr whose feast was celebrated on 30 August OX895/4

felix, -icis adj 1. happy, fortunate, successful OX232/39 (in superl faelicissimus), etc; overcorrected forms faelix and foelix also occur [OLD]; 2. often used in ML to refer to saints and especially to martyrs, blessed WL53/24

felo, -onis n m a felon, one who has committed a felony LI609/35; OX8/16, etc; felo de se one who has committed suicide (literally a felon of self) IC466/35, etc; OX258/38, etc

felonia, -e n f felony, a serious and premeditated crime reserved to royal courts, in particular to the assizes CH616/13, etc; LI609/29, etc; OX9/25, etc; SH10/17, etc; SX171/20

felonice adv in a felonious manner, ie, so as to involve a felony offence CH616/8; OX8/27, etc; SX171/8, etc

fena var of faenum [OLD]

feodum, -i n nt 1. fee, fief, a heritable holding: de feodo of fee, ie, as a heritable right subject to feudal obligation CH721/22, etc; de feodo tal(l)iato of fee-tail, ie, as a heritable right restricted to a defined group of heirs, entailed CH721/26, etc; 2. fee, payment CH160/34, etc; especially a regular payment, often annual, for services C253/35, etc; EK320/33, etc; IC7/24, etc; LI28/11, etc; SH353/8, etc; feoda (1st decl) C564/2; feuda (1st decl) C496/18; 3. fee assessed for a particular service or procedure OX192/5, etc; foedum (senses 2,3) C293/16, etc; 4. court fee assessed on accused persons for court appearances, citations, and other acts of church courts and their officers C386/40; EK814/8m, etc; H97/25m, etc; LI334/19, etc; SH13/13m, etc; SM72/9, etc; see also dimitto

feoffamentum, -i n nt enfeoffment, act of putting one in possession of a fief CH721/24

feoffatus, -a, -um pfp pass enfeoffed, hence m sg as sbst feoffee, one who has been enfeoffed by a landholder EK644/21

ferculum, -i n nt 1. (prepared) dish, usually of meat or fish EK34/31; OX53/14, etc; farculum OX59/12, etc; 2. course (of a meal) EK928/5; OX217/37, etc; 3. a mess, a group of persons who regularly take meals together at the same table and from the same dish OX46/26 [see OEDO mess n.1 5.a.]

ferdellus, -i n m quarter-yardland, a measurement of land roughly equal to an area of 5-7.5 acres SM177/24, etc

feretriarius, -ii n m feretrar, one who keeps a shrine, here an officer of Christ Church Priory with oversight of the shrine containing the relics of St Thomas Becket EK53/30

feretrum, -i n nt portable shrine, eg, for relics, here probably a monstrance for bearing and displaying consecrated eucharistic bread in a Corpus Christi procession W340/n97

feria, -e n f 1. holiday, festival OX369/34, etc; in idioms ferie natalicie OX87/27, etc; ferie natalitie C578/20, etc, or ferie natalitie Redemptoris OX209/11--12; or ferie natalitie Redemptoris nostri DR170/27; or ferie Natiuitatis Domini OX150/39--40, the Christmas season, the period from Christmas (25 December) to Epiphany (6 January); 2. a day of the week: ~ secunda tercia & quarta Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday OX11/38; quarta ~ Wednesday WL216/23; 3. hence a working day OX55/7; 4. in pl fair C487/6

ferialis, -e adj ordinary, everyday: see dies

ferina, -e sbst f venison IC22/32

ferio, -ire v tr literally to strike, beat, hence to punish LI6/27

ferior, -ari, -atus sum v intr to keep a holiday or day of rest C315/25, etc

ferrum, -i n nt literally iron; by extension ferrum equorum a horseshoe CR489/26

festiualis, -e adj festal, of or pertaining to a festival: see dies

festiue adv in an manner appropriate to a festival, solemnly EK824/8

festiuitas, -atis n f feast day C619/40; CR504/15; SM236/32, etc; in EK used of St Thomas Becket's Day, probably the feast of his martyrdom, 29 December EK29/19, etc; festivitas Clementina the feast of St Clement, 23 November OX799/24

festiuus, -a, -um adj festal, of or pertaining to a festival or feast day IC222/22; see also dies

festum, -i n nt 1. festival, celebration EL14/21; OX261/14; ~ bursariorum the bursars' feast, an annual celebration at Magdalen College OX170/17, etc; ~ stultorum feast of fools, an observance held on the feast of the Circumcision, 1 January, involving a modified liturgy and seasonal misrule by minor clergy, often specifically the subdeacons EL15/15; LI103/23, etc; festibus (3rd decl dat/abl) L82/29; 2. festival, feast day C16/38, etc; CH40/39, etc; CR463/11; EK910/1, etc; EL128/16, etc; IC7/24, etc;LI341/32, etc; OX4/29, etc; SH74/10, etc; SM423/15, etc; SX184/13, etc; W347/17, etc; ~ maius duplex major double, one of four classes of feasts designated as double because of the way in which the divine office was said or sung on those festivals OX11/12; ~ principale principal feast, a primary feast commemorating a central mystery of faith (eg, Christmas, the Incarnation) or the death of a saint OX11/11--12 [see CEO Feasts, Ecclesiastical]; solempne ~ solemn feastday W349/19; 3. a specific feast day or festival (secular or religious):

  1. festa natalicia the Christmas season, the period from Christmas (25 December) to Epiphany (6 January), C125/17; OX79/26, etc;
  2. festa Sancti Martini the feasts of St Martin, ie, Martinmas, 11 November, and the feast of his translation, 4 July SX183/8, SX183/16;
  3. ~ animarum feast of (All) Souls, 2 November OX162/19;
  4. ~ A(n)nunciationis (Beate Marie Virginis) (or ~ Annunciacionis Dominice WL216/5--6) the Annunciation, Lady Day, 25 March C344/34, etc; CH153/29-30, etc; EK81/35, etc; IC97/7--8; LI323/33-4; OX162/33--4; SX185/26-7, etc; W412/29-30, etc;
  5. ~ Apostolorum Petri & Pauli feast of the Apostles Peter and Paul, 29 June IC40/32;
  6. ~ Apostolorum Philippi & Iacobi feast of the Apostles Philip and James, 1 May, EK974/25;
  7. ~ Ascensionis (Domini) C13/32; EK309/35, etc, the Ascension, Thursday forty days after Easter; or ~ Assensionis Domini CH715/21;
  8. ~ Assumpcionis Beate Marie feast of the Assumption of St Mary, 15 August, EK54/10; OX5/14;
  9. ~ Beati Bartolomei Apostoli feast of St Bartholomew the Apostle, 24 August BR6/24; H98/21;
  10. ~ Beati Michaelis Archangeli feast of St Michael the Archangel, Michaelmas, 29 September WL216/5;
  11. ~ Cineritium Ash Wednesday, the first day of Lent OX177/31;
  12. ~ Circumcisionis Domini the Lord's Circumcision, 1 January C45/11, etc; CR504/17-18; OX25/4, etc; SX185/28;
  13. ~ Conceptionis Marie the Conception of Mary, 8 December C76/15;
  14. ~ coronarium domine Regine literally festival celebrating the anniversary of the queen's coronation but likely the queen's holiday, ie, the anniversary of her accession C352/38-9;
  15. ~ corporis Christi C4/37, etc; DR252/16, etc; EK309/35, etc; LI121/35, etc; SH127/31, etc; SM41/7-8; W397/20, etc, or ~ de corpore Christi C4/21, feast of Corpus Christi, Thursday after Trinity Sunday;
  16. ~ dedicacionis festival celebrating the anniversary of a church's dedication C4/37-8, etc;
  17. ~ Diui Nicholai feast of St Nicholas, 6 December C99/5, etc;
  18. ~ Epiphani(a)e (Domini) the Epiphany, 6 January C47/14, etc; EK54/29, etc; L31/5; LI105/6; OX216/26; SH127/16-17; SM698/14; SX185/17;
  19. ~ Exaltationis Sancte Crucis the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, Holy Cross Day, 14 September OX11/39;
  20. ~ fundatoris festival honouring the founder of a college C380/12-13;
  21. ~ Hocktyd(e) OX39/13, etc, or ~ Hoctyd(e) OX39/4, etc, or ~ Hoktyde OX54/35 Hocktide, the second Monday and Tuesday after Easter;
  22. ~ inaugurationis domini Regis festival celebrating the anniversary of the king's accession C623/38-9;
  23. ~ Innocencium C29/33, etc; EL16/27, etc (or (Sanctorum) Innocentum EL15/15, etc); H98/2-3; OX3/20 or ~ (omnium) Sanctorum Innocencium C45/32, etc; H100/31, etc, LI104/12; OX11/37--8, etc, feast of (all) the (Holy) Innocents, 28 December;
  24. ~ Inuencionis Sancte Crucis feast of the Invention (or Finding) of the Holy Cross, 3 May H113/33-4; OX11/39;
  25. ~ Martini feast of (St) Martin, Martinmas, 11 November L21/6;
  26. ~ Natale (Domini) C3/5, etc; L87/33, etc; EK336/3; W400/25-6 or ~ Natalis (Domini) C32/24, etc, CH841/6-7, etc; CR504/10; EK37/5, etc; EL112/36-7; IC6/6, etc; LI27/2; SH354/11-12; SM177/25, etc; SX185/6, etc, Christmas, 25 December;
  27. ~ Natiuitatis C164/4, etc, OX162/19, etc; or ~ Natiuitatis Christi SM236/15, or ~ Natiuitatis Domini C132/42; CH24/19, etc, W519/13-14 Christmas, 25 December;
  28. ~ natiuitatis ducis Eboraci festival celebrating the birth of the duke of York C653/24-5;
  29. ~ Natiuitatis Sancti Iohannis (Baptiste) feast of the Nativity of St John the Baptist C62/3-4; CH40/38-9, etc; EK53/5, etc; LI607/28-9, etc; SH153/18-19; W507/23-4;
  30. ~ Omnium Sanctorum feast of All Saints, 1 November C6/11, etc; CH15/39, etc; DR282/32; EK649/17, etc; L18/14-15; LI584/31; OX166/24, etc; SM175/5-6;
  31. ~ O Sapientiae feast of O Sapientia, 16 December, so called because of the start of the antiphon for that feast LI208/28;
  32. ~ Pasche C39/8-9, etc; EK57/37, etc; EL26/6, etc; SH353/21; W502/37 or ~ Paschatis W349/19-20 or ~ Paschale L76/17 Easter, Sunday after the full moon on or following 21 March;
  33. ~ Pentechoste OX22/15, etc, or ~ Pentecoste OX18/27, etc, or ~ Pentecostes LI105/22-3, etc; OX16/17, etc, or ~ Pentecosten OX23/10--11; or ~ Pent(h)ecostis Pentecost, Whitsunday, Sunday fifty days following Easter C375/40 (in form Penticoste); CH62/16, etc; EK36/10, etc; SH342/11, etc; SM7/15-16; W350/9;
  34. ~ Purificacionis (Beate Marie Virginis) the Purification (of the Blessed Virgin Mary), Candlemas, 2 February C15/5, etc; CH616/6; EK1342/41-2, etc; IC8/18, etc; L76/15; OX338/39; SH117/35; SX186/3;
  35. ~ 5i Novembris Guy Fawkes' Day, 5 November C422/28, etc;
  36. ~ (domine) Regine the queen's holiday, festival celebrating the anniversary of Queen Elizabeth I's accession C344/24, etc;
  37. ~ Reliquariarum Relic Sunday, first Sunday after 7 July C37/10-11; EK647/10, etc;
  38. ~ Sanctae Fidis Virginis feast of St Faith the Virgin, 6 October SX3/21c;
  39. ~ Sancte Anne feast of St Anne, 26 July LI118/21-2, etc; OX22/30;
  40. ~ Sancte Katerine feast of St Catherine, 25 November OX5/1, etc;
  41. ~ Sancte Margarete feast of St Margaret, 20 July, EK647/29, etc;
  42. ~ (Sancte) Marie Magdalene feast of (St) Mary Magdalene, 22 July C69/30-1; CR493/15, etc; ~ Sancte Magdalene OX12/3;
  43. ~ (Sancte) Trinitatis feast of the Holy Trinity, ie, Trinity Sunday OX111/7; SM203/7;
  44. ~ Sancti Andree Ap(p)ostoli feast of St Andrew the Apostle, 30 November EK822/8; LI580/9, etc; OX11/40;
  45. ~ Sancti Bartholomei feast of St Bartholomew, 24 August LI606/14-15, etc; OX12/1;
  46. ~ Sancti Benedicti feast of St Benedict, here likely his Translation, 4 December EK40/30 (see p EK1265, endnote to LPL: MS. 243 f 57 col 2);
  47. ~ Sancti Bonefacij feast of St Boniface, 5 June CH44/39;
  48. ~ Sancti Dionisij feast of St Denis, 9 October CH77/36;
  49. ~ Sancti Egidij feast of St Giles, 1 September CH716/17, etc;
  50. ~ Sancti Edmundi feast of St Edmund, 20 November C6/36, etc;
  51. ~ Sancti Georgij (Martiris) feast of St George (the Martyr), 23 April BR7/3; EK755/30; SH138/15;
  52. ~ Sancti Hugonis feast of St Hugh, 17 November C12/26;
  53. ~ Sancti Iacobi Apostoli feast of St James the Apostle, 25 July CH616/14; OX12/1;
  54. ~ Sancti Iohannis Apostoli OX11/37; or ~ Sancti Iohannis (Euangeliste) C31/5, etc; H98/1; LI104/12 feast of St John (the Apostle and Evangelist), 27 December;
  55. ~ Sancti Iohannis Baptiste (also once ~ Sancti Iohannis EK608/2) feast of the Nativity of St John the Baptist, Midsummer Day, 24 June C249/21, etc; EK56/35-6;
  56. ~ Sancti Laurencij feast of St Laurence, 10 August SM405/11;
  57. ~ Sancti Luce (Euangeliste) feast of St Luke (the Evangelist), 18 October CH717/25, etc; OX12/2;
  58. ~ Sancti Marci Apostoli feast of St Mark the Apostle, 25 April OX12/1;
  59. ~ Sancti Martini (in hieme) feast of St Martin (in winter), ie, Martinmas, 11 November CH723/28 (in yeme); LI316/15, etc; OX12/2; SX184/13;
  60. ~ Sancti Mathei (Apostoli or Apostoli & Ewangeliste) feast of St Matthew (the Apostle), 21 September C5/29, etc; OX12/2; WL215/14--15;
  61. ~ Sancti Mathie Apostoli feast of St Mathias the Apostle, 24 February EK308/38; OX11/40, etc;
  62. ~ (Sancti) Michaelis (Archangeli) feast of (St) Michael (the Archangel), Michaelmas, 29 September C79/18, etc; CH841/6, etc; EK31/35-6, etc; EL127/39, etc; IC85/31, etc; L76/26 (in form fescum); LI316/23, etc; OX12/2, etc; SM32/29-30; W412/34;
  63. ~ Sancti Nicholai feast of St Nicholas, 6 December C12/19, etc; EK714/37, etc; EL20/10; OX5/1, etc;
  64. ~ Sancti Petri either feast of St Peter ad Vincula, 1 August, or abbreviated form of feast of Sts Peter and Paul, 29 June C558/23;
  65. ~ (Sancti) Stephani feast of St Stephen, 26 December C20/30, etc; H97/41-98/1; LI104/9-10; OX11/37; SH353/28;
  66. ~ Sancti Thome Apostoli feast of St Thomas the Apostle, 21 December OX11/40;
  67. ~ Sancti Thome (Martiris) feast of St Thomas Becket, 29 December, C47/7; EK27/23, etc; OX11/38;
  68. ~ Sancti Valentini Martiris feast of St Valentine the Martyr, 14 February CH52/7- 8;
  69. ~ Sanctorum Philippi et Iacobi feast of Sts Philip and James, 1 May OX12/1;
  70. ~ Sanctorum Simonis et Iude feast of Sts Simon and Jude, 28 October OX12/2;
  71. ~ Translacionis ... Beati Hugonis feast of the Translation of St Hugh, 6 or 7 October LI105/13-14;
  72. ~ Translacionis (Beati Thome) EK29/11-12, etc (or ~ Translacionis Sancti Thome EK38/3-4; OX11/40) feast of the Translation of St Thomas Becket, 7 July;
  73. ~ Translacionis Sancti Swithuni feast of the Translation of St Swithun, 15 July OX12/2--3;
4. feast, celebratory meal LI209/4, etc; festus IC184/14m, etc

festus, -a, -um adj festive, festal CH36/21; SH99/32; see also dies

feuda see feodum

fiala, -e n f fiddle, possibly by extension any stringed instrument played with a bow CR540/12 [ultimately from OLD fides2; see also DML fiola]

fibula, -e n f pin, buckle, here a fastening of some kind for a banner LI583/31, etc

fictiuncula, -ae n f a slight fiction, pretence OX305/19

fidedignus, -a, -um adj worthy of confidence or trust CH770/36; EK308/15, etc; LI3/6; OX799/16; m sg as sbst trustworthy person DR247/12; EK823/10, etc; H99/19; LI108/16; SM69/14, etc; fide dignus EL184/15; SM391/7

fideiussor, -oris n m guarantor OX74/11

fidelis, -is adj faithful, trustworthy CH59/5, etc; EL242/31; SH265/36; as comm sbst faithful believer, in pl the faithful CH46/40; CR503/25, etc; DR247/18; H57/11; SH5/32; SM239/18; W412/6; see also Christifidelis

fideliter adv 1. faithfully, in a trustworthy manner C133/22, etc; DR137/34; EL143/9; OX196/3, etc; SH58/13, etc; SM424/10, etc; SX30/5; 2. faithfully, exactly CH152/18, etc; CR504/12; OX799/24

fides, -ei n f 1. belief, conviction: ultra fidem beyond belief OX309/10; 2. hence religious faith C404/2; CH78/34, etc; EK779/23, etc; EL238/32, etc; H98/24, etc; L21/25, etc; LI319/28, etc; OX196/6, etc; SH264/1, etc; SM189/11, etc; SX3/23, etc; W451/23, etc; WL158/4, etc; 3. oath OX42/9, etc; in idioms fidem dare to give an oath or guarantee on someone's behalf C409/9, etc; facere fidem to swear an oath C333/18, etc; CH736/18, etc; EK305/10, etc; H142/12, etc; L75/14; LI59/25, etc; SH61/15-16, etc; SM116/33, etc; SX9/12, etc; W378/10-11; WL221/4; facere fidem ad tacta to swear a corporal oath, one taken while touching a gospel book EK876/39, etc; 4. faithfulness, trustworthiness SH99/8, SH99/11; SM195/33; in idiom fide optima with or in good faith C316/37; 5. credit, credibility OX271/5 (although this is likely the sense intended by Juvenal in the verse quoted on OX271/4--5, in the context of the punning speech in which it is quoted the speaker is punning on 'fides,' 'fidicen' (fiddler), and 'fidis' (fiddlestring)); 6. assurance C301/16; 7. allegiance, loyalty EL21/2; LI603/14, etc; 8. evidence, hence oculata fides eyewitness evidence EL21/30; 9. fide iussit see fideiubeo [OLD]

Fides, -is n f the name Faith, hence sancta Fides St Faith; see festum

fidicen, -inis n m literally a lyre player, possibly a generic term for anyone playing a stringed instrument: by extension in AL a harper or a fiddler C671/25; CR540/11; EK827/40 (not sure which possible sense should be preferred here); IC7/7, etc [see p IC917, endnote to MT Arch: MS 13 f 88v]; OX242/9, etc; WL57/22

fidicina, -e n f (feminine of fidicen) in CL one who plays upon a stringed instrument, such as a lyre or harp; here probably by extension (female) fiddler CR540/11

fidicula, -e n f literally a small lyre, by extension a small fiddle or a small harp WL57/23 

fidis, -is n f literally string for a lyre or harp [OLD fides2] here by extension probably fiddle-string CR540/10; in pl by extension probably a fiddle EK18/5

filacium, -ii n nt file (of documents) SM20/25, etc

filia, -e n f daughter: 1. literally OX179/6, etc; 2. of a symbolic or spiritual relationship between a bishop and nuns within his diocese OX3/7

filius, -ii n m son: 1. literally BR6/26, etc; C8/5, etc; DR247/21; EK49/26, etc; H62/15; LI4/4, etc; OX10/28, etc; also used as name element Nicholas filius Neel, Nicholas fitz Neel BR4/6; hence a descendant filii Israel sons of Israel, the Hebrews of the Old Testament C5/28; filii hominum sons of men, usually a periphrasis for human beings but in this passage (alluding to Mt 15.26 and Mk 7.27) a periphrasis for children OX6/23; 2. by extension (describing the relationship between the Persons of the Trinity) the Son BR6/23; LI103/15; 3. of a symbolic or spiritual relationship between a bishop and the clergy of his diocese, especially his administrative subordinates BR5/8; CR527/10, etc; DR247/9; EK974/7; H98/10, etc; LI3/5, etc; SM173/35; W349/12; applied to all Christians as spiritual sons of their 'mother,' the church EL20/39; LI341/10; 4. to describe one embodying a quality or activity of which he is said to be the son, here iniquitatis seu rebellionis filii, sons of iniquity or rebellion, ie, evil or rebellious men H99/20

filum, -i n nt file (of documents) SM162/37, etc

finalis, -e adj final CH772/25; EK727/4, etc

finio, -ire, -ii, -itum v tr to fine, impose a fine SM376/31

finis, -is1 n f 1. end, finish C241/19, etc; CH518/27; EK25/35, etc; IC636/4, etc; LI603/7, etc; OX51/20, etc; SM200/27, etc; 2. goal CH731/27; [OLD]; 3. hence a term OX488/2

finis, -is2 n f fine, payment in settlement of a debt or as a punishment C5/5; EK87/3, etc; IC39/23, etc; LI321/6, etc; SM397/9; fynis IC50/11

firma, -e n f 1. farm, rent (of land); see dimitto; 2. hence rent or lease of other property C207/13; EK751/35, etc; 3. land thus farmed, rented property or estate EL22/21, etc

firmarius, -ii n m renter EK956/3; specifically tenant at farm, lessee OX33/31, etc [see OEDO farm n.2]

fiscus, -i n m treasury OX512/18

fistelastor, fistelator, fistilator see fistulator

fistula, -e n f pipe, literally reed-pipe [OLD], possibly a generic term for any wind instrument C207/1 (translated by scribe as le wayte pypes); CR540/12; L35/34m

fistular, -aris n m literally one who plays upon a 'fistula,' or pipe, a piper, here a term for the Dover wait EK340/18 [see OLD fistula, fistuarius]

fistulator, -oris n m literally one who plays upon a 'fistula,' piper, probably a generic term for one who plays a wind instrument C12/20, etc; EK594/22, etc; L113/20; LI347/20; OX10/17; in Dover and Sandwich, the term by which the town waits were known EK319/18, etc; fistelastor EK335/17; fistelator EK323/37, etc; fistilator C15/34; EK65/7; fistolator LI230/7; fustulator EK55/9; EL24/15; SM41/7; fystulator (only in an otherwise E context) EK388/35, etc; phistolator SM41/15

fistulo, -are, -aui v tr to play upon a 'fistula,' to pipe L14/14, etc; as prp playing upon a pipe, piping OX439/28, etc

flacio, -onis n f act of blowing, eg, a horn or other instrument, here used of horn blowing, a customary ceremony in Cinque Port communities EK734/34

flagellacio, -onis n f act of scourging or whipping, here referring to part of Christ's Passion CH48/7

flagellifer, -eri n m literally lash-bearer, hence madman, here probably part of the title of a Latin translation of Sophocles' Ajax, Ajax Flagellifer C238/15; see also Aiax

flagisiquus, -a, -um adj shameful, disgraceful OX56/9

Flandria, -e n f Flanders, an archduchy in the Low Countries EK31/26; H187/13m; Flaundria EK779/24, etc

flatilis, -e adj produced by blowing; see musica

flegma, -atis n nt phlegm, sputum WL60/9

Fletensis, -e adj of or pertaining to the River Fleet, London: see platea

flora, -e n f flour SM8/8

flos, -oris n m a flower: Flos Florum The Flower of Flowers, a cantilena motet composed by Guillaume Du Fay (1397-1474) LI332/25

fluctans, -antis prp floating; see insula

focagium, -ii n nt fuel (for fire) SM177/34, etc

focalis, -e adj of or pertaining to a hearth, hence nt as sbst a fire (for cooking or warmth) LI27/26, etc; see also panis

focalium, -ii n nt fuel IC56/37

focaria, -e n f 1. hearth, fireside (used by metonymy for home); 2. concubine (ie, a woman who shares one's hearth and home); it is unclear which sense is intended at LI3/12 and LI4/9

foedum see feodum

foelicitas, -atis n f over-correction of felicitas [OLD]

foelix see felix

foemina, -e n f over-corrected form of femina [OLD]

foetura, -e n f child, offspring OX85/33 [OLD fetura]

folium, -ii n nt 1. leaf (of a branch) OX5/4; 2. leaf, folio (of a book) CH41/19m, etc; EK902/14m, etc; EL33/23, etc; LI332/40, etc; OX44/7, etc; SH42/22; SM172/34, etc; SX260/10

forale, -is n nt front, beginning (of a book, etc) C38/37 [from OLD foris1 ?]

foramen, -inis n nt literally an aperture, hole, here the opening, or bell, of a horn WL4/15

forensis, -e adj foreign, not native, hence comm pl as sbst non-natives, outsiders OX503/16

foresta, -e n f forest CH721/23

forinsecus, -a, -um adj external, foreign CH78/9, etc; forincecus CH55/33; IC6/11; see also colloquium

forisfacio, -ere, -feci, -factum v tr to forfeit (a sum of money), pay a forfeit CH56/24, etc; DR282/33; IC50/23, etc; as pfp pass forfeited (of sums of money or the like) OX259/9

forisfactura, -e n f act of forfeiting, forfeiture CH56/19; WL237/34

forma, -e n f 1. form of words EL19/4, etc, eg, that used in the public confession imposed as penance by church courts or a written copy thereof H169/25, etc; SH328/6, etc; SM132/24, etc; SX11/15; W361/3, etc or that used to dismiss a person excused by poverty from any court fees and the like IC610/7, etc; LI100/30m; W378/20; or possibly that used in a formal reconciliation with an injured party SH73/16; or possibly that used to certify the carrying out of an order H184/3; 2. form of action, manner of proceeding EK62/19, etc; EL23/10, etc; SM370/2, SM370/5; 3. tenor, purport SM424/11; SX40/34, etc; especially purport or terms of a statute or agreement EK947/6, etc; H99/19; L113/18; LI5/15, etc; SH264/34, etc; SM397/12, etc; W413/21, etc; 4. form, bench EL17/15 (see pp EL352-3, endnote to GL: MS 25509 f 138 col 2-f 138v col 2); see also certificarium, schedula

fortificans, -ntis prp fortifying, strengthening CH59/16, etc

fortuna, -e n f fortune, luck OX85/26, etc; sometimes personified OX347/20 (as part of a series of multilingual puns on the E surnames Case and Tucker (see Τυχερος)), etc

fortunatus, -a, -um adj fortunate, lucky, blessed; see Alba Fortunata, Τυχερος

forum, -i n nt marketplace, market [OLD]: see clericus

foueo, -ere, foui, fotum v tr literally tend, nurture, here in idiom fouere larem to tend one's household gods, hence to keep or maintain a home EK308/30

fractio, -onis n f break, act of breaking, here in idiom fractio pacis breach of the peace SM749/26-7

fraenum over-correction of frenum [OLD]

framea, -e n f literally spear, sometimes by extension sword EL247/3

franchesia, -e n f franchise, literally an immunity or privilege granted to a town, here by extension the territory affected by such immunity CH56/15, etc; LI207/6; SH263/37; franchisa CH119/32

Francia, -e n f France C404/2, etc; CH55/26, etc; EK49/26, etc; H94/6; IC666/22; L21/25, etc; LI325/23; SH265/30, etc; SM145/21; SX28/38; W451/25, etc; WL158/4, etc; Frauncia CH134/16, etc; EL143/11; L30/32; OX196/6, etc; SH263/39, etc; SM189/11, etc; SX170/29; W386/40; Frauntia CH667/40, etc

frater, -tris n m brother: 1. literally C296/9; EK82/39, etc; OX799/16, etc; WL57/24, etc; 2. by extension a fellow member of the same community C110/11?; EK822/17; of a religious fraternity or guild LI24/38, etc; fellow-countryman WL79/25; 3. hence member of a religious community EK25/2, etc; EL259/9m; WL215/18, etc; member of an order of friars C110/11?; LI103/34; SX186/33; member of the Franciscan order OX3/6; fratres Carmelite Carmelite friars (see ODCC) LI152/38; ~ limitatores friars limiter, members of a mendicant order whose activities were limited to a specific place (here Boston) by licence LI37/31; ~ predicatores friars preacher, the Dominicans C49/29; ~ utriusque ordinis literally friars of either order, ie, Franciscans and Dominicans LI3/20-1, etc; 4. in pl the brethren, fellow-Christians C316/24

fraternitas, -atis n f brotherhood, guild, often a religious confraternity or guild C5/5; LI24/23, etc

fraudilenter var of fraudulenter [OLD]

Frauncia, Frauntia see Francia

frenesim var of phrenesim [OLD phrenesis]

frequento, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to perform (a service) assiduously, hence to carry out the duties (of an office) IC57/17, etc

Frestoniensis, -is n f Frieston, name of a parish and priory near Boston LI342/25

froenum over-correction of frenum [OLD]

Froma Episcopi n phr Bishops Frome, name of a parish H65/22m

frons, -dis n f literally foliage, hence a garland of leaves or flowers OX137/6

fructus, -us n m financial gain, profit EL22/20; see also usus

frumentum, -i n nt literally corn, any cereal crop, here by extension probably wheat EK34/15, etc; LI347/33, etc; SM182/26, etc; see also panis

frunitor, -oris n m tanner DR252/39; EK87/3

fumigium, -i n nt literally fumigation, hence the burning of a substance to cleanse or sweeten the air C225/37

functio, -onis n f profession, employment, office CH770/34 [cp DML functio, OEDO function n. 4.a.]

fundacio, -onis n f act of founding, foundation CR503/21

funerale, -is n nt a kind of candle or torch C93/31 [probably an error for OLD funale]

furnasium, -ii n nt oven EK34/27

furnitus, -a, -um pfp pass equipped, furnished SH200/34

furratus, -a, -um adj lined or trimmed with fur EK714/351, etc

furrura, -e n f 1. garment made from or trimmed with fur BR6/41; LI107/14; 2. fur lining or trim EK315/14, etc

fustianum, -i n nt fustian, a type of cloth C113/3, etc

fustulator, fystulator see fistulator

fynis see finis2


gacha, -e n f bowl EK34/25

Galathe, -arum n m inhabitants of Galatia, Galatian, hence ad Galathas (with 'epistola' understood) St Paul's Letter to the Galatians, a NT book EL241/33

Galeae, -arum n f Wales EK827/6

galeata, -ae sbst f the wearing of a helmet or a helmet [cp DML galeare]: see ordo

galeon, -onis n m galley, a vessel, often a war ship, driven by oars EK827/30, etc

Gallia, -e n f literally Gaul, here used as a name for contemporary France EK204/13, etc; OX218/14, etc; SH98/31

Gallicus, -a, -um adj French EK204/33; OX315/13; WL9/28

galliprelium, -ii n nt cockfight C259/24, etc; written as two words galli prelia literally cockfights but glassed Cockepyttes CH116/2 [cp DML galliproelium]

gal(l)o, -onis n m gallon, a liquid measure equal to four quarts, here chiefly used for wine EK60/24, etc; chiefly used for ale LI196/3, etc

Gallus, -i sbst m in CL an inhabitant of Gaul, hence a Frenchman SX212/10

gaola, -e n f gaol, distinguished from a prison as a place for short or temporary confinement SH273/31; gaolda SH112/7; see also deliberacio

garba, -e n f sheaf (of grain), here used as a heraldic emblem SH100/24; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)

garcio, -onis n m boy, lad, usually a servant EK34/28, etc; here likely an acolyte EL22/39

garda, -e n f guard SH161/32; see also ualettus

gardianus, -i n m warden, guardian IC23/4: 1. an administrative officer of a town EK757/33; such an officer appointed to organize a play, playwarden EK739/26, etc; gardianus ad ludum EK739/25, etc, gardianus ludi EK737/17, etc; 2. an administrative officer of a guild, here with responsibility for pageants, a pageant warden LI318/6, etc; 3. the lord warden of the Cinque Ports SX47/37; EK765/3, etc; 4. churchwarden CH797/28; EL203/20, etc; H167/34, etc; L18/41, etc; LI266/11, etc; OX495/11, etc; SH115/13, etc; SM129/26, etc; SX10/2, etc; W355/11m, etc; WL235/29, etc; gardianibus (3rd decl dat/abl) EK765/39; 5. keeper of an animal: gardianus urcium bearward EK764/26, etc; 6. gardianus de Flete warden of the Fleet Prison IC23/3

gardinum, -i n nt garden, piece of enclosed ground used for cultivation CH53/32, etc; SM182/24

gardium, -ii n nt ward, administrative district of a town EK330/28

gardura, -e n f border or trim (of a garment) LI583/21

gargeta, -e n f throat SH14/17

garmentum, -i n nt garment, piece of clothing EK746/18, etc

garniamentum, -i n nt garment, piece of clothing SH191/1; garnementum EK315/12

garnishtura, -e n f a set of dishes, platters, and the like, for use at table EK101/22, etc [cp OEDO garnish n.]

Garsconia, -e n f Gascony, a district of France EK54/32

garulacio, -onis n f chatter, foolish talk LI108/18

Gaude v imper used as sbst name of an antiphon or other piece of liturgical music; there are too many pieces beginning 'Gaude' for it to be identified LI332/34

gaudeo, -dere, -di, -isus v intr with abl 1. to enjoy, rejoice in C510/11; 2. to enjoy the possession of (eg, a privilege, property, et al) C363/19, etc; CH154/35; EL125/25, etc

gaudimonium, -ii n nt gaudy, a festive meal often held annually in a college in commemoration of some important event or anniversary OX71/1, etc [see OEDO gaudy n. 4. and 5.]

gaudium, -ii n nt 1. joy, happiness OX128/21, etc; 2. gaudy, a festive meal often held annually in a college in commemoration of some important event or anniversary OX8/5 [see OEDO gaudy n. 4. and 5.]

Geminus, -i n m literally a twin, here the name of the title character of the play Geminus Campanus OX135/30, etc

generacio, -onis n f a generation, that is, a group of people descended from the same parents and regarded as a single degree in the descent of a family WL14/9; or a group of people born at around the same time EL245/20

generalis, -e adj 1. general, common, communal LI203/28; SH172/11, etc (referring to a town community); 2. general, applicable to all EL208/23; LI7/6, etc; see also commissarius, deliberacio, sessio, uicarius

generosus, -i n m gentleman CH151/27, etc; DR211/4, etc; EK62/38, etc; EL125/19, etc; H119/2, etc; IC34/3, etc; L67/37m, etc; LI72/39, etc; OX125/16, etc; SH161/33, etc; SX185/8, etc; W404/9, etc; WL113/19, etc

genesis, -is n f birth, beginning: the title of an OT book, Genesis CH808/17m (in Greek acc form), etc

genitrix, -icis n f mother, here as a title of the Virgin Mary: Domini Genitrix Mother of the Lord CH36/23

gens, -ntis n f 1. literally a people, nation, hence in pl by extension people, persons CH154/2, etc; 2. in CL in pl the rest of the world, non-Romans, hence in Christian Latin gentiles, pagans CH812/4; see also aduersus

gentaculum see iantaculum

gentilis, -e adj gentile, ie, not Christian, pagan, comm pl as sbst pagans WL78/30, etc

gentilitas, -atis n f state of being a pagan WL78/23

genuflecto, -ctere, -xi, -xum v tr to cause (someone) to kneel OX8/23

Georgianus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to (St) George: see campus

gero, -rere, -ssi, -stum v tr 1. literally to bear or carry C399/5, hence to carry or bring (something with one) SM424/17; gerens datum bearing the date, dated (of an order or other document) CH691/33, etc; IC86/27, etc; LI323/7, etc; 2. to perform, do (something), act C205/23 (in supine); 3. hence with refl and adv to behave in a certain way C147/20; CH781/26; LI58/32; SM145/28-9, etc; bene gerere to behave well or in a peaceable manner, often a condition of a bond to keep the peace CH753/18; W383/18; 4. hence in idiom pacem gerere to keep the peace, often a condition of a bond to keep the peace L5/37, etc; LI72/35; 5. to have, possess SH185/26; 6. to bear (as an emblem or device) SH98/30; 7. of parts of the body, to employ; to move or gesture with in some way C95/19; 8. in idiom rem gerere to carry on, perform LI603/12; 9. in pass to happen, take place C267/34, hence res gesta deed, exploit, usually of the past C236/5; see also uicis

gestator, -oris n m jester, an entertainer: possibly either one making use of mimetic gestures or a teller of tales LI345/8; SH201/37 [DML gerere, 2 gestator, gestus]

gesticulacio, -onis n f gesture, gesticulation, especially that associated with mime in the ancient theatre SM237/2, etc

gesto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to bear, carry C236/29; 2. to gesture, make expressive movements; possibly to mime or mimic? C75/4, etc

gestor, -oris n m jester, an entertainer: possibly either one making use of mimetic gestures or a teller of tales EK909/14 [DML gerere, 2 gestator, gestus]

gestrum, -i n nt dagger CH50/8

gestura, -e n f conduct, behaviour CH46/30

gestus, -i n m feast, banquet SM177/25, etc; gustus SM183/37, etc

gestus, -us n m 1. movement of the limbs or body, expressive action C236/10, etc; 2. behaviour, manner W349/2, hence bonus gestus good behaviour (as condition of peace or appearance bonds and the like) C491/7, etc; CH119/30, etc; DR276/6, etc

gigator, -oris n m literally one who plays a 'giga,' or rebec (probably a pear-shaped bowed stringed instrument); possibly a generic term for a player of bowed, as opposed to plucked-string, instruments, fiddler W379/21m, etc [see Remnant, Mary. "Gigue (ii)." In Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online, (accessed June 2, 2009).]

gilda, -e n f 1. guild, an association or confraternity of people having some common purpose and brought together for mutual benefit and the pursuit of that purpose, eg, a religious or craft guild LI24/23, etc; SH74/10; 2. by extension a guild meeting, here that of a guild merchant (a body made up of the merchants of a town and often acting (under a royal charter) as the town government) W348/6 [DML gilda 2a,b and pp W579--80 (endnote to LPL: MS 171 f 45v)]; see aula

gildales n pl probably an English gloss; see gilda W348/39

gimnasiarcha, -e n m schoolmaster LI208/5; gimnaziarcha LI208/27

gimnasium, -ii n m centre of learning, school IC6/29 [cp OLD gymnasium]

Glabrio, -onis n m fictive L nomen for a mock-jury member: Cucullus Glabrio 'Hoody Hairless' (with a pun on L 'cucullus,' 'hood' and 'cuculus,' 'cuckoo' and E 'cuckold') IC463/27

gladiator, -oris n m literally a gladiator, hence swordsman, fencer OX512/13, etc

gladiatorius, -a, -um adj literally of or pertaining to a gladiator or gladiatorial shows, hence of or pertaining to fencing C259/23, etc; see ludus, lusus, schola

glorificacio, -onis n f glorification, act of making glorious or bright W347/7

globus, -i n m 1. globe (as a heraldic device) SH99/4; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v); 2. in pl either globes (ie, a set of terrestrial and celestial globes) or balls for playing bowls, bowls OX279/37 [see DML globus and OEDO globe n.]

Gloucestria, -e n f Gloucester: 1. name of a town EK975/5; SH136/4; W397/34; Gloucestra W398/20; 2. name of a dukedom C23/5, etc; EK733/32, etc; SH30/8, etc; W399/21, etc; or of an earldom WL289/8; Glaucestria EK740/36, etc; Glawcestria EK352/6, etc; Glocestria EK78/30, etc; Glowcestria EK908/23 (in form Glow<...>), etc; SH148/15; W405/19, etc; 3. name of a county BR3/5, etc; 4. name of an archdeanery in the diocese of Worcester BR5/8

Glouernia, -e n f Gloucester: 1. name of a royal dukedom SX184/22; 2. name of a town and county WL219/7

Golias, -e (abl Gole) n m Golias, either the Vulgate spelling of the name Goliath, a Philistine warrior killed by David (see 1 Kgs 17(Vlg)) or the name of the legendary patron of the goliards and their verse; given the deliberately skewed nature of the mythological references in this text, the reference could be to either or to both OX799/22

Gonuillus, -i n m Gonville, surname of Edmund Gonville, original founder of Caius College, Cambridge (formerly known as Gonville and Caius College); see collegium

Gordianus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to Gordius, Gordian: nodus ... Gordianus the Gordian knot (see next entry), used proverbially to refer to any seemingly insoluable problem WL261/5

Gordius, -ii n m Gordius, said to be a king of Phrygia who challenged Alexander the Great to untie a complex knot, which Alexander loosed by cutting instead WL261/5

gracemania, -e n m graceman, administrative officer in a guild LI108/7 [see Introduction, pp LI415, LI455]

gracia, -e n f (sometimes in CL form gratia) 1. mercy, forgiveness, favour C229/13, etc; H98/16; OX194/28; SH97/36, SH100/20; W185/15; de gracia LI608/29 or ex gracia LI120/4, etc, by (one's favour), graciously; in idioms probably with an understood form of dimissus: ad graciam at (a judge's) favour or cum gracia with remission, apparently a kind of dismissal from an ecclesiastical court which also implies the forgiveness of a previous excommunication or of a required court fee H171/29m, etc; SH12/13m, etc; ex gracia graciously, mercifully, used of the actions of a judge EK893/29, etc (or ex speciali gracia EK307/4-5); H175/19, etc; IC132/2, etc; SX24/2; W386/23, etc; in legal idiom ponens se in gracia curie placing oneself at the mercy of the court SM397/13; gratia ex officio, literally forgiveness as a courtesy, is rendered 'a groat out of mine office' as part of a punning speech on OX270/28--9; 2. hence dispensation EL22/16; 3. favour, goodwill CH56/6, etc; DR50/37; OX529/27; hence in gratiam (+ gen) to oblige (someone) OX217/37; 4. by extension grant, a benefit or payment bestowed gratuitously EL22/22, etc; 5. hence grace, divine favour BR3/21; C404/2; CH55/26, etc; CR504/30; EK779/22, etc; EL143/11; L21/23, etc; LI3/5, etc; OX196/5, etc; SH/263/39, etc; SM189/11, etc; SX170/29, etc; W451/24, etc; WL217/16, etc; 6. by extension grace, a divine gift operating in human beings to sanctify, regenerate, and strengthen (often used in conventional salutation at opening of a letter) BR5/9; CR527/11; DR247/10; EK974/7; H98/11, etc; LI3/6, etc; OX3/8; SM173/38; 7. thanks LI208/24; OX232/37, etc; gratiarum actio thanksgiving OX11/8, etc; gratias agere to thank (with dat of person) C510/12, etc; EK204/38; OX63/39, etc; gratias dicere to give thanks EK980/19; gratias habere OX127/20 or habere ~ OX107/10 to be thankful; 8. in abl + gen of gd, expressing purpose for the sake of, so as (to do something) CR465/8; IC651/18; OX11/16, etc; gratia CH134/16, etc; see also an(n)us

gracilis, -e adj literally thin, hence (of sounds) thin, high-pitched, shrill WL8/19

Gracilius, -ii n m fictive L nomen for a mock-jury member, from the root of 'gracilis,' slender: Gracilis Macer 'Skinny Meagre' IC464/8

graciose adv in a pleasing or agreeable manner, graciously LI607/27; WL247/15

gracius var of gratius [OLD grate]

gradiens, -ntis pr p passant (as heraldic term) SH98/34; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)

graduatus, -a, -um adj having graduated: scholaris ... graduatus graduate student, one who is already a bachelor in one of the faculties and still pursuing a higher degree OX512/15--17; scholaris ... non graduati undergraduate student, one who is not yet a bachelor in any faculty OX512/15--16; m sg as sbst graduate; in idiom residens graduatus a graduate still resident in Cambridge C364/15

gradus, -us n m 1. step, stair C93/21, etc; 2. academic rank, university degree C841/25, C379/3, etc

Graecus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Greece; see historia

grammatica, -e n f grammar, one of the arts of the trivium, the first stage in the study of the seven liberal arts required for the medieval arts degree OX54/4, etc; see also studens

gram(m)aticalis, -e adj of or pertaining to grammar in its ancient sense, ie, including what would now be classified as literary criticism; libri ... gramaticales grammar books EL19/9-10; libri grammaticales OX9/2, etc; hence in title of play Bellum Grammaticale, 'The War of Grammar' C847/37; see also sc(h)ola

grammaticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to grammar in its ancient sense, ie, including what would now be classified as literary criticism; see sc(h)ola

grande adv grandly (referring to one of the two manners of keeping Christmas at Middle Temple, grand or solemn, apparently according to the activities allowed) IC128/9, etc

grandis, -e adj grand (referring to one of the two manners of keeping Christmas at Middle Temple, grand or solemn, apparently according to the activities allowed) IC206/29, etc

grandisonans, -tis adj sounding grand, lofty, or noble C239/10

granditas, -atis n f size, grandeur OX137/9

granium var of granum [OLD]

granum, -i n nt grain of corn: see mercatum

gratanter adv gratefully OX63/39, etc

gratia see gracia

Graticus, -i n m fictive L cognomen for a mock-jury member, from the root of 'gratia,' 'grace, favour': Minutius Graticus 'Tiny Grace' IC463/34

gratis adv freely, without further penalty or payment EK606/20m, etc; OX481/32, etc; SM93/25m, etc

gratus, -a, -um adj 1. welcome, agreeable, pleasant DR247/29; 2. unforced, willing, free CR491/8; see also habeo

grauamen, -inis n nt 1. injury, harm, disturbance EK731/12; L21/34; OX13/20; 2. grievance, complaint EL186/8

Grayus, -i sbst m a member of Gray's Inn IC380/5, etc

Gregorius, -ii n m Gregory, the name of several saints, especially St Gregory i (c 540-604), pope and theologian CH812/12; Gregorius Nazianzus St Gregory of Nazianzus (329-89), bishop and theologian CH812/5 [ODCC]

gressessus, -i sbst m apparently from 'gresumarius' var of 'gersumarius' one possessing a holding by the payment of a premium, called in OE 'gersuma,' used especially of an heir L241/15

grex, -egis n m literally flock, herd, here used metaphorically for a Christian congregation or other community under the care of a bishop or other pastor LI4/25, etc

grossior, -ius compar adj thicker WL8/18

grossus, -a, -um adj 1. big, large EK101/9; (of salt or the like) coarse EK101/13; in grosso gross (as opposed to net), in full, in total EK100/27, etc; in grosso IC11/10; LI27/15 or in grossum (written as one word) LI32/11 including everything, inclusive (of payments or charges); 2. nt sg as sbst a gross, twelve dozen EK104/5

gru n indecl literally a grunt in phr ne gru quidem literally not even a grunt, ie, not a sound LI352/23 [LSJ γρυ]

gruinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a crane; see caro

Gualensis, -is sbst m Welshman WL57/23

Gualinfordensis, -e adj of or belonging to Wallingford, name of a feudal lordship in Oxfordshire WL57/18

gubernacio, -onis n f oversight: either care, protection or control EK77/21

gubernator, -oris n m literally steersman, pilot, hence: 1. organizer, ringleader OX8/18; 2. governor, one of the governing body of Lincoln's Inn, chosen from among the benchers IC8/5, etc

guerra, -e n f war CH45/8; LI608/9, etc; SH353/14; used as a name element IC462/12

guerrimus, -a, -um adj warlike, hence offensive SH264/11, etc

guerrinus, -a, -um adj warlike CH681/6 (in form guerr<...> due to MS condition); OX8/16

guihalda, -e n f guildhall, centre of town government SH263/30; specifically the Guildhall, centre of civic government in London EL97/9, etc; guilhalda CR498/29; see also aula, gilda

guinterna, -e n f gittern, a type of small, short-necked lute BR6/31 [see Wright, Laurence. "Gittern." In Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online, (accessed June 2, 2009).]

gula, -e n f literally throat, by extension appetite, gluttony LI5/1

gulosus, -i sbst m one who enjoys fine food, gourmand, hence by extension one who over-indulges in food and drink CR464/12

gustus see gestus

Gwallia, -e n f Wales WL3/10, etc

gyganteam var of giganteam [OLD Giganteus]

gynaecaeus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to women, female OX309/10; nt sg as sbst gynaecaeum a section set aside or reserved for women OX306/22


habeo, -ere, -ui, -itum n tr 1. to have, possess (whether literally or figuratively) BR125/1; CH47/31, etc; LI3/12, etc; hence to have as a right CH45/9, etc; 2. to have, receive CH718/36, etc; 3. to hold, conduct LI341/24, etc; 4. to have (a person in a given office or capacity) LI25/25, etc; 5. to have (to do something) CH843/12, etc; LI347/15, etc; 6. to have, observe (a custom) CH77/31, etc; 7. to have (something brought into a given condition or state) LI125/13; 8. as legal term to have (someone or something) available (eg, in court or before a judge) CH116/3; 9. to hold an opinion, consider CH768/23; hence with appositives regard, consider (something as) CH768/13, etc; (with n + predicate adj); gratam habere to regard (an action) as pleasant, hence, to be pleased at BR4/19; ratam habere to regard (an action) as valid or established LI132/15-16; hence, to approve it BR4/37; ratum et gratum habere literally to regard (an action) as pleasing and valid, hence to regard it as approved CH155/23, etc

habitaculum, -i n nt dwelling, hence scaenicum habitaculum stage house, part of the traditional scenery used for Roman comedy OX306/11

habitus, -us n m literally style of dress, hence (religious) habit LI607/2, etc; SM237/7, etc

hac see ante hac, post hac

hacca, -e n f axe SH14/15; hacha OX6/4

hacknellus, -i n m hackney, hack, a saddle-horse, often one for hire EK315/15, etc [cp OEDO hackney n. (a.)]

hae, tes def art f transliteration of Gk ἡ, τῆς, the f def art IC659/17

haereditate over-corrected form of hereditate [OLD hereditas]

haeres over-corrected form of heres [OLD]

halec, -ecis n m herring: halec albus white, ie, salt, herring EK100/36; halec rubeus red, ie, fresh, herring EK100/37

halibuttum, -i n nt halibut, a flat fish popular as food EK340/36, etc

haraldus, -i n m herald: 1. messenger SX184/5; herodus SH159/35; heredis (3rd decl) SH161/36?; 2. herald of arms, an officer in a royal or noble household concerned with the regulation of arms and their bearing: haraldus armorum EK101/29; herodus de armis SH159/34; heraudus EK315/22

harnisia, -e n f harness, gear, here probably specifically armour EK104/34, etc; hernesia EK104/3

harparator, -oris n m harper, one who plays upon a harp, possibly a generic term for players upon plucked-string, as opposed to bowed, instruments H189/16, etc; harpator EK29/11, etc

Harperus, -i n m literally harper, here apparently a Latinized surname, Harper EK69/13

Hartfordia, -ae n f Hartford: 1. name of a county IC201/26; Hartfortia IC464/13; 2. name of a town: Hertfordia EK322/19

Haspurgensis, -is n f Habsburg, an ancestral castle on the Aar River from which the counts of Habsburg, later Holy Roman Emperors, took their name EK779/24, etc

hasta, -e n f literally spear, here apparently one of the four shafts supporting the canopy that the representatives of the Cinque Ports bore above the king or queen at the coronation EK734/7, etc

hastiludium, -ium n nt literally a sport with spears, hence hastilude, joust, tournament LI607/2, etc; OX529/32

haubergettus, -i n m a small, or light, hauberk, a short coat or tunic of mail CH45/7

hauriens, -ntis prp drawing, pulling EK104/1

(h)ebdomada, -e n f week EK553/3; W397/24, etc; ebdomada Paschatis Easter week, ie, Easter Sunday and its octave SM241/35, etc, or hebdomeda Pasche WL42/23; hebdomada natalis Domini Christmas week, probably the feast of Christmas and its octave, 25-31 December SX17/30-1; in form (h)ebdomas (gen either -de or -dis) OX6/6, etc; ebdomas Pasche Easter week, ie, Easter Sunday and its octave OX11/39; ebdomas ... Pentecostes Pentecost week, ie, Pentecost Sunday and its octave OX11/39

Hector, -oris n m Hector, a hero of the Trojan War, here named as a character in the play Ajax Flagellifer OX308/13

heraldicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a herald, heraldic; see ars

heraudus see haraldus

herbergiator, -oris n m harbinger, royal officer with responsibility of finding accommodation for a royal party SH128/18, etc

Herburtus, -i n m Herburt, surname of Jan Herburt (1508-76), Polish historian and legist CH795/4m

hercia, -e n f hearse, a triangular frame to hold candles LI25/16

hereditamentum, -i n nt hereditament, what is capable of being inherited EL138/16

heredis see haraldus

Herefordensis, -is n m Hereford, name of a town and of a diocese H98/9, etc; OX34/13

Herefordia, -e n f Hereford: 1. name of a town and of a diocese H200/13, etc; SH6/7, etc; WL221/12; Herfordia SH193/5; 2. name of an earldom Herfordia EK51/20

heresis, -is n f heresy, heterodox teaching on some point(s) of Christian doctrine (an offence under both common and canon law and a capital crime in England from the early 15th to late 17th century) OX103/32; SM251/8, SM251/11

Hermes, -ae n m Hermes, the messenger and herald of the gods, a type of eloquence OX314/11

hernesia see harnisia

hernisatus, -a, -um pfp pass decorated SX14/11

herodus see haraldus

heroicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a hero, heroic (here applied to a fictive order of chivalry) IC424/23

Hertfordia see Hartfordia

hexemerus -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a period of six days C235/34 [from Gk ἑχήμερος]

Hibernia, -e n f Ireland C404/2, etc; CH55/26, etc; EK779/22; EL143/11; H94/6; IC666/22; L21/25, etc; LI59/10m, etc; OX196/6, etc; SH136/20, etc; SM189/11, etc; SX170/29, etc; W451/25, etc; WL158/4, etc; Hybernia WL3/6, etc

Hibernicus, -a, -um adj Irish OX315/13

Hieronymus, -i n m St Jerome (c 341-420), patristic theologian and translator CH807/33m, etc [ODCC]

Hierosolymitanus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Jerusalem C283/2

hipodidasculata, -e n f office of under-teacher or usher, ushership LI208/14

hipodidasculus, -i n m a second or under-teacher, usher LI208/6, etc

Hispania, -e n f the kingdom of Spain OX136/1; in idiom princeps Hispaniarum literally prince of Spains, the plural was adopted by convention from the eleventh century when the Christian kingdoms of Spain were being joined together by marriage or conquest EK779/23, etc

histernus, -a, -um adj next SM119/3 [apparently from Gk ὕστερος]

histor, -oris n m entertainer SM41/22 [apparently a local form of histrio]

(h)istoria, -e n f 1. literally story, account, history OX60/25, etc; Historiae 'The Histories,' title of a work on contemporary Italian history by Paulus Jovius CH779/31; Historia Graeca, Latinized title of Xenophon's Hellenica, a history of Greece during the author's lifetime SM191/37m, etc; Historia Polonica 'History of Poland,' title of a work edited by Jan Herburt CH795/6-7m; 2. by extension a visual representation of a story OX28/17; in the occurrence at H118/36 the exact sense cannot be determined

historialis, -e adj historical: historicalis comedia a historical comedy (here one set during the Roman Empire) OX135/35

historicus, -a, -um adj historical; see bibliotheca

historiographus, -i n m historian C132/30

historiola, -ae n f little story, a short tale OX305/4

histrio, -onis n m 1. actor, as in CL usage (often found in early modern AL usage) C241/26, C399/13, C543/38, C53/32?, C182/23?, C671/31?; DR171/29; OX162/31, etc; the pejorative usage in Quinel's Statutes (CR464/14, CR465/6) and other theological and penitential sources (eg, EK939/11; LI7/17; hystrio LI7/17c) is more influenced by the patristic sense of 'histrio' for a performer in obscene farces or ritual drama [see OLD, DML, and REED Devon LG histrio]; 2. entertainer, probably one whose entertainment included music of some kind CH49/35, etc; IC5/31, etc (here often referring to such entertainers retained by an Inn, eg, histriones dicti hospicii entertainers of the said Inn IC19/32); LI317/1, etc; WL288/20; estrio IC55/9; histreo IC5/21; histricio IC74/34; histro IC23/5, etc; istrio LI109/20; istruo IC52/15, etc; the connection with music is made explicit in such phrases as histriones harpatores & alii menestralli EK29/11; istriones & citharedes EK29/25; trumppator' & alii ystriones EK35/29; likely often used as a synonym of mimus and ministrallus, although the phr mimi & histriones in SX17/36 may be contrasting two groups: A. with specification:

  1. such an entertainer in the employ of a town, town wait (usually with name of town expressed) EK60/17, etc; SH130/32, etc; SX184/14; W400/25; communis ~ C6/36-7; histriones istius ciuitatis LI152/32, etc; histriones uille C13/15, etc; LI78/19; SH166/1, etc; histriones uocati Waytes SH131/35-6, etc; histriones uocati le waytes EK80/24; ystriones de uilla EK53/25; possibly distinguished from waits: histriones et wayts de brudgenorth SH203/5; histriones seu uigiles EK81/32, etc; in Shrewsbury not often explicitly a musician but see SH175/11-22; SH186/3-4?; also as synonym of ministrallus SH146/13; such an entertainer associated with, and perhaps synonymous with, mimus LI27/34, etc, or ministrallus LI107/23;
  2. with a named royal, noble, or other patron:
    1. an entertainer, possibly a musician, under such patronage C7/12, etc; CR494/29; EK28/17 (in form ystrio), etc; OX14/21, etc; SH127/5, etc (in Shrewsbury in the last decade of the sixteenth and first four decades of the seventeenth centuries, often certainly a musician SH159/5-6, etc); SX182/7, etc;
    2. a singer under such patronage SH176/35-6, SH177/22-3;
    3. a harper under such patronage SH177/35-6;
    4. synonym for mimus SH149/3 or ministrallus SH132/17-18, etc or for another musician under such patronage histriones nuncii & alii fistulatores EK73/12-13;
    5. a player under such patronage SH182/29-31? (or possibly another example of sense 2.A.ii.a);
  3. with other specification: histriones equestres mounted entertainers, entertainers on horseback (although context is scant, it seems unlikely that the accountant cared what form of transportation the entertainers used; cp REED Sussex EG foot pleys) EK80/11;
B. without specification, possibly used generically; often the exact sense cannot be determined: C4/33, etc; EK27/23, etc; L114/15, L114/23; SH129/16, etc; SX183/33, SX184/12, SX184/13, SX184/20, SX184/21, SX186/40, SX187/18, SX212/8; participant in May game SH191/6-7; with reference to music SH192/34-5, SH193/7-8; SH200/35? (in form istrio), SH201/15?; ~ uocatus Trumpet SH133/10; by far the most common of the three synonyms used in Cambridge; FORMS (only distinguished by senses for EK): histriho EK71/32 (sense 2.A.i., 2.B); histrior C38/14, etc; histro (declined as an i-stem) C70/41, etc; SH139/3; histronius C75/27, etc; hustrio L114/8; hystrio C3/28, etc; EK28/22, etc (sense 2.B); istrio C6/12, etc; EK28/27 (senses 2.A.ii.a,2.A.ii.b,2.B); SH200/28, SH200/35, SH201/7; ystrio C6/19, etc; EK28/34, etc (senses 2.A.i,2.A.ii.a,2.A.ii.a,2.B); SH479/13; ystryo EK36/22, etc (sense 2.B)

Holborn n indecl Holborn, a district in London and home to several Inns: Superior et Inferior Holborn Upper and Lower Holborn, name of a duchy held by a Christmas prince IC424/20; Holburnia IC488/37

Hollandia, -ae n f Holland, name of an earldom C662/12; Hollanda C676/3

homagium, -ii n nt homage, act of allegiance by a tenant or vassal to his lord CH45/6; LI606/15

homelia, -e n f homily, sermon, especially one on a biblical text CH808/17m; EL258/23m

Homerus, -i n m Homer, Greek epic poet believed to have been the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey SM192/23m [OCD]; see also Ilias

homo, -inis n m 1. literally human being, person C267/18, etc; EK537/24, etc; EL15/26, etc; LI3/7, etc; OX6/23, etc; WL79/17, etc; see also memoria; this is the sense originally intended in the quotation from Virgil's Aeneid on OX270/16 but the speaker quoting is apparently punning on L 'homines' and E 'ominous'; 2. used as a synonym for 'uir,' usually referring to hired labourers, porters, and the like man, male human being C267/14; CH45/7, etc; EK34/31, etc; LI5/25, etc; OX28/16, etc; SH138/33; WL54/2, etc; it is not possible to say in which way the word is used in C55/13, C60/34, or SX29/11; 3. in pl idiom with names of communities or the like locals, townspeople, parishioners LI103/34, etc; SH14/1, etc; often likely members of a group of local players EK732/26, etc; SH353/27, SH354/36; SX185/36; 4. liege man, servant C68/36; SX182/7; 5. in various idioms:

  1. homines in armis men-at-arms SH159/27;
  2. ~ cantator L equivalent of singing man, a choir singer? (see also cantator) SH76/33, SH77/20;
  3. legales homines legal men, technically those who have not been disqualified by excommunication, outlawry, or the like from serving as jurors CH26/4; EL97/17, etc; by extension possibly burgesses, members of the town oligarchy SH138/13, etc;
  4. probi homines SH133/7, etc, literally honourable men, are probably synonymous with the former as are the unmodified homines accompanying the town bailiffs on SH134/1 and SH134/6; probi & legales homines good and legal men SH135/13-14;
  5. vj homines possibly the Six Men, Shrewsbury town officials subordinate to the bailiffs with primarily financial responsibilities SH129/22; see also sessor

honor, -oris n m 1. honour, esteem LI24/26, etc; WL60/12, etc; 2. (feudal) honour, a lordship made up of several manors LI582/18, etc; WL57/16

honorabil(l)is, -e adj worthy of honour, honourable IC90/36, etc; compar honorabilior, -ius receiving greater honour, more honorable WL11/27

hora, -e n f hour: 1. literally hour, hour of the day C315/26, etc; CH68/28, etc; LI208/1; SM174/12; hour, time EK822/9, etc; ~ iija the third hour, about 9 am LI117/9; see also nonus; 2. specific time at which an event occurs C238/25, C332/30; 3. used absolutely in pl hours, a long time C236/34, etc; 4. in various idioms:

  1. ~ canonica either canonical hour, one of the set times for worship according to monastic or other community rules, or the form of service, part of the divine office, to be said at one of those set times C229/14-15; CH47/6; EK23/33; LI3/8; SM237/13, etc (sometimes hora alone used absolutely in this sense CR503/27; EK23/33; LI3/10) or a time designated by canon law, such as a canonical time for court sittings SH58/11;
  2. ~ causarum literally the hour of cases, a set time for church court sittings EK892/38, etc;
  3. ~ ecclesiastica canonical hour, one of the set times for worship according to monastic or other community rules, or the form of service, part of the divine office, to be said at one of those set times EL22/14; hore diurne & nocturne the day and night hours, ie, all the canonical hours, at whatever time they are observed EL22/12

horilogium, -ii n nt a clock, probably a mechanical one LI140/4, etc; horelogium LI166/32, etc; orilegium LI132/4; orilogium LI133/1, etc; orrilogium LI118/8

hospicium, -ii n nt 1. lodging, dwelling, home EK976/40; OX5/15, etc; specifically the lodgings of a college officer OX407/29; WL11/42 (in form hospitium); 2. hence hostel, an unendowed residence for students C47/19, etc; 3. by extension one of the Inns of Court or Chancery, at which members were trained in the law IC6/28, etc; hospicia curie Inns of Court IC11/4; 4. household EK341/22, etc; W464/22, etc; 5. hospice, guesthouse, a hostel maintained by a religious house for travellers and other strangers EL22/21, etc; SX185/9; Hospitium Amatorum literally lovers' hospice, translating the title of a play, Love's Hospital OX894/8--9 (cp OEDO hospital n. 1.); 6. inn SH42/33; hospicium Signi Swan Inn EK77/13; hospicium Solis Sun Inn EK77/33; 7. hospitality, welcome C510/12

hospitale, -is n nt hospital, charitable institution founded to care for the sick or needy EK823/19, etc; LI109/16

hospitor, -ari, -atus sum v intr to lodge, reside WL12/1

hostelarium, -ii n nt inn SH10/24

hostilitas, -atis n f war, hostilities SM423/10; W347/21

hostium var of ostium [OLD]

Hugucio, -onis n m the grammarian Huguccio of Pisa (fl. 1160), author of the Liber Derivationum, often confused with the Bolognese decretistic Huguccio, later bishop of Ferrera (d. 1210), here used by metonymy to refer to his writings EL19/8

huiusmodi n phr 1. functioning adjectivally or adverbially of this kind, in this way, such LI5/18, etc; 2. functioning substantively this, such things LI3/13 etc

humanior, -ius compar adj in idiom litere humaniores humane letters, the humanist curriculum of study, including Greek and Latin languages and literature, moral philosophy, poetry, rhetoric, history, and some natural philosophy and mathematics; see lector

humanitas, -atis n f 1. humane letters the humanist curriculum of study, including Greek and Latin languages and literature, moral philosophy, poetry, rhetoric, history, and some natural philosophy and mathematics; see lector; 2. humanity, kindness C510/20

humanus, -a, -um adj 1. literally of or belonging to a person, here an adult as opposed to a child EL241/27; 2. by extension humane, kindly EL22/9

Humbria, -e n f Humber, name of a river in northern England WL10/15

humiliacio, -onis n f act of submission to authority, obeisance IC23/31

humilio, -are, -aui, atum v tr to bring low, humble EL240/19

humilis, -e adj humble, lowly (as embodying a Christian virtue) EL208/22; LI58/31; OX3/7

humilitas, -atis n f humility, lack of arrogance (seen as a positive virtue rather than with negative CL connotations) SX4/3 [OLD humilitas]

humiliter adv in a humble manner CH47/8, etc; LI4/11; OX209/21; SX21/9; WL79/16

humor, -oris n m humour: quatuor humores the four humours, the four primary materials (earth, air, fire, and water) from which the human body and all other earthly things were believed to be made OX308/29 [OLD umor]

hundredarius, -ii n m hundreder, bailiff of a hundred court SM182/22m

hundredum, -i n nt hundred, legal and administrative subdivision of a county CH716/7m, etc; EK537/4; SH14/7; SM182/25

Huntingdonia, -e n f Huntingdon, name of an earldom EK309/34; Huntyngdonia EK331/18; Huntendonia C25/11

hustrio see histrio

hutesium, -ii n nt hue, outcry, especially the outcry made in pursuit of a criminal: hutesium facere to raise a hue CH717/21 (in form hut<...> due to MS condition)

huto, -ere v tr to bait (an animal, here a bull) LI316/16

Hybernia see Hibernia

Hybernicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Ireland, Irish SH98/31; WL3/8, etc

hyemare var of hiemare [OLD hiemo]

hyems var of hiems [OLD hiem(p)s]

hystorie var of historie [OLD historia]

hystrio see histrio


iacolator see ioculator

iacto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to cast up (accounts), hence to account (as), reckon IC125/29, etc

iactus, -us n m literally a throw or cast, here used of the movement made with a shuttle in weaving cloth WL54/13

iantaculum, -i n nt breakfast, the first formal meal of the day EK321/37; LI121/35, etc; gentaculum LI129/19

iconomus, -i n m churchwarden EK645/36, etc; SM40/34; economus L92/27; iconimus EK606/1, etc; oeconomus EK558/26, etc

ictus, -us n m literally a blow, here used of the movement made with a weaver's reed in separating and beating up threads in weaving WL54/14

idea, -ae n f form, appearance OX308/17

ideota, -e n m idiot, one incapacitated by extreme intellectual disability: de ideota probanda name of a writ that established a commission to ascertain whether an individual was an idiot and should be in wardship IC467/1

idioma, -atis n nt manner of speaking, especially one characteristic of a region or its people OX307/35; hence a particular language: ydioma maternum mother tongue OX27/28

idolum, -i n nt image, hence an image representing one of the pagan gods, an idol WL79/28, etc

Idus, -uum n f the ides, the thirteenth, or (in March, May, July, and October) the fifteenth, day of a month: in the Roman dating system, all other days of a month were designated by counting backwards from three fixed points, its nones (the fifth or seventh day), its ides, and the calends, or first day, of the following month DR248/9; Ydus EL245/5, etc [Cheney, pp 146-7]

ieiunium, -ii n nt fasting; see dissolucio

Ieremias, -e n m Jeremiah, an OT prophet or the biblical book named for him EL239/1, etc; LI4/26

Ierusalem indecl n Jerusalem, here the Latin kingdom of Jerusalem, still nominally attached to the Holy Roman Empire EK779/22, etc

Iesuanus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Jesus College, Cambridge; hence m pl as sbst men of Jesus College, probably the students C586/37

Iesuita, -ae n m a Jesuit OX178/25

Iesus, -u n m Jesus, used in nom or gen as short form of name of Jesus College, Cambridge, in identifying members of that college C433/32; see collegium

ignis, -is n m fire: 1. hence by extension, in pl the glowing coals or embers in a fire OX270/4; 2. a celebratory occasion marked by the lighting of a fire around which a group gathered OX11/15, etc; ~ capitularis OX30/17--18m, etc, or ~ capituli OX30/17 chapter fire, such a fire held by a college chapter; ~ magistrorum regentium OX29/2--4m or ~ regens OX57/34m or ~ regentium OX29/3, etc, regents' fire, such a fire held by the regent masters in a college

ignitegium, -ii n nt curfew, time at which fires are banked or extinguished OX11/9, etc

ignoramus 1st per pl pr of ignoro, we do not know, we are unaware [OLD], finding by an inquest jury of insufficient evidence for a true bill, ie, an indictment EK968/10; SH274/39m

Ignorantius, -ii n m fictive L nomen for a mock-jury member formed from the root of 'ignorantia,' 'ignorance' IC463/35

Ilias, -adis n f the Iliad, an epic poem of the Trojan War attributed to Homer SM192/24m

illuminatus, -a, -um pfp pass lit, alight (of candles or the like) EK78/24

im(m)ediate adv immediately, at once H64/36, etc; LI5/27, etc; OX11/13, etc; SH342/1, etc; SM178/5, etc; SX38/37; W378/3; inmediate OX27/22; SM183/1

immense adv extremely, excessively SH10/25

immorigerus, -a, -um adj disobliging, disobedient C399/27; OX530/12

immunitas, -atis n f immunity, exemption EL184/14; here in idiom ecclesiatica immunitas ecclesiastical immunity, the church's freedom from secular jurisdiction over the clergy and consecrated buildings or other spaces BR3/25; DR247/20

imparco, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to impound, shut up (cattle, et al) in an enclosure CH717/5

impello, -ellere, -uli, -ulsum v tr to push, drive, hence (of a breeze) to move by blowing, to stir WL4/16; see also aer

imperator, -oris n m in CL title of a military commander taken up by the Roman emperors; general, emperor: 1. the Holy Roman Emperor EK128/37m; 2. here applied to the king IC666/23; 3. a leader of student festivities at Trinity College, probably a Christmas lord C150/31

imperpetuum adv for in perpetuum [OLD perpetuus]

impetio, -ere, -ii, -itum v tr literally to attack, hence to bring legal proceedings against LI608/17

impetratio, -onis n f suing out (eg, of a writ) IC7/10

impetro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to obtain (a request or prayer) LI6/5; 2. to bring suit (for), sue (for) LI342/22, etc

impetuose adv in haste, impetuously WL223/14

impono, -onere, -osui, -ositum v tr 1. to place or lay upon or over OX137/4; used of a cloth badge to be appliquéd onto the waits' coats LI35/22; 2. hence to mount (a person on an animal) CH36/5; 3. to put in, house CH74/18; 4. to fix, impose LI603/7; OX136/2; hence to impose a tax, to levy OX282/7; 5. to assign, confer, hence to bestow (a sum of money), pay out OX237/22, etc [see DML imponere 19 and OLD impono 14]

importabilis, -e adj unbearable, insupportable EL21/28

importo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to carry, bear EK755/29

imposterum adv for in posterum [OLD posterus]

impraesentia adv at the present, now OX107/12

impregnascor, -nari, -natus v intr to be made pregnant SM85/23

imprecor, -ari, -atus sum v intr (+ dat) to curse, ill-wish (someone): in impersonal construction uae sit eis imprecatum woe betide them! OX6/23--4

impressor, -oris n m printer W539/24

imprimo, -ere, -essi, -essum v tr to print, publish C881/39; see priuilegium

improuisus, -a, -um adj literally unexpected, unforeseen, hence (of persons) unprepared, not ready WL57/25

inaduertencia, -e n f carelessness, inattention OX12/27

inauguracio, -onis n f the formal accession of a monarch; see dies, festum

incarceracio, -onis n f imprisonment, a judicial sentence of imprisonment C480/4; OX5/6, etc

incarcero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to imprison, impose a sentence of imprisonment C308/32, etc; EK755/31; OX7/37, etc; 2. pfp pass put into prison, gaoled SM399/20

incarnacio, -onis n f incarnation; see an(n)us

incautus, -a, -um adj either imprudent or unsafe OX12/30, OX12/37

incensans, -ntis sbst m one who censes, hence a thurifer LI105/24

incensus, -us n m incense EK25/14

incentiuum, -i sbst nt incitement, inducement EL21/8

incisor, -oris n m one who cuts, here by extension cutting edge: incisor ferri 'Iron edge,' attempt to render the name Taillifer into Latin SX212/16

inclaresco, -escere, -ui v intr to grow bright, shine OX232/40

inclusiuus, -a, -um adj enclosed (used, eg, of land) EK956/5

incognitus, -a, -um adj unaware of (something), having no knowledge of EL230/25

incollatus, -a, -um pfp pass incurred C225/5

incongruus, -a, -um adj incongruent, not fitting, inappropriate WL79/16

incontinencia, -e n f (sexual) incontinence DR275/11; WL217/10

incontinenti for in continenti [OLD continens]

incorrigibilis, -e adj incapable of being corrected, incorrigible SM143/34

incrementum, -i n nt literally growth, increase: 1. hence the process by which something is increased, intake; here by extension proceeds, taking, income OX33/3; SM708/26, etc; 2. an increased payment, rise EL231/10

incubus, -i n m incubus, an evil spirit that overlies a sleeper, either to suffocate them or to have sexual intercourse with them, here used as the fictive cognomen of a mock-jury member: Andreas Incubus 'Andrew Incubus' IC464/6

incumbens, -entis prp resting on, being supported upon OX306/1

incurro, -rere, -ri, -sum v intr incur, bring (a penalty) upon oneself H57/24; OX27/28; SH6/4; SM237/29, etc

indebite adv unsuitably, inappropriately SM174/21

indebitus, -a, -um adj unsuitable, inappropriate SM174/12

indefensus, -a, -um pfp pass undefended, without (legal) defence EL230/22

indefinenter adv without limits, unreservedly EK912/4

indempnis, -e adj safe, harmless WL8/13

indempnitas, -tatis n f freedom from harm, safety OX12/35

indentatus, -a, -um adj 1. indented, ie, having the top or bottom edge cut on a zigzag, used of either half of a legal document drawn up in duplicate on a single sheet and then separated by cutting along a zigzag line; one half was given to each party affected by the document, and the matching indentations authenticate the halves SX170/27, etc; W412/6; 2. here by extension to be set or decorated with EL15/6

indentura, -e n f indenture, an indented legal document CH462/16, etc; DR296/2; one governing the terms of an apprenticeship LI323/6, etc; often a deed of conveyance CH153/16, etc; EL25/23, etc; W413/31, etc

indeuote adv undevoutly, disrespectfully EL16/18

indeuotus, -a, -um adj not devout, impious LI3/10

indicibilis, -e adj unspeakable SM174/22

indictatus, -a, -um pfp pass indicted CH694/17m; LI609/29; OX8/13; SM251/9; indicatus CH116/3

indies for in dies [OLD dies]; see also dies

indirectus, -a, -um adj undirected, hence misguided EL21/32

indiscrete adv improvidently, recklessly EK909/35

indiscretus, -a, -um adj foolish, ill-considered OX32/21, etc

indorsatus, -a, -um pfp pass written as an endorsement, endorsed CH727/11, etc

induco, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr 1. to bring in, introduce (eg, a witness) OX42/2, etc; 2. to induct (someone) to a post or office OX45/28

inductio, -onis n f act of bringing or leading in: inductio Maij bringing in May, presumably a pastime involving bringing in a maypole LI3/17; inductio ... Autumpni bringing in autumn, a parallel festivity celebrating the harvest LI3/17

induitus, -a, -um pfp pass for indutus [OLD induo]

indulgencia, -e n f indulgence: in mediaeval canon law and theology, a grant of remission for temporal penalties of sin CR491/5m, CR491/9 [ODCC]

indumentum, -i n nt literally clothing, here referring to costuming for play characters SM249/3

industriosus, -i sbst m an energetic person WL264/5

ineptus, -a, -um adj unsuitable, unfit EL14/19

inexpectato adv unexpectedly, without warning OX308/20

inferi, -orum sbst m pl the lower, ie, infernal, regions, hence Hell LI4/30

infernum, -i n nt Hell, here a scaffold or the like representing Hell for use in a play EK747/2

informacio, -onis n f information, specifically that laid before a court in the course of proceedings EK974/16; H171/31; L23/15m; SH60/30, etc; SM105/39; W378/17

informo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to make (something) known, to inform (someone about something) EL230/19; OX10/29; SH40/32, etc; 2. hence to lay information, especially about an alleged office EK22/39; SH57/10, etc; SM96/10, etc; 3. by extension of sense 1 to teach OX54/12, etc; SX3/24

infortunium, -ii n nt misfortune, accident BR3/7; CH25/35m, etc; SX29/13, etc [Black's Misadventure; OEDO misadventure n. 2.]

infra1 adv 1. below, lower down a page IC84/7m, etc; OX50/29m; 2. within IC84/8, etc; OX13/21

infra2 prep with acc within: 1. of space CH717/26, etc; CR503/30; EK34/16, etc; EL98/8; H97/28, etc; IC45/23, etc; L120/34, etc; LI608/36, etc; OX6/29, etc; SH263/31, etc; SM173/38m, etc; SX18/6, etc; W413/5, etc; 2. by extension, of the boundaries of civil authority CH62/17, etc; DR283/2; EK594/20; L31/24; OX194/27, etc; SH264/20, etc; WL158/6, etc; 3. of time EK336/12, etc; EL21/39, etc; H100/2-3, etc; IC16/35, etc; L92/32; LI609/3, etc; OX54/7, etc; SM239/1; W411/15, etc

infracontentus, -a, -um pfp pass contained within SH266/10

infranominatus, -a, -um pfp pass named within SH266/8, etc

infrascriptus, -a, -um pfp pass 1. written within LI342/33, etc; OX11/37; SH266/15, etc; WL218/5; 2. nt as sbst something written within (a document) CH767/26

infusus, -a, -um pfp pass literally poured on, instilled, here by extension couched, laid on; see pannus

infuturum for in futurum [OLD futurum]

ingeniosus, -a, -um adj clever, talented, often with reference to handiwork or structure LI127/9

ingenuose adv frankly, openly EK871/36

ingero, -rere, -ssi, -stum v tr to place (something) before one's notice, bring to one's attention OX894/22

ingratitudo, -inis n f ingratitude, ungratefulness OX45/38

ingredior, -di, -ssus sum v intr to come, enter, here used metaphorically EL242/25

ingressus, -us n m literally act of entering or coming in, hence: 1. entry, physical means of access into an enclosed space DR247/19; EL25/38; 2. the action of entering a building DR247/29; 3. entry into a confraternity or guild C5/30; 4. hence entry into land in order to possess it or entry into a benefice in order to hold it; the occurrence at IC471/9 involves a play on these senses

ingrossum see grossus

inhabilitans, -antis prp making unsuitable, disqualifying OX7/35

inhibicio, -onis n f prohibition, order forbidding some activity CR503/19m; DR247/20; H99/16; LI6/23, etc

inhonoro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to dishonour, treat without respect LI6/28, etc

iniquitas, -atis n f evil, wrong-doing, iniquity H99/20

iniquus, -a, -um adj 1. unfair, wrongful EL21/25, etc; 2. evil, wicked, hence m as sbst a wicked man EL246/16

iniunctio, -onis n f order, injunction C132/32; CH47/17; EK609/35, etc; OX28/30m, etc; SH72/29

iniurio, -are, -aui,-atum v tr to injure, harm SM210/37

inmediate see immediate

Innocentes, -ium sbst m the (holy) Innocents, the children of Bethlehem killed by Herod in an attempt to kill the infant Jesus (Mt 2.16-18), commemorated liturgically on 28 December C29/5, etc; CR503/25; H100/17, etc; OX3/20, etc; SM236/7, etc; Innosentes SM252/12; see also dies, episcopus, festum, octaua

Innocentius, -ii n m Innocent, LL name popular with medieval popes (eight at the date of this occurrence), here used as a fictive L nomen for a mock-jury member with a play on two senses of the E adjective (not guilty and guileless or simple) IC463/29

innodo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to involve with H100/2; 2. to bind (used especially of binding offenders with the constraints of excommunication) SM239/13

innouacio, -onis n f renwal, repair WL215/11

in(n)perpetuum adv for in perpetuum [OLD perpetuus]

innumerosus, -a, -um adj without number, countless SX212/9

innuo, -ere, -i, -itum v tr to indicate, mean CH768/38, etc; WL197/23

inobediencia, -e n f disobedience W349/31

inobediens, -ntis adj disobedient LI347/20; OX3/28

inormis see enormis

inpossibile for impossibile [OLD impossibilis]

inposterum adv for in posterum [OLD posterus]

inprimis adv for imprimis [OLD]

inproperatus, -a, -um pfp pass blamed, reviled EK308/7

inquiens, -ntis prp saying [OLD inquam]

inquietacio, -onis n f literally disturbance, agitation OX28/34, etc; also used of the baiting of bears EK93/4, etc

inquieto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to disturb, molest, here used of the baiting of bears EK105/19m, etc

inquinacio, -onis n f stain, dirt, contamination LI4/2

inquiro, -rere, -siui, -situm v intr 1. literally to inquire, investigate (eg, a crime or complaint) LI3/19, etc; WL215/33; 2. hence to hold an inquest or other inquiry El230/28; IC464/13; LI78/34; SH10/4; WL157/39, etc

inquisicio, -onis n f 1. inquiry LI3/13, etc; SH6/5; 2. inquest, a judicial inquiry made on behalf of the Crown under the direction of a royal officer or the record thereof CH44/37, etc; EL97/9, etc; LI78/30m; SH10/7, etc; inquisicio de uasto an inquest concerning possible waste committed by tenants of the Crown W404/21-2; see also uastum; 3. specifically a coroner's inquest into the cause of a death OX5/20; SX170/27, etc; 4. judicial inquiry made by ecclesiastical authorities EK308/13; SM72/37, etc

inquisitor, -oris n m 1. member of an inquest jury SH134/25; 2. questman, parish officer inferior to a churchwarden SM185/12, etc; SX24/1, etc

insalsitas, -atis n f lack of wit or humour, dulness C295/31

insalubris, -e adj unhealthy; see caro

insedeo, -edere, -edi, -essum v intr (+ dat) to sit upon OX307/21

insensatum, -i sbst nt poor judgement, senselessness WL9/13

insensissimus, -a, -um superl adj completely unperceived by one's senses, completely unnoticed by one (with dat of person) OX308/13

insolutus, -a, -um adj unpaid EK753/7; IC92/40; used of rent W413/8, etc

installacio, -onis n f installation, ceremony in which an abbot or prior formally assumed his office EK34/13; see also dies

installo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to install (a canon or the like) formally in his office or perquisites EK947/11; EL21/37, etc

instancia, -e n f urgent request, instance IC36/36, etc

instans, -ntis prp 1. standing near by, present SM239/17; 2. (of dates) present, instant C332/28, etc; CH228/4; CR504/10; EK63/38, etc; H98/20, etc; L21/5; LI606/14, etc; SH42/22, etc; SM163/8, etc; SX171/1, etc; W389/5; hence instanti at this time OX799/25

instanter adv at once SX171/14

instigacio, -onis n f urging, instigation SM145/25

institutio, -onis n f literally the act of teaching, education, hence principles of instruction; see epitome

institutor, -oris n m teacher, instructor OX86/2

institutum, -i sbst nt usage, custom EK912/1

institutus, -a, -um prf pass instituted (to a benefice), used of clerics EK975/14

instruccio, -onis n f (written) instruction: probably of a legal nature EK974/14; probably from an ecclesiastical court judge SM162/36, etc

instrumentum, -i n nt 1. tool: hence instrumenta ioci the tools of play, here referring to the gear of a puppet play LI78/31; instrumenta secatiua cutting tools SH264/24; 2. musical instrument BR59/37, etc; L149/28 (a stringed instrument), L35/34 (a wind instrument); LI33/39; OX5/26, etc; SH277/21; SX14/12 (probably); WL8/26; instrumentum musicale OX28/36 or ~ musicum CH177/26; EK204/34-5; OX6/27, etc; or musicum instrumentum WL8/7, etc, musical instrument

insufficiens, -ntis adj insufficient, hence (legally) deficient (in pleading or the like(?)) CH723/23, etc

insufficientia, -e n f lack, insufficiency SM200/38m, etc

insula, -e n f literally island: in the translation of a play title, insula fluctuans in fixam conversa The Floating Island Made Fixed OX893/31; by extension a peninsula: insula Purbeck the Isle of Purbeck, a peninsula bounded by the English Channel, Poole Harbour, and the River Frome DR170/21-2

insulta, -e n f attack, assault L21/31 [cp OLD insulto, to leap upon]

insultus, -us n m attack, assault CH692/16, etc; CR527/20; EL230/7; OX5/35, etc [cp OLD insulto]

insurrectio, -onis n f uprising, insurrection CH681/5

intantum adv for in tantum [OLD tantum]

integre adv wholly, entirely EL22/31, etc; LI341/26

intercenandione apparently n f abl sg possibly an error for 'inter cenandum,' while dining, during the dinner? C568/10

interdictum, -i n nt interdict, a canonical penalty that included a ban on the administration of the sacraments and restricted the celebration of solemn services; an interdict could be applied to a single church, a group of churches, or a whole diocese or group of dioceses DR247/26; EK308/41 [ODCC interdict]

interdictus, -a, -um prf pass forbidden CR465/9; EK912/2

interloquor, -qui, -cutus sum v tr as legal term to imparl, confer with an opponent for the purpose of a settlement EL230/14

interloquutor, -oris n m literally one who takes part in a conversation, hence speaking part, speaker OX268/30

interludium, -i n nt interlude, a form of popular pastime or entertainment; sometimes used as synonym for 'ludus'; possibly primarily visual but a wide range of activities could be described by the word C53/33; CH48/21; EK901/1, etc; H57/19, etc; IC3/23, etc; LI333/13; OX43/19, etc; SH5/39, etc; SM251/14-15 (glossed with E 'pleyes'); possibly used in an extended sense on EK974/9 (see p EK973 for a discussion of the range of likely meanings); enterludium H121/34; interludum SH159/23, etc

interlusor, -oris n m interluder: 1. a performer under royal, noble, or other patronage C78/14; SH176/12, etc; 2. a local or parochial performer SH197/17, SH199/35; participant in a May game SH200/37, SH201/1, SH202/26-8; or in a Robin Hood game SH203/35; 3. player? SH189/27, SH193/14, SH193/16; in SH191/35 lusores and interlusores are distinct but apparently providing a mixed entertainment including music; 4. used generally SH202/36, SH205/29

interlusum, -i n nt interlude SH180/21, SH199/35; see also interludium

intermedium, -ii sbst nt the mid-point, the middle: in intermedio (+ dat) in or on the middle (of) OX12/18

interminacio, -onis n f threat, danger EL4/1; H57/21; SH6/1; W396/13

interpositus, -a, -um pfp pass 1. introduced, brought in CH305/18; 2. imposed, inflicted CH788/25, etc

interrogatorium, -ii n nt interrogatory, article drawn up for the questioning of witnesses CH137/25, etc; DR123/16, etc; EL171/1, etc; SM30/24, etc

intersero, -ere, -ui, -tum v tr literally to plant, here in idiom interserere decretum to decree? SH65/22

intersessio, -onis n f either 1. a plea, intercession or 2. guarantee, bond C455/6 [DML intercessio, OLD intercessio2]

interuenio, -ire, -i v intr (of a third party) to intervene in a suit in which one was not originally involved C332/23

inthronizacio, -onis n f enthronement, the formal entry into office of a bishop or archbishop EK258/17, etc; intronisacio EK315/15m; intronisasio EK40/20; intronizacio EK41/5, etc

intimacio, -onis n f announcement, specifically the public prior announcement of one's intention to seek to clear oneself by compurgation; such an announcement was required to allow challenges to be made at the time of compurgation C364/18; W389/22

intimo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to inform CH47/6, etc; EL21/15, etc; SX24/2; as prp making known, informing OX799/24

intracio, -onis n f act of entering (eg, a suit) before a court CH78/37

intrinsecus, -a, -um adj internal, private OX3/24

intro, -are, -aui, -atum v intr or (sometimes) tr 1. to go in, enter OX9/16, etc; hence in tr construction to formally enter a trade or trade guild CH56/13, etc; 2. as legal term (usually with 'in' and accusative) to enter into, take formal legal possession of (property or the like) CH723/29, etc; EL26/35; L82/11, etc; in tr construction without 'in' OX259/17

introduco, -cere, -xi, -uctum v tr to introduce into court as evidence, used of information, letters, certificates, and the like CH797/33, etc; EK900/9, etc

introitus, -us n m entry: 1. a hostel for students and other members of the university OX9/1; 2. a formal entering into a city or the like OX314/40; 3. entry (into office) EK39/12; 4. an entrance EL26/1 [see OEDO entry 1b and 8]

intromitto, -ittere, -isi, -issum v tr 1. literally admit to or introduce, hence in idiom se intromittere (with 'de' + abl) to involve oneself in, concern oneself with, engage in BR5/36; EL211/24; LI347/15-16; 2. to associate with, mix with (someone) WL238/23

intronisacio, intronisasio, intronizacio see inthronizacio

intronisio, -onis n f enthronement, the formal entry into office of a bishop or archbishop EK314/37, etc

intrusio, -onis n f illegal entry into a trade or trade guild CH55/32

inuasiuus, -a, -um adj offensive, hostile (of weapons) CH681/7, etc; SH264/17

inuencio, -onis n f act of discovering or finding something; hence inuencio ... sancte Crucis the Invention, ie, finding, of the Holy Cross by the mother of Constantine the Great, commemorated on 3 May OX11/39; see also festum

inuenio, -nire, -ni, -ntum v tr 1. to find OX8/38, etc; 2. to find, determine by investigation OX3/18, etc; 3. to acquire, hence nomen inuenire to take one's name OX85/24

inuentarium, -ii n nt 1. inventory, a list of objects C121/33 (in form invitorium); 2. inventory, a legally certified list and valuation of all possessions, receivables, and debts of a person at the time of his or her death, made for probate purposes under the direction of a court C203/17, etc; W445/17, etc; inuentoria (n f) EL217/22

inuentor, -oris n m deviser, inventor: De rerum inuentoribus title of a work on inventors and their discoveries by Polydore Vergil SM195/16-17m

inuentorio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to inventory, make a list and valuation of goods and receivables EL97/19

inuestio, -ire, -iui, -itum v tr to invest (someone) as (with predicative modifier) EK946/14

inuitatorium, -ii n f invitatory, the psalm (Ps 94 (Vg)) said at the start of the first of the divine offices for any given day, also known as the Venite EK24/26

inuito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to entertain OX566/32; 2. to invite OX51/15, etc; hence in idiom non invitantes seipsos (literally not having invited themselves) not having given warning of their arrival OX36/27 [see OEDO invite v. 1.a.]

inuolutus, -a, -um pfp pass wrapped up (in), wound up (in) EK26/26, etc

Ioannensis see Iohannensis

iocalis, -e adj of or pertaining to a play or traditional game; see pannus; nt as sbst valuable or precious object, treasure OX47/17 [see DML jocalis]

Iocasta, -ae n f Jocasta, the mother, and later the wife, of Oedipus, here named as a play character OX178/17

iocor, -ari, -atus sum v intr literally to jest, joke, hence to engage in an amusing pastime, to sport OX6/35

iocosus, -a, -um adj 1. full of jokes, jesting, here describing a professional jester or buffoon: humorous, witty WL247/20; 2. of or pertaining to a 'iocus,' a jest, a trick, or sometimes a play, hence dominus iocosus play lord (but possibly rather an occurrence of Iocosus, -i n m Joyce, Josse, Latin form of the name of the Breton St Judoc) SX184/31; see p SX288 (endnote to PRO: SC 6/Henry 7/1874 ff [1-1v]) and dominus

ioculacio, -onis n m 1. light entertainment C236/13; 2. specifically that offered by a 'ioculator' SH178/5

iocularis, -e adj of or pertaining to pastime or sport, entertaining OX55/7, OX56/29

ioculator, -oris n m juggler, entertainer C3/27, etc; CR465/6, etc; EK939/11, etc; LI7/17; OX48/32 (in form iaculator); SH178/3, etc; SX18/6; WL10/23; sometimes one under expressed royal or noble patronage (then possibly a synonym of histrio sense 1) OX72/20; SX18/4, SX18/15; iacolator SH186/39; iugulator C15/24; SH197/19

ioculo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to jest, to provide amusement or entertainment H99/28

iocunditas, -atis n f amusement, pleasure, delight SH178/13, etc [OLD iucunditas]

iocus, -i n m (nt in pl) 1. in CL jest, joke (usually verbal) C238/30?; DR171/15?; LI6/13, etc; 2. hence in AL, amusement, sport, pastime (ie, not necessarily verbal humour) C238/30?; DR171/15?; IC6/31; L77/18; OX55/5; W451/29 (synonym of E 'dauncinge'); WL79/26; see also instrumentum; 3. by extension play, interlude SH115/14, SH191/36?; WL235/30; 4. musical performance SH191/36?; 5. trick (of a performing animal) SH182/10

Iohannensis, -e adj of or pertaining to St John or foundation named for him, Ioannensis collegium St John's College OX314/40; hence m pl as sbst Iohannenses the men of St John's College OX308/25

Ionas, -ae n m Jonah, name of a Hebrew prophet and an OT book CH810/27m, etc

Ioseph n indecl Joseph, name of several saints, especially Joseph of Nazareth, husband of the Virgin Mary, here likely a person representing the saint LI108/8

Iouialis, -e adj of or pertaining to Jupiter SH99/16

Iouis see Iuppiter

Iouius see Paulus Iouius

irregularitas, -atis n f a breach of canon law sufficiently serious to impede a priest from exercising his office, here especially one arising from exercising a judicial role OX7/25, etc [see CEO irregularity]

irrigimen, -inis n nt lack of discipline, unruliness CH55/33

irrito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to invalidate, make void EL23/17

irrotulamentum, i n nt enrolment (of an indenture) OX491/18

irrotulo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to enroll (a legal document or record) formally in a record copy L83/8, etc; DR296/6

Isiacus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to the Isis, the river flowing through Oxford; see Arcadia, Arcas

Isidorus, -i n m Isidore of Seville (c 560-636), archbishop of Seville and encyclopedist LI5/19; Ysodorus EL19/9

istoria see historia

istrio, istruo see histrio

itaquod conj so that SX24/3

iter, itineris n nt way, route OX55/21; hence iter habere to make one's way OX232/32

itim adv for item [OLD]

itineracio, -onis n f literally travelling, journey, here as legal term, eyre, one of the regular law circuits of the country made by royal justices, called justices in eyre; forerunner of the assizes BR3/5 [Black's]

itinerans, -ntis prp wandering, being itinerant: see balliuus

iubilo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to shout with joy, hence to rejoice EK980/29

Iudaicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Judea or its inhabitants, Jewish; see bellum

Iudaismum, -i n nt Jewish district (eg, in a town), Jewry EL97/10, etc

Iudas, -ae n m St Jude, apostle and New Testament writer, traditionally believed to have been a brother of Christ SM192/5m; see also epistola

Iudas Machabeus, Iude Machabei n m Judas Maccabee, political and military leader of the Jewish revolt against Antiochus Epiphanes, cited here for his cleansing of the Jerusalem Temple in 165 BCE LI4/1 [ODCC JUDAS MACCABAEUS]

iudicans, -antis sbst m judge, here in an ecclesiastical court L75/22; OX495/17; SH57/17, etc; SM211/5, etc; SX20/39, etc

iudicialis, -e adj of or belonging to a judge SH72/28

iudicialiter adv in a manner suitable to a court, judicially EL210/22; H71/31; SM91/13

iudicium, -ii n nt 1. court (of law) EK21/27, etc; 2. judgment, judicial decision: in idiom iudicium sanguinis literally blood judgment, decision in a case involving bloodshed EK939/1, etc

iuditialiter adv over-corrected form of iudicialiter [cp OLD iudicialis]

iugulator see ioculator

Iulius, -a, -um adj Julian, pertaining to the Julian gens or one of its members, hence imperial, princely OX310/14

Iulius Caesar, Iulii Caesaris n m Gaius Julius Caesar (c 102--44 BC), the Roman dictator, here named as a character in the play Caesar Interfectus OX178/17

iunior, -ius compar adj 1. junior, lesser OX51/14, etc; m pl as sbst juniors, junior members (of a college or the like) OX11/11, etc; 2. hence the younger of two persons having the same name or surname C363/11, etc; CH721/34, etc; EK9/39, etc; IC15/22, etc; LI265/20, etc; OX492/4; SH130/18, etc; SM162/30, etc; SX40/26, etc

Iuppiter, Iouis n m 1. Jupiter, Jove, chief deity of the Roman pantheon whose name was also given to the fifth planet OX799/7, etc; SH97/38; SM195/1; with 'dies' understood Iouis Thursday CR424/26, etc; DR70/35; OX42/34, etc; SH43/29m, SH301/39; see also dies; 2. by extension God SH98/12

iuramentum, -i n nt oath C364/41, etc; CH62/21, etc; DR137/33; EK184/11, etc; L22/30; EL211/19; OX7/2, etc; SH120/19, etc; SM424/10, etc; SX30/5, etc; ~ ad tacta &c (probably shortened from 'ad tacta sancta Dei euangelia') EK878/33, etc, or ~ ad sancta Dei euangelia L75/19-20 or ~ corporale C365/32, C388/34; cf C364/40; DR275/12; EK814/10, etc; EL23/24; SM92/7, etc, corporal oath, one taken while touching a gospel book (or relic) on the part of the oath-taker; medians ~ SM134/27, etc, or medium ... ~ plighted oath SM150/9 [cp Latham fides]; prestacio iuramenti taking of an oath C301/15; SM95/16; see also pr(a)esto, uirtus, uis

iurator, -oris n m 1. jurat, a municipal officer equivalent to an alderman (especially in the Cinque Ports) EK315/18, etc; 2. juror, member of a jury CH616/3, etc; EK968/1; LI609/23: a member of the jury of a manorial court or court baron L99/11, L241/17; a member of an inquest jury EL97/21, etc; OX5/21, etc; SH10/8, etc; SM189/9, etc; SX170/38, etc; member of the jury of a court leet DR282/28 [Black's Court-baron, Inquest]

iuratus, -a, -um pfp pass 1. sworn CH62/21, etc; used of a burgess oath LI218/10; SM242/28; WL42/25 or the oath required of an accused party in an ecclesiastical court BR4/6, etc; LI334/19, etc; SM424/11, etc; or that required for a defendant's pleading in Star Chamber WL104/12, etc; or that required of a witness in an inquiry WL215/33; or that required of an apprentice LI208/36m, etc, or that required of a town officer LI319/19, etc; used of a town officer EK319/35, etc; 2. f as sbst jury: iurata magna grand jury, a jury of inquiry that received and inquired into indictments before they were presented to a trial jury CH781/20m [OEDO jury 2.b.]

iuratus, -i sbst m 1. jurat, a municipal officer equivalent to an alderman (especially in the Cinque Ports) EK822/7, etc ; 2. sworn man, ie, a sidesman, a lesser parish officer inferior to a churchwarden EK645/2, etc; 3. juror: member of an inquest jury SH264/6, SH264/39; member of a trial jury SH265/24, etc; 4. witness (as one who has sworn an oath ) OX47/32

iuridicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a court; hence m as sbst court day SH6/8; see also dies

iuro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to swear an oath, eg, the oath required of an accused party in an ecclesiastical court LI347/22; SH42/36, etc; 2. to swear to a formal answer, eg, in a Star Chamber suit SH331/6, SH340/3m

ius, iuris n f 1. law EK309/7, etc; OX77/1; 2. right, one's due EK946/15, etc; OX57/27, etc; hence one's rightful property or possession OX259/7, etc; 3. in idioms ecclesiastica iura rites of the church OX6/7; iure uxoris in right of one's wife, a form of possession by which a husband acquires rights to property through marriage to a heiress or the like EK672/39; see also de

iussio, -onis n f order, command EK26/8

iusta, -e n f joust C399/8; LI603/10, etc; OX529/24, etc

iusticiarius, -ii n m 1. justiciar, a royal judge, usually of a superior court CH44/38; 2. judge, justice (eg, of the peace or of assizes) BR3/5 (justice in eyre); C279/21; CH116/1, etc; EK31/3, etc; IC462/15; L19/32, etc; LI608/15, etc; OX9/24; SH263/33, etc; SM251/8, etc; W411/33, etc; WL111/21; 3. in formal title iusticiarius domini regis ad pacem in comitatu predicto (or Lancastrie) conseruandam assignatus, the king's justice appointed to keep the peace in the aforesaid county (or the county of Lancaster) L94/7-8, etc; OX8/14--15; iusticiarius domini regis ad pacem ... (conseruandam) assignatus the king's justice appointed to keep the peace CH668/2-4, etc; 4. in idiom parallel to modern E iusticiarius pacis, justice of the peace CH221/30; L113/15, etc; SH131/25; SM189/16; 5. iusticiarius ... ad placita justice in the court of common pleas SH265/36; 6. iustitiarius primarius the chief justice? C296/10; see also audio, capitalis, conseruandus

iustifico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally to justify, vindicate (eg, a person or action), by extension to vindicate, corroborate (a claim or plea, a charge) EK875/32, etc; SM226/3, etc; SX178/10, etc

Iustinus, -i n m Marcus Junianus Justinus, a Roman historian of about the 3rd century, who made a popular epitome of the world history of Pompeius Trogus SM194/11m [OCD]

iusto, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to take part in tournaments or jousts, to joust LI606/18, etc

Iuuenalis, -is n m a Roman cognomen or one of the holders of that name, especially the satirist D. Iunius Iuuenalis, Juvenal (fl. c 110-27) [OCD Juvenal]

iuxta prep with acc 1. next to, beside (often as a place-name element) CH716/28, etc; EL65/31; WL21/26, etc; 2. according to CH36/9, etc; CR527/27; EK822/17, etc; EL22/3, etc; H97/31, etc; SH5/27, etc; W361/3, etc; SX10/2, etc; WL8/1, etc; the idiom iuxta &c following dates (probably shortened from 'iuxta computacionem ecclesie Anglicane,' 'according to the reckoning of the English church,') refers to the English custom, retained formally until 1752, of treating Lady Day, 25 March, as the start of a new calendar year [Cheney, pp 12-13] EK900/11, etc; SH60/20, etc; SX38/28; see also computacio, cursum


kalende, -arum n f pl calends, the first day of a month; in the Roman dating system, all other days of a month were designated by counting backwards from three fixed points, its nones (the fifth or seventh day), its ides (the thirteenth or fifteenth day), and the calends of the following month BR3/22, etc; EK309/7, etc; EL245/5, etc; LI342/26; OX41/36; WL78/26, etc; Graecae calendas the Greek calends, a whimsical expression for never, like E '31 February,' since classically reckoning time by calends was unique to the Romans OX360/36; IC489/36; the phr pridie Calendas actually refers to the day before the calends, ie, the last day of the previous month, but on OX363/30 it is used to make a pun on 'calendas' (which resembles a future participle in form) and the E participle 'Cald'; calende OX360/38, etc [Cheney, pp 145-6]

Kambria, -e n f Wales WL53/20, etc

Kambricus, -a, -um adj Welsh WL7/20

Kambrus, -i n m Welshman, hence in pl the Welsh people WL9/5

kamera see camera

Kancia, -e n f Kent: 1. name of an earldom SX15/24; EK343/30, etc; 2. name of a county EK779/26, etc; Cancia IC201/29; OX41/28

karissimi var of carissimi [OLD carus1]

Kereticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Ceredigion, or Cardigan WL57/16


la, le, lee, les, lez forms of the Romance definite art usually used to signal the beginning of an E word or phr in an otherwise L passage: BR125/15; C5/4, etc; CH47/29, etc; CR490/40; DR252/16, etc; EK62/15m, etc; EL34/1, etc; IC4/20, etc; L52/6, etc; LI316/34, etc; OX14/38, etc; SH126/23, etc; SM178/6, etc; SX15/4, etc; W397/3, W412/23; WL288/10, etc; although la, le and lee are formally singular and les and lez formally plural, they are not always in agreement with the nouns they modify, eg, la crokes SM126/28; le bearwardes EK615/15-16, etc; le berewardes SX15/3, etc; le disgysynges C47/29; le Maryners LI79/24, etc; le mercers CH51/28, etc; le playeres SM8/5; le scafoldys IC5/23; la scochyns SH144/29; le skuchons SH158/8; le weates OX166/23; or les Trumpetor C393/33; lez ... orlege LI132/19; sometimes found as name element, eg, LI104/21; la Gayte BR4/9, etc; le Forester BR4/17, etc; le Soer CH45/4, etc; Thomas le Stulstus CR493/11; Lobbe le ffolet IC45/9; Iorwerth le Goldsmyth WL128/35; sometimes found as place-name element, eg, LI103/33; le Wallegate CH715/19, etc; le Blen EK61/6, etc

labilis, -e adj liable to slip away, hence fleeting, transitory CH36/8

laborarius, -ii n m labourer, workman CH781/17; EK61/3; LI333/14

laboratus, -i n m labour, service LI321/5

laboro, -are, -aui, -atum v intr 1. literally to work, labour CH781/18; SM145/19; 2. (used of rumours or the like) to spread, be widespread CH772/12, etc; SM121/28, etc

laciuia see lasciuia

laciuius see lasciuius

Lactantius, -ii n m Lactantius (c 240-c 320), a patristic apologist principally renowned for his Ciceronian rhetoric CH811/8, etc [ODCC]

lactens, -ntis sbst comm one who sucks milk at the breast, hence an unweaned child, infant (here as a type of innocence) EL17/5

laesiuncula, -ae n f slight hurt, small injury OX305/30

Laeta, -ae n f Laeta, a Roman matron of distinguished family principally known as a member of St Jerome's circle and the recipient of one of his most famous letters CH807/34m

lagena, -e n f gallon CH40/40, etc; CR491/16, etc; EK322/37; IC4/4, etc; LI106/35; SH129/30, etc; SM178/3, etc [cf OLD lagona]

laicalis, -e adj of or pertaining to the laity, laical LI108/18; OX47/33

laicus, -i n m layman, one who is not in orders of any kind BR4/3, etc; C14/2; CR465/10; EK939/23, etc; LI3/18, etc; OX9/23; SM239/2; WL216/19; laycus BR4/11, etc; EK974/27, etc; see also uicarius, uis

Lancastria, -e n f Lancaster: 1. place name, here used as a personal name element LI607/31, etc; Lancaustria EK45/5; 2. name of a county L14/11, etc; hence in phr comitatus Lancastrie county of Lancashire CH220/41, etc; 3. name of a dukedom (originally an earldom LI609/14; W396/35) C16/32, etc; EK43/17, etc; OX10/33; SH98/37

lanceola, -e n f literally a small lance, hence a weaver's shuttle (from its shape) WL54/13

Landauensis, -e adj of or pertaining to Llandaff, a Welsh diocese WL217/16

languabat var of languebat [OLD langueo]

lanistarius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a 'lanista,' a trainer of gladiators; schola lanistaria school for fighting or fencing? C259/22

lapideus, -a, -um adj made of stone SH11/7; porta lapidea Stone Gate, one of the town gates of Shrewsbury SH129/23

lapsus, -us n m literally lapse (of time), here by extension the end of a period of time, conclusion CR504/15

laqueus, -i n m some sort of tie or fastener: cord, lace, ribbon LI583/29, etc

Lar, -is n m lar, tutelary god of the Roman household; see foueo

larua, -e n f 1. literally an evil spirit, spectre, probably a ghost OX177/30?; SH74/2; SM236/17, etc; 2. hence a mask EK911/17; one worn in unidentified entertainments or pastimes C619/40, etc; OX5/3, OX177/30?; lerua (s2) C158/17

laruatus, -a, -um adj wearing masks, masked OX62/8; nt sg as sbst a masque OX894/36

lasciuius, -a, -um adj dissolute, immoral, sexually lax CR527/23; laciuius DR247/15; lasciuus EL258/21

lasciuia, -e n f dissoluteness, sexual laxity or an instance of these CH46/37; EK938/19; laciuia EK939/20; SX3/12

latania, -e n f litany, a form of liturgical prayer EL34/4; latinia EL34/4

latomus, -i n m stonemason OX168/37

latro, -onis n m 1. literally bandit, robber LI6/14; 2. hence a thief LI25/7

latus, -a, -um adj broad, wide: fons latus pedibus tribus (literally a spring three feet wide) is rendered 'a fountaine to wash three mens leges' on OX364/3--4, punning on 'latus' and 'lautus' (washed) as well as on the two senses of 'pes' (a foot); see also uia

lauticia, -ie n f luxurious entertainment, sumptuous feast OX44/13, etc

lauticinia, -ie n f luxurious entertainment, sumptuous feast OX49/20; lauticina OX50/31

laycus see laicus

le see la

leccator, -oris n m man of dissolute life, lecher CH38/2, etc

Lecestrensis, -e adj of or belonging to Leicester, a county and earldom OX180/37, etc; f sg as sbst the earldom of Leicester OX200/5

Lecestria see Leicestria

lecionem for laesionem [OLD laesio]

lectica, -ae n f bier OX140/24

lectio, -onis n f 1. (public) reading, act of reading aloud C132/29; H65/9, etc; OX60/19, etc; W378/3; 2. hence one of the readings established for a liturgical service EK24/32, etc; LI333/1; or the prescribed readings of the divine office, the set of daily prayers and scriptural readings to be said by religious at the canonical hours SX4/2; lectio euangelij the public reading from the Gospels in a liturgical service SM20/12, etc; 3. reading, study EK912/10; IC6/33; 4. academic lecture C102/15, etc; OX257/15, etc

lector, -oris n m 1. one who reads, reader IC651/22; 2. reader, fellow of a college appointed to give lectures on certain topics C133/12, etc; domesticus lector one appointed to give lectures within the college only C209/31; lector humanitatis C132/31 or humaniorum literarum C321/24 one appointed to lecture in humanities; 3. reader, a lecturer at an Inn IC43/27, etc

lectura, -e n f 1. (public) reading, act of reading aloud OX27/30; 2. lecture C205/18; IC659/27, etc

lectus, -us n m (public) reading, act of reading aloud W348/32

lee see la

legalis, -e adj lawful EK912/1; see also homo, moneta

legatus, -i n m 1. literally legate, ambassador OX135/36, etc; apparently used of a special envoy sent in addition to an existing ambassador (referred to as orator) EK204/14, etc; 2. probably a mock ambassador chosen as part of Christmas and Epiphany celebrations C157/11

legenda, -e sbst f a book of readings, often one appointed for liturgical use or for use in the refectory of a religious house: legenda sanctorum legend of the saints, such a book comprising saints' lives, possibly here referring to a sanctorale, a book of daily office readings and other propers for the saints' days of the liturgical year LI332/37; legenda temporalis a temporal, a book of daily offices for the liturgical year, exclusive of those for saints' days LI332/38-9

lego, -ere, legi, lectum v tr 1. to read (aloud) OX27/24, etc; 2. hence to read (a subject), to study: medicinam ... legere to read medicine OX313/20; 3. by extension of sense 1 to read or recite (eg, a liturgical office) OX12/10

leguleius, -ii n m literally specialist in legal minutiae, hence a pettifogger, a hack lawyer OX309/35

Leicestria, -e n f Leicester: 1. name of an earldom EK209/34; LI188/37; OX162/31; Lecestria OX146/43, etc; 2. name of a county LI72/32

lemniscus, -i n m ribbon, here glossed by E 'tasselles' LI583/33

Lennoxia, -e n f Lennox, name of a dukedom C662/29; Lenoxium C558/19

leno, -onis n m a procurer, pimp, here used to refer to a stock character of Roman comedy C126/19

leo, -onis n m lion, here apparently a banner depicting a lion (by analogy with draco a dragon banner) OX20/19; see also custos

leporarius, -ii n m a dog trained to hunt hares, hence a greyhound OX6/25

lequest see duadena and EG

lerua see larua

les see la

leta, -e n f leet court or a session thereof LI171/39, etc

Letus, -i n m fictive name formed on the root of 'leta,' 'leet-court': see Amantius Letus

leudatum, -i n nt something played, apparently here a polyphonic song LI333/1 [from CL ludere?]

leuis, -e adj light; see panis

leuo, -are, -aui, -atum 1. literally to lift up, raise, put up (an object) LI8/7, etc; hence to raise or rouse (a group) CH717/21; 2. in legal idiom to raise or levy a sum of money (eg, an assessment or a bond) C133/7, etc; CH718/391, etc; L19/37, etc; LI320/14, etc; W387/9; WL111/26, etc; see also aries

lex, legis n f law EK872/32; EL15/33, etc; L21/34; SH265/2, etc; SM189/14, etc; W394/8; de Legibus On the Laws, title of a work by Plato (c 429-347 BC) SM193/21m [OCD]; in idiom uadere sibi legem to wage one's law, that is, to offer an oath of one's innocence, to be supported by the oaths of others, acting as compurgators WL129/21, etc; hence with 'uadere' understoood lex iii manu a law (to be waged) with three compurgators WL128/35m; by extension the action of offering such a oath WL129/22[see OEDO wage v, wager sb 2]; see also bacchalaureus, doctor, licentiatus, peritus

lez see la

libello, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to make a charge in a suit in an ecclesiastical court EK947/30

libellus, -i n m libel: 1. formal listing of claims on which witnesses are deposed EL171/16; 2. formal listing of charges made by a plaintiff in a suit in an ecclesiastical court CH665/35; DR123/1, etc; EK949/30; SM368/7, etc; 3. by extension an individual charge EK947/30; 4. libellous or slanderous material SM311/19

liber, -era, -erum adj free; see condicio

liber, libri n m book LI137/13, etc; liber officialis office book, a court book containing the records of office cases LI336/8

liberacio, -onis n f 1. deliverance, here referring to the deliverance of the king from the Gunpowder Plot (1605) C401/22; 2. delivery (of money or goods) H108/19; 3. livery, clothing of a set pattern provided by a city or other corporate body for various officers, often including waits EK317/34

liberatum, -i n nt 1. livery, clothing of a set pattern provided by a city or other corporate body for various officers, often including waits EK315/13, etc; liberata (f) LI112/13m, etc; SH130/32, etc; 2. hence those loyal to a particular person or group, a faction LI25/33 [cp OEDO livery n. 3.a.]; 3. provision (eg, of food or drink) IC32/4; liberata (f) EL14/7

liberatura, -e n f livery, clothing of a set pattern provided by a city for some of its officers(including waits) or by a monarch for his or her servants C68/7, etc; EK316/17, etc; LI35/9m, etc

libero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to free, release (eg, from custody) C241/14; EK974/24; 2. to deliver, to hand over, to give (eg, a payment) C3/14, etc; EK60/17, etc; H101/12, etc; IC32/6 (pfp pass); SM178/2, etc; WL288/11; 3. to deliver, convey (eg, property) CH49/31m, etc

libertas, -atis n f 1. liberty, freedom OX180/11, etc; 2. hence collectively the liberties of a borough, ie, its privileged legal and administrative status, and especially its right to self-government and its own courts, enjoyed only by those residents who were burgesses BR59/37, etc; OX192/4, etc; or the liberties of the university, especially its right to self-government and self-discipline by its own officers, courts, and procedures C296/1, etc; OX529/25; or the freedom of the church from secular intervention DR247/20; 3. by extension the territory to which the liberties applied EK594/20; SH263/31, etc; the liberties of a borough or the territory to which they apply CH62/17, etc; LI207/6; 4. liberty, a district made up of several manors held by the same lord, over which he exercised a common lordship SX171/22 [Black's Manor, OEDO liberty n.1 7.c.]; 5. a right or privilege granted as part of a feudal holding CH65/18 [cp OEDO liberty n.1 7.a.]

libitum, -i sbst nt will, pleasure IC44/8, etc; LI155/7 [OLD libita]

libra, -e n f 1. balance, scale SH229/9?; 2. pound (measurement of weight) EK34/17, etc; IC4/9, etc; LI104/6, etc; OX21/12, etc; SM248/38; 3. hence pound (currency denomination) CH46/27, etc; EK779/32, etc; EL128/7, etc; IC49/13, etc; L19/34, etc; LI341/21, etc; OX9/9, etc; SH229/9?, SH265/40; W387/5, etc; WL13/4, etc

licencia, -e n f 1. permission, freedom (to do something) CH47/12, etc; EK909/28, etc; IC40/17, etc; L82/11, etc; SH273/32; SM311/14; W348/33; WL12/35, etc; 2. formal permission, licence CR527/8, etc; EK87/5, etc; EL22/5, etc; LI606/19, etc; OX98/23, etc; SM397/10, etc; in legal idiom licentia loquendi permission to plead EK967/16-17, etc

licencio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to allow, permit, license C399/31; LI3/24; 2. especially to license (someone) to lecture in a given subject OX427/16; 3. pfp pass licensed (eg, for publication), a pun on the English 'licentious' may also be intended C871/37

licenciatus, -i m sbst 1. licentiate, one holding the licentiate degree: hence in legibus licentiatus SM173/37; 2. also used as synonym of lit(t)eratus: a summoner SX178/9

Lichfeldensis, -e adj of or belonging to Lichfield, name of a diocese CH46/22

Lichfeldia, -e n f Lichfield, name of a town and diocese SH177/1

lichnus var of lychnus [OLD]

liciscus, -i n m dog, hound OX37/23

ligacio, -onis n f act of fastening or binding W349/34

ligatus, -a, -um pfp pass literally having been tied, hence bound (of a book) EL19/9

ligearia, -e n f allegiance, loyalty SH265/1

ligeus, -i n m liege, liege subject CH78/30, etc; SH264/14, etc; SM369/38, etc; W395/10; WL237/11, etc

ligittimo var of legitimo [OLD legitimus]

lignarius, -a -um adj 1. of or pertaining to wood; see faber; 2. nt sg as sbst a place where wood or lumber is kept, eg, lumber yard, wood shed, or lumber room? C121/37

lignum, -i n nt wood: 1. by extension a tree, used in Christian Latin to refer to the Cross on the basis of NT references to Dt 21.23 EK980/31; 2. a stump or post LI5/17

ligo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally to tie, bind, hence to restraint LI5/11

ligula, -e n f either 1. strap, lace, point or 2. short sword C157/25 [OLD]

lilium, -ii n nt lily, hence the fleur-de-lys, heraldic device symbolizing France SH98/32

limen, -inis n nt literally threshold, by extension threshold of a church or the chuch itself, hence limina Apostolorum Petri & Pauli the Roman basilicas of St Peter and St Paul outside the Walls EL18/36-19/1

limitator, -oris n m limiter, one that acts within limits; see frater

limito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to impose limits or restrictions C582/39; 2. to assign within limits, appoint EK947/2

limositas, -atis n f mudiness WL222/23

Lincolnia, -e n f Lincoln: 1. name of a city LI103/14, etc; 2. name of a county IC200/33; LI608/25, etc; 3. name of an earldom Lincolna LI302/3; Lyncolna LI304/9

Lincolniensis, -i n f Lincoln: 1. name of a diocese LI3/5, etc; Lincolnensis EK203/38; 2. name of a college and a diocese Lyncolniensis OX498/29, etc; 3. name of an archdeaconry LI132/13, etc; 4. name of an earldom CH45/6; EK204/20

Linliacus, -i n m Lindley, a town in Leicestershire OX428/35

linteum, -i n nt 1. piece of linen cloth EK26/32, etc; 2. coll in pl linen clothing, especially that sometimes required as penitential dress EK20/11, etc; 3. hence piece of linen clothing W355/10

linthiamen, -inis n nt linen clothing CH616/10; OX8/34; SX24/39 [OLD linteamen]

linthuus, -i n m in CL a trumpet, curved at one end, used for military signals, here apparently indicating an instrument used for entertainment or ceremonial purposes CR540/13 [var of OLD lituus]

linura, -e n f lining (ie, for clothing) LI583/22

liquide adv clearly LI208/9

lira see lyra

liripipium, -ii n nt liripipe, the long tail of an academic hood, hence possibly hood OX47/21

liticen, -inis n m literally one who plays upon the 'lituus,' hence trumpeter; it is not clear how it would be distinguished in use from cornicen and tubicen CR540/13

lit(t)era, -e n f 1. literally a letter of the alphabet WL4/1, etc; 2. hence (both sg and coll pl) letter, epistle CH46/31, etc; CR504/9, etc; DR247/7, etc; EK974/13, etc; EL20/39, etc; LI341/10; OX50/21, etc; W394/11; WL218/5; contra litteras Petilani 'Against Petilian's letter,' title of a controversial work of St Augustine CH808/9; littere apostolice papal letter WL216/35; littera certificatoria or littere certificatorie certificatory letter, letter containing a formal certification as required by an ecclesiastical authority WL215/25; here of an accused party's performance of penance EK20/17; littere citatorie letter of citation, letter containing a formal citation to appear before an ecclesiastical court EK307/41; littere excommunicacionis letter of excommunication, letter containing the record of the proclamation of excommunication promulgated against an offender in a church court EK900/9, etc; literae mandatoriae mandatory letter, one containing an order or command OX360/33; littere patentes letter patent, a type of formal communication (eg, a royal decree) sent in the form of a letter not closed by a seal C399/5, etc; CH55/26m, etc; CR504/18 (patentes littere); DR248/8; EL125/12m; H58/1; LI606/21, etc; SH6/11; SM175/7; W350/10; littere testamoniales EK611/34 or ~ testimoniales EK872/34, etc, testimonial letter, letter witnessing to a given fact or claim in an ecclesiastical court; 3. literary works or pursuits OX56/27; hence study, scholarship, learning, education C267/17, etc; DR170/33, etc; OX89/34, etc

litterarius, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to literature or literary studies, literary C132/39, etc; OX106/20; 2. lettered, ie, literate, educated SM879/30; see also ludus, mandatarius

litteratorie adv in written form, in writing EK947/26

litteratus, -a, -um adj 1. lettered, learned EK954/41; OX90/7; SM879/30; 2. m as sbst literally a lettered man, a literate person, apparently a short form of litteratus mandatarius: summoner, officer of the ecclesiastical courts with special responsibility for delivering citations to appear in court to accused persons SX9/12, etc; see also mandatarius

litterula, -e n f couch, bed EL15/24 [diminutive of DML 2 littera]

Liuius, -i n m Titus Livius, or Livy (59 BC-AD 17), a Roman historian, whose work Ab urbe condita traced the history of Rome from its foundation SM199/34m [OCD]; see also decas

lixa, -e n m servant, camp-follower EK203/25 [cp OEDO blackguard n. and a. A.1.b.]

locatio, -onis n f literally act of placing or locating, placement, here by extension a place set aside for some activity, location IC232/15, etc

locumtenens, -ntis sbst m lieutenant, deputy, representative, locum C399/30; OX529/31, etc; written as two words C147/22, etc; CH47/13-14; EK341/18-19; OX7/1, etc

locus, -i n m 1. place CH36/5, etc; OX6/15, etc; rendered as 'locke' as part of a pun in a macaronic text OX363/34; 2. in idiom tenens locum lieutenant, deputy, locum CH44/38

logia, -e n f hut, shed LI607/8

Londoniensis, -is sbst f London, name of a city EL18/36, etc; OX34/7; Londinensis EL147/38; IC200/31; OX315/24; Londoniencis EK758/14

Londinum, -i n nt London, name of a city C238/10; EK100/23, etc; EL139/38; IC125/7, etc; SM357/41; WL8/17m; Londonium EK734/7, etc; H189/13, etc; Londonia (f) EK52/36, etc; EL97/9, etc; LI59/2m; OX7/22; SH167/5; Londonum IC125/14

Loquabria, -ae n f Lochaber, a region of the western Highlands OX315/3

lorum, -i n nt strap or thong C121/10

lotor, -oris n m a launderer C610/37

lotrix, -cis n comm 1. properly a laundress C6/35, etc; SM174/11; applied to a launderer C203/19; 2. apparently acting as suname Lavender SM181/40; here acting as surname of petitioner to a Christmas prince, possibly standing for E surname Lavender IC493/12 [Reaney]

lot(t)us, -i n m lot, portion, hence due, customary payment; see scot(t)um

Lucanus, -i n m Roman cognomen or one of its holders, especially Marcus Annaeus Lucanus (39--65), Lucan, author of Bellum Civile, a poem on the Roman Civil War OX304/5

Lucas, -e n m Luke, name of one of the evangelists CH717/25, etc; hence the Gospel of Luke CH807/29, etc

lucerunt var of luserunt: see ludo

Lucretia, -ae n f Lucretia, a (probably legendary) Roman noblewoman, whose rape by Sextus Tarquinius was believed to have sparked the rebellion that founded the Roman republic, here the title of a play OX281/30

luctamen, -inis n nt literally struggle, here by confusion with the related luctatio [OLD], wrestling match C987/26

luculencius compar adv more clearly LI32/2

luda, -e n m player EK756/37

ludator, -oris n m 1. player, here especially a local or parish player EK825/23, etc; 2. player, participant in an unspecified pastime, musical performance, or play IC36/5

ludibrium, -ii n nt 1. literally playful or frivolous behaviour, usually derisive or insulting, hence some scurrilous or otherwise improper performance BR5/37; C4/1, etc; CR463/12; LI351/5; SH5/31; 2. applied particularly to the seasonal misrule of the minor clergy at cathedrals or collegiate churches CR503/30; LI762/11, etc; SH74/2; SM236/18, etc

ludicer, -cra, -crum adj 1. of or pertaining to entertainment; pleasant, entertaining C149/19; (with 'res' understood) DR171/19?; 2. nt as sbst A. pleasantry, entertaining remark DR171/20; OX381/19; B. public entertainment, show, play DR171/19?; OX37/34; the occurrence on OX177/34 represents a play on both senses, though the first is primary there [possibly formed from ludicrum]

ludicrum, -i n nt public entertainment, show, play C213/30, etc

ludificatus, -a, -um pfp pass put on, performed LI125/13

ludimagister, -tri n m schoolmaster LI208/20; WL235/25, etc

ludio, -onis n m player C149/20; OX309/11

luditor, -oris n m player LI82/29, etc

ludo, -dere, -si, -sum v tr to play, with various significances: 1. play, sport, engage in diversions CH36/7; OX6/24; ludans EK907/38; lutebant EK906/12; 2. to play a sport or game, engage in a pastime (eg, a Christmas or May game) BR3/7; CH68/27 (exact sense unclear); DR170/25; EK907/17, etc; IC11/11 (here a staged joust); L21/30; LI103/34, LI193/23, LI350/30? (exact sense unclear); OX5/29, OX19/12; SH200/7, SH200/37, SH201/1, SH202/27; SM177/39, SM183/19; SX185/36; WL216/32?; hence to play, sport (used without specification, exact sense unclear) C14/2, etc; CR493/30, CR498/29; EK909/15?; OX19/17, etc; SH14/3?, SH182/31?, SH186/3?, SH195/35, SH197/17, SH197/19, SH200/35?, SH201/15?; SM415/19, etc; SX212/11, SX212/13; WL129/22?; 3. to play music C38/14?; CH221/20, CH221/28; EK70/5?, EK333/19?, EK535/22, EK537/3, EK537/6; H99/28?; IC90/35; lucerunt IC91/28; L35/34; OX404/29; SH182/31?, SH186/3?, SH200/35?, SH201/15?, SH277/21; WL8/19; 4. to play a play or interlude C238/25; CH48/4; DR121/8; EK909/15?, EK765/5; LI122/23, LI185/18, LI319/28, LI320/8, LI333/13, LI350/30?; OX137/30, OX450/12, OX457/29; SH189/27 (cp ll.29-30), SH354/36; SM248/38; WL216/32?; hence to play a part CH52/22, CH62/19; 5. to dance SH14/3?; 6. ludere ad or ludere with dat to play a sport or game of chance, hence often to gamble C202/38(2), C259/28(2); CR465/6; EK909/26, EK909/34, EK909/38, EK912/2, EK912/3, EK912/6, EK939/12; L77/19; LI7/18(2); OX56/23; SM238/2, SM238/4; W348/5; WL129/22?; prp as sbst player, gambler CR465/7; OX6/37; 7. prp as sbst player, participant in an unspecified sport, pastime, musical performance, play, or interlude IC4/27; L77/18(2x); OX24/32; SH159/24, etc; SX187/26; W399/13, etc; WL79/19

ludus, -i n m 1. game, sport, play, pastime; with various significances (which are sometimes difficult to distinguish IC4/7, etc):

  1. game of chance or one on which wagers are laid (including some board games) C132/28?, C132/37?; EK939/13, etc; OX6/31, etc: ludi aleae dice games CH812/17m; ludi inhonesti W348/4?, ludi noxii & illiciti W349/1; ludi noxii uel prohibiti EK930/6?; ludus aleatorius dice game OX98/20; ~ scaccorum game of chess OX6/31; ludus vetitus WL216/28; taxillorum ~ game of knuckle-bones or dice OX6/31;
  2. game, sport LI5/17, LI5/18, LI5/20, LI5/21; LI8/7?, LI8/8, LI109/17; ludus sperilarius a ball game, possibly tennis [see Latham s.v. sphera] OX1090/44;
  3. sport, (folk) game, popular pastime C132/28?, C132/37?; CR464/2, CR472/25; EK930/6?, EK930/13, EK938/19m, etc; LI5/22, LI6/11, LI8/7?, LI342/35?, LI350/31?, LI351/5?; OX5/2m, OX12/16, OX12/31, OX12/37, OX13/8, OX13/14, OX48/30, OX55/5, OX197/21m, OX209/4? (probably an occurrence of sense 1.h: use of the phr ludi inhonesti, frequent in the prohibitions of such pastimes to clerics and students, is likely an attempt to explain the exclusion of external players on the same grounds); SH115/26?; SM117/39, SM183/18; SM238/13, SM238/15 (in both occ, apparently an outdoor pastime linked with dance); SM423/14; WL78/29, etc; used of Shrewsbury's Whitsun play SH191/14; communis ludus SH115/25? (the monastic usage of communis ludus to describe a period of rest and recreation for the community may have influenced the choice of words here, see pp SH649-50 (endnote to Leighton: 'Register' p 106)); ludi de rege & regina probably a summer game with a summer king and queen W348/5; ludi inhonesti CR463/10; SH74/3; W348/4?; W349/34 (hock day activities); ludi noxii DR247/7, DR247/25 (both occ apparently pastimes linked with dance); ludi siue interludia H57/19?; ludi teatrales CR463/11-12 (occ of 'ludus' in Quinel's Statutes (CR463-4) apparently refer to outdoor activities and are linked with wrestling and dance); H/57/7m?, H57/7?; ludi vocati somergamys EK912/7; turpes et inhonesti ludi EK938/19, EK939/20; SX3/11-12 (outdoor activity in churchyards, also linked in EK occ with dance);
  4. the seasonal misrule of the minor clergy LI3/16, LI3/17, LI4/12, LI108/18; SM236/14; ludi inepti & noxii CR503/28-9; ludi inhonesti CR503/20m; ludi siue interludia H57/19?; SH5/39?; ludus theatralis H/57/7m?, H57/7?; SH5/28-9m?, SH5/29?; SM236/16-17, SM236/33; occ at SM238/27 and SM239/2 describe both lay pastimes put on in Whitsunweek and the seasonal misrule of the minor clergy; ludi theatrales & inhonesti SX4/16 (seasonal misrule by vicars choral as well as minor clergy at a cathedral);
  5. play on a religious or historical theme or subject (often based on the Bible or saints' lives) C5/28; CH55/34, CH55/35, CH56/27, CH56/36 (also a a pageant within a larger play CH52/22, CH78/23?); EK65/29?, EK647/5, etc (frequent in Lydd and New Romney accounts referring to the New Romney plays); LI104/22, etc; OX7/12?, OX34/19?, OX38/20?, OX38/26?, OX63/24? (all possibly occurrences of sense h); SH172/1; SM241/35, SM242/12, SM243/18; luda EK9/40;
  6. play apparently on a classical model (in Oxford, frequently used of university or college drama from the middle of the sixteenth century, probably under neo-Latin influence) DR172/12, DR172/34; OX137/14, etc; ludus scenicus OX232/33 or ~ scaenicus C578/11-12m, etc, ~ theatralis OX142/24--5 or ~ theatricus OX185/34, etc, stage play; luda C344/16;
  7. entertainment, 'play,' of an unspecified kind, sense unclear but not necessarily dramatic B3/9, etc; C50/18, etc; CH36/7?, CH78/23?; CR489/23, CR490/9; EK732/26, etc; EL3/9, etc; L21/30; LI6/4, LI79/16, LI83/7, LI125/11, LI342/35?; LI350/31?, LI351/5?; OX30/30, etc; SH161/20, SH193/17; SM8/5, SM8/6, SM8/9, SM8/111, SM8/112, SM8/12, SM8/13, SM231/27 (possibly occ of sense 1.b); W348/15; ludi siue interludia SH5/39?; ludi theatrales C3/28; SH5/28-9m, SH5/29; ~ musicalis an entertainment with music OX94/38?; hence clamatores ludi play criers, probably synonymous with 'bann criers' EK752/21 (cp banna);
2. performance (of a play, etc) C84/29, C88/10 (of classical plays); EK738/5; 3. play text EK751/16; 4. act of playing a musical instrument: ludus lire playing the harp OX10/32; ~ musicalis musical performance OX94/38?; 5. dancing CH178/1 (glossed as 'morris dawns'); 6. sport, jest CH36/7?; ludum facere to make jest (used absolutely but with an implied object), here apparently a form of rough music [cp OEDO basin n. 4. and mortar n.1] EK594/23, EK823/11-12; ~ facere (+ acc) to make sport of OX894/19; 7. in CL a festival or set of public games, plays, or competitions, held in the circus or the theatre, often in connection with a religious festival CH812/8; 8. school: ~ gladiatorius fencing school OX98/21; ~ literarius grammar school DR170/23; ~ saltatorius dancing school OX98/21; hence ludi magister SH115/10 or ludimagister SH22/42 schoolmaster

lumen, -inis n nt light: 1. a candle or group of candles to be burned in honour of a saint in a church or chapel and sometimes brought there processionally EK690/32, EK826/4?; LI24/29, etc; 2. processional torch or candle CH55/36, etc; EK826/4?; LI27/34, LI30/10

luminare, -is n nt light: 1. a candle or group of candles to be burned in honour of a saint in a church or chapel and brought there processionally LI107/35; 2. processional torch or candle CH78/23; EK100/28; W340/n97

Luna, -e n f the Moon OX310/12, etc; with 'dies' understood Lune Monday CR424/37, etc; H79/24; OX84/26; see also dies

lupinarius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to prostitutes or prostitution; see domus

lupulatus, -a, -um adj made from or flavoured with hops, hopped; see ceruisia

lusiator, -oris n m player, participant in an unspecified play, pastime, or entertainment SH206/17

lusio, -onis n f 1. play (of an unspecified kind but here clearly in a written form), play-text H112/23; 2. performance (of a play) LI192/24; (of music) OX57/15

lusor, -oris n m player, participant in a sport, pastime, play, interlude, or other entertainment: 1. used absolutely, exact sense unclear C14/19, etc (some or all of these possibly occ of sense 3); IC4/7, etc; LI333/21, etc; OX30/32, etc; SM255/32; SX184/16, SX184/35, SX185/17, SX186/1?, SX186/10; 2. players under royal, noble, or other patronage, with the nature of the entertainment often unspecified C112/2, C114/13; EK69/3, etc; H121/34, etc; LI38/3, etc; OX73/8, etc; SH194/27, etc (in SH191/35 lusores and interlusores are distinct but apparently providing a mixed entertainment including music); SX184/17, etc; 3. local player, usually with the name of the town or parish expressed C49/36, etc; CR494/20; EK732/34, etc; OX20/35; SH190/7, SH190/11; SX185/37, SX185/381, SX185/38-186/1, SX186/1?; W404/23, W411/24; WL235/33, etc; participants in a May game SH188/4; participants in Shrewsbury's Whitsun play SH172/4, SH191/15; 4. used absolutely, as a synonym of ministrallus EK70/1; 5. dancer C16/12?; 6. puppet-player: lusores cum popetys SX184/15

lusorius, -a, -um adj 1. of or belonging to a 'lusor' C214/11; OX61/25; 2. m pl as sbst players C101/11; 3. nt sg as sbst playhouse L80/29

lusus, -us (2nd decl gen form at LI124/40) n m 1. sport, (folk) game, play, or popular pastime C80/36, etc; SH115/14, SH189/30, SH208/25; WL79/21; referring to Shrewsbury's Whitsun play SH134/13, etc; 2. show, entertainment, not necessarily dramatic C259/29; EK647/9, etc; OX30/4, etc; SH178/4, SH181/15, SH192/2, SH193/3; 3. play, interlude WL235/30, etc; 4. play on a religious theme or subject (often based on the Bible) CH47/32, CH48/5; as a pageant within a larger play CH48/7, CH48/10; LI122/23, etc; 5. play or representation of an unspecified kind, sense unclear LI127/9

luterius, -ii n m lutanist C61/38; EK764/23

Lycurgus, -i n m Lycurgus, traditional founder of the Spartan state, here used as the title of Plutarch's life of Lycurgus SM192/4m [OCD]

Lyncolna see Lincolnia

Lyncolniensis see Lincolniensis

lyra, -e n f literally lyre: 1. hence harp WL13/31, etc; lira OX10/32; WL13/3; 2. an Irish harp, used as a heraldic device for Ireland SH98/32

lyrator, -oris n m literally one who plays on the lyre, hence harper IC87/35


macando abl gd from 'mac(h)o, mac(h)are,' a verb apparently made up to provide an etymology for 'maechanicall' (from 'machinari,' 'to devise, construct') IC652/15

Macbethus, -i n m Macbeth, a king of Scotland, here named in a pageant for James I's arrival in Oxford OX305/6

Machabeus, -i see Iudas Machabeus

madlardus, -i n m mallard, a type of duck EK34/23

Maecenas, -atis n m Maecenas, Roman patron of the arts and friend of Augustus Caesar [OCD]; see epistola

Magdalena, -e n f Magdalen: 1. in gen with 'dies' understood St Mary Magdalen's Day, 22 July CH50/6m; 2. Sancte Marie Magdalene in ueteri piscaria (with 'ecclesia' understood) St Mary Magdalen in the Old Fish Market, another name for the London church St Mary Magdalen in the Fishmarket EL212/31

Magdalenensis, -e adj of or pertaining to Magdalen: Collegium Magdalanense Magdalen College OX200/40; m pl as sbst men of Magdalen OX106/34, etc; Magdalensis OX305/31, etc

magestas see maiestas

magister, -tri n m 1. one who has authority or rank, master CH55/30, etc; ~ choristarum master of the choristers, one in charge of their performance and education LI775/18, etc; also used as a title of respect with names (eg, those of members of the gentry, those who hold an MA degree, craftsmen ranked as master, shopkeepers, or civic officials) or titles of office C3/14, etc (names), C45/34, etc (titles); CH59/7, etc; DR138/2; EK977/1, etc; EL25/24, etc; H200/34, etc; IC35/24, etc (names); L21/8, etc (names), L41/16 (titles); LI120/29, etc; OX28/35, etc (names), OX16/34, etc (titles); SH134/11, etc; SM173/36, etc (names), SM357/28, etc (titles); SX14/27, etc (names), SX14/10? (titles); W349/12, etc; WL236/25, etc; 2. master, one who is in command of a given situation C237/2; LI125/212; hence one having authority over, and responsibility, for a servant, employee, or apprentice BR125/1; CH781/19; SM145/19; 3. schoolmaster, teacher DR170/29; EK75/7; EL14/22, etc; LI105/211, etc; SX14/10?; 4. artium ~ LI58/24 (acting as a surrogate judge); WL221/13 or ~ artium H167/12-13, etc; SH324/14, etc, or ~ in artibus H161/18, etc, a master of arts, one holding the highest degree obtainable in the arts faculty, and the prerequisite for entering one of the other faculties; also used absolutely in this sense, here a master of arts here acting as a judge in a peculiar court WL194/3; 5. master, a member of the university holding an MA or higher degree and exercising teaching duties in a college or the university C47/26, etc; OX4/33, etc; especially in the phrase Cancellarius, magistri et scholares C385/2-13; ~ regens regent master, one holding a master's degree in a given faculty and appointed to teach in that faculty OX4/31, etc; at Merton College the masters were divided into two groups, juniors (iuniores magistri OX28/30, etc) and seniors (seniores magistri OX28/31); 6. master, the head of a college C133/17, etc; EK714/35; OX48/34; or collegiate church OX41/27; 7. master, a senior member of an Inn IC35/23, etc; see also bancus; 8. as a title of office: master, the head of an attached community of brothers at Godstow Abbey OX3/16; equorum ... ~ OX180/30 or ~ equorum SH128/25 master of the horse, an officer of the royal household in charge of various aspects of travel and transport, especially the provision and care of horses; ~ reuellorum master of the revels, an officer of the royal household in charge of entertainment for the court W394/12; or one with responsibility for the Christmas festivities in an Inn IC8/40, etc; maiester IC66/23; 9. client, principal (of an attorney or proctor) EL230/20; 10. one who embodies a characteristic or virtue of which he is said to be a master IC569/27?; see also ludus, mensa

magistra, -e n f mistress, a title of respect used with the names of women, especially wives or widows of men holding the title 'magister' C122/1

magistratus, -us n m literally the state of being a master, mastership IC78/37; hence magistracy, authority (over) C296/14; CH38/2, etc; the occurrence at C315/21 probably represents a play upon both senses

magnas, -atis n m magnate, member of the gentry, peer, or other person of importance CH858/24; EK41/13, etc; L120/26, etc; OX468/35; SH207/11, etc; SX182/8; W398/8, etc

Mahometes, -is n m Muhammad (c 570--629), founder of Islam OX307/22, etc

maiacio, -onis n f Maying OX14/31

maiestas, -atis n f (royal) majesty, a title or form of address for the reigning monarch C236/23, etc; EK203/13m, etc; EL208/23; IC424/27, etc (applied to a Christmas prince); OX136/10, etc; magestas OX56/7

maintentus, -a, -um see manuteneo

maior, -ius compar adj 1. greater (in size, dignity, or worth), elder C147/27, etc; CH56/18, etc; DR248/2, etc; EL23/4; IC6/32, etc; LI607/12, etc; OX5/2, etc; the phr major ecclesia Cicestrensis presumably refers to the cathedral in contrast to lesser, parish churches there SX3/21c; used as a simple positive SX20/10; 2. m pl as sbst greater or more important persons CH36/10; 3. nt pl as sbst greater or more important matters DR172/33; see also Brittania, canonicus, excommunicacio, Priscianus

maior, -oris n m mayor BR6/38, etc; C24/28, etc; CH47/35, etc; CR489/40, etc; EK307/35, etc; IC125/14; L36/1, etc; LI110/13, etc; OX29/35, etc; SM881/35; WL42/23; of Chichester SX15/28, etc; of Rye SX48/16

maioralitas, -atis n f mayoralty, mayoral term CH72/28

maioratus, -us n m mayoralty: 1. mayoral term EK83/21; 2. the state of being mayor CH48/13

maioritas, -tatis n f higher or greater status OX12/5

maipertica, -e n f maypole CH518/26

maius compar adv literally in a bigger or greater way, here used as an intensifier with another adv in place of the compar form of the second adv more, rather IC45/19, etc

Maius, -ii n m May EK657/7, etc; hence a May game or other pastime EK734/36; OX14/5; see also tempus

Malbancus, Malbanus see wicus

maledico, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr to speak ill of, hence to curse, anathematize LI6/31

maletracto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to mistreat CH692/17, etc; EK967/32; EL230/8; SH112/2; male tracto EK968/7

malicia, -e n f malice, hence malicia excogitata SH10/17, SH10/19 or praecogitata malitia OX503/18 malice aforethought

malifex, -icis sbst m wrongdoer EK976/18 [OLD maleficus2]

malitota, -e n f maletolt, a local assessment made on residents of Dover and other Cinque Port towns EK336/26 [from 'mala,' payment, and 'tolta,' fem sg of 'toltus' (LL or ML form of pfp of 'tollo,' to raise or levy), not (as OEDO and DML) from'mala tolta' a wicked tax; see DML 2 mala, malatota; MED mal-tode n (b); OEDO mail sb2, maletolt, tolt]

malum, -i n nt misdeed, evil SM174/21, etc; malum de se an intrinsic or natural evil, distinguished in law from malum prohibitum, an otherwise neutral deed which becomes an evil when prohibited by law SM750/1-2 [Black's]

malurum, -i n nt mast (of a ship) EK827/36

manceps, -cipis n m manciple, a college officer responsible for purchasing provisions C255/30

mancipium, -ii n m 1. servant OX179/6; 2. manciple, a college officer responsible for purchasing provisions OX76/23, etc

mancipo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. literally to give up, surrender, hence se mancipare to devote oneself EK912/3; 2. in idiom carceri mancipare to commit (someone) to gaol, imprison EK974/24

mandatarius, -ii n m literally one who is acting under orders, here specifically, summoner, officer of the ecclesiastical courts with special responsibility for delivering citations to appear in court to accused persons SM116/33, etc; litteratus mandatarius lettered summoner SM149/28, etc; it is unclear why certain summoners are distinguished in this way; mandatorius SM134/23, etc

mandatorius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to an order, mandatory; see littera

manerium, -ii n nt manor: 1. strictly, a tract of land held of the Crown by a tenant in chief, called the lord of the manor CH721/22, etc; L81/21, etc; DR296/2, etc; EL127/6; the lord may in turn admit tenants holding their lands by copyhold over whom the lord exercises jurisdiction through a manorial court, or court baron, in which he or his steward sits as judge and judgements are rendered according to customary usage, see also curia; 2. here a royal holding LI580/15, etc; 3. more generally, landed property EL22/21, etc; 4. manor house, the place of residence of a lord within his manor CH47/19; CR504/19; SM175/10; it is not clear whether the occ on EK101/39 belongs with sense 1 or 4; see also consuetudo, copia [Black's]

manica, -e n f sleeve OX8/33

Manilius, -ii n m Manilius, name of a Roman gens or one of its holders, especially Marcus Manilius, a poet of the early principate, author of the Astronomica, a treatise on astrology OX306/5m

mansio, -onis n f literally an abiding place, in AL the usual term for a person's residence, dwelling house, here a structure of some kind: 1. built to house or seat distinguished spectators at a play SH134/13, SH191/13, SH191/21; 2. built for the use of players in an interlude SH159/28 (in form mancio), SH159/29; see also stagium

mansionalis, -e adj see domus

mansus, -i n m room, lodging OX6/29, etc

mantellum, -i cloak OX47/23; SM243/32 (referring to costuming for play characters)

manucapcio, -onis n f mainprize, bail CH119/30, etc; EK974/24

manucapio, -ere, manucepi, -tum v tr to act as a pledge or guarantor, to offer (someone) bail CH726/17, etc; EK967/15; L5/34, etc; LI72/32, etc; SH166/10, etc; WL111/23, etc

manucaptor, -oris n m one who acts as a pledge for another's performance of a bond, task, or other obligation, guarantor CH726/19, etc; DR246/35m; L5/39, L6/1; LI325/28; SH275/1; W387/8; WL111/27, etc

manus, -us n f 1. hand:

  1. literally a human hand C95/19, etc; EK25/8, etc; IC477/25; LI25/22; OX5/30, etc; SH11/2, etc; SM174/28; SX171/8; WL79/20, etc; in idioms ~ miscere to join battle, fight WL44/6; ~ violentas inferre OX259/14 or ~ violentas iniecisse EK876/38 or violentas ~ inferre OX259/13 to lay violent hands on, to assault; by extension in manibus to hand, available OX107/1; pr(a)e manibus before one's hands, hence ready, available OX177/34 or beforehand, in advance L82/22; OX125/22, OX125/24;
  2. used by analogy to refer to the paws or claws of an animal EL247/3;
  3. by extension one's reach or grasp EL272/16;
  4. in various figurative senses IC438/18; expressing possession or ownership EL98/9, etc; LI25/9, etc; OX74/8, OX259/19; expressing care or keeping EK764/12; OX85/30, hence in manibus C308/33-4m; EK303/19, etc; SM252/1, etc, or in manu EK764/38 in one's care; in manus into the keeping (of) C566/32; in manu solutus + dat paid in hand, paid directly, (to) L241/2; expressing agency OX79/19, OX88/37, OX202/17; expressing craft or skill OX306/16, OX309/30; SM8/26; expressing power or strength OX314/12; expressing authority W409/14;
2. by synecdoche a person; see lex, purgo; 3. something written by hand, handwriting (especially a signature) C578/25, etc; EK872/34, etc; OX106/30; SX38/12; hence manibus ... signatus IC86/26--7, etc, or manu ... signatus IC89/10--11, etc, + gen signed (by); 4. band, gang (of people) OX503/17; 5. in idiom ad manum mortuam in mortmain, applied to lands or tenements held by a religious order or the like 316/21 [OEDO mortmain n.]; see also ad, appono, duco, per

manutencio, -onis n f maintenance, support LI25/33; WL237/29

manuteneo, -ere, -ui, -tum v tr to maintain, keep up, support CH34/8; L70/40, etc; SM189/13; W412/40; pfp pass in form maintentus W413/19

manutentor, -oris n m supporter L70/40

mappale, -is n nt a linen cloth, often a table napkin C55/4

marca, -e n f mark, currency denomination equal to 13s 4d BR6/41, etc; C5/5, etc; CH716/14; EK32/17, etc; EL22/1, etc; IC23/30, etc; L36/2; LI342/21, etc; WL215/36; CH152/17

marcator var of mercator [OLD]

marcatum see mercatum

marchia, -e n f 1. march, borderland, hence Marchie Wallie the Marches of Wales SH177/2; 2. March, the name of an earldom C23/23

marchio, -onis n m marquess, a peer ranking next below a duke C578/12; EK69/3, etc; SH177/17, etc; W400/1; here an inferior title of a Christmas prince IC424/21

marchionissa, -e n f marchioness, wife of a marquess EK204/19

Marcurius see Mercurius

marcus, -i n m marquess, a peer ranking next below a duke EK343/37, etc

maremium see meremium

marescalcia, -e n f marshalsea, originally a court presided over by the marshal of the royal household, later the prison attached to that court EL230/3; marshalcia EL229/41

marescalcus, -i n m 1. marshal, originally a royal household officer: comes marescalcus earl marshall C23/23-4; Galliae mariscallus marshal of France, the supreme commander of the French army EK204/13; marrescallus EL230/3; 2. by extension marshal, a Christmas officer at an Inn: marescallus IC14/3, etc; mariscallus IC12/3, etc; mariscellus IC45/18

Maria, -e n f the name Mary: beata Maria the Blessed Virgin Mary LI24/27, etc; referring to a church dedicated to the Virgin Mary LI107/30, etc; name of a parish dedicated to St Mary, St Mary in the Marsh, near New Romney EK762/31; iii Marie the three Marys, a traditional name for the group of women who visited Christ's tomb on Easter morning (cp Matt 28:1-10 and parallels), here referring to play characters in liturgical drama SM243/32, etc; a person or image representing the Virgin Mary in a procession or other event LI108/8, etc

mariscus, -i n m marsh LI82/38, etc; SM648/9, etc; maryscus SM649/1, etc; see also bellus

Mars, -rtis n m Mars, the Roman god of war, whose name was also given to the fourth planet OX140/6, etc; with 'dies' understood Martis Tuesday CH50/19, etc; EK884/23; OX36/33, etc; see also dies

martiligium, -i n nt properly martyrology, a register of martyrs and other saints, giving the dates of their commemoration and other information about them, from which daily readings were customary in religious communities, apparently also used by extension for necrology, a register of benefactors and others remembered in prayer in religious communities on the anniversary of their deaths; context for the occ on CR504/40 is insufficient to determine which sense is intended [Latham 'martyr'; ODCC MARTYROLOGY; OEDO martyrology n., necrology n.]

martirium, -ii n nt martyrdom BR5/12; SH172/1, SH172/4; martyrium WL53/24 [ODCC]

Martonensis see Mertonensis

martyr, -tiris n m martyr, one who dies out of adherence to religious principles, usually found as attribute of a saint, most often of St Thomas Becket BR7/3; C47/7, etc; CH52/8; CR504/28, etc; EK29/33, etc; OX11/38; SH138/15 (applied to St George), etc; Dei martyr God's martyr, ie, Thomas Becket EK30/9

martyrium see martirium

mater, -tris n f mother: 1. literally EK59/22, etc; LI6/17, etc; OX178/17; in reference to the Virgin Mary (as the mother of Jesus) OX11/14, etc; 2. extended uses A. addressing a deity OX369/25; B. the church (in a symbolic relationship to its members) EK308/22, etc; EL20/39; ~ spiritualis one's spiritual mother, ie, the church LI6/30; C. the University (in a symbolic relationship to its members) OX529/11; see also ecclesia

materia, -e n f 1. material, stuff (whether physical, eg, cloth, or spiritual) C113/3; OX6/36, etc; 2. subject-matter or plot C238/30; OX308/1, OX308/15 [see OLD materia]; 3. as legal term matter, that which is to be tried or proved, such as a statement or an allegation C326/22, etc; SM150/9, etc; see also reiectio

Mathatias, -e Mattathias, Jewish priest, father of Judas, Jonathan, and Simon Maccabee, whose resistance against the Seleucid occupation of Judea is related in the OT Books of Maccabees LI4/4 [see ODCC MACCABEES, BOOKS OF]

matinum adv early in the day, in the morning CH221/29

matrix, -cis n f mother; see ecclesia

Ma(t)theus, -i n m Matthew, name of one of the evangelists, hence the Gospel of Matthew CH808/6m, etc; EL241/17, etc

matutinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to morning, hence: 1. f or nt sg as sbst matins, one of the canonical hours making up the divine office of clerics; despite its name, matins is the night office, being said at midnight or 2 am under strict Benedictine observance CR503/27; EK24/8; EL14/12; H98/2, etc; LI104/9, etc; OX12/10; SM243/33; 2. f sg as sbst morning prayer, matins, the post-Reformation morning office of the Church of England, based upon the pre-Reformation offices of matins and prime C29/14, etc; see also diuinus, prex

media, -orum sbst nt means CH694/40

medians, -antis prp literally being in between, being in the middle, mediate; see iuramentum

mediatus, -a, -um pfp situated in the middle, hence half-done, half-finished LI124/36 [DML mediare 11b]

medicina, -e n f medicine; see doctor, lego

medietas, -atis n f half CH56/22, etc; H113/26, etc; LI31/21, etc; SM177/33

medio, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to be in the middle of, to divide OX12/20

mediocris, -e adj low, soft (used of volume of sound rather than pitch) WL27/9

Mediolanum, -i n nt Milan, name of a continental duchy EK779/24, etc

medius, -a, um adj 1. central, middle OX306/20, etc; middle, half EK87/21, etc; 2. in idioms media estas Midsummer SM126/14; media nox midnight EK909/26; OX5/27, etc; 3. nt sg as sbst middle, mid-point OX314/33; see also iuramentum, tempus, wicus

Mela, -e see Pomponius Mela

Meleager, -gri n m Meleager, a legendary Greek hero, here likely named as a character in Gager's Meleager OX178/16, etc

melodia, -e n f melody, music EK824/1, etc; SH159/6, etc; WL60/8, etc; occasionally vocal music is clearly indicated SH176/35-6, SH177/23; melodia & cantilene SH193/7; see also cantilena

melos, -odis n nt melody, song OX190/33

memor, -oris sbst f recollection, memory BR6/27

memorabilis, -e adj memorable: Res memorabiles Memorable Events, an alternative title for Factorum et dictorum memorabilium libri, a handbook for rhetoricians by Valerius Maximus SM194/6-7m

memorandum, -i sbst nt 1. a note, memorandum EL129/6; LI28/33, etc; 2. hence a memorandum roll, one of the records of the court of the Exchequer EL128/32

memoratiuus, -a, -um adj calling to mind, reminding, here in the title of a work on arithmetic written in Latin verse for easy memorization: Arithmetica Memoratiua 'Arithmetic by Heart' IC651/5

memoratus, -a, -um pfp pass noted, mentioned OX12/29, etc; EL21/39

memoreter var of memoriter [cp NSOED]

memoria, -e n f 1. recollection, memory CH616/22; 2. hence in idioms tempus cuius contrarij memoria hominum non existit CH65/18-19 or tempus cuius ~ non existit LI316/15 or tempus a quo non exstat memoria CH77/30-1, literally a time of whose contrary there is no human memory or a time of which no memory exists or a time from which no memory exists,that is time out of mind; 3. memorial, commemoration LI6/3

memoro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to remind (of), recall to mind, note LI136/18, etc

mencionatus, -a, -um pfp pass having been referred to, mentioned CH665/36; SM156/2, etc

mendicans, -antis sbst m 1. literally one who begs, beggar EL16/16; L122/5, etc; 2. member of one of the mendicant orders, a friar W404/22

Menechmus, -i n m Menaechmus, one of the twin brothers who are the title characters of Plautus' play Menaechmi OX178/16, hence the play itself OX148/9, etc

menestralcia, -e n f service due from a 'menestrallus,' usually referring to musical performance; hence faciens menestralciam doing or carrying out such service H187/9, etc; W372/8; WL289/8, etc

menestrallus, menestrellus, menistrellus, menstrallus, menstrellus see ministrallus

Meneuia, -e n f St David's, name of a city and a diocese WL247/9

meneum, -i n nt wall CH156/7 [cp OLD moenia]

Menippeus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to Menippus, a Greek author of the third century BC, who originated a style of writing in which prose is interspersed with verse; see satura

mensa, -e n f 1. table EK928/5, etc; EL14/19; here in idiom mensa magistri term used at Christ Church Priory to refer to the infirmary's refectory, also called the Table Hall, one of five places within the priory where meat was regularly served EK40/11 [Smith, Canterbury Cathedral Priory, p 43]; 2. hence a meal: mensa diei literally the meal of the day, ie, the main meal served that day EL18/4

mensuro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to measure (a quantity of something) EK744/13

meranerius see meronarius

merca see marca

mercator, -oris n m mercer, here member of the Chester Mercers' guild CH53/16, etc

mercatorius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a market; see uilla

mercatum, -i n nt 1. market, a place set aside for the buying and selling of goods EK361/37 (in form marcatum); W412/15, etc; mercatum granorum Cornmarket W412/15; 2. fair, market BR5/35; CR463/5; EK930/13; SM423/9; W347/16, etc; see also clericus, domus

mercatus, -us n m 1. market, a place set aside for the buying and selling of goods, so in idiom in aperto mercatu in the open market, in public, publicly SM375/13; 2. an occasion for the buying and selling of goods SX3/13

mercenarius, -a, -um adj hired, paid; see scena

mercerus, -i n m mercer, here member of the Chester Mercers' guild CH61/18

merces, -edis n f literally a reward, here used for W 'amobyr,' a fee paid to the lord (or the equivalent) at the first marriage of one's daughter WL12/13, etc; see WG amober

mercimonium, -ii n nt commercial transaction, in coll pl trade, commerce BR5/36

Mercurius, -ii n m Mercury, a deity of the Roman pantheon whose name was also given to the first planet: with 'dies' understood Mercurij Wednesday CR424/34; OX37/1, etc; Marcurius OX30/23; see also dies, rusticans

meremium, -ii n nt timber, wood for construction IC34/11, etc; OX124/41; SM930/7 (possibly for a mantel); maremium IC353/4; OX147/2

merenda, -ae n f a light midday meal OX77/17, etc [from mereo, apparently originally part of a labourer's wages; see OLD merenda]

meretrix, -icis n f a prostitute, whore EL20/29, etc; WL216/19; presented as part of a quasi-regulated group CH38/2, etc (declined as consonant-stem and i-stem); meritrix CH40/42

meritum, -i n nt merit, deserts; the usage here reflects the view of late medieval piety that it was possible for the devout to appropriate merit from the good deeds of saints to effect cures and other benefits H200/19, etc; WL53/27

Merlinus Siluestris, Merlini Siluestris n m Merlin Silvestris, a legendary Welsh poet and prophet WL222/26 [see OCLW Myrddin]

meronarius, -ii n m either timber-merchant [cp DML maeremiarius] or possibly mariner [cp DML marinarius]; in either case the accompanying marginalia on pp CH54 and CH858 suggest it is an antiquarian error for mercerus CH54/3, CH856/7; meranerius CH858/8

Mertonensis, -e adj of or belonging to Merton: Collegium Mertonense Merton College OX525/36; Martonensis OX80/35

merus, -a, -um adj alone, all by oneself, hence unprompted C407/4; L23/8; EK19/11, etc; SM130/3, etc; see also officium

messuagium, -ii n nt one's principal dwelling together with the outbuildings and land appertaining to it EK956/6; EL138/29, etc; SM177/24, etc; W451/26, etc

meta, -e n f originally a cone or cone-shaped marker, eg, one used by surveyors, hence any set mark used as a sign, here one in writing SM92/31

metamorphosis, -is n f transformation, change (apparently an intentional reference to Ovid's Metamorphoses) OX179/5

metrifico, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to compose in metre, write verse OX14/26

metropolis, -is n f metropolis, a major city, particularly one in which an archbishop and his see are centred EL147/39

metropoliticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a metropolitan bishop or his see, metropolitical [cp ODCC metropolitan]; see ecclesia, uisitacio

Microcosmus, -i n m Microcosm, name of a character in the play Annus Recurrens OX308/32

Midlesexia, -ae n f Middlesex, name of a county C403/32

miles, -itis n m 1. soldier, warrior C240/16, etc; hence warrior, knight [see OEDO knight n. 3. and 4.] CH718/35, etc; EL128/3, etc; OX139/30, etc; WL57/19; 2. miles gloriosus braggart soldier, a stock character in Roman comedy C129/4; see p C1205; hence an allusion to Plautus' Miles Gloriosus or its title character C94/20, C95/14, C126/20; 3. knight EK908/12, etc; IC7/7, etc; LI603/9, etc; OX7/18 [see OEDO knight n. 4.a.], etc; SH13/37, etc; W394/12; 3. by extension the persons representing the four knights that murdered St Thomas Becket in Canterbury's St Thomas' pageant EK104/3, etc; 4. in title Fabula Militis The Knight's Tale, one of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales OX136/8

milicia, -e n f literally an organized body of troops, here applied metaphorically to clergy SM237/21

militaris, -e adj 1. of or pertaining to a knight or soldier, knight-like, military CH36/6; LI607/27, etc; see also seruicium1; 2. hence as m sbst knight LI86/6

mimus, -i n m 1. originally in LL performer, actor, especially in the often obscene farces and pantomimes of the later Roman stage [see OLD], a sense that influences its pejorative usage in theological and penitential sources CH812/14; CR540/13 (where it is glossed by scurra); DR171/33; EK939/11; LI7/17; SM311/14; 2. hence in AL performer, but probably one whose performance included music, eg, le Trumpets & alii mimi EK101/29-30; often used as a synonym of histrio and ministrallus:

  1. used without specification, exact sense unclear C10/14, etc; EL33/21, etc; L99/12; LI333/21, etc; OX30/30, etc; SX15/27?, SX15/28?, SX212/16; WL158/7; mymus C41/15; mimys (dat pl) EK739/34, etc; mymys (dat/abl pl) C70/24; EK103/30;
  2. with an appositive indicating a particular kind of musician: eg, mimi sive fistulatores, mimi seu taboratores, mimi uel tubicini, mimi tibicines (see under the appostive); ~ alias trumpputers LI33/37-8, ~ alias waytes LI35/9;
  3. with a named royal, noble, or other patron, such a performer under his or her patronage C31/18-19, etc; EK647/13, etc; LI343/20-1, etc; OX30/23, etc; SH135/32, etc; SM250/7, etc; SX185/8, etc; W405/24;
  4. with the name of a town, such a performer in its employ, likely a town wait C34/1, etc; EK741/11; LI343/34, etc; SX15/27?, SX15/28?; W400/25
[cp OLD mimus and REED Devon LG mimus]

mina, -ae1 n f a Greek unit of weight approximately equal to a pound, hence pound sterling OX201/1

mina, -ae2 n f threat OX308/6 [OLD minae]

minister, -tri n m 1. literally servant, officer C333/9; CH135/8, etc; EK974/28; EL14/8; L115/26, L116/19 (note that minister is in both cases distinguished from the related ministrallus); SH128/24; SX47/27?, SX183/1?; mynistrys (dat pl) EK739/18; 2. hence a cleric, in idioms altaris minister servant, or minister, of the altar, a cleric EK912/2; ecclesie minister literally servant of the church, one of the minor clergy serving at a cathedral EL16/9-10; minister ... ecclesie EL23/11; 3. used for the related 'ministrallus', minstrel C63/12?; C65/13?; C65/9?; C69/10m; EK64/4, etc (used as a synonym for 'histrio' and 'fistulator'); SH128/31, 128/32; SX47/27?, SX183/1?; W398/27?; 4. by extension with reference to Mk 10.43-5, clergyman, minister CH767/37, etc; CR503/27, etc (used of members of collegiate chapters); specifically the incumbent of a parish EK609/31, etc; EL209/40m; H142/33, etc; L26/15; SH64/38, etc; SM235/35, etc; SX38/12, etc; W361/3, etc

ministerialis, -is sbst m servant, especially one of the minor clergy performing various liturgical functions in a cathedral EL17/14

ministerium, -ii n nt (Christian) ministry CH767/41, etc; LI4/31

ministrallus, -i n m literally a servant (ultimately from LL 'ministerialis'); minstrel, performer, musician, often used either of a musician who is a member of a household or in the employ of a town (often a synonym of histrio and mimus): 1. used without specification C4/16, etc; CR492/30, CR493/38,; EK310/18, etc; IC22/6, etc; IC83/3 (minstrellus); IC6/5, etc (mynstrellus); L115/5, etc; LI107/23, LI322/14 (minstrellus), LI79/14 (ministallus); SH133/1, SH134/4, SH134/9, SH135/15, SH136/4, SH138/30 (SH occ all possibly in s4); SX182/23, SX182/31, SX183/8, SX183/16, SX184/5, SX186/33, SX187/10; WL288/8, etc (in form menestrallus); principalis de menastrallis, chief of the minstrels, is used to gloss pencherd on WL14/18: see WG pennkerdd; as members of a local confraternity CR491/7; 2.

  1. in conjunction with a specific appositive, a particular kind of musician: gigatores ... menestralli W379/21, uidilator menestrallus H187/7 (see under the appositives);
  2. used absolutely as synonym of other performer terms: histriones harpartores & alii menestralli EK29/11; ministralli & alii lusores EK70/1;
  1. a minstrel, probably a musician, who is a member of a household or under patronage C24/21, etc; CR494/27, CR495/9; EK309/34, etc; EL20/19, etc; H119/1, etc; L115/34, etc; LI79/5, etc; SH353/8, etc; SX186/20, etc; W399/5, etc; mynstrellus LI35/18;
  2. synonym for mimus SH149/3-5, or histrio SH132/17-18, etc, or for another musician under such patronage minstralli vocati trumpettes SH149/37, Ministrallus ... dictus le taberer SH150/12-13, ministrallus ... vocatus le taborer SH153/11-12;
4. a minstrel in the employ of a town, probably a town wait BR7/1; EK61/19-20, EK316/41?, etc; LI112/14, etc; SH131/21-2, SH141/18, SH143/32, SH143/34-5, SH144/24, SH145/24, SH148/13, SH149/13-14, SH151/32-3, SH154/5-6, SH154/8, SH155/5-6, SH157/8-9; minstrellus LI319/19; mynstrellus LI319/18m, etc; a synonym for histrio SH146/13-14; ministralli ville town waits C15/23, etc;
FORMS: 3rd decl dat/abl forms ministralibus H121/21, H121/24; ministrallibus EK67/29, etc; SX50/32; minstralibus L119/19, etc; minstrallibus SH146/1, etc; mynstrallibus SH146/5, etc; dat/abl pl in -ys: ministrallys L138/19; mynstrallys EK76/17; menestralus (s1) SX182/15; menestrallus (s1) C3/14, etc; (s1) CH45/9; (s1,2,3) EK29/11, etc; (s3a) EL16/17; (s1or4) H189/12, (s1) H189/15, etc, (s2) H187/7, etc; (s3) SX183/24; (s1) W396/23, etc, (s3) W379/26, etc; menistrellus (s3) EK45/5; menstrallus (s1) C10/39, etc; (s2,3,4) EK823/11, etc; menstrellus (s1,3) EK320/18, etc; minestrallus (s1) C4/21, etc; (s3,4) EK330/29, etc; miniestralis (s1) CH841/5; ministralus (s1) SM242/27; ministrellus (s1) CH64/39, etc; (s3) EK339/30, etc; (s3a) EL14/14; W398/27, etc; (s4) W400/14; ministleus (s1) CH221/33; minnstrellus (s1or4) CR494/37; minstrallus (s1,4) C10/29, etc; L118/5, etc; SH136/13, etc; (s1,3) L118/12, etc; EK315/2, etc; (s1) W398/34; (s3) W405/4, etc; (s4) CR470/9; minstralus (s3a) EL35/10; minstrellus (s1) C328/35; (s1) CH40/36, etc; EK325/21; mynsterellus (s1) SM243/39; mynistrallus (s3,4) EK66/10, etc; mynstrallus SH136/36, etc; (s3) CR493/23; (s1or4) CR491/25, CR493/12; (s3,4) EK62/29, etc; mynstrellus SH354/29, etc; (s1) BR55/17; L115/12; (s3) EK539/36; W399/20, etc; (s1or4) CR492/13, CR492/15; mynstyrellus C31/37; mynystrallus C6/12; (s3) EK71/30, etc

ministrator, -oris n m servant LI33/37

ministro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to serve, wait on, EK204/9; used metaphorically of the members of a monastery SM173/40; 2. to serve a church or chapel (used of clergy), to take part in its liturgy BR5/34; EL123/17, etc; 3. to serve (papers, court orders, etc) EK897/39; SM130/3; 4. to serve (food or beverages), offer (refreshment) EL14/7; 5. to administer (an oath) EL211/20; 6. to provide, furnish EK107/21

minor, minus compar adj 1. lesser (in size, dignity, or worth) C241/36; see also bacchalaureus, canonicus, etas, Priscianus; 2. m pl as sbst lesser or less important persons CH36/10; 3. the younger of two or more persons of the same name C361/15; 3. quo minus C399/13, see OLD quominus; see also ordo

minoritas, -tatis n f lower or lesser status OX12/5

minstralcia, -ae n f minstrelsy, the service due from a minstrel; see curia

minstrellus see ministrallus

minucio, -onis n f loss, lessening; in idiom with (H188/19) or without (W339/n82) 'sanguinis' blood-letting

minuo, -uere, -ui, -utum v tr to bleed (a person) for medicinal purposes H188/20, etc

Minutius, -ii n m fictive L nomen formed from the root of 'minutus,' 'small, tiny': see Graticus

miraculose adv miraculously, in the manner of a miracle H200/18

miraculum, -i n nt 1. something amazing, a marvel (sometimes with pejorative overtones) [cp OLD] CH35/39?; 2. miracle, wondrous act or sign BR5/2; H200/11, etc; WL80/21; hence a representation or other recounting of such events LI3/17?, etc: miraculum de sancta Maria EK909/15; 3. seasonal misrule by the minor clergy CH35/39?; LI3/17?, etc

misa, -e n f expense, charge CH78/24; EL230/28, etc

miseracio, -onis n f mercy CR503/19; H98/9

misericordia, -e n f 1. literally mercy OX387/34; EL242/18, etc; hence opera misericordie works of mercy EK930/14; 2. in legal idiom in misericordia (to be) in mercy, ie, subject to a fine, called an amercement, levied at the mercy, ie, the discretion, of the judge rather than at a fixed rate EK537/26; IC23/30, etc; L31/27, etc; LI231/9 (with 'in' omitted LI78/29m); 3. hence by extension the fine so levied DR283/3; IC48/17m, etc; L99/10

misericors, -ordis n m dagger OX6/2 [see OEDO misericord n. (and int.) 2.]

missa, -e n f mass, liturgical celebration of the eucharist C29/14, etc; CR503/28; H99/32, etc; LI7/1; OX3/14; W396/7, etc; WL12/27; hence alta missa high mass EK824/7

missalis, -e adj 1. of or pertaining to the mass: calix missalis a eucharistic cup, chalice EK974/33; see also denarius; 2. nt as sbst missal, a service book containing the commons and propers of the mass for Sundays and festivals throughout the year CR504/39

misterium, -ii n nt trade, guild CH77/33, etc; misteria (1st decl) CH78/28; mysterium BR133/38

mitra, -e n f mitre, ceremonial headgear worn by a bishop EL15/8, etc; OX15/27

moderamen, -inis n nt guidance, direction EL17/12

moderator, -oris n m head, leader: 1. hence headmaster (of a school) DR170/23; 2. in idiom choristarum moderator choirmaster OX103/33

moderatus, -a, -um adj 1. restrained, moderate WL262/13; 2. hence low, soft (used of volume of sound rather than pitch) WL12/20, etc

modernus, -a, -um adj 1. modern, contemporary EK34/11, etc; EL22/30, etc; 2. in compar modernior, -ius more modern, more contemporary WL223/8

modero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to direct, guide OX209/16; 2. to moderate (a discussion) OX218/12

modicum adv little, to a small degree or extent LI103/18

modius, -i n m bushel (dry measure) C151/9; LI25/15, etc

modulacio, -onis n f 1. variation in the tone of a sound, modulation WL10/25, etc; 2. (act of) singing or an example thereof, a song WL54/9; hence singing, chanting EK980/15

modulamen, -inis n nt singing, the act of singing WL10/10

modulo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to sing WL60/8, etc

modulus, -i n m literally a (musical) interval, hence by extension a series of intervals making up a scale or tune, a measure of music WL7/17, etc

modus, -i n m 1. means, manner CH36/6, etc; EK822/18, etc; H98/35, etc; LI3/18, etc; SH264/11, etc; SM117/16, etc; SX14/9, etc; W396/10, etc; WL9/8, etc; 2. rhythmic pattern, measure, beat (in speech or music, here used of vocal music) WL10/11; see also uia

molendarius, -i n m miller, member of Millers' company (Shrewsbury) C41/23; SH127/32

molendinum, -i n nt mill L77/32

mollis, -e adj soft; literally soft, gentle, by extension of musical notes, lowered by a semitone; see b molle, uinum

molosus, -i n m originally a Molossian dog, a now-extinct ancient breed originating in the Epirus, in AL a mastiff CH36/2

monachialis, -e adj pertaining or appropriate to a monk SM174/14

monachus, -i n m monk EK23/36, etc; EL15/27; LI607/4, etc; OX3/19, etc; SM174/13, etc; WL215/21, etc; monacus WL216/39; see also farata

monarcha, -ae n m monarch, an absolute ruler OX315/13

monarchicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a monarch, monarchial OX343/17

monasterium, -ii n nt monastery, religious house for a community of monks CH59/6, etc; CR527/9, etc; EK975/16, etc; LI342/11, etc; SM173/35, etc; WL218/2; see also ecclesia

monasticon n nt a work about monasteries: Monasticon Anglicanum title of a work by Dugdale about the monasteries of England CH43/32-3

monasticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a monk, monastic OX3/18

moneta, -e n f money, currency C333/4, etc; L36/2; LI25/37; OX6/32; in idiom legalis moneta Anglie legal English currency BR59/37 (abbreviated to legalis etc); C250/39, etc; CH110/24, etc; EK779/32, etc; EL143/7-8; L82/22, etc; LI325/29-30; OX196/1, etc

monialis, -is, -e sbst f nun LI317/11

monstracio, -onis n f in CL act of showing or demonstrating, hence act of presenting, eg, a performance: monstracio interludii EK733/38

monstro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr in CL to show or demonstrate, hence to present EK735/12

monstrum, -i n nt literally something warned of or shown, hence sign, omen, here by extension sign, symbol, likeness? SH74/2; SM236/17, etc

Montgomeria, -ae n f Montgomery, name of an earldom OX312/32, etc

mora, -e n f 1. elapse of time, usually with negative connotation delay OX799/20; hence moram facere OX10/41, etc, or moram trahere OX60/8, etc, to delay; 2. used without negative connotations, of a place of residence: moram facere C327/27; CR527/8, etc; SM159/36m; SX20/11 or moram trahere to stay, remain, dwell CH77/33-4; IC39/21; 3. by extension act of residing, residence CH46/29

moralis, -e adj of or pertaining to moral theology or the moral interpretation of Scripture: nt pl as sbst moralia a work focussing on moral interpretation, here the title of a commentary on Job by St Gregory I CH812/12 [OEDO moral adj. 2.d., DML 1 moralis 4]

morans, -ntis prp staying, residing WL216/33

mordicatio, -onis n f act of biting, bite CH26/12, etc

moror, -ari, -atus sum v intr to stay, dwell CH462/18, etc; moro (third conjugation) IC52/15

mortalis, -e adj deadly, mortal SX171/12, etc

mortificatus, -a, -um pfp pass amortized, alienated in mortmain (see manus) LI25/361, etc

morto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to slaughter, butcher SH277/27

mortorium var of mortarium [OLD]

Mortuum mare, Mortui maris n nt Latinization of Mortimer; this form of the surname is based on a false etymology of the name 'de Mortimer' from F 'de Morte Mer,' ie, from the Dead Sea H189/16; SH14/2

Mosaicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Moses, the Jewish Law, or Jewish religious or cultic practices C239/38

Motus, -i n m Latinization of F surname La Mothe EK204/15, etc

motus, -us n m 1. (bodily) movement C846/8; 2. instigation, prompting C239/36, etc

moueo, -uere, -ui, -tum v tr literally to move here by extension in idiom signum mouere to ring a bell EK24/8

multifarie adv in many different ways, variously OX12/26

multimodus, -a, -um adj diverse, various CH56/1

multo, -onis n m sheep (for mutton) EK34/19, etc

multociens adv often, frequently EK975/28; EL21/7 [OLD multo1, totie(n)s]

multoninus -a -um adj of or derived from sheep; see caro

mundanus, -a, -um adj worldly, secular CH46/32; CR527/23

mundus, -i n m the world, the earth (eg, as opposed to heaven) EL15/33; see also origo

municio, -onis n f loss, lessening, by extension blood-letting EL22/17 [var of OLD minutio]

munimentum, -i n nt literally defence, safeguard, hence muniment, a deed or similar document that supports a person or group in the possession of a right or property WL217/1, etc

munus, -eris n nt literally gifts, here by extension bribes EL242/24

munusculum, -i n nt literally small gift or favour, here by extension a signet ring or some other small piece of personal adornment EL15/23 [cp DML munusculum 2]

muragium, -ii n nt murage, a tax levied to support the building or repair of walls EK335/37, etc

muro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to enclose with a wall, wall up SM173/35m, etc

musa, -e n f pipe, apparently a form of bagpipe CR540/11 [possibly a back-formation from OLD musicus or an extension of OLD Musa; see OEDO muse n.1 3.]

musicalis, -e adj of or pertaining to music, musical; see instrumentum, ludus

musices var (Gk gen) of musice [OLD musica]

musicio -onis n m musician IC94/5, etc; LI219/4; muscicio IC109/36

musicus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to music, musical C249/18; WL8/7, etc; 2. m as sbst musician CH429/30, etc; EK258/18; IC87/31, etc; LI747/28, etc (glossed as 'the wates' LI42/13); OX156/4, etc; SH126/10; musici academici university musicians OX497/12, etc; musici oppidani town musicians OX280/13, etc; musici publici common musicians, ie, town musicians OX280/7, etc; used frequently in Cambridge to refer to university waits C201/28, etc; musici uille town musicians, ie, the town waits LI325/14-15; musisus IC89/8, etc; musitus C590/38; 3. f as sbst music, primarily instrumental C368/28, etc; EK203/23; IC184/7, etc; OX162/33, etc; WL8/17m; musica flatilis literally wind music, here apparently the name of a collection of music for wind instruments OX557/23; see also instrumentum

musturum, -i n nt muster, review (of fighting men) SH200/33 (var form of monstrum) [Latham]

mutilacio, -onis n f cutting short, curtailment OX3/18

Mutius, -ii n m fictive L nomen for a justice at the court of a Christmas prince, from the root of 'mutus,' 'silent, mute' IC462/14

mymys (dat pl) see mimus

mynistrallus see ministrallus

mynistrys (dat pl) see minister

mynsterellus, mynstrallus, mynstrellus, mynystrallus, mynstryrellus see ministrallus

mysterium see misterium


nacio, -onis n f (student) nation, one of the groups into which the student population of a medieval university was divided, originally reflecting their national origins; at Oxford there were two nations, northern and southern OX4/30, etc

narracio, -onis n f (legal) statement, declaration EL230/18

narro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to tell, hence as legal idiom to make a claim EK967/16

nasus, -i n m nose OX8/26; Aeneus Nasus Brazen Nose, the eponymous emblem of Brasenose College OX85/24

natalis, -e adj 1. of or pertaining to birth; by extension of or pertaining to Christmas SM182/25m: conuiuium natale banquet held at the Christmas season C38/29, etc; ludus natalis pastime or entertainment held at Christmas time C131/19; SM177/39, etc; 2. nt sg as sbst (often with domini or Christi) Christmas, the Christmas season C36/27-8, etc; EK906/12-13, etc; IC5/22, etc; LI111/42, etc; OX19/12, etc; SH354/10, etc; SM183/1, etc; SX182/16, etc; W459/23, etc; WL11/16; hence aurora ~ domini dawn of Christmas day LI110/23, etc; secundus dies Natalis the second day of Christmas, 26 December SM178/4; see also dies, ebdomada, festum, tempus, terminus, uigilia

natalitius, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to Christmas C142/12; OX79/26, etc; 1. nt pl as sbst the Christmas season, Christmas time C391/12; OX94/9, etc; see also feria, festum

natiuitas, -atis n f literally birth: 1. alone IC49/39; OX67/8, etc, or with Christi C330/12; OX81/29, etc, or Domini OX31/22, etc; SM424/15, or dominica CR503/23-4 Christmas, the Christmas season; aurora natiuitatis Domini the dawn of Christmas day LI111/6; 2. Natiuitas sancti Iohannis Baptistae the Nativity of St John the Baptist, 24 June CH110/28-9m; OX5/23; W462/15; see also dies, festum, octabe, septimana, terminus, uigilia

Nauerina, -e n f possibly a form of 'Nauarra,' Navarre, a Spanish kingdom SX183/24

nauiculus, -i n m literally small ship, boat, here ~ No(i)e Noah's little ship, a model representing Noah's ark, used in a procession LI27/12, etc; nauicula LI33/12, etc; nouicula LI34/5

nauis, -is n f 1. literally ship LI607/11; 2. model representing a ship LI79/25, etc; 3. in idiom ~ ecclesie nave of a church, main central body of a church building between the chancel and the west doors LI105/39, etc; W348/23

nauticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to the navy, naval OX489/31

Nazarenus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to Nazareth, a village of Judea, Nazarene EK26/2

Nazianzus, -i n m Nazianzus, a city in Cappadocia; see Gregorius

Neapolitanus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Naples C113/4

Neapolum, -i n nt kingdom of Naples EK779/22, etc

necessarius, -a, -um adj necessary, needful CH843/23; de necessario of necessity CH56/33

necuerunt var of necauerunt (by false analogy from alternate sg form necuit) [OLD neco]

negociator, -oris n m merchant, trader EK828/1

negocior, -ari, -atus sum v intr to be busy with, to be occupied in SH119/37; SX185/8

negocium, -ii n nt (legal) business, lawsuit BR3/22; EL210/24

nephandus, -a, -um adj for nefandus [OLD]

Neptunus, -i n m Neptune, Roman god of the sea, presented (with a mix of real and invented mythological attributes) as the overlord of the kingdom of beans OX799/6; see also regnum, rex

nerfus var of neruus [OLD]

neuma, -atis n nt literally a musical note or phrase or a form of musical notation, here by extension a piece of music, music WL60/8 [see DML neuma and OEDO neume]

niger, nigra, nigrum adj black; see custos, panis

Noa, -(i)e n m Noah, the OT patriarch who, according to Gen 6-9, built the ark and thereby saved himself, his family, and all the species of the world's non-aquatic animals when the rest of mankind was destroyed in the flood LI27/12, etc

nobilis, -e adj 1. illustrious, noble C579/26; EK204/25; OX56/7, etc; 2. m as sbst A. a noble or distinguished person LI129/19; hence B. nobleman, peer C352/16, etc; EK204/9, etc; OX218/5, etc; 3. nt sg as sbst noble, a coin most commonly valued at 6s 8d although it could be worth as much as 10s OX45/36, etc [see OEDO noble adj. and n.1 B.2.a]

noctanter adv at night, by night OX8/30, etc

nocturnus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to night EK537/7; WL216/18, etc; 2. nt sg as sbst nocturn(s): A. nocturns, the night office: it may refer to part of matins which, despite its name, was said at night, or collectively to matins and lauds, which were said consecutively at night or early in the morning EK24/14; WL216/26; the occurrence at H113/32-3 clearly represents the former usage, those at H112/38 and H113/17 are ambiguous; see also hora; B. nocturn, one of the seven parts into which the Psalter was divided according to tradition by St Jerome LI347/24 [OEDO nocturn n. 2]

nocumentum, -i n nt injury, hurt, harm CH68/29; OX64/38, etc; W451/32; nocuementum SM376/37

nodus, -i n m knot; see Gordianus

nomen, -inis n nt 1. a name EL22/22; L75/23; as evoked in prayer EL18/35, etc; 2. in idiom de nomine Iesu the name of a feast day, the feast of the Holy Name or the Name of Jesus, 7 August EL43/16, etc; 3. first name, forename L75/24

nomyny var of nomine [OLD nomen]

nonus, -a, -um adj 1. literally ninth CH220/14, etc; OX332/30, etc; SM148/16, etc; 2. f sg as sbst nine o'clock CH227/36; or noon SM183/2 (also hora nona OX5/17; SM178/5); this shift in meaning resulted from a change in religious practice whereby the prayers appointed for the third, sixth, and ninth hours of the day came to be said together at midday [see ODCC under TERCE]; 3. f pl as sbst None, -arum the nones, the fifth, or (in March, May, July, and October) the seventh, day of a month, so called because it is the ninth day before the ides: in the Roman dating system, all other days of a month were designated by counting backwards from three fixed points, its nones, its ides (the thirteenth or fifteenth day), and the calends, or first day, of the following month EL245/5, etc

Nordouolgius, -a, -um adj of or from Norfolk C842/21

Norffolkia, -e n f Norfolk: 1. name of a county C327/31; 2. name of a dukedom Norfolchia C31/19; Norfoxia SH197/12

norit, norunt contractions of nouerit and nouerunt [OLD nosco]

Northantona, -ae n f Northampton, name of an earldom OX313/6

Northfolcia, -e n f Norfolk, name of a dukedom OX70/18; Northffolchia EK344/26; Northfolkia EK824/27

Northumberlondia, -e n f Northumberland, the name of an earldom EK620/8; Northhumbrelandia LI79/14

Northumbria, -e n f Northumberland, the name of an earldom C75/26, etc; EK84/2; Northhumbria W405/39

Norwagiensis, -is sbst m Norwegian, Norseman WL10/27

Northwicus, -i n m Northwich, a town in Cheshire CH722/35, etc

Norwicensis, -is n f Norwich, name of a city C217/10

notacio, -onis n f act of providing (musical) notation or the notation itself LI332/23, etc; OX47/3

notarius, -a, -um adj well-known WL217/13 [var of DML notorius]

notarius, -ii n m notary, person authorized to draw up and attest to various public and legal documents, thus giving such documents an authoritative status at law; often notaries served as registrars of ecclesiastical courts C301/11, etc; EK947/1, etc; H71/18, etc; WL218/5; notarius publicus EL210/22, etc; LI58/25, etc; OX259/22; SM140/2; SX38/31, etc

Notinghamia, -ae n f Nottingham, name of an earldom OX313/6

noto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to note, make note of EK746/4; EL16/27c, etc; SM185/26; 2. to report, ie, to a church court about a canonical offence EK19/12. etc; EL53/36; H167/30, etc; SH22/42, etc; SM77/32, etc; WL235/25

notorie adv 1. in a well-known manner CH768/14, etc; EL184/14; SX38/30; 2. infamously, notoriously BR5/20

notorius, -a, -um adj well-known C333/14; CH71/4, etc; EL179/41, etc; SM175/4, etc; hence notorious EK307/38, etc

notula, -e n f literally (musical) note, hence in coll pl melody, tune WL57/22

nouellum, -i n nt delicacy, treat SH171/40

nouicula see nauiculus

nouiter adv 1. newly, anew EK974/13, etc; 2. recently WL13/33

nouus, -a, -um adj new LI27/19, etc; see burgus, castrum, de

nox, -ctis n f 1. literally night, night-time C25/14, etc; CR489/22; EK24/8, etc; OX5/25, etc; SH264/26, etc; W396/6; see also medius; 2. the eve of a feast day, so called from the liturgical convention of beginning the observance of a holy day at sunset on the previous day C37/26, etc; SH133/4, etc; noctes solemnes solemn eves, ie, the eves of principal feasts OX28/33;

  1. nox Marie Magdalene (St) Mary Magdalen's Eve, 21 July CR491/18, etc;
  2. nox Pasche Easter Eve SM249/1;
  3. nox sancti Iohannis St John's Eve, either 26 December (St John the Evangelist) or 23 June (St John the Baptist) OX57/10;
  4. while nox Epiphanie W399/27 refers to Epiphany Eve or Twelfth Night, an expression such as in die Epiphanie in nocte C59/9 indicates the evening of the day itself rather than its eve

nugacitas, -atis n f frivolous behaviour, frivolity or triviality: it is unclear which sense should be preferred at CH36/12; LI103/16

nullatenus adv by no means EL19/14; LI103/25, etc; SH265/40; SM239/14; WL216/15, etc; nullatinus LI342/36; W348/29[OLD tenus2]

nullo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr annul, make void SH200/28m

numeratus, -a, -um pfp pass (of money) counted out, put down (in payment); see denarius, pecunia

numerositas, -atis n f abundance, large number LI608/2

nunc adv 1. literally now EL25/39, etc; IC97/4; 2. used as quasi-adj current, present CH616/7, etc; EL128/1, etc; IC24/31, etc; LI609/4, etc

nuncius, -i n m 1. messenger, servant, possibly groom C296/30; CH858/23; EK307/40m, etc; H189/12; LI189/15?; SH129/25; SX182/7, etc; W417/26; 2. hence alone LI112/162, or with communis LI112/161, town crier; 3. A. spokesman, representative (of a group) L75/14; LI189/15?; B. legal representative, proctor LI338/2, etc

nundina, -e n f fair C267/27; coll pl C547/22?; EK824/9-11c, etc; EL245/24, etc; LI606/37, etc; SH154/11

nuptus, -a, -um adj married, not single SM176/10, etc


obediencia, -e n f obedience, here used with special reference to the obedience owed ecclesiastical laws and canons or to one's ecclesiastical superiors CR504/32; DR247/34; EK308/25, etc; El16/9; H98/30, etc; LI103/22; SH5/38; SM174/33; WL217/25; see also presto

obediencialiter adv obediently OX3/12

obfuscatus, -a, -um pfp pass darkened, obscured LI332/37

obiectio, -onis n f objection, a charge or accusation brought in an ecclesiastical court SM32/26, etc; SX178/30

obiector, -oris n m objector, a man who comes forward to lay formal objections against a witness or compurgator in an ecclesiastical court C363/35, etc

obiectrix, -ricis n f a female objector C365/1

obiectum, -i sbst nt 1. charge LI268/2; 2. objection OX86/7

obiiceo, -icere, -eci, -ectum v tr 1. to put (something) before (someone) (with acc of thing and dat of person) OX140/15; 2. to expose (someone) to danger or the like (with acc of person and dat of the thing threatened) WL264/1; 3. to enter an objection against a witness or statement C364/22, etc; 4. to bring a charge (against) (with acc of charge and dat of person) C363/28, etc; CH730/32, etc; EK308/9, etc; EL208/2; LI56/33, etc; OX163/16, etc; SH273/33, etc; SM32/21, etc; SX18/27, etc; WL236/27, etc; 5. in idiom pars ... obijciens the objecting party (in a suit), ie, that bringing charges CH772/15, etc

obitus, -us n m 1. literally death: de obitu Theodosii 'Of the death of Theodosius,' a sermon by Ambrose on the death of Theodosius I CH808/29-30m; 2. hence obit, annual commemoration of the death of a college's founder or other benefactor OX510/35

oblacio, -onis n f 1. alms, offerings, gift C13/15, etc; CH46/27; CR489/29, etc; EK314/39, etc; H102/18, etc; LI6/33, etc; SH354/28; WL54/14; 2. hence the mass, especially but not exclusively one offered for the souls of the departed LI25/3, etc

oblator, -oris n m literally one who offers, hence either 1. one who gives alms, especially on behalf of another, an almoner or 2. (by extension from the use of the root verb 'offero' to describe the offering of the eucharist) one who makes eucharistic wafers; the former seems more likely than the latter H189/14

oblatus, -a, -um adj literally rather wide or broad, hence (of clothing) having wide sleeves(?), or adorned with wide stripes(?) EL15/24 [cp DML 1 oblatus]

obligacio, -onis n f bond, obligation EK62/21, etc

obligatorius, -a, -um adj see billa

obligo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. with refl or in pass to bind or obligate oneself or to be bound or obligated, either to keep certain conditions or for the compliance of another, under pain of the forfeit of a sum of money C385/12, etc; EK821/41; EL143/6, etc; LI328/2, etc; OX195/39, etc; 2. prp obligans binding (used of a rule or order) EL23/8

obolum, -i n nt halfpenny CH40/41; LI25/20; obulus EL128/7

obprobriosus, -a, -um adj insulting, taunting OX48/30

obsequium, -ii n nt 1. duty, service (eg, as due to a lord or employer) EL17/13, etc; hence per obsequium by service OX504/22; 2. by extension (religious) service DR247/22; WL53/18, etc; coll pl diuina obsequia religious service, divine worship IC6/33--4; LI4/9, etc

obseruancia, -e n f observance (of rules and the like); see regularis

obseruo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. observe, watch CH35/38; 2. to keep: obseruare domum to keep one's home, ie, to remain at home CH227/37 [cp OEDO keep v. 33.]

obsonium, -ii n nt 1. provision of foodstuffs for a meal, hence a meal OX51/19; 2. in pl foodstuffs, victuals opsonia OX218/1

obstupeo, -ere, -ui v intr to be amazed, astounded WL3/6

obtusus, -a, -um adj literally blunt, dull; (of sounds) dull or deep WL8/18 [OLD obtusus, DML obtundere]

obuio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr (or intr + dat) to meet (someone) BR4/29; SH159/23

obulus see obolum

occasiono, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to interfere with (someone), hence to prosecute BR3/13 or to hinder by process of law LI608/17, etc

occo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to cut (eg, a length of thread) WL54/11

occupacio, -onis n f 1. activity, occupation, business EK912/11; LI118/43 (in coll pl); 2. trade, trade guild CH55/31, etc

occupator, -oris n m one who practises a trade or craft, craftsman CH55/30, etc

occupo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to practise (a craft or trade) CH56/13, etc; 2. hence to perform (an office or duty), do (a job) IC22/1, etc

ocillus, -i n m literally a little eye, hence a die: ludere ... ocillis to play dice OX56/23

ocrea, -e n f leather legging or boot LI78/11

octaba, -e (or octabe, -arum) n f octave, the eight-day period following a major festival LI36/23:

  1. octaba Innocencium (or octaua Innocencium EL14/9) octave of (Holy) Innocents' (Day), 28 December-4 January SM236/15;
  2. octabe Natiuitatis beate Marie octave of the Nativity of St Mary, 8-15 September EK39/25-6;
  3. octava Epiphanie the octave of Epiphany, 1--7 January OX57/15

octauadecima, -e sbst f literally the eighteenth, here the third day after the quindene of Easter, on which the Easter law term began EL230/12 (in form xviijna)

octonarius, -ii sbst m a line of verse containing eight metrical feet; octonarius trochaius such a line made up of trochees C119/35

oculatus, -a, -um adj having sight, keen-sighted; see fides

oeconomus see iconomus

Oedipus, -i n m Oedipus, legendary king of Thebes, here named as a play character OX178/17

Oeneus, -i n m Oeneus, a legendary Greek king, here likely named as a character in Gager's Meleager OX178/32

oenopolium, -ii n nt wine shop, tavern C267/6

offensum, -i n nt offence, crime CH78/4, etc

offero, -rre, obtuli, oblatum v tr 1. to administer (an oath) SH57/26, etc; 2. to offer, show, present (an entertainment) SH191/36

officialis -e adj of or pertaining to a bishop's judicial office; see liber

officialis, -is n m 1. officer, official WL11/6, etc; hence 2. an archdeacon's official, a subordinate officer who supervised legal business in the archdeaconry courts, and often acted as judge in the archdeacon's place C363/20, etc; CR464/4; EK814/6, etc; EL211/19; SM423/19; 3. a bishop's official, probably the official principal, another name for the bishop's vicar general or chancellor, a deputy with primarily administrative and judicial responsibility DR248/2, etc; EK974/16; officialis principalis CH767/22; EL210/21

officiarius, -i n m officer, a functionary (eg, in the service of a city or town, court, household, or the Crown) BR6/39; C399/24, C841/14; CH135/8, etc; EK324/33m, etc; IC94/31m, etc; L115/5 (probably a household servant), etc; LI316/25, etc; OX192/5, etc

officio, -icere, -eci, -ectum v intr to carry out a task, perform an office CH47/8

officium, -ii n nt 1. office, position of responsibility or authority C841/23, C301/17, etc; CH48/12, etc; EK822/7, etc; EL17/3, etc; LI4/24, etc; OX7/31, etc; SM237/24, etc; WL21/23, etc; 2. especially a bishop's judicial office, normally exercised by subordinate judges CH767/27, etc; EL53/6; hence ex parte officii on behalf of the office LI94/37; ~ (domini) (the lord's) office, the diocesan court BR3/23; C363/10, etc; CH14/10, etc; DR137/32, etc; EK305/11, etc; EL140/18, etc; H165/19; L18/41, etc; SH50/21, etc; SM424/8, etc; SX40/10, etc; W381/32, etc; the phr ex officio (mero), ~ (domini) merum, and ~ dominorum merum, especially when followed by contra and the name(s) of the accused, refer to an ex officio proceeding, ie, one in which the court acts alone, rather than on the prompting of a presentment or other direct report, in a proceeding similar to a criminal proceeding in a secular court C308/23, etc; CH730/17 (sg), CH305/19 (pl); DR248/3-4; L23/8; EK19/11, etc; SM130/3, etc; hence liber ex officio office book, one in which such proceedings are recorded SM210/7m; 3. used collectively for staff and apparatus needed for the on-going work of a household office, department LI580/11, etc; 4. duty, responsibility, one's job C205/3, etc; EK939/13?; CH40/37, etc; H99/29; OX7/30, etc; SM238/3, etc; SX4/1, SX4/2; 5. by extension an official document CH57/34; 6. A. helpful action, service, a courtesy EK325/21; OX270/28 (see gracia); B. by extension ceremony, rite CH36/24; 7. hence a liturgical office CR503/38; OX3/13, etc; W395/28;

  1. diuinum ~ or ~ diuinum divine office, set of daily prayers and scriptural readings to be said by religious at the canonical hours C29/24, etc; CH46/25; CR527/24, etc; LI108/19-20, etc; OX3/9m, etc; SM236/19, etc; WL216/25--6;
  2. diuinum ~ divine service, used to refer in general to a liturgical service held at St Paul's Cathedral EL125/16, etc;
  3. ~ ecclesiasticum (or ecclesiasticum ~ OX3/9) divine office, set of daily prayers and scriptural readings to be said by religious at the canonical hours (in OX and EK likely a deliberate play on sense 2 as well) CR503/26; EK939/13?; SX4/1-2;
  4. ~ mortuorum office of the dead, ie, prayers for the repose of the souls of the departed EK976/2;
  5. ~ puerorum literally the boys' office, the rite set out for the boy bishop and his fellows EL16/27, EL16/29

officius, -ii n m officer, official SH128/33

oleum, -i n nt in CL olive oil but here apparently any edible oil: oleum rape rapeseed oil, canola oil EK101/14; oleum oliui olive oil EK101/15

omnino adv at any time, on any occasion L36/1

onero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to charge (someone to do something), charge (someone with a task) CH716/15; IC40/16; 2. to charge or debit (someone) with an expense (may be used with 'cum' or 'de' and abl) C570/10; IC22/36, etc; SM698/26; 3. to charge someone by an oath, swear someone to an oath (used with acc of person and simple abl) C364/40, etc; CH843/20, etc; DR137/33; EK726/39, etc; H185/38-186/1; SH59/8, etc; SM424/10, etc; SX30/5

onoro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to reward (someone with something) LI230/19

operalis, -e adj of or pertaining to work; see dies

operacio, -onis n f act of making or producing EK100/15, etc

operatus, -a, -um adj worked, formed EK100/28; LI27/28, etc

opero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to work, labour, do OX95/22, etc; SM178/13, etc

oppidanus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to a town; it continues to be used of Oxford in some University-related sources after its status had changed OX251/40, etc; 2. m sg as sbst inhabitant of a town, townsman OX98/20, etc

oppidum, -i n nt town (as opposed to a city) EL147/40; OX37/21, etc (continues to be used of Oxford in some University-related sources after its status had changed)

oppono, -onere, -osui, -ositum v tr 1. to put in the way of, place so as to block or obstruct OX138/17; 2. to take the opposing side, argue against (of the opposing side in a disputed question) OX218/11

oppositus, -a, -um adj 1. opposite, turned or moving the other way WL54/13; 2. situated opposite, facing, hence nt sg as sbst the other side (of) WL11/29

opprobriosus, -a, -um adj insulting, taunting C309/2; CH766/26, etc; WL238/1

opprobrius, -a, -um adj insulting, taunting IC60/9

opsonium see obsonium

optimas, -atis n m nobleman, lord, peer OX140/24, etc; WL11/22, etc

opus, -eris n nt 1. work, labour C95/22, etc; EK308/15; LI109/19, etc; WL54/5; hence in idiom opus damascenum damascene work, term applied to various styles of craftsmanship (in textiles or metal) originating in Damascus, or to examples of these styles C113/9 [OEDO Damascene a. and n. A.2. and MED damask n.]; 2. action, deed CH46/38; EL244/17; WL78/24, etc; opera sancta holy works LI5/27; 3. working, making LI27/27, etc; 4. literary work C237/19; 5. need EK912/13, etc; WL12/29, etc; see also misericordia

or, -is n f gold EL15/23 [cp OLD aurum(?)]

oracio, -onis n f 1. speech, oration EK203/36; LI208/3; in titles Oratio Areopagitica title of a speech by Isocrates CH807/32-3m; oratio de Agesilao, work by Xenophon in praise of the Spartan king Agesilaus SM191/39m; 2. prayer CH46/38; DR247/31; EK930/14; H57/9, etc; LI6/4, etc; SM423/7; especially the prayers of the divine office, the set of daily prayers and scriptural readings to be said by religious at the canonical hours SX4/2; 3. hence in idiom uespertine oraciones evening prayer, the post-Reformation evening office of the Church of England, a conflation of the pre-Reformation offices of vespers and compline H63/10

ora pro nobis vb phr pray for us: a litany response, here in a mock funeral LI271/37, etc

orator, -oris n m literally speaker, orator, here by extension an ambassador EK204/15, etc

oratorium, -ii n nt literally a place of prayer; hence oratory, oratory, a (usually private) chapel EK204/2; W396/1

ordinacio, -onis n f 1. regulation, management CH78/3; EK975/21; LI25/12, etc; 2. a specific regulation, an order BR5/34; C259/36, etc; CH46/30, etc; EK63/39; H188/39; IC93/10m, etc; LI25/34, etc; OX13/25, etc; SH127/31; SM236/14; 3. ordination, sacramental rite conferring holy orders, usually used of ordination to priesthood, but here of the consecration of a priest to the episcopal order H99/3

ordino, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to order, direct EL14/17, etc; IC38/8, etc; LI25/30, etc; OX10/34, etc; WL217/23, etc; 2. to order, arrange, provide EK974/13, etc; LI608/34, etc; OX13/4; 3. to admit to clerical orders, ordain WL12/37

ordo, -inis n m 1. order (as opposed to disorder), orderly arrangement IC560/3; LI4/8; 2. system, procedure, routine IC36/37; 3. order, progression, series C133/1; EK823/24, etc; 4. hence a body or class of persons: here the clerical order (as opposed to laity) LI762/12: ordines sacri holy orders CH771/2; ordo sacerdotalis priestly order WL217/30; 5. religious order C49/29; LI3/21, etc; WL216/20, etc; used generally of members of a secular chapter SM237/16, etc; Cisterciensis ordo Cistercian order, a subdivision of the Benedictine order founded at Citeaux WL217/17; ordo minorum order of (friars) minor, the Franciscan order EK62/6; ordo Sancti Benedicti order of St Benedict, the Benedictine order SM173/35; WL217/30; see also frater; 6. an order of chivalry, here applied to fictive orders pertaining to Christmas-prince festivities: Ordo Galeatae Order of the Helmet IC424/23; Ordo Pharetrianus Order of the Quiver IC462/12; 7. (judicial) order, ruling, decision L80/30 (secular courts), L76/28, etc (church courts); CH681/35, etc; DR326/26, etc; EK896/13; LI328/7; SM200/38m; WL87/8m

oreo for horreo [OLD horreum]

organa see organum

organicus, -a, -um adj polyphonic WL10/9, etc; see organum

organista, -e n m organist CR494/28

organum, -i n nt 1. in CL a water-organ, hence zabuli organum a sand-organ, instrument of sand, used as an insult WL60/11; 2. organ (musical instrument) C121/14; in coll pl organa EL139/38; 3. by extension polyphony or an example thereof WL8/13 [see DML and Reckow, Fritz (with Edward H. Roesner): 'organum: 1. Etymology, early usage,' Grove Music Online ed L. Macy (Accessed 2 June 2005),]

Origenus, -i n m Origen (c 185-c 254), Greek theologian and exegete CH808/4m [ODCC]

originalis, -e adj 1. original, hence authoritative, official CR504/40; EK229/30, etc; 2. nt sg as sbst A. source, origin WL222/18; hence B. original version from which copies are made C301/10, etc; CH48/8, etc (declined both as sbst and as nt i-stem); EK751/16; or the original text with which a commentary is concerned EL241/19; C. complete, unexpurgated work: originalia sanctorum complete saints' lives WL217/2

origo, -onis n f origin, beginning, here in phr origo mundi the beginning of the world, used as a play title CR542/11-12, etc; see also error

orilegium, orilogium, orrilogium see horilogium

ornamentum, -i n nt 1. ornament, adornment OX47/17; 2. gear, equipment (eg, for players) OX30/3, etc

os, oris n nt 1. literally mouth, hence face EK204/16; 2. in idioms pro ore + gen for someone's use or consumption EK61/13; uno ore with one voice, together EK26/2

Oscha, -e n f the Usk, a Welsh river WL219/29, etc

ostensio, -onis n f 1. act of showing or presenting, demonstration EK734/35, etc; LI3/10; 2. display, show LI127/9; ostencio LI126/12

ostrum, -i n nt the colour purple, derived from CL ostrea, 'oyster' (whose shells were a source of purple dye), hence on OX364/16 strato discumbitur ostro, they recline to eat on a couch of purple, is rendered by E 'they straite sett downe att this oister table' in a series of puns

otiositas, -atis n f idleness, laziness LI5/29

Ouidius, -ii n m a Roman gentile name or one of its holders, especially the poet Publius Ovidius Naso, Ovid (43 BC--AD 17), author of the Metamorphoses OX141/3

Oxonia, -e n f Oxford: 1. name of a town or city H189/14; OX5/16, etc; Oxonium OX513/21; 2. name of an earldom C67/29, etc; EK340/31, etc; SH169/2, etc; SX184/33, etc; 3. name of a county IC124/31, etc

Oxoniensis, -e adj 1. of or pertaining to Oxford, especially Oxford University OX142/20m, etc; 2. m pl as sbst Oxonians, inhabitants of Oxford, especially members of Oxford University C141/21; OX131/10; 3. m sg as sbst Oxford, name of an earldom EK45/30, etc; LI186/15


pacifice adv peacefully, peaceably LI608/5, etc; OX6/35

pacificus, -a, -um adj peaceful, peaceable CR528/4; DR247/28

paena, -e var of poena [OLD poena]

pageantus, -i n m pageant wagon EK105/34m, etc; pagiantus EK109/28m, etc; 3rd decl forms EK125/29m, etc

pagens, -ntis n m pageant wagon CH74/18

pagina, -e1 n f 1. page, applied especially to either side of a folio CH812/3, etc; EK902/33m, etc; OX54/6m, etc; hence pagina 2 secundi folii the second page, ie, the verso, of the second sheet SM94/31-2; 2. in idiom sacra pagina the sacred page, ie, the Bible; see doctor; 3. used by metonymy for a letter written on a page LI4/30

pagina, -e2 n f 1. pageant, a scene or episode within a longer play CH48/5, etc; 2. by extension pageant wagon EK104/31m, etc; LI237/6

palacium, -ii n nt palace EK61/14: 1. originally in CL an imperial residence on the Palatine Hill OX137/9; 2. a sumptuous residence, especially that of a ruler IC425/5; OX799/6, etc; WL220/5; palatium ... Augustinense St Augustine's Palace, formerly that of the abbot of St Augustine's and later a royal residence EK204/3, EK204/6, EK204/39; Pallacium de Westmonasterio Westminster Palace LI532/35; 3. hence a bishop's official residence within his see LI109/16; archiepiscopale palatium in Canterbury, the archbishop's palace EK204/8; pallatium domini episcopi in Worcester diocese, the lord bishop's palace, which apparently contained a court W383/36; pa(l)latium ... episcopale the bishop's palace CH803/26-7; EL210/21

Palamon, -onis n m Palamon, a character in the play Palamon and Arcite OX138/25, etc; Palemon OX136/21, etc

palatinus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to a palace or court, palatine; palentinus; see comes, comitatus, princeps

palatinus, -i sbst m palatine, title of the governor of a province in the kingdom of Poland OX191/35

palettus, -i n m helmet CH717/35

pal(l)atium see palacium

pallians, -ntis prp hiding, cloaking OX7/39

pallinodia, -e n f literally a song sung over again, hence a round OX51/20

pallium, i n nt either 1. an archbishop's pall or 2. a cloak C988/13

palma, -e n f 1. palm of the hand, hence an open hand (as opposed to the fist) EK308/3; 2. palm branch or frond EK25/8; 3. palm tree; see dies, dominicus, ramus

palmerius, -ii n m a pilgrim, palmer, here probably referring to the two fellow-travellers of Jesus on the road to Emmaus (Luke 24:13-35), as play characters in liturgical drama SM243/19

paludensis, -e adj fenny, swampy, here acting as a surname for a tenant of a Christmas prince, possibly representing the E surname 'Marsh' IC389/37

pandochius, -a, -um adj common to all, equivalent to 'communis' in idiom pandochii zitharii common harpers, ie, town musicians? C142/29 [see Latham pandochium and LSJ πάνδοκος]

pandoxator, -oris n m brewer of ale or beer EL34/1

panetria, -e n f pantry, originally a storeroom for bread, later a department in a royal or noble household; see ualettus

panificatus, -a, -um pfp pass literally made into bread, hence baked CH78/30

panis, -is n m bread, loaf of bread EK61/15, etc; OX3/27, etc; SM177/41, etc; albus ~ loaf of white bread SM177/29, etc; albus ~ de frumento presumably a finer variety of white bread, perhaps made from wheat flour SM182/26, etc; niger ~ SM177/29 (or ~ niger SM178/2-3) loaf of black bread; ~ consecrabilis bread suitable for Eucharistic consecration OX28/16; ~ focalis literally hearth bread, bread or cake baked on the hearth, perhaps something like a griddle-cake 826/2; ~ leuis literally light bread, some kind of leavened bread or a kind of puff-pastry EK77/10 [cp OEDO puff n. and adj. A.2.a. and pain n.2]; see also wastellum

pannarius, -ii sbst m cloth-maker, draper, here member of the Chester Drapers' guild CH54/4, etc; panneriorius CH858/9

panniles, -ium n m coll cloth SM633/6

panniparius, -ii n m cloth-maker, draper, here member of the Chester Drapers' guild CH57/7, etc

pannus, -i n m 1. cloth, a piece of cloth IC45/34; LI78/11, etc; pl clothing C54/34, etc; EK314/36, etc; SH131/35; 2. in various idioms: panni de serico pieces of silk cloth WL217/1; panni iocales clothing used in plays or games SM405/10, etc; panni ... lanei woollen clothing CH228/11; OX8/39, etc; panni linei linen clothing OX8/39, etc; panni serici silk clothing H99/39; pannus auro infusus cloth couched with gold, embroidered with gold, or possibly cloth woven with gold threads, cloth of gold EK204/11-12; pannus deauratus cloth of gold? H99/39; pannus laneus woollen cloth C71/7, etc; EK57/33, etc; pannus lineus linen cloth C55/3; EK57/33, etc; SH159/30; pannus rudis coarse cloth C158/12; rubius pannus red cloth EK826/40

papa, -e n m pope, the bishop of Rome C141/34; EK24/2, etc; LI341/17; OX7/32, etc

paperis var of pauperis [OLD pauper]

papirus, -i n m paper, a piece of paper C365/4, etc; H111/11; LI33/4, etc; SH159/30; SM185/19, etc; papirus regalis paper royal, a particular size of paper (20 by 25 in for printing, or 19 by 24 in for writing) C76/8; paupirus EK107/8; H111/12

papulum var of pabulum [OLD]

par, paris1 n f pair EK108/2; OX8/28, etc; par cardinum pair of hinges, ie, a hinge (as naturally composed of two matching pieces) OX158/6

par, paris2 sbst nt equal EK827/27; OX314/29, etc

para, -e n f pair SM126/35

paraceue -es n f preparation (from Gk παραϭκευή); see dies

parachia see parochia

parachianus see parochianus

Paracletus -i n m the Paraclete, here an epithet of the Holy Spirit LI32/11, etc [ODCC PARACLETE]

paralitas, -atis n f literally state of being equal, equality, by extension similarity EK34/13 [OLD parilitas]

paralitice adv in the manner of one paralysed WL3/16

paraseues, -e n f preparation (from Gk παρασκευή); see dies

parcarius -i n m a park-keeper, parker LI151/41; parkarius EK78/1

parcella, -e n f 1. bundle, parcel LI333/5; 2. detail, item C38/36; LI121/36, etc; 3. hence a statement or list of items C42/2; a detailed statement, an itemized account EK321/33, etc; LI332/25, etc; 4. by extension an itemized sum or amount of money IC11/29; 5. part, parcel parcellum EK757/19; 6. parcel, small plot of land CH50/33, etc; EK956/5; L82/11, etc; W413/4, etc

parcus, -i n m enclosure, pen (for animals) CH717/4, etc

parentela, -e n f kindred, kinship group, a group of people connected by ties of blood (as opposed to 'familia' a group of people connected by living under a common authority and often in a common residence) H200/8

paritas, -atis n f the state of being even, evenness WL8/14

parkarius see parcarius

parliamentum, -i n nt 1. parliament C46/29; CH56/42; EK41/14; 2. the place in which the Parliament met in London 808/28; 3. a consultative assembly of members of Middle or Inner Temple IC52/13, etc

parlura, -e n f parlour, a small private room intended chiefly to be used for conversation C406/10

parochia, -e n f parish, the smallest distinct unit of ecclesiastical jurisdiction and Christian ministry, each parish having its own church, priest, warden, and tithes (in Lancashire, however, parishes were often divided into chapelries which functioned as parishes: cp capella) BR152/30m, etc; C7/22, etc; CH795/18, etc; EK644/22, etc; EL65/31, etc; H63/12, etc; L4/26, etc; LI6/251, etc; OX4/36, etc; SH264/19, etc; SM423/18, etc; SX28/5, etc; W381/22, etc; WL86/40; parachia EK13/31

parochialis, -e adj of or pertaining to a parish LI341/18; see clericus, ecclesia, sacerdos

parochianus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a parish, parochial, hence m or f as sbst parishioner, member of a parish C3/6, etc; EK975/24, etc; H175/4; LI3/11, etc; OX7/10, etc; SM126/23, etc; SX3/9, etc; W386/3, etc; parachianus EK611/34

pars, -tis n f part: 1. portion LI607/4, etc; 2. one's part or side, hence ex parte on one's behalf LI606/22, etc; 3. aspect or standpoint LI7/8, etc; 4. role in a play or the like LI350/31, etc; 5. one of the musical divisions of a polyphonic composition, often corresponding to the voice by which it was intended to be sung LI332/34, LI332/36, LI333/2

parsona see persona

particula, -e n f 1. detail, item, particular (eg, of accounts or receipts) EK75/34; EL127/36; particulus LI580/11, etc; 2. a small piece or section (of a whole) IC498/33, eg, particula vitri, a pane of glass C156/39

particulariter adv 1. in detail, item by item IC27/32; LI32/2, etc; SX185/9; W411/16; 2. individually, particularly IC654/10n 3. exactly L75/25

paruiloquium -ii n nt a short conversation, a discussion LI203/22

parum adv (of time) not long, shortly WL57/15

paruulus, -i n m boy, child EL18/21; peruulus EL241/22, etc; see also episcopus

paruus, -a, -um adj small, little EL23/40, etc; see also canonicus, episcopus

Pascha, -e n f 1. Easter, festival celebrating the resurrection of Christ, kept on the Sunday after the full moon on or next following 21 March C39/8-9, etc; EK23/33, etc; EL26/6, etc; H96/14; LI609/14 (in nt form Pascha, -atis), etc; OX38/21, etc; SH43/30m (as indecl Pasche), SH353/21; SX184/18; W397/32, etc; WL11/16; feria secunda tercia & quarta ebdomade Pasche the Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday of Easter week, kept as doubles, ie, major feasts OX11/38--9; 3rd decl nt forms EK820/28, etc; SM241/35, etc; W349/20, etc; Passha EK314/40; 2. by extension Easter term, the law term beginning in the Easter season SM359/40m; see also clausus, festum, (h)ebdomada, nox, quindena, terminus

paschalis, -e adj of or pertaining to Easter EK605/40m, etc; hence ebdomada paschalis Easter week, probably the octave of Easter W397/19-20; tempus paschalis Eastertide LI105/5, etc; pascallis EK747/7; see also festum

passagium, -ii n nt passage, right or ability of passage, hence commune ~ right of way LI103/35

Passha see Pascha

passio, -onis n f 1. affliction, suffering WL3/17; 2. hence by extension martyrdom EK30/29, etc; passcio EK31/28, etc; see also dies; 3. the Passion of Christ LI103/18; passio Christi the Passion of Christ, a play title CR542/14, etc; in passione domini on Passion Sunday, the fifth Sunday of Lent, the Sunday before Palm Sunday W492/31; see also septimana; 4. passion, strong emotion, here in the translation of a play title passiones pacatae Passions Calmed OX893/31; 4. literally that which occurs to or befalls one, in idiom passiones planetarum part of the technical terminology of pre-Copernican astronomy; the 'passiones,' also known as 'accidentes' or 'phainomena,' are apparent discrepancies or alterations which can be observed in the planets, such as changing of orbital speed or direction, the occurrence on W449/20 is probably the title of a treatise dealing with the resolution of the apparent contradictions between the observed 'passiones' and the theoretical assumptions according to the developed Ptolemaic system, a process often known as saving the 'phainomena'

passus, -us n m passage, pass WL57/19; used as a name element for a fictive knight IC458/33

pastellum, -i n nt pasty EK747/4

pastor, -oris n m 1. shepherd, hence one representing a shepherd LI152/39, etc; 2. spiritual pastor, here bishop LI4/24

pastoralis, -e adj literally of or belonging to a shepherd, pastoral, here by extension of a bishop (as pastor to religious in his diocese) SM174/3; see also baculus

pastura, -e n f pasture EK644/26; SM182/24; SX171/21; see also communa

pastus, -us n m food, meal EL21/10, etc

patens, -ntis adj open; see littera

pater, -tris n m father: 1. literally BR125/2, etc; CH59/17, etc; CR554/14; DR170/20; hence ancestor EL13/33 (used figuratively); OX178/28; 2. applied to a deity OX369/29, etc; 3. describing the relationship between the Persons of the Trinity, the Father BR6/23; EL247/27; 4. hence ~ noster Our Father, the first words of the Lord's Prayer, here as indecl phr the title of a play LI110/16, etc; 5. describing the relationship between a bishop and those in his diocese CH803/26, etc; CR504/30, etc; EK901/14; EL140/21, etc; OX498/31, etc; 6. applied to one revered as a father: pater fidelium father of the faithful, applied to Abraham on the basis of New Testament passages such as Rom 4.16--17 OX475/26; sancti patres the holy fathers, the fathers of the church, the early Christian writers LI7/19

patibulum, -i n nt a gibbet for executing criminals: patibulum sancte Crucis cum imagine Crucifixi is thus an elaborate periphrasis for a crucifix OX12/21

paternaliter adv in a fatherly way, here used of a bishop SM174/27

patria, -e n f 1. native land, one's country C842/21; EK828/2; OX131/7, etc; WL79/3, etc; 2. hence by extension county, land WL11/31, etc; 3. countryside, the rural district round about a city, town, village, or monastery and associated with it C47/12; EK976/24, etc; L120/26, etc; OX11/25, etc; 4. local district, neighbourhood, hence jury (as a body originally speaking for a district): in idiom ponere se ... super patriam OX9/26--7 or ponere se super patriam et domina Regina SH265/23, to entrust oneself to the jury and the lady queen (formula used by a defendant seeking trial by jury on a felony charge); see also encomium

patrona, -e n f (female) patron, one holding the advowson of, or right of presentation to, a parish church or other benefice EK946/12

patronatus, -us n m patronage, here used of a bishop's fatherly care toward an institution which he founded CR503/21

patronus, -i n m (male) patron, one holding the advowson of, or right of presentation to, a parish church or other benefice EK930/12

pauagium, -ii n nt action of paving EK135/27m

paueamentum, -i n nt pavement CH518/26

Paulus Iouius, Pauli Iouii n m Paulus Jovius, Latin name of Paolo Giovio (1483-1552), Italian bishop and historical writer CH779/31

pauperinus, -a, -um adj poor W378/16

paupertas, -atis n f poverty, here personified as the name of a character in Aristophanes' Plutus C127/26

paupirus see papirus

Pausanias, -e n m Pausanias (fl c 150), a Greek traveller and geographer, author of the Description of Greece, a work in ten books IC559/32; SM199/35m [OCD]; see also Boeoticus

pax, -cis n f 1. peace, quiet, especially a state characterized by peaceful relations among neighbours or fellow townspeople CH36/13, etc; EK967/34, etc; EL17/8; LI325/25, etc; OX799/8, etc; SH134/8, etc; SX4/4; WL127/8; 2. in various idioms:

  1. gerere pacem ... domini regis to conduct oneself in accordance with the king's peace LI72/35-6;
  2. pace + gen by the leave of, with all due respect to OX343/2--3, etc;
  3. pacem custodire (+ 'erga' and acc) C385/22-4 or pacem ferre CH119/35, etc (+ dat or 'erga' and acc) or ad pacem ... conseruandam OX8/14--15 to keep the peace;
  4. pax Dei the peace of God, mandated by divine law and the church and enforced, when necessary, by the state CH681/10-11, etc; EL230/7; SH11/5, etc;
  5. pax (domini) regis or regine the king's or queen's peace, the public peace which royal officers are charged with preserving and breaches of which are under the jurisdiction of royal courts CH716/36, etc; EL230/7 (pax ... domini regis), etc; SH11/5, etc; SM143/38, etc (pax ... regis), SM189/17 (pax ... regine); SX171/17 (pax ... regine); WL158/8--9, WL129/25;
  6. pro pace (with verb such as obligari or teneri understood) to be bound to keep the peace EK245/37;
  7. securitas pacis peace bond C385/25;
  8. turbacio pacis act of disturbing the peace C4/4;
2. hence by extension a bond to keep the peace, peace bond CH233/13, etc; 3. peace, the absence of war LI608/9, etc; see also affraia, fractio, gero, iusticiarius, sessio

peccamen, inis n nt sin, offence against God or divine law LI6/7, etc

peccator, -oris n m one who commits sin, sinner EL246/16, etc

peccatum, -i n nt sin, offence against God or divine law CH46/39, etc; EL19/1; LI5/24, etc; WL80/7

pecco, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to sin CH808/13, etc

pecia, -e n f piece, eg, of fabric SM243/32; of land EK644/22; of string LI27/13(2); of wood IC34/11, etc

peculiaris, -e adj belonging to a particular person, peculiar: ~ iurisdiccio peculiar jurisdiction, a jurisdiction acquired by a ecclesiastic over a district which would otherwise be within the jurisdictional area of another H70/20, etc

pecunia, -e n f 1. money, wealth EK61/19, etc; LI7/6; OX6/32; SM252/1, etc; 2. in pl (ready) money, coin, cash EK80/41, etc; IC72/18, etc; LI195/41, etc; OX21/12, etc; SH177/11, etc; SM126/27, etc; especially in idiom pecunie numerate SX47/34-5, etc

pedagogis var of paedagogus [OLD]

pedagogus, -i n m schoolmaster LI185/16, etc

pedes, -itis n m footman, attendant on foot accompanying a royal party when travelling EK203/20

pedester, -tris n m footman, attendant on foot accompanying a royal party when travelling EK361/36; SH159/35, etc

pegma, -atis n nt 1. scaffold, platform (originally in CL a moveable or temporary platform [see OLD]) OX137/12; 2. stage (or possibly pageant?) OX76/25 [see TLL pegma]

peioro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to make (someone or something) worse, hence to harm, injure WL238/20

Pelion, -onis n nt Pelion, a coastal range on the southwestern coast of Thessaly; its highest point (which is inland) is the Mt Pelion of mythology, atop which the Giants are said to have piled Mt Ossa; here portus Pelionis, the harbour of Pelion, is likely a deliberate inversion of classical mythology (in keeping with the rest of the king of beans correspondence) although it could refer to the ports on the Bay of Volo sheltered by the range OX799/25

pellex, -icis n m literally thumb, by extension inch OX5/19, etc [see OLD pollex]

pelliparius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a skinner or his trade; see ars

pelliparius, -i n m skinner, member of the skinner's guild C5/26

Pembroc(h)ius, -ii n m Pembroke, name of an earldom OX313/19, etc

Pembrokius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Pembroke, as title of the founder of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge: see aula

Penbrocha, -e n f Pembroke, name of an earldom SX47/24

Penbrochiensis, -e adj of or belonging to Pembroke, an earldom OX180/36

pencio see pensio

pendeo, -ere, pependi v intr literally to be suspended, here by extension to be pending, hence to remain SM172/31, etc

penitencia, -e n f penance, act of contrition or restitution imposed by ecclesiastical authorities upon persons guilty of canonical offences; in case of moral offences such as Sabbath breaking, penance often took the form of public confession on a set day or series of days CH736/14, etc; CR504/16; EK608/18, etc; EL209/39m; H97/32, etc; L92/32; LI347/22, etc; OX62/6; SH327/1, etc; SM233/28, etc; SX10/17, etc; W381/25, etc; WL220/26, etc; penetencia EK16/39, etc; penitiencia EK727/22

penitencialis, -e adj pertaining or appropriate to a penitent, suitable for penance H97/16, etc; SH58/31, etc; W390/33; WL230/7

peniteo, -ere, -ui v intr (with refl) 1. literally to regret EK822/20; hence to repent, be penitent BR5/19?; CR491/6; 2. hence to do penance BR5/19?; EK5/16, etc; LI321/31, etc; SM389/33

pennarium, -ii n nt pen-case, penner OX8/28

peno, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to suffer punishment C259/31

pensellus, -i n m pencel, a small pennon EK310/14

pensio, -onis n f pension, fixed or regular payment for services BR7/2; C567/31m; OX29/35; WL218/2 pencio EL128/6, etc; IC93/38, etc; LI204/19; OX439/32 [OEDO pension n.]

pensionarius, -i n m 1. pensioner, a fees-paying undergraduate living in, but not technically a member of, a collegium C567/29; 2. an officer who collected and accounted for pensions, payments levied upon members of Inns IC11/34, etc

Pent(h)ecostes, -es or -is (irregular gen endings in -en and -yn also found) n f Pentecost, Whitsunday, Sunday fifty days following Easter C7/15, etc; EK36/10, etc; LI106/5; SH134/13, etc; SX184/20; SM7/16; W350/9, etc; WL11/16; feria secunda tercia & quarta ebdomade ... Pentecostes the Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday of Pentecost week; Whit Monday and Tuesday were kept as doubles, ie, major feasts, while the Wednesday was properly observed as an ember day, a minor fast OX11/38--9; gen Penthicostis with 'festum' understood EK820/35m; Pentacostes OX33/1; SH172/3, etc; Pentechosta OX18/13, etc; Pentec(h)ostes EK740/12; OX16/17, etc; Pentecosta W484/24; Penthacostes OX22/6, etc; Penthecostes OX23/1; Penticosta C375/40; Penticostes OX26/8; see also dies, festum, septimana, tempus, uigilia

penulus, -i n m a little Carthginian, here, title of a play by Plautus C157/38, etc [OLD poenulus]

penus, -a, -um adj Phoenician, Carthaginian C127/18, etc

per prep with acc 1. (of an agent or instrument) through, by, by means of BR5/3, etc; CH45/1, etc; CR463/12, etc; DR248/8, etc; EK939/3, etc; EL21/11, etc; IC11/8, etc; LI3/13, etc; OX5/16, etc; SX3/10, etc; (of a designated representative) EK308/35, etc; hence in idiom per manus + gen of person by the agency of (someone), by (someone) C43/5, etc; CH46/27; EK27/34, etc; IC6/21; LI333/12, etc; OX202/17; SH139/7, etc; SX183/33, etc; W372/10, W379/27 (or per manum C253/36; EK90/18, etc); 2. by, by reason of BR3/7, etc; CH716/14, etc; EK308/14, etc; IC11/35, etc; OX5/21, etc; SX15/27, 15/28, 185/9; 3. (of stages of a journey or passage) through, by way of EK974/14; EL25/31, etc; LI4/29; OX314/35; 4. (used distributively) A. through, by EK330/28; EL26/11; IC97/8; as in the idiom per annum by the year, annually IC393/31, etc; LI103/37, etc; B. per, for each, for every (following a number expressing a rate, eg, of expense or payment) LI583/21, etc; 5. throughout, in (or to) every part or constituent member of (an area, region, or community, eg, diocese, church, etc) IC424/33; LI4/22, etc; 6. used with verbs of holding or taking, of parts of the body by BR4/4, etc (eg, per brachium by the arm BR4/9-10); 7. through, across (a barrier or boundary) DR171/41; SX171/9; (objects) SX213/4; (a region, space, or area ) CH47/1, etc; DR247/10; EK594/22, etc; EL16/10, etc; OX529/36; 8. during, throughout, for; on, at (a period of time) CH723/30, etc; DR247/36; EK822/18, etc; EL26/15, etc; IC37/10, etc; LI5/4, etc; OX3/14--15, etc; SX182/23, etc; eg:

  1. per tempus (huius) compoti IC24/9; L116/26, etc, or per idem tempus (with compoti understood) L121/41, L122/13, L122/21, during (this) accounting period, during the same period;
  2. per uicem L115/5 or per uices on occasion EK43/5, etc; L114/8; SX183/26; W397/33, etc;
  3. hence per diuersas uices on various occasions CH858/24; EK324/38, etc; SX182/23;
  4. per duas uices on two occasions EK907/8, etc;
  5. per quattuor uices on four occasions EK312/5;
  6. per tres uices on three occasions EK311/21, etc;
  7. per uitam for life IC190/30m;
9. in accordance with, according to CH59/16, etc; EK53/30, etc; EL23/12, etc; LI609/33, etc; OX30/4, etc; SX29/4, SX170/33; 10. in other idioms
  1. per accedens by propinquity, by drawing close IC498/7--8 (contrasted with per insidias by lying in wait IC498/10)
  2. per annum by the year, annually BR56/29, etc; CH49/37, etc; CR493/38; EK309/26, etc; EL128/37, etc; SH354/10, etc; SX14/19, etc;
  3. per consequens as a consequence, consequently DR247/26;
  4. per dies singulos literally each day by day, hence, daily DR247/26;
  5. per tempus in due time, betimes OX56/9;
  6. per terram & aquam by land and water EK101/27;
  7. per uicem in turn OX9/25;
see also contra

peractio, -onis n f in CL performance, completion (of an action) EK904/8, etc; SM140/9; hence by extension performance (of a play) C179/10

peramicus, -i n m close friend OX313/13

perbellus, -a, -um adj very charming OX315/16

percelebro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to say or celebrate (a liturgical service) in full EK25/11

percepcio, -onis n f act of receiving or getting SM237/7

percipio, -cipere, -cepi, -ceptum v tr to receive, get (something due one) EL22/26, etc; LI106/5; SM178/14, etc; WL216/6

perditio, -onis n f ruin, loss OX6/32

perdono, -are, -avi, -atum v tr to remit (an obligation), to excuse (from a duty or payment) IC21/37, etc

peregre adv literally abroad, by extension on pilgrimage WL4/4

peregrinacio, -onis n f pilgrimage CR465/1; LI25/24; either foreign travel or pilgrimage OX257/18

peregrinus, -a, -um adj foreign, strange, outlandish OX62/8; comm as sbst foreigner, alien, hence stranger, outsider OX185/35; W348/7

peremptorie adv in a peremptory manner CR504/14; DR222/41; EK308/35, etc; SX20/17; W349/32

perendino, -are, -aui, -atum v intr 1. to remain (in a place) for a time, visit C25/13 [OLD perenno]; 2. socii perindinantes, literally visiting fellows, apparently a Queens' College, Cambridge, idiom for fellow commoners C147/24; 3. as v tr to postpone SH116/2m, etc

pergamenum, -i n nt parchment EK107/15; LI333/5

perhonestus, -a, -um adj extremely well respected, very honourable OX85/32

perimpleo, -ere, -eui, -etum v tr to fulfil, comply with (eg, an order) CH227/41; EK947/6, etc; EL26/33

peripetasmata, -um n nt embroidered hanging covers for furniture, hence embroidered hangings or curtains, possibly tapestries OX306/11, etc

periscelis, -idis n f anklet, hence aurea periscelis, literally golden anklet, the order of the Garter OX180/30

peritus, -i sbst m person skilled or knowledgeable in a certain field, expert WL217/18; in idiom legis periti persons knowledgeable in the law, legists, lawyers W405/35

pernisiosum var of perniciosum [OLD perniciosus]

perornatus, -a, -um adj fully adorned, very ornate OX12/25

perperam adv perversely, basely CR503/38

perpetracio, -onis n f act of committing or perpetrating (an offence) SX171/20

perpetuus, -a, -um adj perpetual, lasting, hence life-long, lasting for life; see prior, socius

perquiro, -rere, -siui, -situm v tr to issue a summons to appear (used of a judge) C458/39, etc

Persa, -e n m a Persian, title of a comedy by Plautus C150/39

persecucio, -onis n f (religious) persecution C842/22

perseuerans, -ntis prp continuing, persisting, hence in perseuerante persistently EL241/27

persisto, -sistere, -stiti v tr to remain, stay EK308/21; SM174/30

persona, -e n f 1. literally dramatic mask, hence a role C94/26; 2. person, individual C238/10, etc; CH55/33, etc; EK938/9, etc; EL17/9, etc; IC25/27, etc; L21/28, etc; LI27/20; SH175/28, etc; SM240/29, etc; W451/31; WL215/32, etc; 3. in various idioms in (propria) persona sua in one's own person, personally C385/21, etc; CH134/19, etc; EL128/24-5 (or in persona sua propria EL125/26); L19/33, etc; SM178/1, etc; W387/2, etc; in persona + gen indicates the individual through whom one acts or receives by proxy EK817/35-6; H171/28-9, H159/30; L75/20-1; LI65/17; SH327/6, etc; SM140/1-2; WL221/3; 4. by extension of sense 1 one's part in life, position, role IC424/28; 5. hence a person of a certain position or status, referring to boys taking the parts of chapter members or officers in a boy-bishop observance EL17/252, etc; 6. a beneficed member of the clergy, a parson (properly the rector of a church LI104/6, etc; parsona IC214/36

personalis, -e adj in person, personal, of or relating to an individual BR5/33; C388/23, etc; EK245/37; LI341/20; SM237/21; see also citacio, residencia, responsio

personaliter adv in person, personally C4/3, etc; CH730/18, etc; CR527/20, etc; EK726/36, etc; EL166/6, etc; H67/21, etc; L21/10, etc; LI606/21, etc; OX569/6; SH273/29, etc; SM174/5, etc; SX41/1, etc; W350/11, etc; WL215/15

personatus, -a, -um1 adj 1. wearing a mask OX387/28; hence of a play performed by masked actors C295/29; 2. f sg as sbst masque OX137/19

personatus, -a, -um2 pfp pass filled with noise, spoken loudly C241/29

pertenuit var of pertinuit [OLD pertineo]

pertica, -e n f rod, pole SX29/12, etc; hence pertica estiualis summer pole SX29/11

pertinentia, -ium sbst nt appurtenances CH45/5, etc; EK946/15; EL22/29, etc; WL216/3

pertranseo, -ire v intr literally to travel through, cross, hence by extension to go on, continue CR504/3

perturbator, -oris n m one who disrupts or disorganizes, a disturber of order CH681/5, etc; H57/23; SH6/3, etc

peruenustus, -a, -um adj very attractive OX191/36

peruulus see paruulus

pes, pedis n m foot; 1. literally of the foot and ankle H200/21, etc; 2. in idiom pes regalis royal foot, as a unit of measure, probably the standard or assize foot, a legally established standard measure enforced by royal officers W412/17-18, etc

petaurista, -e n m tumbler, acrobat C399/14

Petilianus, -i n m Petilian (fl. c 400), bishop of Cirta and Donatist theologian CH808/9

petra, -e n f 1. rock, stone OX9/21; 2. hence stone, a unit of weight equal to fourteen pounds OX14/38

Petrus, -i n m literally the name Peter: used in gen with personal names to indicate affiliation with Peterhouse College, Cambridge C360/1, C443/5; see collegium

phalleratus, -a, -um adj decorated, embellished BR6/30 [OLD phalerae, phaleratus]

phanum, -i n nt for fanum [OLD]; see Venus

pharetrianus, -a, -um adj or or pertaining to a quiver: see ordo

Phariseus, -i n m Pharisee, member of a Jewish religious party prominent in the gospel accounts but going back to the period of the Maccabees OX177/27, etc [ODCC Pharisees]

Philippica, -orum sbst nt pl literally things pertaining to Philip; title of a series of orations by Cicero warning of the threat Mark Antony posed to the Roman Republic and implicitly comparing it to Philip of Macedon's threat to Greek independence SM194/8m

Philonomus, -i n m fictive L cognomen for a justice at the court of a Christmas prince, from Gk 'φίλος,' 'friend' and 'νόμο ς,' 'law' IC462/13

philosophaster, -atris n m a second-rate philosopher, hence one who pretends to knowledge or skill they lack OX427/16; also the title of a comedy by Robert Burton, Philosophaster OX427/14

phistolator, -oris see fistulator

philtrum, -i n nt love-charm, (magic) potion OX309/25

piceatus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to pitch, pitchy hence leaving dirty marks (used metaphorically) C283/5

picturacio -onis n f the act of painting LI583/27

pictus, -a, -um pfp pass painted, hence disguised or wearing cosmetics; the occurrence at IC470/37 is a play on these senses

pietancia, -e n f pittance, alms, an offering C84/38, etc

pila, -e n f a ball EK912/6; OX12/29, etc

pilius, -i n m literally a cap, here probably a Canterbury cap, a soft-cornered form of the mortarboard, the ordinary head gear of a bishop, here worn by a boy-bishop or a crucifer C44/16, etc; worn as part of a chorister's choir dress EL112/36; pileus C81/15

pincerna, -e n m 1. butler EK61/13, etc; OX56/2; WL26/20; 2. butler, a Christmas officer at the Inns of Court IC21/39, etc; pincernus IC36/38, etc; pyncerna IC42/15

pinnaculum, -i n nt a structure rising above the roof or coping of a building, such as a turret, spire, or even a weather-vane, possibly a gable-end OX158/11

pipa, -e n f pipe (of wine), a large cask holding about a half a tun EK337/3; SH136/19

piparius, -ii n m piper. one who plays a pipe; used in Dover to refer to a town wait EK309/26, etc; piperius EK314/15

Piperus, -i n m piper, here apparently a Latinized surname, Piper EK905/21

pipio, -onis n f squab, a young pigeon EK753/10

pira, -e n f pear EK60/30; or pirum, -i (n nt): pira dez wardens warden pears, a kind of baking pear IC4/1

Pisanus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to Pisa, Pisan; see concilium

piscacio, -onis n f literally act of fishing, here by extension a fishing trip SM237/20

piscaria, -e sbst f fish market EL212/31

piscator, -oris n m fisherman, member of the Fishermen's company SH127/34; member of the Chester Fishers' guild CH50/33, etc

piscis, -is n m literally fish, hence in pl Pisces, the twelfth sign of the zodiac, symbolically the end of the solar year OX308/35

pistor, -oris n m baker, member of the Bakers' company EK78/4; EL215/20; SH127/33; member of the Cheshire Bakers' guild CH52/22, etc

pistura, -e n f action of baking EK78/2

pitancia, -e n f pittance, an allowance of food and drink EL22/25; OX3/25

Pithias see Pythias

pixis, -idis n f 1. box, money-box EK746/1, etc; 2. in idioms communis ~ common box, ie, a common fund LI25/29; ~ pauperum poor box, a box into which alms were placed for the support of the poor of the parish or the fund so gathered EK20/11, etc; SM389/34-5; see also apercio

placea, -e n f a piece or plot (of land), a lot CH54/9, etc; LI103/33; W412/14, etc; placa CH57/5

placebo vb phr literally 'I will please,' the first word of Ps 114.9 (Vlg), sung in the Office of the Dead IC388/34

placitum, -i n nt 1. (legal) plea, proceeding CH722/41m, etc; EK737/18, etc; EL3/9, etc; H112/23; IC462/15; LI8/9; SM972/40; WL128/35; placitum transgressionis a plea of trespass LI78/28; 2. by extension a court or session at which pleas were heard CR463/5; EK930/13; SM423/5, etc; W348/15; 3. will, pleasure IC43/27, etc; see also custos, iusticiarius

plaga, -e n f plague, affliction IC41/39

plagiarius, -i n m plagiarist C283/5

planeta, -e n f planet; see passio

planus, -a, -um adj 1. level, smooth, flat EL21/33; 2. plain, unadorned EL15/8

platea, -e n f street: Platea Fletensis Fleet Street, a street in London north of the Temple which takes its name from the River Fleet IC440/40

platellus, -i n m plate, platter EK34/24

platus, -i n f plate (of armour); in pl armour SH353/16

plaudite n indecl the formal ending of a Roman comedy, in which the actors requested the applause of the audience for their efforts, hence the end of any play C236/34, etc [imper pl of OLD plaudo]

Plautinus, -a, -um adj of or belonging to the Roman comic writer Plautus OX178/16

Plautus, -i n m Titus Maccius Plautus, elder of the two Roman comic writers whose work survive (c 254-184 BC); many of his works were popular in the 16th century C93/21, etc; OX149/5, etc

plebeius, -a, -um adj in CL belonging to the plebian class, hence m sg as sbst commoner OX282/8

plectrum, -i n nt literally 1. a pick for strumming a lyre, here by extension one used to pluck a harp WL13/4, etc; 2. hence an Irish harp (often referred to with Latin names for the lyre), used as a heraldic device for Ireland SH99/4

plegius, -ii n m 1. guarantor, one who acts as a pledge for another's performance of a task or obligation C210/7, etc; CH50/5, etc; EK62/15m, etc; H112/24; IC85/13; L35/33, L36/3, L36/4; LI78/29, etc; SH299/43; WL129/2, etc; plagius LI172/2; pledgius CH713/36m; plegus EL229/41; plexus EK967/14; 2. by extension a pledge or bond given either by oneself or by a guarantor EK79/16, etc; H112/24m; LI319/36, etc; SH14/12

plenarie adv fully, completely BR3/9; CH59/7, etc; EK975/4; EL26/8, etc; OX441/11; WL216/9

plenarius, -a, -um adj complete, plenary CH46/30

plexus see plegius

Plinius, -i n m Pliny the Elder (23/4-79; killed observing an eruption of Mt Vesuvius), author of the Natural History, a work on astronomy, geography, architecture, and natural science SM198/15m [OCD]

pluries adv many times, often LI5/5, etc; quam pluries on very many occasions, quite often WL216/17 [cp OLD quamplures]

Plutarchus, -i n m Plutarch (fl c 100), Greek writer of biography and moral essays SM192/3m, etc [OCD]; see also Lycurgus

plutus, -i n m wealth, here personified; Latin title of Aristophanes' Πλου̃τος C111/21

poculentum, -i sbst nt literally something drinkable, hence a beverage EL22/2

pocum, -i n nt pouch, pocket SH14/15

poeta, -e n m literally poet WL10/6; used to render W 'bard' WL8/32, etc; poeta familia, household poet, renders W 'bard teulu' WL12/18, etc, and princeps poetarum, chief among poets, renders W 'pencerd' WL13/31; see bardus and WG bard, pennkerdd; in the 'Vocabularium Cornicum' one who recites verse, as well as one who composes it, is meant CR540/13

poeticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to poetry; de Arte poetica a treatise in verse by Horace on poetics, also known as Epistla ad Pisones C119/24

polecia, -e n f commonwealth, state OX799/8 [Latinisation of the following]

πολιτεία, -ας n f commonwealth, state, or the government and organization thereof OX343/26 [LSJ]

politia, -e n f political acumen or shrewdness IC376/17

pol(l)ex, -icis n m literally thumb, by extension inch SX171/12, etc

Polonia, -ae n f Poland OX191/34

Polonicus, -a, -um adj Polish OX315/16

Polonus, -i n m a Pole OX191/35m

Polydorus Virgilius, Polydori Virgilii n m Polydore Vergil (c 1470-c 1555), Italian historian long resident in England SM195/14m, etc; see also inuentor

pomellus, -i n m pommel, an ornamental knob EL15/5, etc

pomeridianus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to the afternoon SX178/23; 2. nt sg as sbst afternoon SM204/18; SX43/35 [OLD pos(t)meridianus]

pompa, -e n f parade, procession CH46/33; EL16/1 [the negative connotation implied here likely arises from the term's original connection with Roman religious ceremonies: see OLD pompa and OEDO pomp n1 1.b.]

pompo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr (from Gk πομπή) to walk in procession, hence to march about or parade, often ostentatiously 550/32, etc [see OLD pompa]

Pomponius Mela, -e n m Pomponius Mela, geographer of the 1st century, author of De Chorographia, a survey of the then-known world SM198/5m [OCD Mela]

pomposus, -a, -um adj charcterized by pomp and grandeur, grand, stately OX307/36

pomum, -i n nt fruit tree or specifically apple tree, hence apple IC3/31; LI197/4

pondero, -are, -aui, atum v intr to weigh (with gen of amount) EK85/8, etc

pondrans, -ntis pp weighing (with gen of amount) OX21/11

pono, -nere, -sui, -situm v tr 1. put, place, CH616/15; OX44/7, etc, 2. in various idioms: in loco suo ponere CH154/4, etc, or ponere loco suo 62/141, etc, to put (someone) in one's place, appoint (someone) as one's attorney; ponere se to enter one's plea, to plead SX171/25; ponere se(ipsum) apprenticium (or ponere se apprenticiam BR152/31) to place oneself as an apprentice, become an apprentice BR55/17, etc; CH462/16-17, etc; OX414/11, etc

pontifex, -icis n m literally member of a college of priests in Rome that oversaw public worship and cultus: 1. applied to priests of the Old Testament C240/5; 2. applied to the bishop of Rome, the pope EK974/12; Romanus pontifex C141/75; 3. applied to a boy bishop EL17/9, etc

popelo var of populo [OLD populus]

popularis, -is sbst comm member of the common people, hence a lay person as opposed to member of the clergy LI351/5

populus, -i n m people: 1. crowd of people BR4/11; EL18/10; WL3/14, etc; 2. people, inhabitants LI608/7; 3. a people, nation EL245/30; WL10/1, etc; 4. lay people as opposed to clergy BR5/21; EL17/17, EL242/27; LI3/21, etc; WL4/8; 5. the people as opposed to kings or rulers LI72/36; WL43/41, etc

porrigo, -igere, -exi, -ectum v tr to deliver LI606/22

porta, -e n f gate, gateway OX8/24, etc: 1. city gate, the entry through a city wall BR12/40; 2. by extension gateway of a fortified building, eg, a castle BR4/29; 3. by extension gate to a private dwelling or field SX171/4; 4. as name element aula latarum portarum Broadgates Hall OX76/23--4

portarius, -ii n m porter, one who carries something LI164/4

portatilis, -e adj portable H98/2

portator, -oris n m 1. literally one who carries something, a porter EK361/27; LI316/36, etc; portitor EL16/16; LI27/33, etc; 2. hence portator communis campane one who carries the town bell, the town bellman or crier SH176/37

portionista, -e n m postmaster, a poor student at Merton College who received an allowance, ie, a portion, of food from the college for his support OX193/39

Portius, -ii n m over-corrected spelling of 'Porcius,' a L name here applied to a mock-jury member because of its similarity to 'porcus,' 'pig' IC464/3

portmotum, -i n nt portmote, local term for a borough court in the county palatine of Chester CH47/33, etc

portus, -us n m 1. gate EK34/16; 2. port, especially one of the Cinque Ports EK731/8c, etc; quinque portus EK310/14-15, etc, or portus alone EK315/13, etc, the Cinque Ports

posicio, -onis n f statement or claim made as part of a suit at law C326/21, etc; CH665/35, etc; EK949/17, etc; EL217/23, etc; hence posiciones additionales supplementary statements added to a series of articles or charges EK949/15, etc; SM40/15, etc

possessio, -onis n f 1. right of possession of property CH723/31, etc; OX259/5, etc; uacua possessio vacant possession, possession unencumbered by a tenant or the like OX259/16--17; 2. the property so possessed OX50/30; see also capio

post1 adv afterwards, later EL214/19, etc

post2 prep with acc 1. after, following (a point in time or an event) EL14/5, etc; 2. after, in pursuit of (a goal or the like) EL246/5

posterim adv afterwards CH56/32

posterior, -ius compar adj 1. later (in time), next (in series): conuiuium posteriorum banquet held in honour of graduands of the later of the two spring commencements, held about four weeks after the Ash Wednesday convocation C372/40 (see also cinis); 2. hence farther away, farther WL12/18; 3. buttocks (here sg for more usual pl): use here involves a pun on the philosophical term a posteriori [OEDO a posteriori advb. (and adj.) phr.] C881/38

post hac var of posthac [OLD]

postpositus, -a, -um pfp pass having been put aside, ignored CH46/37, etc; L26/36

potacio, -onis n f 1. drinking, act of drinking, especially in a social group LI107/33, etc; 2. probably a light meal accompanied by wine C102/8, etc; EK938/8, etc; OX11/9, etc; see also biberium; 3. provision of drink EK612/8, etc; SM8/5

potellum, -i n nt pottle, liquid measure of about two quarts CR492/6, etc; EK60/27, etc; SH129/31, etc

potestas, -atis n f power, control exercised over a subordinate WL22/15, etc

potus, -us n m 1. drink C61/5, etc; LI219/15, etc; OX11/1, etc; 2. in idiom potus caritatis loving cup, a common cup which circulated among the members of a community after a community meal C102/7; OX11/8, etc

Powisia, -e n f Powis, name of a lordship SH129/13

praecognitus, -a, -um pfp pass thought in advance, preconceived; see malitia

praecursorius, -a, -um adj characteristic of a forerunner (referring to St John the Baptist, eponymous patron of St John's College, in his traditional role as the forerunner of Christ) OX305/18

pr(a)edicacio, -onis n f preaching SM239/8; WL80/22

pr(a)efectus, -i n m prefect: 1. title of various senior government officials and military commanders in the Roman Republic and Empire, hence in pl heads of colleges OX101/34, etc; collegiorum prefecti heads of colleges C203/5, etc; 2. steward, a person, either a member of college or a college servant, responsible for overseeing and organizing its catering C263/12; 3. by extension referring to the director of a play OX343/34

praefulgidus, -a, -um adj particularly bright OX306/6

praehabitus, -a, -um pfp pass had in advance, held beforehand OX503/15

praehonorabilis, -e adj most honourable IC462/12

praelectio, -onis n f (academic) lecture OX893/33

praelector, -oris n m reader C578/24; see also lector

pr(a)epositus, - n m 1. warden, administrative officer in a collegiate chapter CR504/27, etc; in Cambridge, title of chief administrative officer of King's College, provost C32/25, etc; in Oxford, provost, title of chief administrative officer in several colleges OX6/39, etc; 2. reeve, a manorial officer SM177/34

praesaga, -ae n m prophet C240/15

pr(a)esto, -are, -iti, -itum v tr 1. to furnish, provide OX94/18, etc; WL247/21, etc; 2. in idioms A. iuramentum prestare to swear or take an oath BR3/26, etc; CH767/31-2; DR275/12-13; EK975/21, etc; EL23/24-5; H143/7-8, etc; L75/19; SH58/12, etc; SM65/91, etc; SX19/33, etc; W389/23; B. obedienciam ... prestare to swear obedience EK977/4-5; obediencia ... ad sancta Dei ewangelia corporaliter prestita obedience sworn corporally upon the holy gospels of God EK975/17-18; C. prestare sacramentum OX441/20, etc, or sacramentum prestare WL4/9--10, to swear or take an oath; see also iuramentum, tactus

pr(a)esul, -lis n f bishop DR171/14, etc; EL17/8, etc (used of a boy bishop)

praetura, -e n f extra or special provisions allotted beyond what was customary C698/14

prandeor, -eri, pransus sum v intr to dine, have dinner OX101/35, etc; prandeo EL18/5

prandium, -ii n nt dinner, the second and most elaborate of the three main meals of the day C8/27, etc; CR464/17, etc; EK938/10, etc; EL18/8; LI122/24, etc; OX3/25, etc; SH127/23; SM177/27, etc; WL50/35; prandeum EK339/4

praxis, -is n f practice, experience OX54/5

preantea adv beforehand, in advance CH770/40; SH264/30

preangustus, -a, -um adj quite narrow, rather constricted WL220/12

prebenda, -e n f 1. provision (of supplies), or the supplies so provided: prebenda equorum horse fodder EK734/22; 2. prebend, literally an endowment established to support a member of a cathedral or other collegiate chapter, a cathedral benefice, hence the district of a cathedral's holdings whose revenues supported a member of the chapter and over which he might acquire a peculiar jurisdiction EK946/6m, etc; EL21/37; H71/27, etc; 3. hence in idiom corpus prebende main source, or bulk, of a prebend's revenue EK953/8, etc

prebendarius, -ii n m prebendary, member of a cathedral chapter supported by a prebend EK946/14, etc; H70/20, etc

prebendatus, -a, -um adj holding a prebend, having been endowed with a prebend EL22/23

prebendus, -i n m prebendary (possibly an idiosyncratic form influenced by E 'prebine') CH305/21

precaucio, -onis n f forewarning, prevention LI6/7

precentor, -oris n m 1. literally leading singer, here a singer going in the lead WL57/22; 2. precentor, member of a cathedral chapter responsible for directing the singing of choir services; adminstratively, the precentor is second to the dean CR504/25; LI125/7, etc; SX14/10

preceps, -ipitis adj literally headlong, hence fast-paced, quick WL8/12, etc

precinctum, -i n nt precinct, area within the walls of a town, cathedral, college, or the like OX47/21; eg, the precinct of Canterbury Cathedral EK305/6; in Cambridge, the area lying within a five-mile radius of the town under the authority of the university and its courts C399/25; the area within or near Oxford under the authority of the University and its courts OX194/27, etc; precinctus (m of the 5th decl) CH78/10

precise adv precisely, exactly OX3/131, etc

preclusio, -onis n f that which closes or bars, hence as legal term preclusio accionis a bar to (further) action EL230/21

preco, -onis n m literally announcer, crier, auctioneer by extension flatterer WL60/10

preconfessatus, -a, -um pfp pass having been stated or claimed earlier C327/4, etc

preconizacio, -onis n f summoning, a formal call made in a church court summoning a cited party three times by name in an audible voice to appear before the court C386/1, etc; EL166/5; H181/16; LI268/4; OX569/7, etc; SM132/4, etc; SX9/14, etc; preconisatio SM129/31

preconizo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to announce, proclaim LI607/4; 2. to summon (someone) formally to appear in a church court C385/40, etc; EK947/29, etc; EL140/20 (pfp pass); H97/30, etc; LI73/16, etc; SH323/25, etc; SX41/2, etc; W381/27, etc; WL236/29, etc (pfp pass); praeconiso EK14/10

predecessor, -oris n m one who precedes in an office, predecessor EL17/1

predepono, -ere, -sui, -situm v tr to formally state or depose before DR124/24; EK949/11, etc; pfp pass as adj formally stated or deposed before C328/28, etc

predicacio, -onis n f preaching LI3/20, etc

predicator, -oris n m 1. preacher LI3/22; SM211/11; OX163/16; 2. hence friar preacher, a Dominican friar LI607/13

predico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to make mention of, declare LI603/14; 2. to say in the presence of, declare openly CH768/1, etc; 3. hence preach CH768/38; H98/25; LI3/21, etc WL80/21

predico, -ere, -xi, -ctum v tr to say before or above W349/35, hence pfp pass as adj aforesaid CH717/9, etc; CR464/3, etc; DR247/14, etc; EL17/9, etc; H99/27, etc; IC8/5, etc; W350/5, etc; WL215/13, etc

preexceptus, -a, -um pfp pass having been excepted before EL16/5, etc

prefatus, -a, -um adj aforementioned EL25/27, etc; IC11/36, etc

prefero, -ferre, -tuli, -latum v tr to state (something) earlier EL23/7, etc; LI317/23

preficiscor, preficisci, prefectus sum v intr to set out EK62/3 [by confusion with or attraction to OLD proficiscor?]

prefigo, -gere, -xi, -xum v tr to fix or determine (eg, a date) beforehand H58/1; SH6/11

preiudicialiter adv prejudically EK975/37

preiudicium, -ii n nt prejudice, harm, detriment LI103/36

prelatus, -i n m prelate, a senior church dignitary LI7/4

prelibatus, -a, -um adj aforementioned SH119/37; SM239/10; OX76/36

prelibellatus, -a, -um pfp pass charged previously, named or mentioned in a previous charge CH770/32

prelium, -ii n nt battle, conflict; see galliprelium

premencionatus, -a, -um adj aforementioned IC31/27

premitto, -ittere, -isi, -issum v tr 1. to mention before DR247/24; OX530/9; WL215/14, etc; 2. hence pfp pass as adj aforementioned, foregoing CH772/19; EL230/23, etc; LI5/5, LI6/12; SM103/11; 3. nt as sbst what has gone before, the aforegoing, the aforementioned CH47/3, etc; DR248/6; EK308/29, etc; EL18/5, etc; L36/34, etc; LI342/4, etc; OX7/1, etc; SH6/11; SM237/27, etc; SX185/8, etc; WL215/31, etc; 4. nt pl as sbst premises, ie, lands and tenements EL26/35; L82/35, etc [Black's Premises]

premitus adv first, at first, by extension before, already L75/19 [var of OLD primitus?]

premunio, -ire, -iui, -itum v tr 1. to forewarn LI25/6; 2. hence to summon (ie, to answer a charge) IC45/12, etc; 3. premunire inf premunire, name of a statute restricting foreign, especially papal, jurisdiction in England IC466/25, etc

premunicio, -onis n f forewarning, notice in advance OX27/26; WL215/21, etc

prenominatus, -a, -um pfp pass having been named or specified earlier CH767/33, etc; EK305/8; OX74/3, etc; W413/9, etc

prenotatus, -a, -um adj noted before, before-mentioned DR247/25, etc

preobtentus, -a, -um pfp pass having been obtained or gotten earlier W348/34

preoccupo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to occupy beforehand, to take possession of previously LI607/10

preordino, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to arrange beforehand LI607/7

prepositura, -e n f office of the provost LI125/23

prepositus, -i n m provost, an administrative officer in a cathedral chapter LI106/7, etc

presbiter, -eri n m priest, member of the second of the three major orders of clergy, the other two being bishop (episcopus) and deacon (diaconus) EK974/31, etc; EL22/38, etc; LI104/11; SM423/17, etc; presbyter EK823/23, etc; H200/6; SH642/33; W348/31, etc; WL3/7

prescriptus, -a, -um pfp pass aforewritten, abovewritten LI267/23

presencia, -e n f presence: in presencia + gen in the presence of CH843/14, etc; WL289/9, etc

presencialiter adv face to face LI3/15

presens, -entis adj present: 1. existing at the present time LI342/32; in idiom in presenti at the present time LI127/6-7; 2. existing in the same place, at hand CH37/40, etc; LI4/30, etc; as sbst comm pl the present document or letter BR55/19; CH152/13, etc; CR527/21, etc; EK731/7, etc; EL21/15, etc; LI108/20; OX414/13, etc [OLD praesens]

presentacio, -onis n f presentment: 1. the act of presenting a person or persons as guilty of canonical offences or a written copy of the name(s) and charge(s) reported at a presentment; presentments were originally made by churchwardens but later by parish clergy as well C363/26, etc; CH797/31, etc; EK727/9; H175/4; L71/11; SH58/14; SM208/41, etc; 2. act of presenting charges to a secular court, here a town session SM378/16

presentamentum, -i n nt presentment: 1. the act of presenting a person or persons as guilty of canonical offences or a written copy of the name(s) and charge(s) reported at a presentment; presentments were originally made by churchwardens but later by parish clergy as well H151/1, etc; SM140/4, etc; hence liber presentamentorum presentment book, book containing presentment records SM27/11-12; 2. the act of presenting a secular jury's finding SH222/24

presentator, -oris n m literally presenter, one who makes presentment, but here apparently used of the judge in an 'ex officio' church court proceeding as the mover of the case, unless this unidentified judge was also the incumbent of the accused's parish L71/12

presentatus, -i sbst comm one who was present, attendee L75/23

presentes see presens

presento, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to present, give (something to someone) EK203/14; EL18/10; 2. to present, turn over (something to someone) L36/3; 3. to present, used of putting on an entertainment C399/17; 4. to present (a candidate) to a church or other ecclesiastical benefice EK946/13; LI127/5; 5. to present (someone) as in violation of canon law, used of churchwardens, sidesmen, and/or parish clergy EK891/37; H175/30, etc; L22/32; LI266/19, etc; SH115/13, etc; SM185/18; WL235/29, etc; hence absolutely to make presentment, present a list of persons guilty of canonical offences, used of churchwardens and/or parish clergy H69/19; C355/12m; SH115/16; SM233/25, etc; W355/12m; 6. to present findings, used of an officer or jury of a borough court DR282/28, etc; to present the name(s) of the accused or the facts of a case, used of a secular jury LI609/25; used of an inquest jury, whose finding may be about a crime L31/23, L31/28; SH111/30; SM189/9, etc; SX170/38; W451/22, etc or about property holding and other transactions L82/8, L241/18; hence absolutely to make presentment of common-law offences, used of a jury CH781/16, etc; EK968/1, etc; EL230/27, etc; WL127/7

preses, -idis n m 1. presider, one who presides OX313/3; 2. president, the head of a college C141/15; OX73/8, etc; specifically the head of Queens' College, Cambridge C131/25, etc

presidens, -ntis sbst m 1. one who presides, presiding officer, president EL23/22; W350/8; president of a college or chapter OX3/19, etc; president of the Council in the Marches of Wales SH177/1, etc; president of the Council of the North IC201/24; head of Queens' College, Cambridge C120/36, etc; officer presiding over a chapter meeting of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge C578/24 (in form praesidens); 2. one who presides at a liturgical service, presider CH47/12

prestacio, -onis n f act of providing, provision; see iuramentum

prestigia, -e n f trick (of a juggler or other entertainer) C399/16

prestigiator, -oris n m juggler, conjuror C105/31

presto see pr(a)esto

presulatus, -us n m office or state of being a bishop, prelacy EL17/3 (used of a boy bishop)

presumo, -ere, -psi, -ptum v tr to take upon oneself (to do something), used of violators of rules or orders BR5/13; CR463/11, etc; EK308/32, etc; EL4/3; H98/19, etc; LI5/6, etc; SH74/3; SM423/14, etc; W347/13

presumpcio, -onis n f presumption, daring, boldness (with strongly negative connotations) CR504/15; DR247/39

presumptor, -oris n m one who presumes (to do something), used of a violator of rules or orders W347/19

pretensus, -a, -um adj pretended, used as a pretence EL23/3, etc; SM174/12

preteria var of preterea [OLD praeterea]

pretermitto, -ittere, -isi, -issum v tr to let (someone or something) pass unnoticed, let go by OX55/24

pretextus -us n m (legitimate) reason LI608/41

pretor, -oris n m praetor, a Roman magistrate ranking in importance second only to a consul, by extension the mayor of a town C308/26

preuideo, -are, -di, -sum v tr to oversee, provide for, manage (by attraction to senses of provideo [OLD]?) C90/8

preuius, -a, -um adj previous, prior W386/21, etc

prex, precis n f 1. prayer OX139/11, etc; 2. in pl one of the two post-Reformation offices of the Church of England preces diuine divine service LI208/4-5: A. preces matutine morning prayer, matins, the morning office based upon the pre-Reformation offices of matins and prime C364/20; SH119/36; SX23/10; W386/5-6; B. uespertine preces or preces uespertine evening prayer, evensong, the evening office based upon the pre-Reformation offices of vespers and compline EK204/2, EK15/4; H66/38, etc; OX443/40; SH58/28; SM173/5, etc; SX38/37, etc; W378/38; where preces occurs unmodified (EK13/30; H142/34, etc; SH64/39, etc) it is impossible to be sure which is meant; context suggests the principal Sunday service is being referred to, but the occ on EK203/37 clearly refers to evensong; see also matutinus

prima, -e sbst f prime, one of the canonical hours making up the divine office of clerics; prime was said at the first hour of the day, conventionally 6 am, whence the name is derived H200/15, etc

primas, -atis n m primate, metropolitan bishop of an ecclesiastical province EK974/6; OX3/7

primatus, -us n m pre-eminence, hence supreme authority over the Church (here attributed to the pope) EL147/39

primogenitus, -i sbst m first-born son CH57/27, etc

princeps, -ipis (irregular gen princepis OX141/14) n m 1. prince, ruler EL241/3; IC424/31, etc; OX799/19, etc; as ruler of an independent principality EK779/23, etc; OX401/26, etc; WL247/10, etc; applied to the earl of Chester as ruler of his county palatine CH64/38; 2. hence in idiom princeps palatinus prince palatine, palsgrave, one of the electors of the Holy Roman Empire OX401/26--7 [OEDO palatine a.1 and n.1 A.1.b.]; 3. hence title of a college Christmas lord OX209/15, OX209/17; title of an Inn's Christmas lord IC124/27, etc; princeps Natalicius Christmas prince, title given to a Christmas lord at Trinity College OX101/33; 4. a title of the emperor in the early Roman Empire (the Principate), hence referring to a king WL223/4; used with deliberate reference to Caesar Augustus as a title of Queen Elizabeth C238/4, etc; EK946/10; OX138/9, etc; 5. prince, son or son-in-law of the king C63/13; CH57/27, etc; CR493/22; EK47/36, etc; H187/8, etc; IC25/20, etc; LI79/13; OX25/5, etc; SH128/18, etc; SM252/26, etc; SX182/8, etc; W405/18, etc; 6. head, leader, person in the first rank or position CR550/9; DR170/24; OX105/37; WL220/6, etc: see also poeta

princeps, -ipis adj foremost, principal DR170/28

principalis, -e adj 1. chief, principal EL26/10, etc; see also festum, officialis; 2. m as sbst principal, head of a college or hall OX9/3, etc; an administrative officer at Furnival's Inn IC41/3; see also ministrallus

principissa, -e n f princess, daughter of the king SH182/19, etc; principissha OX72/4

prinsessa, -e n f princess, daughter of the king EK103/34

prior, -oris n m 1. prior, either the deputy of an abbot or head of a priory CR527/10; EK27/8; EL24/10; LI341/16; WL217/24, etc; used of the head of the Benedictine cathedral priory at Canterbury EK27/30, etc; used of the head of the Benedictine cathedral priory at Worcester W397/2, etc; 2. in idioms prior datiuus prior dative, one serving at the pleasure of a superior WL215/19; prior electiuus prior elect, one who has been chosen but not yet taken office WL216/37; prior perpetuus perpetual prior, one who serves for life rather than at the pleasure of a superior WL217/22

prior, prius compar adj 1. earlier, previous EK20/12; WL9/26, etc; 2. hence comm pl as sbst the former (of two groups) WL10/23; 3. nt sg used as adv earlier, before EK974/20, etc

prioratus, -us n m priory: 1. a Benedictine religious house dependent upon another monastery, usually a founding house WL215/11, etc; 2. cathedral priory, a monastery or house of canons regular serving a cathedral WL217/29, WL217/33

priorissa, -e n f prioress, either the deputy of an abbess or head of a priory LI317/22

Priscianus, -i n m the grammarian Priscian (fl. AD 500), author of the Institutiones grammaticae, a work on Latin grammar in eighteen books; it circulated in two unequal parts, often referred to as Priscianus maior (Books 1-16) and Priscianus ... minor (Books 17-18 and three minor treatises ad Symmachum) EL19/8

prisona, -e n f prison SH265/32

priuatus, -a, -um adj 1. private, personal, privately owned EL16/2; OX6/25; 2. private, not holding an official position or office EL18/8; see also custos, sigillum

priuilegium, -ii n nt privilege, a special right or exemption OX7/29, etc; in idiom cum privilegio ad imprimendum solum using the privilege of acting as sole printer W539/25

pro prep with abl 1. on behalf of, for the sake of, for CH36/8, etc; EL17/2, etc; IC3/62, etc; LI4/25, etc; 2. on account of, on the basis of, for EL26/28, etc; IC21/36, etc; LI7/6; OX11/7, etc; SX40/33, etc; 3. in payment for, for (goods or services) CH716/20, etc; EL20/11, etc; IC3/5, etc; LI104/35, etc; OX7/10, etc; SX44/29, etc; 4. in exchange for (eg, a sum of money), in place of IC21/38, etc; LI347/31, etc; 5. in view of, as befits, for OX3/22, etc; SX44/10; ~ eo quod because EL128/30; IC10/20, etc; LI105/20, etc; OX8/13; ~ mea uirili for my part OX85/25; ~ parte sua for his part LI32/1, etc; ~ parte (+ gen) for (one's) part IC61/10; ~ suo modo in their own way CH36/6; 6. in the case of, for IC11/20, etc; OX3/23, etc; SX30/10, SX38/16; 7. for the purpose of CH46/38, etc; EL25/38, etc; IC11/32, etc; LI347/15; + gd or gdve IC11/11, etc; LI609/2; 8. in accordance with CH35/38, etc; LI104/14; pro posse nostro to the best of our ability LI4/28; 9. on account of, for CH46/39, etc; 10. for, as CH46/24, etc; EL238/9, etc; IC46/35, etc; 11. (with action of calling, choosing, or summoning) for IC76/26, etc; SX9/14, etc; 12. for, in order to obtain IC72/12; LI5/18, etc; 13. by way of, as LI6/32, etc; 14. in the case of, for LI35/102; 15. (of time) for, on CH77/40, etc; EL125/26, etc; IC6/10, etc; OX32/12, etc; for the duration of LI319/35, etc; ~ futuro in future IC56/35; pro hac vice on this occasion, this time SX40/15, etc; ~ perpetuo in perpetuity, forever IC40/39; pro tunc then, at that time CH47/12 (written as one word); IC21/40; LI125/22 (written as one word); OX11/26, etc (written as one word OX15/35); see also tempus

pro ut var of prout [OLD]

probationarius, -ii n m probationer, a candidate for a fellowship or the like OX170/24

probatus, -a, -um pfp pass approved, allowed (used of accounts or expenses) LI28/32

probenda, -e n f fodder, provender (for horses) CR489/25

probo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to prove (a claim or an accusation) EK5/36, etc; 2. to prove, obtain probate of (a will) EK541/34, etc; W445/14, etc; 3. to approve (expenditures), allow (an account) EK108/33, etc

procancellarius, -ii n m the chancellor's deputy; the vice- chancellor C141/23, etc

proceres, -um n m noblemen CH36/7, etc

processio, -onis n f 1. (liturgical) procession CH36/19m, etc; EK31/10; EL17/15; H98/2; LI6/24, etc; SM240/28, etc; 2. civic procession in honour of a religious festival LI107/30, etc; eg, the feast of Corpus Christi H118/35; in Sandwich, a civic procession in honour of the feast of St Bartholomew EK823/22; in Shrewsbury, a civic and guild procession in honour of the feast of Corpus Christi SH172/11, etc; procescio SH127/31

processus, -us n m (legal) process, proceedings, suit BR3/20; CR489/34; EK608/6; EL208/5, etc; LI36/21; OX258/38, etc; SH43/10; SM140/30, etc; SX43/38, etc; WL217/19

procestrium, -ii n nt literally what stands outside or before a camp, hence an approach, entry OX137/4

proclamacio, -onis n f 1. announcement SH176/38, etc; a required public prior announcement of one's intention to seek to clear oneself of a charge in a church court by compurgation WL236/28, etc, or the text thereof WL230/5; H66/18, etc; SH326/38, etc; SM32/30, etc; W389/4; the public announcement that one had entered into a property and become a tenant of a manor L82/32, etc; the announcement, or crying, of banns or of a play EK739/11, etc; 2. (official) proclamation, whether royal or civic CH614/38m, etc (judicial); EK822/11, etc

proclamator, -oris n m one who makes an announcement, here especially one who announces banns, bann crier EK743/39, etc

proclamo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to announce, make public SM397/11; WL254/9m, etc; especially to announce, or cry, banns EK741/13, etc; 2. to declare, make known SM174/2

proculdubio var of procul dubio [OLD procul]

procuracio, -onis n f procuration, a payment made by a parish in lieu of providing entertainment, food, and drink for a bishop, archdeacon, or other official visitor LI341/7, etc

procuramentum, -i n nt agency, instigation CH119/36, etc; LI609/33

procurator, -oris n m 1. proctor, an officer of the vice-chancellor's court C296/7; 2. proctor, a college or university officer OX31/2, etc; 3. proctor, one who acts as counsel for another in a church court EK308/36, etc; L75/15, L75/16; WL215/20; 4. warden, parish officer in charge of annual collections SM708/27, etc

procuratorius, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to a proctor (in sense 3), hence nomine procuratorio as a proctor EK947/4-5; 2. nt sg as sbst proxy, legal instrument or form of words appointing a proctor CH843/18; EK817/33, etc; L75/17 (in form procuratoreum); SM140/2

procuro, -are, aui, -atum v intr 1. (with ad + gerund) to procure, get (someone to do something) SM140/5, etc; 2. to bring about, cause (+ inf ) CH155/25, etc; L31/9

produccio, -onis n f act of producing (someone or something) CH843/25

produco, -cere, -xi, -ctum v tr to bring, produce (eg, witnesses into court), hence producere sectam to bring suit EL230/10

professio, -onis n f (religious) profession CR464/14; SH100/19

professor, -oris n m professor: 1. professor, a senior instructor in a given subject C205/24; OX218/11, etc; 2. sacre theologie professor one holding the highest degree in the theology faculty, a doctor of sacred theology (STD) C301/13, etc; EK946/7, etc; H67/20, etc; OX73/26; SH53/16; W349/12, etc

professus, -a, -um pfp having made monastic profession to (a given order), having professed in WL217/33

proficuus, -i n m revenue, proceeds, profit EK644/26; EL125/30, etc; L241/25; LI326/17

profunditas, -atis n f depth SX171/12, etc; OX5/19; (of water or other liquid) WL222/22

Progne, -es n f Procne, the wife of Tereus, king of Thrace, who was transformed into a bird; here named as an eponymous character in Calfhill's Progne OX136/30

progredior, -edi, -essus sum v intr literally to advance, make progress, here by extension to form an arithmetical progression, a sequence of numbers such that the difference between any two successive members is the same, for example, in the sequence 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, ..., the difference is always 2 IC651/11, etc

progressus, -us n m 1. forward motion, advance, progress (used figuratively) OX343/15, etc; 2. (royal) progress OX125/11; 3. one's progress through life, one's life OX308/29

proieccio, -onis n f act of throwing or casting (something) SM238/13, etc

prolacio, -onis n f act of speaking CH28/15 [cp OLD profero 4]

prolibitum, -i n nt will, desire, hence in idiom suo prolibito at one's own will SM174/15

proludium, ii n nt preliminary bout LI603/10 [Souter]

promano, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to flow forth, proceed OX307/12

promississimus, -a, -um superl adj giving greatest promise, most promising OX191/36

promocio, -onis n f 1. prompting DR247/12; 2. promotion, the bringing of an accusation against a person in an ecclesiastical court by an officer of the court authorized to do so C362/34; CH767/27

promotor, -oris n m promoter, an officer of the court making promotion, a type of accusation against a person in a church court C417/37; SX178/14

promotus, -a, -um pfp pass promoted, used of a proceeding against a person in a church court moved or initiated by someone other than the court itself or a person authorized to make presentment DR275/10; SM424/8; SX43/3

promus, -i n m steward, a college or household officer EK63/17; OX70/25, etc; a household officer in an Inn IC328/26; see also capitalis

pronuncio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to adjudge, pronounce (an opinion, sentence, or the like; used of a judge) CH772/21; SH327/1, etc; SM129/31, etc; SX41/3, etc; 2. to utter, speak, here by extension to sing SH176/35, SH177/23, SH193/8

propalo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr say openly, declare, make known SH265/11; WL3/9, etc

prophanacio, -onis n f act of profaning or desecrating, profanation H169/5

prophanare, prophanari vars of profano [OLD]

prophanus, -a, -um adj for profanus [OLD]

propheta, -e n m a prophet: 1. one of the authors of the prophetic books of the OT H57/5; LI103/15; SH5/27; 2. apparently one of the OT prophets as a character in a show of some kind OX28/6; one of the OT prophets represented in some way at matins on Christmas morning LI110/6, etc

prophetia, -e n f prophecy, the writings of the OT prophets, here apparently a section from a prophetic book notated for chanting or singing LI332/40

proportio, -onis n f 1. proportion, balance WL8/13; 2. set ratio, agreed upon proportion C501/22

propositio, -onis n f act of proposing or showing; see titulus

propreses, -idis n m vice-president, an officer of Queens' College C147/29, etc

propteria for propterea [OLD]

propylaeum, -i n nt gateway OX305/35 [see OLD propylaea, propylon]

proscaenium, -ii n nt literally what is before the backdrop or background, hence the stage of a theatre OX80/23, etc

prosequor, -qui, -cutus v tr to proceed in an action or claim in a court of law, to prosecute LI78/29

prosequucio, -onis n f act of continuing or going forward CH843/15

protestor, -ari, -atus sum v intr to make (legal) protestation, protest CH772/29 [OEDO protestation n.]

protunc see pro

proueniens, -ntis n nt proceedings, profits SM252/2

prouentus, -us n m proceeds EL22/21; SM231/30; WL216/7

prouerbium, -ii n nt proverb, adage: in pl Prouerbia Proverbs, name of an OT book CH808/19m, etc; EL239/20

prouideor, -deri, -isus sum v tr deponent form of prouideo [OLD]

prouideo, -idere, -isi, -isum v tr 1. to supply, provide WL216/9, etc; prowisa (pfp) WL87/10m; 2. to make provision of (a candidate for ecclesiastical office) to (a church or other body) with de + abl of the person and dat of the institution WL217/33

prouincia, -e n f 1. province, district of ecclesiastical administration; since the text quoted by Gerald of Wales on W395/30 was originally promulgated by the third council of Toledo, the original reference is to the districts of ecclesiastical administration in sixth century Spain; 2. province, territory, land EK827/27; district WL53/21, etc

prouincialis, -e adj of or pertaining to a province, a district of ecclesiastical administration; see concilium

prouisio, -onis n f that which is provided or supplies, provision EK100/11, etc

prouisum, -i sbst nt stipulation, proviso CH154/1

psallo, -ere, -i v intr 1. literally to play a stringed instrument, especially a lyre, by plucking, hence distinguishing instrumental from vocal music C567/33; 2. by extension to sing, or chant (eg, as part of a liturgical service) SM237/18; 3. to whistle CH221/20

psalterium, -ii n nt psalter, a collection of Psalms: psalterium Dauiticum the psalter of David LI347/24

psalmum, -i n nt psalm, one of the 150 liturgical songs, attributed to David in the biblical Book of Psalms, and incorporated into Christian worship EK24/23, etc; OX146/25; psalmus CH809/40m, etc; EL238/9, etc; WL3/22

psalmista, -e n f psalmist, here used of King David, believed to have been the author of the book of Psalms W348/36

psaltator, -oris n m a dancer; the spelling with initial 'p' is based on a confusion with or a false etymology from 'psallere' above (the root from which 'psalterium' and 'psaltery' derive); the actual root is that of 'saltare,' to dance, but context is insufficient to determine the type H180/32, etc

pseudosophia, -e n f false wisdom C240/4

pubes, -is n f the youth, the young men OX85/26

publice adv publicly, openly EL20/29, etc

publicus, -a, -um adj public: 1. common to all, open CH34/6, etc; EL16/2, etc; hence publica mulier literally a public woman, ie, a prostitute EL16/16; 2. generally known CH771/4, etc; EL53/36, etc; WL217/12; 3. ordinary, general CH777/29; see also edictum, notarius, strata

puer, -eri n m 1. literally boy, youth EL14/17, etc; LI344/34, etc; WL9/25, etc; 2. school-boy C88/10, C361/34; DR172/1; EK906/12, etc?; EL24/10?; LI189/6, etc; SH98/23; 3. choir-boy, chorister C29/23, etc; CR503/27; EK906/12, etc?; EL14/6, etc (at St Paul's normally also a schoolboy at the almonry school); H98/3; LI104/12, etc; 4. almonry boy, one attending the almonry school of an abbey LI350/37; 5. boy member of a playing company, often at least nominally a choir-boy IC87/36, etc; 6. son 239/24; 7. young servant EL24/10?; WL79/4; possibly an apprentice C58/16, C143/19; SH140/13; young servant or apprentice CH119/36; see also episcopus, officium

pugna, -e n f fight, hence ursorum uel taurorum pugna bear- or bull-baiting C259/24, etc

pugnacio, -onis n f fighting OX146/32

pugno, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally fight, here by extension to bait (bears) CH34/8, etc

pulcinarius, -a, um adj of or pertaining to pullet or chicken; see caro

pullus, -i n m pullet, young chicken EK337/21, etc

pulo, -onis n m pullet, young chicken EK34/20

pulsacio, -onis n f 1. knocking, striking at a door or the like OX40/22; 2. playing (of an instrument) OX60/34, etc; 3. ringing (of a bell), here as a signal CH716/25

pulsatus, -a, -um pfp pass in CL beaten, in AL baited (eg, as entertainment) SM369/39 [from confusion between E beat and bait (see OEDO bait v.1 and beat v.1)]

pulso, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally to strike: 1. to ring (a bell or the like) EL23/1; OX503/16; 2. to play (a keyboard instrument) EL139/38; 3. to play (a pipe) OX148/38 [see OLD pulso 4]

puluis, -ueris n m dust, powder: puluis saxi literally stone powder, possibly either brimstone, sulphur or polishing or scouring powder LI27/19

punctum, -i n nt point, a tie or fastener for clothing EK105/36, etc; SH159/26

pupa, -e n f originally doll, by extension puppet C399/15

pupillus, -i n m originally ward, by extension: 1. orphan EL242/24; 2. pupil, student C451/21

puplicum var of publicum [OLD]

pup(p)lice var of publice [OLD]

pur AN prep used in place of 'pro' with vernacular nouns in an otherwise Latin context C10/21

purgacio, -onis n f 1. cleaning C125/36; 2. compurgation, a form of proof used in church courts whereby the accused demonstrated innocence by an oath supported by the oaths of others of the same sex and status called compurgators C369/23; H164/29, etc; SH332/23, etc; SM32/28, etc; WL230/5; see also compurgacio

purgo, are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. cleanse, clear, purify C130/17; H140/30; LI4/2, etc; 2. in refl sense to clear oneself from an accusation by means of an oath with or without compurgators EK900/19; LI347/121, etc; WL236/28, etc; the number of compurgators is expressed by manus in the abl sg with an ordinal or distributive number, eg, ad purgandum se (cum) quarta manu C363/30-1, etc; EK5/8-9, etc; H150/23, etc; LI340/40; SH326/38, etc; SM32/28-9, etc; SX25/11-12, etc; W388/32, etc; WL236/37

Purificacio, -onis n f (ritual) purification, especially referring to the ritual purification of women after childbirth in the OT, hence the liturgical commemoration of the Virgin Mary's purification after the birth of Christ (Lk 2.22-4), celebrated on 2 February C15/5, etc; CH14/14m, etc; L76/15; EK51/29, etc; OX19/17, etc; SH117/35; SX186/3; see also crastinum, dies, festum

puritas, -atis n f purity, (moral) cleanness CH36/13; EL21/5; SM237/17

Purpoola, -e (or -ae) n f Purpoole, name of an ancient manor upon the site of Gray's Inn, used as the name for the principality ascribed to that Inn's Christmas prince IC124/37, etc

Purpooliensis, -e adj of or pertaining to Purpoole, an ancient manor upon the site of Gray's Inn, used as the name for the principality ascribed to that Inn's Christmas prince IC424/26, etc

pyncerna see pincerna

Pythias, ae n m Pythias (properly Phintias), famous as the friend of Damon of Syracuse, named here as an eponymous character in the play Damon and Pithias OX149/6 [see ocd Damon (i)]; Pithias OX148/37


quadra, -e n f literally a slice, hence by extension an appetizer, hors d'oeuvre C157/18, etc

Quadragesima, -e (also found in form xla, xle) sbst f literally fortieth (day): 1. by extension Lent, the forty days preceding Easter C133/11; OX8/17, etc; W501/33, etc; 2. hence the first Sunday in Lent W492/6

quadrans, -ntis n m farthing, a quarter-penny CH106/34; EL145/37, etc (in form qua.); LI78/30m, etc (in form qua.)

quadratum, -i n nt quadrangle, quad OX28/36

quampluria, -ium sbst n very many things EL21/27

quardum, -i n nt reward SH149/4 [error for or var of regardum]

quarera, -e n f quarry, here in idiom quarera pone muros quarry behind the walls, an outdoor playing place in Shrewsbury SH172/2, etc

quarteria -ie n f quart, a measurement of volume CR491/17, etc

quarterium, -ii n nt 1. literally quarter, a fourth part of anything EK826/5, etc; hence 2. quarter, one of the four financial terms into which a year is divided EK83/12, etc; H110/5; W413/16, etc; quartarium EK362/33, etc; 3. farthing, the fourth part of a penny H111/28, etc; 4. quart, a liquid measure, the fourth part of a gallon EK61/8, etc; OX33/3; SM249/2; 5. quarter, a measure for cut timber, a two-by-four OX155/32; 6. as a measure of capacity of grain, probably a quarter of a chaldron, 8 or 9 bushels LI25/38, etc; as a measure of capacity for coal, a quarter of a chaldron, nine bushels (about 327 l) IC4/10; 7. as a measure of weight, a quarter of a hundredweight, 28 lbs LI196/2, etc; 8. as a measure of length, a quarter of an ell, 11¼ inches LI34/29, etc [see OEDO quarter n. 1.a., 3.b., 5.a., 19.]

quaternum, -i n nt (from CL 'quaterni' four each, four apiece) 1. literally quire, strictly a gathering of four sheets folded to produce eight leaves or sixteen pages, hence possibly any gathering of sheets C76/8; LI333/6; 2. a booklet formed from a single quire (often used to keep annual accounts or other financial records) EK331/21; EL19/11; LI27/35, etc; eg, one which contains the detailed accounting on which finished accounts are based EL33/23, etc; W404/10, etc; or one containing the annual records for an entire college C38/37, etc; or a detailed accounting kept by individual fellows of a college C39/16, etc; 3. quarter, one of the four terms into which a year is divided W464/22, etc

Quatuor Tempora n phr see tempus

queis archaic dat/abl form of qui [OLD]

quercus, -us n f oak tree, here perhaps one used as a summer pole OX111/7; also found as a name element Iohannes de Quercubus John Oakes SH10/15, SH10/26

querela, -e n f (legal) complaint, by extension the basis of a complaint, quarrel; the occurrence at IC462/15 is a play on these two senses

querelor, -ari, -atus sum v tr 1. to bring a legal complaint (about or against) EL210/27; 2. prp used as sbst comm plaintiff SH301/40

queror, -ri, -stum v tr 1. to complain WL264/25; 2. to make a legal complaint (about), bring a suit (against) CH48/201, etc; EK737/17; EL20/28m, EL230/2; with uersus WL128/35, etc, or de LI78/28; WL237/8; pars querens plaintiff, complainant in a suit EK737/18 [Kent LG is wrong here]; 3. prp as sbst querens plaintiff, complainant in a suit CH50/7, etc; LI78/28m; WL238/1

questio, -onis n f 1. questioning, examination (eg, of a witness) OX137/32; 2. (disputed) question, a formal disputation of a point of theology or philosophy, held either as an academic exercise or as a debate for distinguished visitors OX218/13; 3. (legal) dispute, question requiring legal determination LI341/2, etc

questionista, -e n m questionist, a candidate for the BA degree in his final term, so called from the degree requirement of participating in disputed questions C309/3

questuarius, -ii sbst m pardoner LI33/22, etc

quietus, -a, -um1 adj quiet, calm EK25/8

quietus, -a, -um2 pfp pass 1. quit, discharged (of debt) EK340/14m; IC44/10; hence quietus est v phr name for a formal acquitance or discharge IC452/11; 2. acquitted, discharged (eg, from a court proceeding) OX9/31m, etc; see also quitus est

quindena, -e n f 1. literally fifteen-day period, but probably a two-week period C95/36; LI48/4; SM204/22; in idiom iste dies ad xv@s\am@s \ (or quindenam) or iste dies quindenam proximus two weeks from today C386/14, etc; EK305/2; SM235/36; SX180/19; 2. quindene, the fifteenth day, eg, xvna Pasche the quindene of Easter, the Monday on which the Easter law term usually began H96/14 [Cheney pp 98-105]

Quinquagesima sbst f literally fiftieth (day), hence the Sunday before Ash Wednesday, so-called because it is fifty days before Easter W460/33

quinymmo var of quinimmo [OLD]

quita, -ae n f acquittance, release (eg, from a bond or a debt) OX554/26

quitus est v phr quietus, a writ certifying the discharge of a debt EK83/20; see also quietus

quo ad var of quoad [OLD]

quociens, quocius see tociens quociens

quoquomodo var of quoquo modo [OLD quisquis B (adj) 8]

quouismodo adv in any way you please, however possible LI108/24, etc; OX259/8; SM237/3


racio, -onis n f 1. reason, the faculty or exercise of reason IC376/18; 2. in abl idiom + gen racione by reason of, because of IC45/24

Radingum, -i n nt Reading, name of a town and its abbey H189/9

radix, -icis n f literally the root of a plant or tree, hence by extension square root, a number which, when multiplied by itself, produces a given expression IC651/13, etc

ragardum see regardum

ramanet var of remanet [OLD remaneo]

ramulus, -i n m a small branch (eg, of a candelabrum or lamp-stand) OX137/16

ramus, -i n m branch; in idiom in ramis palmarum on Palm Sunday, the Sunday before Easter W480/2, etc; see also dies, dominicus

rapa, -e1 n f rape, a plant of the mustard family, whose seeds are the source of the edible oil now generally referred to as canola oil; see oleum

rapa, -e2 n f rape, one of six administrative districts, each made up of several hundreds, into which Sussex was divided SX170/27, etc

rapacitas, -atis n f rapidity, speed WL8/9, etc

rapax, -acis adj rampant (as heraldic term) SH98/34; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)

ratus, -a, -um adj 1. valid; fixed, certain; see habeo; 2. f as sbst rate, proportion IC71/38; iuxta ratam in proportion, proportionally LI582/4, etc [see OLD ratus and Latham rata]

realis, -e adj actual, real, (of agreements) binding LI341/21 [Latham]

realiter adv really, in fact EL23/24; WL216/10

reatus, -a, -um adj liable, responsible SX171/25

recens, -ntis sbst m freshman, a student in his first year of study for the BA C943/13, etc

recensitus, -a, -um pfp pass recounted, related LI607/33 [formed from OLD recensitio (?)]

recepcio, -onis n f 1. receipt (eg, of a payment) EK115/8m, etc; OX21/26, etc; 2. receiving (of a guest) EK848/12; OX146/41, etc

recepta, -e n f receipt, usually found in pl receipts EK746/18, etc; also found in coll sg totalis recepta all receipts EK746/21; also in idiom recepta scacarii Exchequer department for the custody of revenue, known as the Lower Exchequer or Exchequer of Receipt EL129/1, etc [cp OEDO exchequer 4.]

receptor, -oris n m one who receives, receiver: 1. an officer of the Crown charged with the receipt of funds EL127/35, etc; 2. a financial officer in a cathedral chapter LI189/3; receptor generalis receiver-general, another name for the same officer LI203/27-8; 3. one appointed to receive funds on behalf of a corporate body such as an Inn IC11/40

recessus, -us n m 1. literally the act of going away, hence leaving, departure EL14/11; H187/10; 2. by extension a court recess caused by the departure of church court personnel holding sessions in a given deanery EK607/39; SH116/26, etc

recipio, -ipere, -epi, -eptum v tr 1. to receive, to get (goods, money, or the like) BR133/39; EK336/22, etc; IC41/26, etc; SH166/14, etc; ne recipiatur (literally 'that it not be received') an order preventing one from receiving commons in an Inn IC220/34; 2. to receive (information) EK309/3, etc; 3. to receive (guests) EK928/6, etc; 4. to receive (a charge or accusation) EK726/21m, etc; SH58/11, etc; 5. to receive (someone) back into full church fellowship after excommunication BR5/19

recitatus, -a, -um pfp pass mentioned, discussed IC61/13

recitacio, -onis n f recitation, act of reading aloud in public, hence performance of a play C158/15, etc

recito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to read out, repeat aloud, recite before an audience, hence of a play, to perform C151/10, etc

reclamatorius, -a, -um adj pertaining to the recall of a hawk; see auis

recognicio, -onis n f recognizance, a pledge or bond, usually made by the principal party and two guarantors, for the performance of a task or condition C279/17m; CH221/33; L148/26

recognosco, -oscere, -oui, -otum v tr to acknowledge: 1. used especially in bonds to acknowledge that a given amount of money has been posted L6/2; W387/8; recognoscere se debere (+ a sum of money) to acknowledge that one is bound (for a given amount) EK779/30-1, etc; L35/33, etc; W387/5; WL111/25; with 'se debere' understood CH62/22, etc; EK245/34, etc; 2. to confess LI193/25

recommendatus, -a, -um pfp pass having been commended, hence commendable EL17/17

recompensacio, -onis n f 1. literally recompense, compensation IC98/24; 2. here likely replacement, restoration (eg, of lost or damaged goods) EK101/42

reconsilio, -are, -aui, -atum v 1. tr to reconcile SM237/8 ; 2. intr (+ abl of person) to be reconciled with SH73/15; in refl sense to reconcile oneself with SH341/40; used aboslutely in refl idiom to make an act of reconciliation, here with one's parish community, likely by performing public penance EK17/9 (in form reconciliandum)

recordacio, -onis n f act of speaking or reciting, recital SM8/5

recordator, -oris n m recorder, a judge, usually an expert jurist, appointed by a borough to preside in its courts and offer legal advice BR6/39; LI208/2, etc; SH273/30

recordum, -i n nt record, an authoritative report of the proceedings before, and judgments given in, a particular court during a particular session EL128/33; in idioms de recordo as a matter of record CH41/7; EL128/34; deliberari de recordo to be delivered as a matter of record SH266/16

recreacio, -onis n f 1. refreshment, relaxation C4/2; LI27/30, etc; OX6/33, etc; 2. activity tending to provide refreshment, hence entertainment C55/25; OX40/26?

rector, -oris n m 1. director, leader DR171/39; OX799/7; used of the jurats of New Romney EK731/15; 2. rector, priest having responsibility for and authority over a parish and entitled to enjoy its tithes BR4/40, etc; CH15/38; DR247/35, etc; EK307/36, etc; H174/40, etc; LI3/19, etc; SH11/23, etc; SM423/17, etc; SX3/22; W347/11, etc; WL215/29; 3. rector, head of an academic college OX16/34, etc

rectoria, -e n f rectory, a rector's benefice OX43/28, etc; in idiom domi rectorie the buildings pertaining to a rectory EK976/17, etc

rectus, -a, -um adj right; see sto

redditum, -i n nt act of returning or restoring H112/25

red(d)itus, -us n m 1. return, arrival back SM373/30; 2. by extension return, revenue, payment EL128/36, EL129/21; IC97/5, etc; OX217/22, etc; 3. especially rent, revenue from land CH50/26, etc; CR493/38; EL22/20, etc; L82/18, etc; LI25/35, etc; SM7/38; WL216/7; see also assisa; 4. return, report (eg, of income) OX286/20

redelibero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to deliver again, return SH166/11, etc

redemptio, -onis n f literally a buying back, hence, ransom, redemption, fine DR170/26

Redemptor, -oris n m Redeemer (as a title of Christ) DR170/27; see also feria

redonacio, -onis n f act of giving back LI155/7

refectio, -onis n f 1. refreshment OX11/1, etc; 2. hence a meal C90/26, etc; OX27/24, etc

refectoria, -e n f refrain (of a song) W396/5

refectorium, -ii n nt refectory, dining hall OX893/35, etc; WL216/23

refocillo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to restore (eg, to health), refresh OX307/27

reformacio, -onis n f reform, reformation (of an abuse), correction C321/14m; CH78/3, etc; LI319/27; OX40/20; SM174/8, etc; WL215/11

reformo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to reform (abuses), correct CH779/32; LI27/1, etc

refractarius, -a, -um adj unruly, unrestrained OX530/12; C399/26

refractoria, -e n f refrain, 'refreit' (of a song) W396/5

refricacio, -onis n f reawakening of painful feelings, here in idiom memorie refricatio painful recollection W396/15

refugium, -ii n nt literally refuge, shelter, here rendering W 'naud,' 'protection' WL11/37, etc; see WG naud

refuto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to refuse, reject CH46/36

regalis, -e adj 1. royal C229/30; OX799/14; hence of or pertaining to the king of beans, a Christmas king at Merton College OX49/19, etc; officium regale literally royal office, here the office of Christmas prince IC10/20--1; 2. nt sg as sbst royal, an English gold coin originally valued at 10s, although its value could vary, here used as a synonym for a noble OX62/38 [OEDO rial n.1 3.a.]; see also nobilis; 3. hence by extension of sense 1 of or pertaining to King's College, Cambridge C236/30, etc; see also camera, collegium, papirus, pes

regardatus, -a, -atum pfp pass paid or given in reward LI333/12, etc

regardum, -i n nt reward, gratuity, customary payment C29/32, etc; CR494/15, etc; EK738/11, etc; IC7/7, etc; LI118/3, etc; OX30/31, etc; SH132/17, etc; SM250/7, etc; SX14/26, etc; W411/13, etc; ragardum LI160/33; regarda C69/30m, etc; OX20/35, etc; regardium OX267/19, etc; rewardum C23/4, etc; CR493/22, etc; EK732/33, etc; LI79/36; OX17/15, etc; SM41/7, etc; SX184/31, etc; W404/35, etc

regencia, -e n f regency, the period during which a master acted as a regent, or presider, over disputations and questions OX52/18

regens, -ntis prp ruling, regent: magister regens regent master, a master in a given faculty acting as regent, or presider, over degree disputations OX4/32, etc; hence m as sbst regent, regent master OX29/3, etc

regimen, -inis n nt literally control, rule; here in idiom regimen animarum cure of souls, the responsibility borne by a cleric for parishioners entrusted to him SX3/22

regina, -e n f queen: 1. the reigning monarch C229/16, etc; CH115/42, etc; DR79/22, etc; EK779/22, etc; EL125/36, etc; H121/21; IC86/28, etc; L36/4, etc; LI82/29, etc; OX125/9, etc; SH207/11, etc; SM189/9, etc; SX170/29, etc; WL129/17, etc; 2. wife of the king C30/14, etc; EK43/12, etc; H107/1; IC28/10, etc; LI36/22; OX73/8, etc; SH149/3, etc; SM251/22, etc; SX182/8, SX184/20; W397/18, etc; WL11/8, etc; rigina EK756/24; 3. summer queen, one presiding in a summer game LI38/14; 4. as a place name element: Charleton Regina Queen Charlton SM150/17, etc; see also ludus, Salue Regina

reginalis, -e n f of or pertaining to a queen; see collegium

regirans, -antis prp literally wheeling about: here in idiom lora regirans pulling back on the reins (so as to turn a horse) WL223/13

register, -tri n m registrar OX73/18

registrarius, -ii n m 1. registrar, court official, usually a notary, who recorded proceedings before church courts and kept the various court records CH307/14, etc; EL210/23; H161/2; LI266/39; 2. registrary, university official responsible for copying and registering official records, correspondence, and other documents C572/10

registratus, -a, -um pfp pass having been registered, ie, copied into an official register C3/20

registrum, -i n nt register-book, one containing official copies of documents, decisions and the like IC58/26m; OX498/25; SH218/33

regius, -a, -um adj 1. literally of or pertaining to a monarch, royal C101/11, etc; CH718/39; OX799/14, etc; W539/24; hence professor regius regius professor, holder of a chair in a given faculty endowed by the monarch OX218/11; 2. hence of or pertaining to King's College C236/16; nt sg as sbst King's College IC651/6; see also domus, uia, uirgata

regius, -ii sbst m royalist, king's follower LI603/10

regnum, -i n nt 1. reign BR6/25; C279/18, etc; DR79/22, etc; EK731/10c, etc; H92/17, etc; L36/4, etc; OX5/15, etc; SH10/7, etc; SM189/10, etc; SX170/28, etc; W413/39, etc; WL158/3, etc; see also an(n)us; 2. kingdom, realm C239/25, etc; CH36/7, etc; EK947/9; EL241/17, etc; L21/34; LI603/8, etc; OX7/23, etc; SH265/2, SH265/7; W409/14; WL11/27; in idioms ius regni law of the realm, hence common, as opposed to civil or canon, law C101/35-6; regnum fabe or fabarum kingdom of beans, the mythical realm of Merton College's Christmas king OX799/7, etc

regula, -e n f (monastic) rule, here the Benedictine Rule LI342/38

regularis, -e adj 1. regular, in accordance with a rule, here of a monastery, with reference to the Benedictine Rule CR527/27; LI342/37; WL216/15, etc; 2. hence m pl as sbst regulars, monks living under a rule LI342/2; WL215/38, etc; see also canonicus [ODCC REGULAR]

regracio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to give thanks to, thank BR6/27

regulus, -i n m petty king, hence prince OX315/16

rehabeo, -ere, -ui, -itum v tr to possess again, recover CH156/26; EL26/24

reiectio, -ionis n f rejection, refusal, here in idiom reiectio materiae rejection of the matter (of a complaint) EL186/8

reintro, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to reenter (into land or other property), to take possession again (of land or other property from a defaulting lessor) CH153/36, etc; EL26/22; W413/24; see also intro

relator, -oris n m an informer, one who supplies information to the civil courts upon which a charge may be brought SH311/15

relaxatus, -a, -um pfp pass released (from a bond or obligation) CH119/35m, etc; L6/20; SM56/13m, etc

releuamen, -inis n nt relief LI203/24

relibero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to hand over again, deliver again EK62/20, etc; LI320/36m

relicta, -e n f widow C610/40, etc; EK87/20, etc; OX259/20; SM180/25

religio, -onis n f 1. religion, worship, here likely in reference to the established church IC666/23; LI59/40; 2. in idiom de falsa Religione 'Of False Religion,' title of one of the books of Lactantius' Diuinae institutiones CH811/8; hence 3. Christian religious practice or devotion, Christianity C296/5, etc; CR465/10; H57/6; OX894/19; SH5/28; SM174/17, etc; WL216/16; 4. Jewish worship C239/38, C240/2; 5. pagan worship C240/26

religiosus, -a, -um adj pious, devout C316/18; WL217/16

religiosus, -i sbst m member of a religious community, eg, a monk or canon regular, a religious LI607/2, etc; W395/29 (the apparent occurrence of the adj on W395/26 is a scribal error for a form of irreligiosus, -a, -um [OLD])

reliquia, -e n f 1. that which is left behind, remains WL220/8; 2. hence (religious) relic (eg, of a saint) EL3/15; WL3/12, etc; see also festum

remandatus, -a, -um pfp pass remitted, sent back IC89/11, etc

rememorator, -oris n m remembrancer, a financial officer of the Exchequer EL128/34

remeo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr literally to return, here to remain, stay [by confusion with remaneo(?)] EL19/12

remorsus, -us n m regret, remorse EL21/31

remuneracio, -onis n f reward, customary payment C14/1, etc; EK79/5, etc; SH161/36; SX50/32

remunerator, -oris n m giver of reward, prize-giver LI109/17

Rennus, -i n m Rhymni, name of a river WL222/20

renouacio, -onis n f literally renewing, hence restoration, refurbishment, repair SM8/25

renouo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to renew, resume, repeat, hence as legal idiom to carry or hold over (eg, court proceedings), used of a judge H183/32, etc; SH299/41m, etc

reparacio, -onis n f repair, mending C74/11, etc; EK96/27m, etc; LI109/40, etc; OX14/38, etc; SH168/34, etc

reparo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to mend, repair, fix C174/38, etc; EK88/17, etc; OX102/18, etc; W412/40, etc; 2. hence to amend, correct (eg, faults) SX180/12; reparere C64/12; reperare CH518/25

repastum, -i n nt meal C6/19, etc; IC43/24

repello, -ere, reppuli, repulsum v tr literally to drive away, hence to expel (a student or other member) from the University OX530/10

repeto, -ere, -iui or -ii, -itum v tr to make a copy, hence to register EL152/25m

repititio, -onis n f literally repetition, hence rehearsal (of a play) OX279/32

repletio, -onis n f filling up OX89/34

reportacio, -onis n f a carrying back, removal C145/7

repositorium, -ii n nt storage place, hence a chest or cupboard OX94/29

represento, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to present, give EK77/16

reprisa, -e n f deduction, charge CH49/37, etc [OEDO reprise n. 2.]

reputatus, -a, -um pfp pass reputed, deemed CH768/14, etc

requero, -rere, -sii, -situm v tr 1. to ask, request EL26/33, etc; 2. to require (someone to do something) CH731/25; 3. pfp pass as adj required, needed EL139/1, etc

requisicio, -onis, n f request H171/20; IC35/24, etc; LI608/29

resarcio, -cere, -si, -sum v tr to start fresh, renew OX56/28

resartio, -onis n f repair, mending C156/36; resercio C93/21

rescriptum, -i n nt rescript, originally a reply on a point of law from a Roman emperor or magistrate; here rescriptum apostolicum a papal rescript, a decree from the pope LI7/25 [see OEDO rescript]

rescriptus, -a, -um pfp pass literally rewritten (as correction), hence copied, recopied OX1104/35

rescussus, -i n m rescue: rescussum facere literally to make rescue, hence to rescue CH716/37, etc [OEDO rescue v. 2.b., n. 2.]

resedendo var of recedendo [OLD recedo]

residencia, -e n f 1. act of dwelling or residing BR5/32; 2. hence residence, a requirement that cathedral canons holding prebends or other endowments reside at the cathedral to perform liturgical ministry there EL21/28, etc; LI105/15; at St Paul's, particular requirements were imposed at the beginning of one's period of residence, sometimes called prima residencia EL22/36-7; magna residencia major residence, at Lincoln Cathedral, a period in residence of at least 243 days (unless absent on chapter business) LI105/12 [LeNeve, p 133]; 3. in idiom residencia personalis personal residence, a canonical requirement that all curates reside in the parish or other benefice they serve, designed to reduce both pluralism and absenteeism EK975/22, etc; residensia EK977/6

residenciarius1, -i sbst m residentiary, a cathedral canon in residence, LI126/39; EL14/5, etc; also used of cathedral clergy in the post-Reformation Anglican church LI208/11, etc; residensiarius LI192/21

residenciarius 2 see canonicus

resideo, -ere, resedi v intr 1. to reside, dwell, stay C364/14 (prp); WL215/21, etc; see also graduatus; 2. to be in (canonical) residence at a cathedral EL17/19, etc

residuacio, -onis n f a recurrent illness or fever, figuratively W349/17

residuus, -a, -um adj remaining: m pl as sbst residui the rest IC49/29; nt sg as sbst what remains, the remainder IC37/13, etc

resigno, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to hand over, give up OX799/17; 2. hence as intr to resign an office OX7/39

respectiue adv respectively C385/14, etc; W389/24

respectuo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. (+ 'in' and acc of time) to bind over (someone one) until another court session C409/9; 2. to excuse (someone) from an obligation, respite IC43/15

respondeo, -dere, -si, -sum v intr 1. as legal term to answer, reply to (eg, charges or questions) CH50/6, etc; DR248/4, etc; EK26/2, etc; EL171/1, etc; IC45/13; LI347/18, etc; SM424/10, etc; SX30/5, etc; prp as sbst respondent, defendant in a lawsuit EK947/28; 2. as accounting term to be answerable for (eg, a sum of money or other valuable) EK62/16, etc; IC11/25, IC37/21; SM698/20; 3. in pass idiom to be due (eg, in payment of a debt) EL128/4, EL128/11; 4. to answer for (someone's actions or behaviour) CR504/16; IC11/20; 5. (used relationally) to answer to, correspond with EK34/31 [cp OLD respondeo 7 and 15]

responsio, -onis n f reply, hence responsio personalis reply made in person to charges in an ecclesiastical court C326/21, etc; SM130/1

responsorium, -ii n nt responsory, chant usually sung alternately by two persons or groups, based on scriptural texts, which follows the readings at matins in the Benedictine office EK24/32, etc [ODCC RESPONSORY]

responsus, -us n m (legal) reply, response EL230/20

respublica, reipublice n f republic, commonwealth: de republica title of a work by the French political theorist Jean Bodin (1529/30-96), known in English as The Six Books of the Commonwealth EL271/21m

restauratus, -a, -um pfp pass restored, here in the translation of a play title Arcadia Restaurata Arcadia Restored OX309/9

resurgo, -rgere, -rrexi, -rrectum v intr to rise again, especially to rise from the dead EK26/11, etc

resurreccio, -onis n f literally arising; hence the Resurrection, Christ's rising from the dead (Jn 20.1-18) EK980/1, etc; LI106/35, etc; resurrexio Christi Christ's Resurrection, title of a play CR542/16, etc; see also dies

retardacio, -onis n f hindrance, delay LI25/33

retentus, -us n m body of retainers, retinue SH353/13

rethor var of rhetor [OLD rhetor]

rethorice var of rhetorice [OLD rhetorice]

rethoricis var of rhetoricis [OLD rhetoricus]

reticulum, -i n nt in CL a mesh bag or hair-net; here apparently a net cap, glossed by E caul LI583/33 [see OEDO caul n.1 1.]

retorno, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to return (eg, reports or writs) to a court EL230/37; pfp pass returned, used of writs, et al, returned to the issuing court after action CH49/32, etc [see Black's Return]

retribucio, -onis n f (monetary) reward EL242/24

retro adv (referring to time) past CH843/17; see also a

retroactus, -a, -um pfp pass literally having moved back in time: 1. hence (of time) having passed, past IC68/35; see tempus; 2. having happened previously, gone on already SH65/28m

retroscriptus, -a, -um pfp pass having been written previously, already written EK894/10, etc

rettatus, -a, -um adj accused of, charged with (+ 'de' and abl) SH10/15

returnus, -us n m literally the act of returning (something), here in legal idiom returnus brevium return of writs, the act of returning writs to the issuing courts with proof of service EK732/33 [Black's Return]

reuel(l)a, -orum n nt pl revels IC6/12, etc; reuala IC28/36; reuil(l)a IC17/37, etc; see also magister

reuencio, -onis n f revenue EL127/37, etc; LI208/17, etc

reuoco, -are, -aui, -atum v tr literally to bring (something) back into place, hence (of thread) to wind back WL54/12

rewardum see regardum

rex, -gis n m 1. king, ruler IC438/18; 2. a reigning or former monarch BR3/5, etc; C6/36, etc; CH36/5m, etc; CR493/13, etc; DR211/4, etc; EK537/24, etc; EL20/19, etc; H189/12, etc; IC6/19, etc; LI603/5, etc; OX5/14, etc; L116/19, etc; generally SH99/2, SH99/10; specifically the king of England SH10/7, etc; SM182/25, etc; SX182/7, etc; W372/9, etc; WL53/24, etc; 3. as a placename element Bere Regis DR123/2, etc; 4. by extension as a divine title CR528/4; eternus rex the Eternal King, ie, God CH36/24; WL53/25; rex noster our king (in reference to Christ) EK27/11; 5. a ranking, now restricted to heralds, but formerly also applied to minstrels and other household officers WL289/7; 6. one chosen by a parish, college, or Inn to oversee festivities at Christmas time or on a saint's day, a Christmas lord or prince C12/18, etc; IC47/22m, IC47/31m; the king of beans at Merton College OX799/16, etc; rex fabarum OX30/10, etc; rex regni fabarum OX36/20--1, etc; 7. participant in a king game or similar pastime SH343/12; SM231/21, etc; 8. one of the Magi as a character in a play LI104/36, etc; tres Reges Colonie the three kings of Cologne, that is, the Magi (whose relics were believed to be at Cologne Cathedral), characters in an interlude SH173/38; a character, probably King Nebuchadnezzar, in a play LI56/1, etc (see Introduction, p LI421); 9. title of an OT book: Regum liber one of the four Vulgate books of Kings, usually divided in English Bibles into two books of Samuel and two books of Kings, the specific reference here is to 2 Samuel W442/8m; see also ludus

Rhetius, -ii n m Latinization of F name de Retz EK204/13, etc

Ria, -e n f Rye, name of a town EK669/29, etc

ridiculosus, -a, -um adj ridiculous, ludicrous EK308/8

rigina see regina

riotose adv riotously CH681/5, etc; SH264/12, etc

riot(t)a, -e n f riot, public disturbance involving three or more persons LI25/33; SH264/35

rithmicis1 var of rhythmicis [OLD rhythmicus]

rithmicis2, -e adj of or belonging to verse, especially rhyming verse OX7/20

rithmus var of rhythmus [OLD]

rixo var of rixor [OLD]

roba, -e n f 1. gown, an article of dress EK313/9, etc; sometimes one used as a costume: in Shrewsbury, a gown for a participant in the Abbot of Marham game SH178/11; 2. in Cambridge, a vestment for a boy-bishop (it is unclear what vestment is meant, but C54/34-55/5 suggests that 'roba' is not synonymous with the rochet; possibly the same as the 'skarlett Roobe' (C79/39) inventoried in 1505-6) C50/25, C54/35

rocheta, -e n f rochet, a long white vestment, characteristic of bishops and abbots, derived from the alb and worn, like it, beneath the cope or chasuble when celebrating the eucharist; bishops also wear the rochet beneath the chimere (a sleeveless mantle derived from the tabard) as their non-liturgical dress C55/5

Roffa, -e n f Rochester, name of a city EK905/12, etc

Roffensis, -is n f Rochester, name of a diocese EK203/38

rogacio, -onis n f literally the act of asking, here Rogation Sunday, the Sunday before Pentecost W471/28; see also dies

rogus, -i n m rogue, idle and disorderly person L21/28 [Black's Rogue]

Romanista, -e n m Romanist, a Roman Catholic OX178/29 [according to OEDO, coined by Martin Luther in 1520: see Romanist n. (and a.)]

Romanus, -i sbst comm a Roman, an inhabitant of Rome: ad Romanos literally 'To the Romans,' title of an NT epistle CH808/7m; EL241/33-4 (with 'epistola' understood)

rosa, -e n f rose, here the Tudor rose as an heraldic symbol SH98/38, etc; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)

roscidaturus, -a, -um adj moist with dew, damp, wet WL60/10

Roscius, -ii n m Roscius, a Roman gentile name or one of its holders, especially the famous actor Q. Roscius Gallus OX894/38

rostrum, -i n nt in CL a platform in the Roman forum used for public speeches, the Rostrum, by extension apparently a platform used for public notices, specifically in Dover EK308/35

rota, -e n f wheel: 1. that of a vehicle LI27/14, etc; 2. as a device to which a quintain is mounted allowing it to rotate LI5/17, etc; see also aries

rotulus, -i n m 1. (court) roll, the official record of a court's proceedings EL129/5; SH266/16; curie rotulus court roll, the official record of a manorial court DR296/6; L241/3; see also copia; 2. (account) roll or the account contained therein IC11/38, etc

rowta, -e n f rout, unlawful assembly SH264/12, etc

routose adv in the manner of a rout or unlawful assembly CH681/5, etc; SM145/27; rowtose SH264/35

rubeus, -a, -um adj red EK322/32, etc; rubius; see also halec, pannus, uinum

Russia, -ae n f Russia, name of a country IC424/34; OX191/34

rusticans, -ntis prp travelling or staying in the country, here in the title of a play Mercurius Rusticans Mercury in the Country OX392/27

rusticus, -i n m literally a countryman, rustic, hence boor, bumpkin; here a reference to a play character or type of character C127/25; see p C1205 (endnote to SJA: 7.2, ff 59v, 60, 60v)

Rutlanda, -e n f Rutland, name of an earldom IC90/36

Rutlandius, -ii n m adj of or belonging to Rutland, an English dukedom and county: m sg as sbst the duke of Rutland OX313/12


sabbatum, -i n nt 1. sabbath, day of rest, referring either to the Jewish sabbath or Sunday conceived as a Christian sabbath to which all OT sabbatarian regulations apply C315/26 etc; W390/23; dies sabbati the sabbath day EL258/26, EL258/30; sabbotum C316/27; 2. hence Saturday OX36/27, etc; dies sabati EL230/31; see also dies

Sabrina, -e n f Severn, name of a river W394/10, etc; WL219/29

saccharum, -i n nt sugar EK101/31

saccum, -i n nt sackcloth, a mourning or penitential garb, by extension state of mourning or penitence OX177/34

sacellatum, -i n nt chapel OX73/20

sacellum, -i n nt chapel C236/16, etc; EK203/40

sacer, -cra, -crum adj sacred, hallowed EL3/10, etc; hence m pl as sbst holy orders EL22/101, etc

sacerdocium, -ii n nt state of being a priest, priesthood EL15/27, etc

sacerdos, -otis n m priest, a member of the second of the three major orders of clergy, the other two being deacon (diaconus) and bishop (episcopus) CR464/3, etc; EK24/14; EL242/27; H98/1; LI3/7, etc; OX13/4, etc; SM423/13; W395/29, etc; WL3/14; sacerdos familiaris WL12/27 or familie WL26/19 household priest, priest serving a royal household; sacerdos parochialis parish priest, priest charged with the cure of souls and other duties within a parish CR463/8-9

sacerdotalis, -e adj 1. of or pertaining to a priest, priestly W349/2; indumenta sacerdotalia priestly garb, ie, a priest's vestments EK976/35-6; see also ordo; 2. nt pl as sbst priestly vestments W394/8

sacramentale, -is sbst nt sacramental, a lesser rite akin to a sacrament but lacking its full status; the definitions of sacraments and sacramentals were a topic of thelogical debate in the medieval church EK975/26 [ODCC SACRAMENTALS]

sacramentum, -i n nt 1. oath EK977/2; LI25/29, etc; WL4/9 [OLD]; especially the oath sworn by jurors to give true findings to the best of their ability CH45/1, etc; DR282/28, etc; L99/11, etc; OX5/21, etc; SH10/14, etc; SM143/30, etc; SX170/33, etc, or that sworn by newly admitted burgesses OX441/20, etc; sacramentum ... corporale corporal oath, one in which the swearer must be in bodily contact with the gospel book, or the like, on which the oath is taken OX481/34, etc; 2. sacrament, one of the seven rites believed to have been instituted by Christ and viewed by the church as channels of divine grace EK975/25; LI7/2, etc [ODCC SACRAMENT]

sacrista, -e n m sacrist, one responsible for the communion vessels, plate, and other sacred or valuable objects belonging to a church or other religious institution C189/22; DR252/32; LI104/14, etc; OX47/26

Sadducaeus, -i n m Sadducee, a member of the conservative, priestly sect opposed to that of the Pharisees, prominent in the gospel accounts as opponents of Christ and his disciples OX177/27 [ODCC Sadducees]

saeculum, -i n nt literally the present generation, the present age, by extension the world, worldliness WL78/22

saepedictus, -a, -um pfp pass often said OX42/6, etc

sagitto, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to shoot arrows at, attack with arrows OX8/20; SH14/10; SX171/8

salerium see sal(l)arium

Salffordum, -i n nt Salford, name of a village near Bath SM9/12

salio, -ire, -ii, -tum1 v intr literally to leap, hence to dance W379/6 [probably by attraction to sense of its compound, OLD salto]

salio, -ire, -iui, -itum2 v intr to 'salt,' to cause someone to take part in a salting (see p C998) C203/10, etc

sal(l)arium, -ii n nt regular payment for services, salary, stipend C10/14, etc; CH52/21; EK340/11; IC69/37, etc; LI25/32, etc; salerium IC36/12; salorium IC96/6; 2. by extension a student's stipend EK966/6

Salomon, -onis n m Solomon, king of Israel renowned for his wisdom, here named as a character in a comedy OX37/37; Salamon OX38/5

Salopescira, -e n f Shropshire, name of a county SH13/34, etc

Salopia, -e n f 1. Shrewsbury, name of a town C37/16; SH126/32m, etc; 2. Shropshire, name of a county CH722/4; Salopa CH30/8; Saloppius CH645/1

salorium see sal(l)arium

salssatus, -a, -um pfp pass salted (for preservation) EK100/34, etc

saltator, -oris n m (male) dancer CR540/14 [OLD]

saltatorius, -a, -um adj pertaining to dancing C259/23, etc; see also ludus

saltatrix, -icis n f (female) dancer CR540/14

salto, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to dance C46/21; IC91/31 (in form saltaltibus), etc; EL258/30; SM424/14; WL79/19; hence ursus saltans a dancing bear SH185/26-7

saltor, -oris n m literally one who leaps, hence a dancer W378/9 [probably by attraction to sense of compound, OLD saltator]

saltus, -us n m literally a leap or step, hence by extension a dance, dancing EL258/21; OX12/16, etc [see OLD saltatus, salto]

saluacio, -onis n f safe-keeping, act of preserving (something) SM633/6

saluandus, -i sbst comm one who ought to be, or should be, saved CR463/7; SM423/12

saluator, -oris n m saviour, one who saves, here used of Christ H98/12, etc; SH5/30; SM423/6, etc

saluber, -bris, -bre adj conducive to health, here spiritual health LI5/23

Salue Regina vb phr (literally Hail, O Queen) title of one of the four major Marian antiphons LI332/40

salueto pl of salue1 [OLD]

saluo1, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to save, make safe, make healthy: at WL80/9 a play on the two senses of physical and spiritual safety is certainly intended

saluo2, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to take leave of (someone), say farewell to (someone) EL14/20 [back-formation from OLD salue1(?)]

saluo3 adv safely LI320/36m

salus, -utis n f 1. in CL, health, well-being OX139/22, etc; often used in conventional good wishes in epistolary salutations LI606/15, etc; in Christian usage, salvation CH767/26, etc; EK975/17; LI5/28; WL80/2, etc; hence used in salutations in a play upon both senses BR3/6, etc; CH49/31, etc; CR527/11, etc; DR247/10; EK974/7, etc; EL21/1, etc; H98/11, etc; LI3/6, etc; OX3/8, etc; SM173/38; W349/15, etc; 2. (physical) safety BR4/38

salutacio, -onis n f greeting, salutation, here apparently the angelic greeting to the shepherds in Lk 2.8-14, referred to in Lectio 8 of Christmas matins LI108/31m, etc

sanccio, -onis n f prohibitory regulation, sanction C4/5; CH768/6; SH5/36

sanctifico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to sanctify LI6/29

sanctitas, -atis n f holiness, sanctity LI24/33; WL53/19

sanctuarium, -ii n nt sanctuary, the precincts of a church, hence churchyard, domi sanctuarii buildings within the church precincts EK976/32

sanctus, -a, -um adj 1. holy or blessed OX12/20 (in superl), etc; WL80/9, etc; used of things C237/31, etc; CH46/28; CR504/27; LI5/27, etc; qualities DR247/34; H57/18; SH5/38; institutions H99/34; LI341/10; W396/1, or persons H200/19, etc; LI7/19; W404/24, etc; of things or persons BR6/23; EK23/33, etc; SM423/16, etc; of things, qualities, institutions or persons El14/5, etc; 2. with names as a title Saint BR12/40, etc; C5/29, etc; CH44/38, etc; CR503/20, etc; EK46/31, etc; EL18/36, etc; IC85/31, etc; LI606/14, etc; OX3/21, etc; SH199/35, etc; SM178/5, etc; WL78/21, etc; parochia ... sancti Petri Maioris parish of St Peter the Great SX20/9-10; 3. m or f as sbst holy one, saint BR5/11; C6/11, etc; CH15/39, etc; CR463/7, etc; EL3/15, etc; LI6/2, etc; OX4/5, etc; SH98/9; SM423/11, etc; W395/23, etc; WL79/22, etc; 4. nt sg as sbst that which is holy, the holy CR465/2

Sandwicum, -i n nt Sandwich, name of a town EK822/9, etc; Sandewicum EK328/19, etc; Sanduicum EK827/28, etc

sanguis, -inis n m 1. literally blood EK939/1, etc; sanguinem trahere to shed (someone's) blood CH715/21; 2. hence possibly artificial, or 'stage,' blood EK104/34 (in gen form sanguynis), EK106/3, EK107/21; see also causa, minucio

Sarisburia, -e n f Salisbury: 1. name of a city and diocese DR170/30; also in indecl form Sarum DR247/9, etc; LI341/12; OX12/11; 2. name of an earldom C29/31, etc; OX314/11; SX14/25

satelles, -itis n m in CL literally henchman, bodyguard, likely by extension yeoman (of the guard) OX279/28 [see OEDO satellite n.]

Sat(h)anas, -e n m devil, demon, evil spirit C315/20; EK308/9; EL141/20

satrapa, -e n m literally satraps, a Persian provincial governor, by extension serjeant, a civic officer (see p OX1088 (endnote to MC Arch f 100v)) OX29/35, etc; satraps OX45/35, etc

satura, -ae n f satire, an ancient literary genre: satura Menippea satire in the style of Menippus, ie, written in prose interspersed with poetry OX427/16--17m

Saxo, -onis n m a Saxon SH98/30; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)

saxum, -i stone; see puluis

scac(c)arium, -ii n nt the (Royal) Exchequer, a financial department of the Crown EK328/28, etc; EL128/32, etc; Exchequer of the county palatine of Chester CH49/32, etc; the Exchequer, a tower next to Shrewsbury's Booth Hall, or the exchequer chamber within it SH166/14, etc; see also curia, recepta

scaccus, -i n m chessman; see ludus

scaenicus see scenicus

scafaldum see skaf(f)aldum

scandalosus, -a, -um adj discreditable, scandalous C309/2; CH767/36, etc; SH265/9, etc; WL237/37, etc

scandalum, -i n nt scandal, discredit BR5/18; C4/6; CH47/3, etc; CR527/27; EK909/29; EL20/30; H98/27, etc; LI7/3, etc; OX11/31, etc; SM237/25, etc; SX4/5; W349/3, etc; WL216/20, etc

scandelizo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to provide an occasion of scandal, discredit, scandalize CH771/3; SM174/29

scannum var of scamnum [OLD]

scarletum, -i n nt the colour scarlet, hence scarlet-coloured cloth BR6/40; EK733/15

sccissus, -a, -um pfp pass slaughtered, killed (of animals) EK93/4m, etc [var of scissus, pfp of scindo (OLD)]

scedula see schedula

sceletus, -i n m Latin transliteration of Gk σκελετός skeleton, part of the title of an antiquarian work by Richard Parker, Σκελετός Cantabrigiensis C286/8; see p C1221 (endnote to Wing: F2440 pp 276-7)

scematis var of schematis [OLD schema]

scena, -e n f stage: 1. stage, a platform upon which plays are enacted C95/2; OX93/14, etc; used metaphorically C121/4, etc; OX85/34, etc; WL44/8; 2. by extension scene, subdivision of an act OX310/30m, etc; WL43/42; in extended sense C241/28, C399/13; 3. generally the stage, the theatre, ie, all aspects of drama C238/29; OX178/34, etc; hence scena mercenaria literally the hired stage, a disparaging reference to the professional theatre OX309/12; 4. scene, setting (eg, of a play) OX392/28; 5. scenery? C586/37

scenesc(h)allus, -i see senescallus

scenicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a 'scena' in whatever sense, dramatic C236/10, etc; OX232/33, etc; scaenicus EK226/15; see also actio, actor, ludus, uestis

scenulentum, -i n nt bit of mud CR503/33 [diminutive from OLD caenum]

sceutum see scutum

sc(h)edula, -e n f 1. literally a sheet of paper C365/4, etc; scedula SH266/12; 2. bill containing charges laid in an ecclesiastical court CH665/35; SM185/19; scedula SM130/8, etc; 3. schedule, a set of penitential procedures or formulae to be imposed on those guilty of canonical offences (apparently setting out a form of confession for lesser, or duly penitent, offenders SX10/2, SX37/25, SX38/2, SX179/2, and more severe punishments for the contumacious or other serious offenders SX20/20, SX37/5) EK900/14, etc; EL140/23, etc; H71/35?, H184/36, H185/23, H186/71, H186/26; LI45/36, etc; SH52/20, etc; SM173/6, etc; W369/17; WL229/36, etc; scedula EK608/19, etc; shedula SM209/3; 4. hence the form, or form of words, contained therein or a copy thereof H71/35?, H71/36, H185/24, H186/72, H186/27; SH45/23, etc; SM4/8, etc; cedula H167/34; scedula W361/3, W390/32; shedula EK892/34, etc; see also certificarium, forma

Scheftonia, -e n f Shaftesbury, name of a town and a deanery in the diocese of Salisbury DR247/7, etc

sc(h)ola, -e n f 1. school C94/37, etc; DR170/24, etc; EL271/20m; IC425/3; L81/17, etc; OX10/28; 2. a grammar school LI208/14, etc; the grammar school at Canterbury EK75/5; 3. in various idioms A. schola grammatica LI192/23-4 or sc(h)ola gramaticalis EK75/6, etc; LI185/16-17, etc, or in coll pl scole gramaticales LI105/21, grammar school; B. schola publica public school DR170/32; C. in coll pl scole cantus song-school, a school teaching ecclesiastical singing and music LI105/22 [see OEDO song-school]; D. in phr platea (or uicus) scolarum School Street, a street in Cambridge which ran along the front of the schools (North School Street) and then turned at a right angle and ran in the direction of the university church (East School Street); likely the pl usage is another example of the coll pl in which 'sc(h)ola' is often found rather than (as mistakenly said in the Cambridge LG) the result of this abrupt change of direction C841/5

sc(h)olaris, is sbst m scholar: 1. generally student C244/27; LI203/26; W411/35; scholerius EK190/14m; 2. specifically scholar, a student for the BA degree at a Cambridge college who is on the foundation, ie, a member of that college, and so part of the corporate body of the University, as opposed to a pensioner or a fellow commoner C3/20, etc; at Oxford scholar, student (in contrast to a master or fellow), likely referring to one who was a foundation scholar, ie, a supported member of a college and part of its corporation OX4/37, etc

scholasticus, -a, -um adj 1. of or pertaining to schools or scholars, scholarly, scholastic C4/8, etc; 2. m as sbst scholar, student C147/16, etc; LI208/7, etc; OX78/12, etc [apparently a synonym of 'scholaris,' but the possibility that it was a generic term of wider application should not be dismissed]

(s)cindo, -ere, scididi, scissum v tr literally to cleave or rend, by extension to inscribe, write IC22/37, IC25/27

sciolus, -a, -um adj knowledgeable (about), aware (of ) CH768/21

scismatice adv in a divisive manner, schismatically EL139/39

scissor, -oris n m tailor C54/35, etc

scituatus see situatus

scitus var of situs [OLD situs1]

scolatizo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to study formally, attend a (grammar) school, hence possibly to study Latin SM251/13

scopacio, -onis n f sweeping with a broom C175/6

scotallum, -i n nt literally scotale, perhaps used generally for any ale EK939/3, etc [MED scot-āle n.]

Scotia, -e n f Scotland C404/2, etc; CH781/22, etc; H94/7; IC28/11 (2); L84/8, etc; LI325/23; OX305/5, etc; SH98/28, etc; SM143/33, etc; W451/23, etc; WL4/8; Cocia SH200/34; Scocia CH691/31, etc; EK48/25

Scoto-Britanni, -orum sbst m the Britons of Scotland, the Scots OX305/4

scot(t)um, -i n nt scot, a customary assessment made by town governments EK955/5; admitti ad scot(t)um et lot(t)um to be admitted to scot and lot, ie, to be subject to such assessments and therefore to be admitted to the freedom of a city LI321/38-9, etc [MED scot n.(2)]

Scotus, -a, -um adj Scots, Scottish OX313/30; m pl as sbst the Scots OX315/2m

Scriptura, -e n f 1. the act of writing or copying OX32/11, etc; 2. hence writing, words and letters in written form LI332/38; 3. Scripture, the Bible EK912/11; IC6/33; SM423/7; OX10/31, etc

scrutatus, -a, -um pfp pass carefully examined, scrutinized EL129/5 [cp OLD scrutor]

scrutinium, -ii n nt 1. scrutiny, searching LI41/9m; 2. scrutiny, a college meeting held for elections of officers and disciplining of members OX32/21, etc

sculptura, -e n f a piece of sculpture OX12/22, etc

scur(r)ilis, -e adj 1. scurrilous, offensive CH812/14; CR503/34; 2. hence nt as sbst something offensive, scurrility OX4/6; see also scurra

scurilitas, -atis n f offensive or scurrilous behaviour, especially that characterized by offensive humour DR247/33; EL23/8; LI6/4, etc; OX11/2, etc; see also scurra

scurra, -e n m originally and historically a Roman raconteur and wit, but one distinguished by offensive humour, by the early Principate, an entertainer characterised by such humour, and hence by extension a buffoon; here a gloss for mimus CR540/14 [OLD]

scutifer, -eri n m 1. literally shield-bearer: in Ludlow, the schoolboys who bore heraldic emblems in the celebration of Charles Stuart's investiture as prince of Wales SH98/18 (see pp SH647-8, endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v); 2. by extension squire, esquire SH353/13 (analogous with armiger); 3. a scutcheon (either from its shape or because it bears the arms of the town) EK88/8, etc

scutum, -i n nt literally shield: 1. a scutcheon (either from its shape or because it bears the arms of a town) EK60/16; LI320/33, etc; 2. hence the hard skin of an animal, especially a wild boar sceutum de brawn shield of brawn, a dish made by placing a piece of boar's skin in a mould which is then filled with dressed boar's meat and cooked EK34/22; 3. in idiom ludere scutis apparently the name of a game or sport of some kind C202/38, etc [Latham, OLD]

secatiuus, -a, -um adj capable of cutting, sharp-edged; see instrumentum

seco, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to sever, cut, hence to divide: by extension to perform the arithmetical operation of division IC651/11, etc

secretarius, -ii n m secretary, a confidential clerk with particular responsibility for record-keeping and correspondence (here secretary to the Council of the North) IC201/24

secta, -e n f 1. suit, set (of clothing); the expression de una secta seems to refer to the uniformity of livery clothing EK62/30, etc; 2. suit of court, a requirement of feudal law that a tenant attend the lord's court, here by analogy secta chori suit of choir, required attendance in choir for liturgical service imposed on an endowed or stipendiary member of a cathedral staff EL22/38, EL23/5; 3. (law) suit C206/41; CH62/20, etc; EK967/3; EL230/1, etc; WL238/26

sectio, -onis n f section (of a longer work) SM199/32m

secularis, -e adj 1. secular, as opposed to sacred SM238/1, etc; hence ordinary or common C3/26; CR463/6; 2. as legal term civil, ie, not ecclesiastical CR463/5; EK938/20, etc; EL3/9; LI8/10; SM423/5, etc; SX3/13

seculum, -i n nt the world, as a symbol of what is worldly or earthly (as opposed to heavenly) EL15/26; here in gen pl Seculorum the title of a composition by Richard Davy LI333/3

secure adv safely, securely, in idiom secure custodiri to be in safekeeping C389/39-390/1, etc

securitas, -atis n f bond; see pax

sedendum see supersedeo

sedeo, -ere, sedi, sessum v intr literally to sit, sit down, here by extension sedere ad communes (+ modifier) to sit at particular type of commons, that is, to have a place at the table at which a particular type of commons was provided IC37/9, etc

sedes, -is n f see (of a bishop): sedes apostolica apostolic see, ie, the see of Rome EK24/2; sede vacanti ppl phr for sede vacante [OEDO]

segga, -e n f sedge, grass-like marsh plant, here apparently used collectively for turfs cut from beds of sedge C7/15

seisina, -e n f seisin, lawful possession of a holding [Black's Seisin, OEDO seisin n.]; see capio

seisio, -ire, -ii, -itum v tr 1. to seize (property), take possession of (property) (used of official actions, eg, those of sheriffs) EL97/19, etc; 2. pfp pass with 'de' to be seised (of ), being in lawful possession (of) CH721/22, etc; seiseitus CH65/17, etc; seizitus L241/14 [Black's Seisin]

selebrantur var of celebrantur [OLD celebro]

sella, -e n f chair (for a dignitary), throne OX137/20, etc

sellarius, -a, -um adj 1. of or belonging to saddlers CH61/12; 2. f or nt as sbst the Chester Saddlers' guild CH53/32, CH858/3; 3. m as sbst saddler, member of Shrewsbury Saddlers' company cellarius SH128/5

sellator, -oris n m saddler, hence here member of the Chester Saddlers' guild CH55/27m, etc

sema, -e n f seam, a horse-load (the exact capacity varies according to commodity and region); a seam of apples seems to have been 2¼ bushels IC3/31, etc

semicommunnarius, -ii n m (literally a half-commoner) demy, name for a foundation scholar at Magdalen College, so called because their support was originally half that accorded a fellow OX81/34; semicominarius OX170/25

semidolium, -ii n nt half tun SH159/17, etc

semiduodena, -e n f half a dozen, six OX98/8

seminator, -oris n m one who sows, sower (used figuratively) CH795/39, etc

semino, -are, aui, -atum v tr literally to sow, hence by extension (with reference to Lk 9.5-15) to preach WL247/11

sempiternus, -a, -um adj eternal, everlasting EL21/1, etc

senatus, -us n m literally the Roman Senate, here by extension sacer senatus sacred assembly, possibly the Houses of Convocation DR171/13

Seneca, -e n m Lucius Annaeus Seneca the Younger (c AD 1-65), Roman philosopher and playwright EL265/13m [OCD]

senectum, -i sbst nt old age, the state or condition of being old EL241/29

senescalcia, -e n f office of steward, stewardship CH59/13, etc; senoscalcia CH60/1

senescallus, -i n m steward: 1. officer of a royal or noble household or an Inn CH65/2, etc; EK109/12; IC7/8, etc; L114/7, L114/15; sceneshcallus IC127/33; scenescallus IC 133/30, etc; seneschallus CH40/38; IC214/35; sinescallus IC44/32; of a cathedral dean's household EL35/40; 2. officer of a manor L82/10, etc; scenescallus (s2) DR296/3; L241/3; 3. officer of a cathedral chapter or monastery SM250/7; SX183/34, etc; hence a college officer OX67/8; 4. officer of a town or other civil administration EK341/19; in Shrewsbury, a town official with oversight of the town's courts SH263/33; 5. officer of a trade guild CH50/26, etc

senior, -ius compar adj 1. the elder of two persons having the same name or surname CH717/18, etc; EK106/3; IC15/9, etc; LI302/3; SM8/8, etc; SX170/36, etc; 2. elder, senior (in rank) C362/35, etc; OX13/26, etc; 3. hence m pl as sbst elders, seniors: at Cambridge, either a designation of fellows as senior members of college, or of a group of fellows acting with the head as an executive committee C133/17, etc; at Canterbury, the aldermen EK204/26; at Oxford, apparently a designation for senior members of a college OX11/9, etc; see also canonicus

senioritas, -tatis n f seniority OX43/27

sentina, -e n f literally bilge-water, hence sink or collecting place for anything bad or noxious (here used figuratively) EL271/19m

separalis, -e adj separate, distinct CH726/21, etc; EL129/21; SH206/16

separaliter adv separately, individually CH27/29

sepedictus, -a, -um pfp pass often said LI35/10

sepefatus, -a, -um pfp pass often mentioned EK308/29

septa, -orum n nt enclosure (eg, of a religious house) EK909/28; cepta EK912/9

septimana, -e n f 1. week C7/4, etc; IC93/11; LI347/24; OX8/17, etc; SH127/24, etc; SM424/13; in various idioms crastinus dies ad septimanam a week from the morrow C385/36, etc; dies dominica proxima ad septimanam SX10/18, etc or dies solis proximus in septimanam SM140/8 a week from Sunday; dies solis ultimus ad septimanam Sunday a week ago, Sunday of last week H174/10; dies veneris proximus ad septimanam a week from Friday C387/28; EL207/28; SH58/10-11; in isto die ad septimanam a week from today SM389/36-7; quarta ~ Quadragesime the fourth week of Lent, ie, the week beginning with the fourth Sunday of Lent CH57/34; ~ passionis Passion Week, Holy Week, the week before Easter Sunday LI132/21; 2. a feast day and its octave IC7/8; OX21/27, etc; ~ Natiuitatis Sancti Iohannis week of the Nativity of St John (the Baptist) 24 June--1 July EK328/26; ~ Pasche Easter week, the week beginning with Easter Sunday LI104/22, etc; ~ Pentecostes LI608/26, etc; SM239/1 or ~ Pentacostes LI107/31 or ~ Pentecosten EK740/9 or ~ Pentechostyn EK740/18 Whitsun week, probably the feast of Pentecost and its octave

septimatim adv from week to week, weekly IC52/22

septiminatim adv from week to week SH168/15

septrum, -i n nt for sceptrum [OLD]

Septuagesima, -e sbst f literally seventieth (day): Septuagesima Sunday, the Sunday seventy days before Easter WL216/34; see also dominicus

sepulchrum, -i n nt sepulchre, tomb, here apparently either part of a church or a piece of church furniture representing the tomb of Christ EK25/5, etc; in reference to Christ's tomb as part of the name of a church: (Sanctum) Sepulcrum (St) Sepulchre EL34/1m, etc

sequor, -qui, -cutus sum v tr 1. to follow: literally as a verb of motion SH134/2, etc, and figuratively, of time, words, or the like SH6/8, etc; 2. as legal idiom to prosecute, sue, hence sequere billam SH112/7

sequutus, -a, -um var of secutus [OLD sequor]

sera, -e n f lock C180/9; OX158/6; sera pendens padlock C214/10

serenissimus, -a, -um superl adj most serene, used as an honorific for the monarch IC424/24, etc; OX217/18, etc

sergeans, -ntis n m serjeant, a civic officer EK337/32; serians EK340/32

sericus, -a, -um adj silken; see pannus; nt sg as sbst silk EK203/15; LI583/30, etc

series, -ei n f 1. literally a series or progression (of objects, people, or events), hence the ordered presentation of ideas in a written work, and thus by extension its thrust or argument SM175/7; 2. a copy of the text of a written work CR504/18; DR248/8

serimonium, -ii n nt ceremony, ritual, here used as a synonym of ludus, hence possibly ritual representation LI125/11; see also ceremonia

seriose adv either gravely, seriously (considered as formed from OLD serius) or in detail, minutely (considered as formed from OLD series) EK974/10

sermo, -onis n m 1. speech, conversation CH694/40, etc; 2. speech, manner of speaking EL240/5; 3. sermon C132/25, etc; CH809/41m, etc; EL19/11, etc; W350/4

serrans, -ntis prp sawing OX102/11, etc

sertatus, -a, -um pfp pass festooned, garlanded OX5/4

serua, -e n f (female) servant, maid servant H170/33, etc; SH57/20, etc

seruicia, -e1 n f service: 1. (liturgical) service, diuina seruicia divine service, an unspecified liturgical service, often used to refer to the main worship service at a parish church on any Sunday SH277/23, etc; W451/30; 2. manorial service, by which a tenant maintains possession of land, the nature of the service varies from manor to manor and may simply consist in a cash rent L82/37

seruicia2 see ceruisia

seruicium, -ii1 n nt 1. service, especially personal service provided by an employee or servant LI747/29 (in abl form serviciio); OX42/1, etc; SM174/11; hence the condition of a household servant, service WL13/21, etc; 2. (feudal) service, that by which a fee is held CH45/6; seruicium militare military service, knight-service, a form of feudal tenure in which the tenant originally held his fee in return for service, either by himself or another, as a knight CH49/36-7, etc; seruicium socae socage, a form of tenure in which the tenant was originally obliged to attend a lord's court held by right of soke IC498/30; 3. manorial service, by which a tenant maintains possession of land (apparently contrasted with consuetudo, his or her customary rights) SM178/13, etc; hence seruicia consueta customary services, apparently the total of customary usages, both dues and privileges, which each tenant owes and enjoys SM180/14, etc; 4. service to a community as a civic officer EK822/18; 5. service provided to a cathedral by a member of its staff EL14/20; 6. (liturgical) service, rite LI105/17; OX32/11; diuinum seruicium divine service, apparently referring to any service held in a collegiate church or cathedral CH47/10; EL128/8, etc

seruicium2 see ceruisia

seruiens, -ntis sbst m 1. servant CH717/14, etc; CR493/3, etc; EK324/2, etc; LI105/24, etc; OX5/39, etc; SH135/24, etc; SX15/5; W404/8, etc; here likely a virger of St Paul's Cathedral EL17/21, etc; 2. officer, official EK320/29m, etc; 3. serjeant, a royal officer SH159/35, etc; a civic officer EK822/10, etc; OX25/4; seruiens ad clauas serjeant at mace CH154/4, etc; 4. in various idioms: seruiens ad arma (or de armis) serjeant at arms SH128/20, etc; seruiens ad clauam serjeant at mace H118/34; SH161/37, etc; seruiens ad legem serjeant at law SH273/30; seruiens camere serjeant of the chamber EK62/22; seruiens de armis ad clauam serjeant of arms at mace SH159/31-2

seruio, -ire, -iui or -ii, -itum v tr to serve, perform: 1. seruire apprenticiam to serve an apprenticeship LI324/18; 2. to serve (in an office) IC58/39

seruisia see ceruisia

seruo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to keep, preserve, hence seruare se to keep oneself (in a place), to stay SM424/14

seruus, -i n m 1. referring to the classical period (male) slave C238/37; OX137/25, etc; 2. referring to contemporary events (male) servant C193/29, etc; H72/30; LI343/20, etc; OX18/35, etc; SH59/7; used of a town wait L35/33; seruius H150/18m; seruuus H174/30

sesquipedalis, -e adj literally a foot and a half long, hence sesquipedalia uerba foot-long words EL272/32

sessio, -onis n f 1. session, sitting (of a court) CH64/38, etc; EK227/35, etc; LI267/22; SH127/13, etc; SM140/29, etc; SX15/28; 2. in various idioms

  1. generalis sessio usually the general session of the peace, ie, the quarter sessions, but here clearly a regular sitting of the ecclesiastical court SX178/13;
  2. (generalis) sessio pacis CH763/18; L19/30, etc or generales sessiones pacis LI72/35 (general) session of the peace, ie, of the court of quarter sessions;
  3. specialis sessio pacis special session of the peace (as opposed to regular sittings of the court of quarter sessions) SH263/31;
  4. sessio pacis et gaole deliberacio session of the peace and of gaol delivery, a quarter session authorized to deliver the local gaol SH273/31;
  5. sessio pro Burgo session of the borough court DR203/19; sessiones pro burgo sessions of the borough court DR200/24;
  6. sessiones ad curiam manerii sessions of the manorial court DR296/4;
  7. sessiones sittings of the court of quarter sessions DR275/36, etc; also in pl sessiones sittings of the court of quarter sessions W386/40m

sessor, -oris n m literally sitter, by extension in Shrewsbury, one of the Six Men, a group of civic officers with primarily financial oversight SH131/35, etc

set var of sed [OLD]

setherista see citharista

Seuerus see Alexander

shoppa, -e n f shop CH60/24; El25/27, etc; OX5/24, etc [OEDO shop n.]

shedula see schedula

sibus var of cibus [OLD]

sicherator see citherator

Siculus, -i see Diodorus Siculus

sigillo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to seal, affix a seal to C404/1, etc; SM175/8, etc; W350/10, etc; 2. pfp pass sealed, affixed with a seal CH152/21, etc; EL143/10, etc; OX196/4, etc

sigillum, -i n nt 1. seal (whether of an individual, a community, an office, or of the Crown), a device impressed on a piece of wax used to authenticate an official document C301/17, etc; CH48/12, etc; CR504/19; El26/38, etc; L31/10; LI342/24; OX62/4, etc; SH14/18, etc; SM175/9; SX171/23, etc; WL218/6 (here properly the impression of a seal, used to authenticate an official document); 2. in idioms sigillum priuatum privy seal: of an archbishop EK975/5; of the Crown (in origin the sovereign's private seal, as opposed to the great seal) CH56/42; EL229/10, etc: by extension a writ issued under the royal privy seal C394/34; EK361/39; dominus sigilli priuati lord privy seal, a senior royal officer and counsellor with oversight of all material issued under the royal privy seal SH194/27, etc; that of the St John's Christmas Prince OX360/37; see also breue, causa, custos

signaculum, -i n nt sign, symbol, device WL247/12

signanter adv significantly, expressly, markedly SM174/8

significo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. literally to signify, by extension to make known, to certify formally L71/13; 2. 3rd per sg prf as indecl sbst significauit name of a writ for the arrest of an excommunicated person EK901/15m [OEDO significavit]

signum, -i n nt sign, mark, symbol: 1. an action which is the sign or indication of some deeper meaning or purpose WL80/21; 2. personal sign used by an illiterate person instead of a signature; in some cases these signs may be initials or attempted initials BR134/3, etc; C298/27, etc; CH361/16, etc; DR191/29; EK875/34; L79/34, etc; SH274/31, etc; SM686/19, etc; SX146/30; W371/36; WL184/27, etc; 3. sign, token, hence seal: see custos; 4. by extension insigne, a device or object bearing a device L35/35; SH98/27, SH98/34; 5. hence sign, placard: ad signum le George at the sign of the George, ie at the George Inn DR191/32; ad signum ffalconis at the sign of the Falcon, ie, at the Falcon Inn C327/26; ad signum Solis at the sign of the Sun, ie, at the Sun Inn EK103/30; 6. a target EL21/4; 7. ringing of a bell (apparently as a signal), hence a bell EK24/8, etc

signus, -i n m swan EK77/13, EK77/22 [OLD cycnus]

silicet var of scilicet [OLD]

Siluanus, -i n m Silvanus, Roman god of woods and forests, in whose sacred grove the miser Euclio buries his gold in Plautus' Aulularia C238/37

Siluestris, -e adj of or pertaining to the forest; see Merlinus Siluestris

simphonicus see symphonicus

Simplicius, -ii n m LL name formed from 'simplex,' 'simple,' applied to a mock-jury member: Simplicius Credulus 'Simple-Simon Gullible' IC463/32

simula, -e n f fine wheat flour EK100/15

sinapium, -ii n nt mustard EK101/17

sincopa, -e n f act of eliding syllables, hence of cutting words short SM237/13

sincopo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to elide syllables, hence to cut words short SM237/18

sinescallus see senesc(h)allus

singularis, -e adj single; see apparatus

sinodalis, -e adj of or pertaining to a synod, a local church council SX3/21

sinodus, -i n m synod, a local council, here specifically a diocesan council made up of the bishop and other clergy, meeting to discuss and decide issues of doctrine and conduct LI5/3; W396/14; synodus LI7/10

sinon for si non [OLD]

Siradiensis, -e adj of or belonging to Siradia, or Sieradz, a Polish district administered by a palatine OX191/35

sirca var of circa [OLD]

sirot(h)eca, sirotica see chirotheca

sissor, -oris n m tailor, hence here member of Chester Tailors' guild CH50/40, etc

sitella, -e n f treasury: sitella corporata the city treasury OX332/31, etc

situo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to locate, place OX8/31, etc; 2. pfp pass located, situated CR527/14; EL97/10, etc; W412/15, etc; scituatus EL231/1; SX38/30; W451/27

sixtera, -e n f sester, a liquid measure CH45/10

skaf(f)aldum, -i n nt scaffold, here apparently scaffolding supporting seating at a joust IC11/30, etc; scafaldum IC16/10; skeffaldum IC11/31

smigma, -atis n nt literally soap, a detersive paste, hence probably a scouring agent LI34/6, etc [see LSJ σμάω, OLD smegma, OEDO smegma]

soca, -e n f soke, a local jurisdiction by which a lord exercised authority over his tenants: see seruicium

societas, -atis n f 1. partnership, association, hence body, group, fellowship EK537/8; hence a craft guild LI320/8; a college viewed as a corporate body C237/5; OX280/26; an Inn viewed as a corporate body IC5/21, etc; 2. state of being associated with others, fellowship; use at C295/22 is a pun on these two meanings

socius, -ii n m 1. fellow, associate, partner C206/41, etc; EK905/12, etc; LI31/23, etc; OX8/14, etc; 2. fellow (of a college), person holding a degree of MA or higher who is a senior member of the college with teaching or administrative functions C29/21, etc; OX6/34, etc; 3. member of an Inn IC11/8, etc; 4. socius perpetuus perpetual fellow, a member of a collegiate church EK912/5; sotius OX72/9, etc [over-corrected form]

sodalis, -is n m companion, here a member of the Order of the Garter OX180/30

sodalitium, - n nt literally club, confraternity, hence college (viewed as a corporate body) C141/14; OX894/16, etc [over-corrected form of OLD sodalicium]

Sodorensis, -e adj of or pertaining to Sodor, a diocese now known as Sodor and Man CH59/36

solacium, -ii n nt 1. literally comfort, solace OX60/21, etc; 2. by extension recreation, entertainment LI607/26; OX5/25, etc

solarium, -i n nt sollar, an upper room or loft, so called because it caught the sunlight EL25/28, etc; OX13/3

soldarius, -ii n m soldier EK650/20, etc

solemniso, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to observe (a festival or other occasion) with solemnity (referring to one of the two manners of keeping Christmas at Middle Temple, grand or solemn, apparently according to the activities allowed) IC84/9, etc; solemnizo IC104/4

solem(p)niter adv solemnly, in a solemn manner (referring to one of the two manners of keeping Christmas at Middle Temple, grand or solemn, apparently according to the activities allowed) IC89/23, etc

solempnius compar adv more solemnly CH46/40

solidus, -a, -um adj solid, complete C95/15; hence in solidum in full (of payments) C403/39, etc; CH152/19

solidus, -i n m shilling, one-twentieth of a pound BR6/29; C133/6, etc; CH616/9, etc; EK606/1, etc; EL128/7, etc; IC93/23, etc L82/18, etc; LI105/15, etc; OX8/29, etc; SH177/10, etc; W412/33; WL218/3

sol(l)em(p)nis, -e adj 1. ceremonious, pertaining to or suitable to a celebration DR170/35; LI609/15; 2. solemn, ceremonious, partaking of religious rites EK823/22; OX28/33, etc; dies ... solempnes holy days CH46/39; DR247/36; W348/13; solempne festum solemn feastday W349/19; see also dies; 3. hence n pl as sbst: A. solemn religious observances, high holidays dominice Natiuitatis ac sanctorum Stephani Iohannis apostoli & euangeliste ac Innocencium sollempnia the solemnities of Christmas, St Stephen, St John the Apostle and Evangelist, and the (Holy) Innocents, ie, 25-8 December CR503/23-5; B. solemn religious services, often specifically a high mass CR503/28; DR247/30; EK21/1; H99/32; OX3/20 (used ironically); SH5/33; diuina sollempnia CH35/38-9; diuinorum solemnia H71/24 probably refers to the two main Sunday services of morning and evening prayer; 4. formal H98/26?; 5. customary, traditional H98/26?; OX209/12; nt sg as sbst custom OX310/12m [Martial passage quoted under OLD sollemnis 2 is relevant to senses 4 & 5]

sol(l)empnitas, -atis n f solemn celebration, religious festival, solemn service (possibly a choral celebration of the eucharist) EL17/1, etc; LI103/21, etc; SM239/17; W395/22, etc; WL54/1; solennitas C590/23

solomodo var of solummodo [OLD]

soma var of summa [OLD]

Somersetia, -e n f Somerset: 1. name of a county BR59/4; 2. name of a dukedom EK336/13, etc; Somercestia EK824/30; Somersetta EK71/14; Sumersetta EK71/30

somma see summa1

sommoneo see summoneo

sonacio, -onis v tr act of sounding (a musical instrument), here used of horn blowing, a customary ceremony in Cinque Port communities EK318/16, etc

sonitura, -e n f act of sounding (a musical instrument), here used of horn blowing, a customary ceremony in Cinque Port communities EK317/13, etc

sonitus, -us n m 1. act of sounding (a musical instrument), here a horn OX503/16; specifically used of horn blowing, a customary ceremony in Cinque Port communities EK362/11, etc; 2. sound, especially that of a musical instrument WL223/12, etc

sono, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to sound an instrument (eg, a horn) EK537/22, etc; WL3/13, etc; 2. to make a sound, speak, tell WL44/4; 3. (of a word or phrase) to mean WL222/25

sonoritas, -atus n f agreeable sound, euphonious sound WL4/15, etc

sonus, -us n m sound (eg, of a a musical instrument), here used of horn blowing, a customary ceremony in Cinque Port communities EK731/9

sophista, -e n m sophister, a student in his second or third year of study for the ba C943/13, etc

Sophocles, -is n m Sophocles, second of the three great Athenian tragedians (496-406 BC) C141/16; OX178/33m, etc

Sophocleus, -a, -um adj of Sophocles, in the manner of Sophocles C238/5

soror, -oris n f sister, a female member of a guild LI24/38, etc

sortito, -onis n f drawing of lots, lottery, used by the ancients as a method of allocation as well as a form of divination: it is unclear what practice is referred to at C321/14; see Cambridge Introduction, pp 731-2

sotius see socius

sotulare, -is n nt shoe C44/16, etc; LI104/21; SH44/16, etc

Southfolkia, -e n f Suffolk, name of an earldom SH134/24

sparsio, -onis n f spattering, sprinkling CR503/34

specialis, -e adj special, particular CH56/7; EL228/27m; IC35/24, etc; LI7/25, etc; OX194/27, etc; see also gracia

specialitas, -atis n f special characteristic, peculiarity WL10/21

specialiter adv specially, particularly CH46/29, etc; EL22/31, etc; IC43/21, etc

species, -ei1 n f kind, sort IC4/3?, IC93/21

species, -ei2 n f spice, seasoning EK30/10, etc; EL14/7, EL14/8; IC4/3?; SH161/30

specificacio, -onis n f a detailed listing or description, specification SX179/13

specifice adv specifically, specially L75/23; SM211/14

specifico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to specify, make a detailed list of H152/18, etc; OX491/18; SH13/1, etc; SX178/14; pfp pass specified, listed in detail CH771/21

spectaculum, -i n nt 1. sight, spectacle CH35/40, CH36/13?; 2. spectacle, show, usually unspecified but probably dramatic BR5/37; C4/1, etc; CH46/33; CR463/12, CR465/7, CR527/23; DR170/35; EK930/5, etc; EL16/1, etc; LI342/1, etc; OX11/28, etc; SM237/1, etc; SX4/5, SX186/28; WL216/28; used metaphorically CH36/13?; WL78/30; the hostility shown to 'spectacula' in canonical sources probably arises from the term's associations with gladiatorial shows and the like [OLD]

spelunca, -e n f literally cave, cavern, hence lair, den LI6/14; SM423/7

spera var of sphaera [OLD]

sperilarius, -a, -um adj of or belonging to a ball (for play); see ludus [cp Souter sph(a)era]

spica, -e n f sheaf, here used as a heraldic device SH99/4, etc; see pp SH647-8 (endnote to STC: 20159, sigs B2-D2v)

spirit(u)alis, -e adj 1. spiritual LI103/19; 2. nt pl as sbst spiritualities, the rights, revenues, and powers of a bishop considered to belong exclusively to his spiritual authority and position; where necessary a bishop might delegate part of the responsibility for his spiritualities to a vicar general EL210/21; H71/18; WL216/40, etc; see also mater, uicarius

spiritus, -us n m 1. spirit OX141/12; 2. in idiom Spiritus Sanctus the Holy Spirit, the third Person of the Trinity BR6/23; LI32/11, etc; OX307/33--4m

splintra, -e n f lath C158/19

spondialis, -is n m literally one who plays the flute at a religious observance, used generally by extension a flute player OX465/8 [from σπονδή, a drink offering, and αὐλητής, a flute player; see Souter spondiales]

sponsacio, -onis n f betrothal SH354/28, etc

sponsus, -i n m bridegroom, by extension (influenced by conventional exegesis of the Song of Solomon) Christ OX3/9

spontaneus, -a, um adj voluntary, unprompted CH719/1; OX101/8m; in idiom ex spontanea voluntate freely, willingly IC50/32

sporta, -e n f literally basket, hamper, but here clearly something much larger, apparently a pallet or litter made of basketwork in or on which a crippled person could be carried about H200/16, etc

sponsacio, -onis n f betrothal SH354/28, etc

Sprusius, -ii sbst m fictive L name for mock-jury member, formed from E 'spruce,' 'neat, trim': Sprusius Nitidus 'Spruce Fopleigh' IC464/4

stacio, -onis n f literally act of standing: 1. by extension a place in which to stand a wagon or the like EK104/36, etc; 2. by extension a standing place, (viewing) station IC38/9

stacionarius, -ii n m a residentiary canon at a cathedral EL17/10, etc

Staffordia, -e n f Stafford: 1. name of a county BR129/12, etc; 2. name of an earldom EK312/26, etc; SH128/19, etc

stagiarius, -ii n m stagiary, a residentiary canon at a cathedral EL22/29, etc

stagium, -ii n nt storey (of a house or other structure) SH191/13

stallacio, -onis n f installing, installation (eg, of an archbishop) EK736/37

stallum, -i n nt (choir) stall, a chapter member's seat in a cathedral choir EK946/15

Stapulia, -ae n f Staple Inn, an Inn of Chancery attached to Gray's Inn, here an archduchy belonging to Gray's Christmas prince IC424/19

status, -i n m 1. literally standing, position CH767/39; 2. by extension estate, interest in property CH65/16, etc; L241/23 [Black's Estate]

statutum, -i n nt 1. statute, regulation, law C259/26, etc; CH781/27, etc; EK928/5, etc; EL17/1, etc; L113/18; LI7/5, etc; OX92/26, etc; SH264/35, etc; SM237/5, etc; WL158/8, etc; 2. in pl statute book BR6/29; hence liber statutorum statute book CR504/40-505/1

staurum, -i n nt stock, stores, what is on hand at a given time C352/17; EK101/27

stella, -e n f star, here a representation of the star of Bethlehem LI106/33, etc

stellatus, -a, -um adj covered with stars, starry; see camera

Stephanus, -i n m the name Stephen: specifically Stephanus of Byzantium, sixth-century Greek grammarian SM198/4m [OCD]; see also urbs

stercutius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Stercutus, the deity supposed to have invented manuring of crops C850/21[cp OLD stercus]

sterlingi, -orum n m sterling, used of currency BR55/20, etc; EK74/22, etc; EL22/1, etc; W412/33; WL215/36, etc

stilus, -i n m style: in idioms stilus Anglie literally the style of England, referring to the English custom of beginning the year on 25 March rather than the previous 1 January SM899/8 (see also cursus); stilus nouus literally new style, referring to the reformed, or Gregorian, calendar, not adopted in England until 1752 EK926/35 [see Cheney, pp 17-19]

stimulus, -i n m in CL a goad but here more likely spur SX212/17

stipendium, -ii n nt wages C214/26, etc; CH46/23; EK309/26, etc; IC58/9, etc; LI29/35, etc; SH74/10, etc; stypendium IC94/6

stipulacio, -onis n f bond, legal obligation C249/26, etc

sto, stare, steti, statum v intr 1. literally to stand, stand still LI125/9; SH129/22; SM190/5; hence stet let it stand, stet LI22/29, etc; (written next to a cancellation) SH327/6m; 2. to stand (in a given condition), to be (in a state) SX20/36; hence in legal idiom stare recto literally to stand in the right, hence to stand one's trial SH14/12; 3. to stand (in a particular position or relationship), be placed, stay EK822/18; LI79/25, etc; 4. to remain, stay (in a given state), continue in force EK901/13, etc; LI347/31; SM129/32; SX38/27; 5. to be stayed (of judicial proceedings) SM399/23m, etc; (it is not clear whether the occ on DR169/5m is being used in sense 4 or 5); 6. to stand by, adhere to, in idiom stare mandatis ecclesie to conform to the church's regulations EK814/10, etc; LI58/27; SM78/1, etc; SX38/34

stockningo in calce n phr a punning macaronic phrase, 'by a stocking on the heel,' purporting to derive the name of socage tenure from 'stocking' or 'sock' IC493/11

stopum, -i n m drinking vessel or cup of indeterminate size, a stoup EK34/25

Strabo, -onis n m Strabo (63/4 BC-AD 21) Greek historian and geographer, author of an extensive Geography describing the then-known world SM198/7m [OCD]

strata, -e n f street EK135/28m, etc; OX5/28; publica strata highway WL222/24

Strugullia, -ie n f Chepstow, Monmouthshire LI314/16, etc

studens, -ntis prp studying: 1. in idiom pueri studentes grammaticam, literally boys studying grammar, ie, grammar-school boys EK966/6; 2. m as sbst student OX4/9, etc

stultus, -i n m 1. fool, foolish person IC654/11; at IC457/28, it is translated 'stool' as part of a multilingual pun; 2. fool, buffoon, here apparently a household entertainer CR492/40; EK57/25, etc; le stulstus CR493/11; whether the person so denominated was, in addition, a 'natural fool' cannot be determined; see also baculus, festum, le

stupha, -e n f hypocaust, a hollow passage or box beneath the floor heated by means of hot air from a furnace WL220/11

stupor, -oris n m astonishment, surprise, consternation CR503/22

stypendium see stipendium

subballiuus, -i n m under-bailiff: 1. town officer in Shrewsbury subordinate to the bailiffs SH130/32; 2. household officer, the assistant or subordinate of a bailiff L114/7, etc; in the archbishop's household EK974/23

subdecanatus, -us n m subdeanery, office or jurisdiction of a subdean, deputy to the dean of a cathedral; in Chichester, another name for the parish of St Peter the Great, presumably because it was in some way under the subdean's jurisdiction SX20/9

subdecanus, -i n m subdean, official in a cathedral chapter subordinate to the dean LI120/30, etc; SM173/36; OX199/15

subdiaconus, -i n m subdeacon, member of the highest of the minor orders of clergy SM236/16, etc

subditus, -a, -um adj 1. under the authority of, subject to (some person or authority) H70/19, H71/23; WL12/13, etc; 2. m as sbst a subject, one under the authority of a person or institution C333/11; CH55/28, etc; EK975/16; SH264/14; SM369/39; W349/32, etc; WL129/24, etc

subeo, -ire, -ii, -itum v tr literally to undergo: in idioms subire in obligacionem to submit oneself to an obligation, undertake a bond EK608/1; subire iuramentum to take an oath SH52/23, etc

subiectio, -onis n f subjection (to a legitimate authority), obedience CR504/33

subiectus, -a, -um adj 1. subject to C333/11; 2. m as sbst a subject CH767/36, etc

submissio, -onis n f submission, part of the process whereby an accused person in a church court first confesses to, and then submits to the sentence of, a judge; here the part apparently stands for the whole process W383/35

submitto, -ittere, -isi, -issum v tr in refl sense to submit oneself (to the judgment or sentence of a court), used of defendants pleading guilty in a church court CH664/34; H68/26, etc; EK900/12-13, etc; LI340/41, etc; SH58/37, etc; SM389/32, etc; SX40/13, etc; W378/1, etc

submurmuro, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to sing or chant softly on a continuous note WL10/18 [cp OLD murmur, submurmuro, OEDO murmur n. and v.]

subpedagogus, -i n m usher, assistant teacher LI189/6

subsanno, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to mock, deride LI8/2 [see OLD sannio]

subscripsio, -onis n f act of writing one's name below a statement or other document to indicate agreement, approval, or affirmation C315/17, etc

subscriptus, -a, -um pfp pass written below LI341/22, etc

subsidium, -ii n nt 1. help, aid, here in idiom caritatis subsidia alms, charitable gifts CR491/9; 2. by extension an aid or subsidy paid to the Crown, a medieval form of taxation CH716/13, etc; 3. subsidy, money paid to assist with an extraordinary expense IC38/9: subsidia (n f)

substitutus, -i n m substitute, deputy judge acting on behalf of another EK305/6, etc; L25/2; OX73/27

subter prep under (used metaphorically) L241/22

subterior, -ius compar adj lower CH26/11

subticeo, -ere, -ui v tr to be silent about (something), keep quiet about EK308/4; WL216/34 [[correcting EK LG]]

subtraccio, -onis n f removal, reduction OX13/24

subtraho, -here, -xi, -ctum vb tr to take away, hence to perform the arithmetic operation of subtraction, subtract IC651/11, etc

subtresaurarius, -ii n m under treasurer, an administrative officer at Middle Temple IC168/26, etc

subuicecomes, -itis n m undersheriff EK63/10; LI36/21

suburbium, -ii n nt outskirts, suburb OX529/36

succatus, -a, -um adj candied, coated in sugar or sugar syrup, hence panis succatus sweet bread or bread made with candied fruit SH187/27 [OEDO succade, sucket, and sugar-bread, sugar-cake (under sugar n. 5a)]

succentor, -oris n m succentor, the deputy of the precentor LI105/22, etc

successiue adv in turn, successively IC52/6, etc

succinens, -ntis prp singing, or chanting, softly OX305/16

sudariolum, -i n nt kerchief EL15/23

suffitus, -us n m burning of perfume or other sweet-smelling substance OX417/17 [see OEDO suffiment, suffite n.]

sufflacio, -onis n f act of blowing, eg, a horn or other instrument, here used of horn blowing, a customary ceremony in Cinque Port communities EK735/5, etc

suffocacio, -onis n f state of being choked or suffocated [OLD]: used in error for sufflacio above

Suffolcia, -e n f Suffolk: 1. name of a county C327/28, etc; IC125/5, etc; 2. name of a dukedom C43/37, etc; EK766/5; LI185/20, etc; OX313/6; SH175/24, etc; SX18/3; Suffochia LI343/15, etc; Suffolicia EK71/38; Suthfolchia EK332/28

suffraganeus, -i n m suffragan, an assistant bishop, here the suffragan bishop of Dover, a subordinate of the archbishop of Canterbury EK203/38

suffragatorius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to electors OX343/11

suffragium, -ii n nt prayer, especially intercessory prayer LI6/6

suggestus, -us n m pulpit EK204/5

Sumersetta see Somersetia

summa, -e1 n f amount, sum (of money) EK976/28, etc; EL22/1, etc; somma B27/23, etc; EK681/29, etc; EL100/35, etc; SH198/16 [OLD]

summa, -e2 n f load for a packhorse EK34/151, etc [see OEDO seam n.2]

sum(m)arius, -a, -um adj summary; see causa, uia

summoneo, -ere, -ui, -itus v tr to summon (parties) to court or to answer charges CH64/38, etc; sommoneo IC46/6

super1 adv above, besides, more DR172/41

super2 prep with acc or abl (in SH265/23, both cases are used simultaneously: super patriam et domina Regina) 1. literally above DR283/4; SH98/9, etc; (with verbs of watching and the like) over, from above (figuratively) LI3/15, etc; 2. above, beyond (used figuratively) DR172/30; 3. (with verbs of pouring and the like) over WL80/15; 4. on, upon (of location) CH25/40; EK975/2, etc; EL237/25; LI8/7; OX8/24, etc; SH277/21; SM177/41; SX29/4, etc; WL222/20; hence ludere ... super to play upon (an instrument) CH221/29; hence as a place name element LI317/13; Stratton super lez forsst Stratton on the Fosse SM93/41m; (used figuratively, of duties taken upon one or the like) IC7/9, etc; 5. hence on, upon, for (of payments and levies) CH716/20; EK317/18, etc; impositi super capita convictorum literally levied upon the heads of fellows, ie, levied upon the fellows individually OX282/7; 6. of, upon (a charge) EK823/9, etc; 7. about, concerning CH46/21m, etc; CR504/15; DR248/4, etc; EK308/14, etc; EL21/17, etc; IC11/3, etc; LI3/13, etc; OX40/29, etc; SH6/5, etc; SM251/8, etc; SX29/2, SX170/31; WL247/11, etc; 8. upon, by virtue of (an oath, a request, an account) CH616/4, etc; DR282/28, etc; EL97/18; IC11/35; LI33/4, etc; OX5/22, etc; SH10/14, etc; SM881/34, etc; SX170/38, etc; WL4/9, etc; 9. upon, with respect to, for (eg, of money paid or spent) IC23/20; LI29/35, etc; 10. for (the use of) SH130/25, etc; SM129/3; 11. upon, after (an act or event) EL230/17, etc; SH120/28, etc; 12. against CH715/19, etc; SH281/4, etc; hence in defiance or breach of (a right) CH723/31; see also patria

superdictus, -a, -um pfp pass abovesaid IC52/24

superedificatum, -i sbst nt superstructure, an upper part added to a building EL25/28, etc

superhoc conj because L82/30

superinde adv 1. thereon, thereupon (of physical location) CH154/34, etc; 2. thereupon, on that account L241/21

superpellicium, -ii n nt surplice, a long white vestment usually worn over another, such as a cassock EK714/34

supersedeo, -edere, -edi, essum vb tr or intr 1. to cease, come to an end SM174/38; 2. in pass to be stayed (used of legal proceedings) EK9/1, EK9/8, EK9/17-18 (in form super sedendum); SM134/33

supersedias v phr supersedeas, name of a writ staying legal proceedings IC7/11 [var of supersedeas, 'you shall refrain,' see OLD supersedeo and OEDO supersedeas]

superuenio, -enire, -eni, -entum v tr to come in from outside, visit C7/29, etc; EK73/22, etc; L114/8, L114/16; LI333/22, etc; W411/14

superuideo, -uidere, -uisi, -uisum v tr to look at, watch SH181/14, etc

superuisio, -onis n f oversight, supervision C96/28, etc

superuisor, -oris n m supervisor, overseer LI125/22

superuisum, -i n nt oversight, supervision CH78/3; SH139/4

superuiuo, -ere, -xi v intr to continue living, linger (eg, after an injury) OX138/20

suppedito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr suppress, subdue LI5/2

supportacio, -onis n f support, sustainance LI316/19, etc

supporto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr 1. to bear, support CH55/34; WL215/39; 2. hence to provide funds to meet (expenditure) LI125/20, etc

supprior, -oris n m subprior, deputy to a prior EK31/11, etc

supradictus, -a, -um pfp pass said earlier, stated above BR4/30; C29/22; CH47/5, etc; CR528/5, etc; DR191/31; EK731/15, etc; EL20/32, etc; IC5/31, etc; LI25/35, etc; OX6/6, etc; SH159/18; SM237/6, etc; SX171/1, etc; WL215/28, etc

supraiuratus, -a, -um pfp pass having been sworn before H200/7, etc

supramentionatus, -a, -um pfp pass mentioned above SM100/22

supranominatus, -a, -um pfp pass named above C410/32; CH742/30; LI4/12; SM134/39, etc; WL111/22, etc

suprapositus, -a, -um pfp pass placed above or atop SM177/33

suprascriptus, -a, -um pfp pass written earlier or above C363/41; IC21/39; LI5/15; SM399/23; SX42/26

suprauenio, -enire, -eni, -entum v tr to enter into, come into from outside, visit C7/15

surexio, -onis n f insurrection, riot OX9/19

surgo, -rgere, -rrexi, -rrectum v intr to rise, especially to rise from the dead EK26/5, etc

surplusagia, -e n f remainder, balance due IC108/23, etc; surplusagis IC177/4, etc; surplusagium IC120/30

surrogatus, -i n m 1. surrogate, deputy judge in the church courts EK13/20; H167/13, etc; LI41/7, etc; SH52/40, etc; SM357/30, etc; SX178/23; W390/28; 2. at Cambridge University, the deputy judge of the vice-chancellor or his commissary C326/25, etc

sursumreddicio, -onis n f surrender, here the surrender of copyhold, an act by which a tenant formally surrendered his rights in a holding to the lord of the manor or his representative so that the lord might then dispose of the holding in accordance with pre-agreed terms of surrender, ie, a legal fiction to obtain a transfer of title L241/20 [Black's Surrender]

suspendo, -dere, -di, -sum v tr 1. to suspend (from), temporarily remove from a position or privilege, usually as a punishment CH803/27; LI313/14; SM237/7, etc; W383/34; 2. to suspend a lay person from reception of the sacraments for a limited time EL34/6 (pfp pass); LI265/16, etc; SH323/23; W381/27, etc; 3. hence pfp pass suspended (from), temporarily removed from a position or privilege, usually as a punishment EK975/30; WL235/25, etc

suspensio, -onis n f 1. hanging LI607/15; 2. suspension of a cleric from his office and revenues for a limited time CH47/16; CR504/4; SM238/7; suspencio SM237/28; W383/34, etc; 3. suspension of a lay person from reception of the sacraments for a limited time H68/22m, etc; SM129/32; suspencio LI58/1; 4. suspension of parish officers from their positions WL235/25m, etc

suspico, -are, -aui, -tum v tr to suspect (someone), believe them guilty of wrongdoing SM380/10 [OLD suspicor]

suspiro, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to sigh, hence with inf to long (to) WL79/11

Sussexia, -e n f Sussex, name of a county SX28/36

sustentacio, -onis n f maintenance, support CH46/24, etc

Suthfolchia see Suffolcia

Suth Wallia, Suth Wallie n f South Wales WL247/10

sutor, -oris n m literally one who stitches something together: 1. shoemaker, cobbler C81/17; 2. in idiom sutor uestiarius tailor C408/27; CH153/22

symbolum, -i n nt emblem, device SH98/4, etc

symphan n f (indecl ) a term used to describe a variety of musical instruments, most likely a portable hurdy-gurdy CH715/20 [OEDO symphan n., symphony; Howard Mayer Brown: 'Symphonie ii,' Grove Music Online, L. Macy (ed) (Accessed 20/09/2006),]

symphoniacus, -i n m musician, especially one that is part of a band or consort, hence probably a wait OX274/35, etc [OLD]

symphonicus, -a, -um adj harmonious, tuneful WL10/17; simphonicus WL10/9

symphonista, -e n m musician OX100/5

syndicus, -i n m syndic, a representative empowered to conduct business on behalf of a corporation EK308/33; cyndicus EK308/36

synodale, -is sbst nt synodal, synodal due, a payment made by subordinate clergy at bishops' or archdeacons' visitations LI342/17

synodalis, -e adj var of sinodalis; see concilium

synodos, -i n f synod, a church council; see trullus

syntaxis, -ios n f order, arrangement, system, hence in grammar, syntax IC659/17 [LSJ σύναξις, -εως]


tabellarius, -ii n m tabellar, a chorister responsible for recording attendance in choir SM248/7

taberna, -e n f literally a shop, but usually in AL a tavern, alehouse, inn BR5/34; C3/24, etc; CH47/1; CR465/1; EK938/7, etc; EL20/29; OX11/28, etc; SH10/21, etc; SM238/1, etc; SX4/7, etc; W348/37; taberna alaria public gambling house C267/4, etc; tauerna SM397/10

tabernaculum, -i n nt either a tent or booth or a tabernacle, name applied to various articles of church furniture, such as a canopied recess or other repository for an image OX28/16

taborator, -oris n m taborer, one who plays upon a small drum called a tabor C44/39

tabula, -e n f 1. board, plank OX9/21?, OX94/23; especially one prepared for painting EL239/15; 2. table OX9/21?, OX29/26; possibly by extension meal, dinner EL17/11; 3. ~ rotunda round table, an event held in emulation of the legendary King Arthur and his knights LI608/41

tabulatum, -i n nt 1. literally floor or platform made of boards, hence floorboard OX306/19; 2. tabulatum scaenicum stage platform, stage OX893/34

talamo for thalamo [OLD thalamus]

tal(l)iatus, -a, -um pfp pass entailed, subject to a defined succession of heirs; see feodum

talus, -i n m literally knucklebone [OLD], a die or playing piece in the shape of a die EK909/26, etc; L77/19

tango, -ere, tetigi, tactum v tr literally to touch: 1. hence to touch on, have bearing on, concern CH49/36, etc; EK848/11; LI25/40; OX11/13, etc; WL217/2; 2. in idiom tangere officium to hold office EK822/7; 3. pfp pass in idiom tactis sanctis euangeliis (abbreviated as tactis &c) when the holy gospels had been touched, referring to the form of a corporal oath C364/40, etc; tactis sacrosanctis euangeliis OX76/28; tactis ... sacrosanctis Dei euangeliis SM211/12-13; also in idiom ad sancta dei euangelia ... corporaliter tacta upon the holy gospels of God physically touched, referring to the form of a corporal oath EL23/23-4; see also fides, iuramentum, pr(a)esto

tanquam var of tamquam [OLD]

tantomodo adv only LI112/13

tantumodo var of tantum modo [OLD tantum B.9]

tapete, -is n m woven hanging, tapestry C236/22; OX137/20

Tartarus, -i1 n m Hell WL60/12

Tartarus, -i2 n m Tartar, a native of Tartary, a region in Central Asia east of the Caspian Sea, here applied to opponents of the prince of Purpoole in an imaginary military campaign in Russia IC425/8

taurus, -i n m bull, especially one intended for bullbaiting CH36/2; LI316/16, etc; SM189/13, etc; taurus pugnator fighting bull (for bullbaiting) SM145/23-4

taxacio, -onis n f taxation, assessment OX217/21m; see commissio

taxator, -oris n m taxer, an officer of the university authorized to fix rents for student lodging, and regulate the prices of goods for sale and weights and measures used in the town of Cambridge C516/8, etc

taxillus, -i n m ('talus' + diminutive suffix) knuckle-bone, a small die or playing piece in the shape of a die CR465/6; EK939/12, etc; LI7/18; OX6/31, etc; W348/5; WL216/27; taxilla (1st decl) SM238/2, etc

teatralis, -e adj of or pertaining to the stage, dramatic, theatrical; see ludus

Technogamia, -e n f Latinized form of compound from Gk roots, a marriage of the crafts or arts, here the title of a play C882/7

tediosus, -a, -um adj wearisome, tedious WL8/26

tela, -e n f woven fabric, cloth, hence linea tela linen fabric OX8/35

Templarius, -ii sbst m Templar, a member of Inner or Middle Temple IC425/9

templum, -i n nt literally temple OX894/30: 1. the Temple in Jerusalem, especially in reference to its cleansing in Mt 21.12-16 and parallels H57/8; SH5/30; SM423/6; or in reference to its desecration by the Seleucid army and subsequent cleansing by Judas Maccabeus as related in 1 Macc 4 LI4/1; see also Iudas Machabeus, Mathatias; 2. by extension temple, a house of Knights Templar: hence duo hospicia Templi, the two Inns of the Temple, that is, Inner and Middle Temple, the two Inns so called because they were built on the site of the London headquarters of the Knights Templar IC11/7; Interius Templum Inner Temple IC56/34 (also in macaronic form Interius Temple IC66/24); Medium Templum Middle Temple IC91/30, etc, used unmodified in the same sense IC44/15; 3. hence a Christian church or chapel C236/20; L77/31; SM424/16; templum Diue Virginis Marie church of St Mary the Virgin OX55/20; 4. temple, shrine C239/37, C240/9 (it is unclear whether these passages refer solely to Hezechiah's purifying of the Temple at Jerusalem, or also to his destruction of pagan hill-shrines in the countryside)

temporalia, -ium sbst nt pl temporalities, the secular business or material possessions of a diocese EK62/2; WL216/40, etc

temporalis see legenda

tempus, -oris n nt 1. time, occasion C5/30, etc; CH45/8, etc; H100/3, etc; L21/26; OX3/10, etc; SH127/18, etc; SX184/19, etc; W347/20, etc; WL216/38, etc; often with gen or other specification defining the nature of the occasion EK24/8, etc; IC11/6, etc; L72/16, etc; LI342/19, etc; OX30/30, etc; SH120/16-17, etc (eg, ~ diuinorum; ~ pomeridianum SX178/23 or ~ sessionis SX15/28 or nocturnum ~ WL216/18, etc); 2. period of time C4/3, etc; CH56/5, etc; EL16/30, etc; H200/20; IC12/4, etc; L19/34; LI580/5, etc; OX11/8, etc; WL79/11, etc; hence term (of office) CH72/26, etc; EK316/33, etc; EL16/28, etc; SH168/13, etc; 3. the octave or liturgical season associated with a major festival, its tide C13/15, etc; CH36/21; EK321/18, etc; IC7/10, etc; OX19/12, etc;

  1. tempus natalis Domini Christmas time, probably the feast of Christmas and its octave, 25-31 December LI343/11; SX184/31;
  2. tempus Pachale Easter time, probably the feast of Easter and its octave LI105/5, etc;
  3. tempus Pentecostes Whitsuntide SH344/13, etc;
4. season of the year:
  1. ~ autumnale autumn C7/14;
  2. ~ brumale OX566/35, etc, or ~ yemale OX11/15 winter;
  3. ~ Maij SH176/39 or ~ mensis Maij SH188/4, etc, May-time;
  4. ~ ueris spring SH188/4;
  5. Quatuor Tempora literally the four seasons, hence the Ember Days, periods of fasting and penitence observed at the four seasons of the year, on the Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday after the first Sunday in Lent, Pentecost, Holy Cross Day (14 September) and St Lucy's Day (13 December) WL216/24;
5. in various idioms:
  1. in attr phrs pro tempore LI137/3, etc; or existens pro tempore CH47/16 or pro tempore existens C279/28, etc; CH56/28-9, etc; EL128/5, etc; IC97/7; LI112/15, etc; OX529/31, etc; SH166/12; or qui ... esse pro tempore LI108/21; or qui pro tempore esse CH46/27; EL22/7, etc; LI341/24, etc; W412/32-3, etc, for the time being;
  2. in attr phrs futuris temporibus WL216/2; or tempore futuro existens CH56/11 in the future;
  3. ex tempore quasi adj unprepared, off-the-cuff IC456/12;
  4. medio tempore (with gen) in the midst of, during EK728/18, etc;
  5. nostris temporibus in our times, recently WL222/9;
  6. retroactis temporibus WL216/15 or temporibus retroactis IC68/35 in the past;
  7. tunc temporis then, at that time EK732/19; LI24/31; OX31/1, etc; SH172/4; SX47/39, etc; W379/6; tunctemporis SX48/33;
see also compotus, de, memoria

tendo, -ere, tetendi, -tum v intr to tend to, have a certain effect CH767/41, etc; EL21/27 (prp)

tenementum, -i n nt 1. building CR493/38, etc; W412/38, etc; 2. tenement, freehold interest other than in land LI606/16, etc; W387/10; WL111/26, etc; there may be some overlap among these two senses implied in L19/37, etc [Black's Tenement]; 3. tenement, holding, specifically land or other interest held from the lord of a manor SM177/28; or a dwelling or other building thereon CH714/29, etc; EK644/27; EL25/27, etc; OX259/6 etc

teneo, -ere, -ui, -tum v tr 1. literally to hold, hold on to BR4/4, etc; EK25/8; SH98/40, hence to hold up, display EL17/4; to hold (someone) in a certain condition (with predicative modifier) OX306/1; cursum tenere to hold a course EK827/23-4; tenere uicem to take a part or role EL17/26; LI4/3; 2. to hold one's body or limbs in a certain way (with predicative modifiers) H200/28; 3. to have, keep (a possession) CH723/30, etc; EK912/9, etc; hence to hold property EL26/4, etc; L77/27, etc; LI606/17; W412/28; to hold (land or rights) by rendering service to a lord (eg, the lord of a manor) CH38/3, etc; SM177/24, etc; prp as sbst tenant, one who holds property from the lord of a manor L82/32, L82/34; SM182/23, etc [Black's Tenant]; 4. to keep to, adhere to (eg, a rule) EL23/18; hence to keep, observe LI609/4; 5. in idiom inuicem se tenere to keep together, remain together CH718/34; 6. by extension to have, keep (eg, a domestic animal) OX6/25; 7. to take, have (a name) DR171/40; 8. to hold a meeting, court session, or other event CH47/34, etc; CR463/5; DR211/8, etc; IC462/15; L5/36, L19/30; LI78/26, etc; OX29/12, etc; SH131/25, etc; SM423/5, SM423/9; W347/16; 9. to hold (an office or position) DR248/7; EL125/25, etc; 10. to have (someone) as a guest L99/12; 11. to have (someone) as a member IC124/35; 12. to keep (an inn) SH10/21, etc; 13. to have an obligation (to do something), have (to do something) CR527/26, etc; H57/15, etc; OX3/23; SH5/36; 13. in pass idioms: A. to be obliged (to do something) CH48/4, etc; EL18/10, etc; IC21/37; LI3/16; B. (in bonds and the like) to be bound, held accountable (eg, for a sum of money) BR125/2; CH152/15, etc; DR246/34, etc; EK74/23, etc; EL143/6; L148/27, L148/29; LI606/16; OX195/39, etc; SH97/39; C. usually with 'pro,' to be held or regarded as (something) CH768/13; H181/17; with predicative modifier EK909/36; also in active voice in this sense with predicative modifier (here missing) to hold or regard (someone) as (something) DR172/32; see also locumtenens, locus

tenor, -oris n m 1. tenor, tone, slant (of meaning, eg, in a document) C363/3; CR527/21; EL21/15; LI108/20; OX529/15; SH6/12; SM174/31, etc; SX20/12, etc; 2. a sustained and even course or process, hence (of attitudes or reactions) evenness, restraint CH36/10; 3. by extension the adult male singing voice with a range between that of the bass and the counter-tenor, hence the tenor part of a song LI333/3

tentorium, -ii n nt frame for a tent or similar structure; scaffold C180/3; LI607/7

tenura, -e n f tenure, act of holding (lands or rights) from a lord CH45/10; L77/28 [Black's Tenure]

tenus prep with abl 1. (of extent) right up to, as far as EK25/35; 2. (of other relationships) in terms of, hence verbo tenus in (spoken) words, verbally EK228/5; see also auris, crus

Terentianus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Terence (Publius Terentius Afer, 195 or 185-159 BC), one of the two great extant Roman comedy writers OX146/16; hence, with 'opus' understood, referring to his writings as a body DR172/8

Terentius, -ii n m Publius Terentius Afer, Terence, second of the two great extant Roman comedy writers (195 or 185- 159 BC); he was born in Carthage, probably of North African descent C84/29, etc; Therencius C88/10

tergiuersacio, -onis n f evasion WL217/6

termino, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to determine, decide LI257/7; see also audio

terminus, -i n m term: 1. limit, ending EL138/21, etc; LI608/31; OX315/18; 2. term, a set date fixed for some purpose CH843/21, etc; EL26/10, etc; H57/31; OX73/33; SH6/10; W412/33; 3. term, a set period of time, eg, that for which an indenture or a lease runs BR55/19, etc; CH56/12; EL26/7, etc; LI608/34, etc; OX414/14, etc; W412/30, W412/41, W413/1, W413/17, W413/30; 4. an academic term C316/36, etc; OX30/3, etc; terminus Trinitatis Trinity term, the academic term following Trinity Sunday EL230/32; OX258/39; 5. a law term IC88/9, etc; SH266/16: ~ Pasche Easter term EL229/35; LI609/23-4, etc; ~ (Sancti) Hillarij Hilary term EL128/33; IC93/11, etc; ~ (Sancti} Michaelis Michaelmas term EL229/37; IC222/22, etc; ~ Trinitatis Trinity term IC167/5; LI303/5 (also with 'terminus' understood IC10/41) [see Cheney, pp 98-105]; 6. an accounting term or quarter EK323/14, etc; SX275/16; terminus Annunciacionis EK338/37, etc, or terminus Annunciacionis beate Marie Virginis EK342/39 Annunciation term, in Dover the quarter ending on 25 March (Lady Day); terminus Natalis Domini Christmas term, in Dover the quarter ending on 25 December EK338/26; ~ Natiuitatis Sancti Johannis Baptisti Midsummer term, normally the term beginning at Midsummer LI121/2-3; 7. term, an interest acquired in land by virtue, and for the set time period, of a lease W413/3, W413/20

terra, -e n f 1. the ground, earth EL14/18, etc; LI607/18; terre motus earthquake LI117/7; 2. land as a commodity LI103/33; in pl idiom terre lands, holdings in land EL98/8, etc; LI606/16, etc; see also Domine celi & terre

terreus, -a, -um adj literally of or pertaining to earth, hence earthen, made of earthenware EK34/23, etc

terricidia, -e n m turf-cutter C7/15

Tertullianus, -i n m Tertullian (c 160-c 240), patristic theologian and apologist CH808/2m; SM192/6m [ODCC]; see also apologeticus

tessara, -e n f literally something square or rectangular, by extension a playing card OX56/23

testa, -e n f head OX10/27

testifico, -are, -aui, -atum v tr active form of deponent testificor [OLD]

testimonialis, -e adj of or pertaining to witnessing, testimonial; testamonialis; see littera

testis, -is n m 1. literally witness EL184/15; 2. hence authority: in idiom teste + gen of per on (someone's) authority EL229/35 [OLD testis, OEDO teste2 1]

textor, oris n m weaver, hence member of the Chester Weavers' guild CH48/19

theatralis, -e adj of or pertaining to the stage, dramatic, theatrical C845/8; however loca theatralia in WL220/8 apparently refers to amphitheatres rather than theatres; see also ludus

theatricus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a stage or the theatre OX177/29, etc; m as sbst player OX170/24

theatrius, -ii n m one connected with the theatre, hence an actor? C158/25

theatrum, -i n nt 1. theatre, place or structure specifically intended for dramatic performance C4/1, C94/18; EL271/16m; OX138/13, OX387/22; 2. stage, platform upon which drama is performed C149/34, etc; OX102/5, etc; WL44/4; 3. used with a general application to all aspects of drama, the theatre, the stage C95/21, C238/25m, C295/30; OX85/27, OX179/5, OX310/10, OX387/27 (in coll pl)

thema, -atis n nt 1. theme text, a scriptural quotation taken as the theme or topic for a sermon EL241/19; 2. here applied to obscene verse LI260/3; thoma LI260/2

Theodosius, -ii n m Theodosius, name of several Roman emperors, especially Theodosius I (c 346-95); see obitus

theologia, -e n f theology, theological study, divinity C147/25, etc; OX42/17, etc; see also bacchalaureus, professor

theologicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to theological study OX257/16, etc

theologus, -i n m theologian, a student or master in the theology faculty OX27/24, etc

Therencius see Terentius

thesaurarius, -ii n m treasurer, financial officer: A. of a town C253/36; CH518/25; thesurarius CH152/16, etc; B. of a cathedral chapter EK203/10, etc; H97/41; LI125/8, etc; C. of a state EK321/17, etc; D. of a college or university OX147/1, etc; E. in an Inn IC33/1, etc; tezerarius IC66/25; theasarius IC72/7; thezaurarus IC97/7; thezaurius IC53/27

thesaurium, -ii n nt treasury, the financial department of Lincoln's Inn IC11/33

thesaurus, -i n m (royal) treasury EL128/9, etc

thetherista see citharista

Thetis, -idis n f Thetis, in classical mythology chief of the Nereids (or ocean nymphs) and mother of Achilles OX314/1, oddly associated with Bacchus in the king of beans correspondence OX799/25

Thobias, -ie n m the name Tobias, here the title of an apocryphal book of the Bible, Tobit EL244/2

thorchium see torchia

thuribulum, -i n nt thurible, a censer for burning incense during liturgical services, usually carried by hand suspended by chains EL17/13

thuricremus var of turicremus [OLD]

tibia, -e n f pipe, reed-pipe WL8/26; rendered by English 'wayte pypes' C180/25, C207/3, etc; by extension the shin bone, hence the shin OX5/19, etc [OLD]

tibicen, -inis n m literally one who plays a reed-pipe [OLD tibia], piper; but possibly a generic term for one playing a wind instrument rather than specifically one playing an instrument with a reed mouthpiece C38/5, etc; CR540/11; OX85/17, etc; tibicina (1st decl) C75/6, etc; OX280/37; tybicen C165/2; OX158/29, etc

Tiburtinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Tibur (the modern Tivoli), hence uia Tiburtina properly the road leading from Rome to Tibur, here used punningly to refer to the road from London to the gallows at Tyburn EL240/31

Tichofeldensis, -e adj of or from Tichfield, Hants, seat of Thomas Wriothesley C95/7

Timotheus, -i n m Timothy, name of the recipient of two of St Paul's epistles: 2 Timotheus the second letter to Timothy CH812/37m, etc

timpanista see tympanista

timpanizo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to beat a drum, drum OX439/1

tincio, -onis n f dyeing, tinting EK107/33; SM241/35, etc

tinto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to ring (a bell), strike (a beat) OX378/18m

tipulacio, -onis n f tippling: see domus

tipulo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to tipple, sell ale SM411/31

Tirollia, -e n f Tirol, a province of Austria under the authority of a count EK779/24, etc

titulus, -i n m 1. title (of a literary work) OX307/34; 2. identifying description, title OX360/30, etc; 3. land title: propositio tituli exhibition of title, apparently an annual event at Merton College involving the administration of the college's property OX28/36

Titus, -i n m Titus, name of the recipient of one of St Paul's epistles: ad Titum (with 'epistola' understood) St Paul's Letter to Titus EL244/18

tociens quociens adv phr as often as CH56/20, etc; tocius quocius CH77/17 [cp OLD totiens, quotiens]

toga, -e n f 1. in CL the Roman toga C848/10 [OLD]; 2. by extension robe, gown (referring to contemporary dress) CH177/38; IC45/36; OX8/33, etc: A. costume for a play character C64/29, etc; SM242/11, etc; B. livery clothing for town waits or other officers EK733/15, etc; LI78/19, etc; SH136/36, etc (apparently a synonym for tunica); SM41/15; C. apparel for the Abbot of Marham game in Shrewsbury (apparently a synonym for roba) SH200/5, SH201/9

Toletanus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Toledo, a city in Spain W395/25

tollero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr allow to occur, tolerate, permit C399/32

tollnetum, -i n nt toll receipts SH127/5

topographia, -e n f topography, here in the title of a work by Gerald of Wales Hybernica Topographia The Topography of Ireland WL3/8, etc

torchia, -ie n f processional torch or candle LI28/13, etc; >thorchium EL14/6

torneamentum, -i n nt tourney, tournament C399/8; LI606/14m; OX529/32; SX4/6

tornio, -iare, -iaui, -iatum v intr to joust, hold a tourney LI606/14, etc

tornus, -i n m tourn, an official tour: turnum LI125/23; here a regular series of visits made by a prior of the manors and dependent houses of the priory W397/22, etc

torta, e n f processional torch, large candle C43/31; SH194/36, etc

tortex, -icis n m processional torch, large candle EK347/38, etc

torticium, -ii n nt torch or possibly processional candle EL14/7; W404/22

totalis, -e adj total, complete, entire BR89/6; CR490/23, etc; EK647/35, etc; IC158/34, etc; OX96/37, etc; SH251/1

totaliter adv totally, completely CR504/5; EL26/25, etc; OX3/22

totum, -i or -ius sbst nt 1. the whole of something, the total OX286/22; 2. in idioms ex toto completely SM177/37, etc; in toto in all, in total EK320/4, etc; EL26/14, etc; LI186/16, etc; OX12/33, etc; SM253/31, etc; pro toto entirely EK746/19m; OX281/36

trabes, -is n f literally a beam of wood, here apparently one worked as a candleholder for a row of candles EK824/5

tractus, -us n m track, path followed (eg, by an aisle or walkway) OX137/5

tragaedia, tragaoedia, tragedia see tragoedia

tragedio, -onis n m literally tragedian, a performer in a tragedy, here by extension player DR121/8

tragice adv in the manner of a tragedy C238/7; OX178/34

tragicocomoedia, -ae n f tragicomedy, a play blending elements of classical tragedy and comedy OX149/6

tragicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a tragedy C237/14, etc; OX177/31, etc; tragica comedia tragicomedy, a play blending elements of classical tragedy and comedy OX156/10, etc

tragoedia, -ae n f tragedy, a serious drama having an unhappy outcome, here probably more specifically either an ancient tragedy or a modern work imitating ancient tragedy at least in form C842/25, C132/30, etc; OX136/32, etc; WL43/39; tragaedia DR171/25; OX94/16, etc; tragaoedia OX424/18; tragedia OX81/32, etc

traho, -here, -xi, -ctum v tr literally to draw or drag; see mora, sanguis

transcurro, -currere, -curri, -cursum v intr to skip over, neglect SM237/18

transcursus, -us n m act of skipping over SM237/13

transfudit phonetic var of transfodit [OLD transfodio]

transgressio, -onis n f 1. crime, transgression SH263/35; SM397/9; 2. crime of trespass or a charge thereof CH77/26, etc; EK967/14; EL229/41; LI78/33; WL128/36, etc; see also placitum

transgressor, -oris n m violator, wrongdoer BR5/15; EL18/11; WL4/13

translacio, -onis n f translation: 1. transfer of a bishop from one see to another or to an archbishopric CH47/21; 2. the formal transfer of a saint's relics from one site to another, or the festival commemorating the same EK29/11, etc; LI105/25, etc; OX11/40, etc; SH134/7; see also festum

transmissiua, -e n f message, letter LI333/14

transuersalis, -e adj transverse, at right angles to a stated or implied direction OX12/18

trebalis, -e adj treble; see uiola

trepid(i)ans, -ntis prp for tripudians; see tripudio

Treipilio, -ionis n m fictive L name for mock juror, formed from F 'tres,' 'very' and L 'pilus,' 'hair': Scabiosus Treipilio 'Mangy Mucho-Hair' IC464/1

trestalum, -i n nt trestle (eg, for a table) EK34/27

triatus, -a, -um pfp tried, tested OX9/28

Tribonianus, -i n m Tribonian (d. c AD 542--5), a distinguished jurist who served on the commissions that produced the great law codes of Justinian's reign, here used as the cognomen of a justice at the court of a Christmas prince IC462/14

tribuenus, -i n m one in the pay of another person or an institution, employee CH228/11

tri-harmonia, -e n f a nonce-word made up of Gk and Latin elements, apparently three-part harmony C849/38

tri-Harueyus, -i n m a nonce-word coined from English and Latin elements, three Harveys, triple Harvey C849/38

trihumphum see triumphus

Trinitarius, -ii n m student of Trinity College, Cambridge C586/39

Trinitas, -atis n f Trinity BR6/23; OX12/21 [ODCC TRINITY, DOCTRINE OF THE]; in the name of a church ecclesia sancte Trinitatis church of the Holy Trinity DR247/23; EL216/5 (with 'ecclesia' understood); also used with reference to the Trinity law-term, which began a week and a day after Trinity Sunday; see also collegium, dies, festum, terminus

triplicatus, -a, -um adj triple, threefold OX305/16

triplicitas, -atis n f that which is threefold, triplet OX305/15

tripudiator, -oris n m dancer, one who dances a 'tripudium' C18/21; IC232/22; tripidiator EK824/24, etc

tripudio, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to dance, to dance a 'tripudium' C7/21, etc; EK68/7, etc; IC6/31; trepido C44/29, etc; trepudio C18/12, etc; SM252/3; tripidans CH68/28; tripideo C25/3; tripidio C8/9, etc; LI25/14, etc; SM415/22, etc; tripido C19/25, etc; tripudo C25/34

tripudium, -ii n nt originally ancient Roman ritual dance, in AL apparently a dance containing formal or set elements C16/12, etc; CR472/25 (in form <...>pudium due to manuscript damage), etc; EK62/7, etc; LI109/20; OX5/22m, etc; tripidium C17/10

Trisantonius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Southampton, a town and earldom; m sg as sbst the earl of Southampton OX313/15

triumphans, -ntis prp triumphing OX137/27, etc; Christus Triumphans Christus Triumphans, title of a play by John Foxe OX106/33

triumphator, -oris n m one who triumphs, here an allusion to the title of John Foxe's play Christus Triumphans OX107/14

triumphus, -i n m 1. triumph, literally a quasi-religious Roman ritual celebrated by a victorious general, by extension any celebration of a victory: agere triumphum to celebrate a triumph, to triumph OX180/7; 2. hence a celebration of some kind, perhaps including music or dance OX209/16; 3. a victory OX14/26 (in form trihumphus)

truffa, -e n f trick LI108/18

trullus, -i n m a room with a domed ceiling: synodus in trullo a synod which met in such a room in the imperial palace of Justinian II in 681, the Trullan Council EL267/21

trumparis, -is n m trumpeter, one who plays upon the trumpet (probably any player upon a long straight wind instrument not having a reed mouthpiece) WL289/7

trumpator, -oris n m trumpeter, one who plays the trumpet (probably one who plays any straight wind instrument not having a reed mouthpiece) EK31/10, etc

truncatus, -a, -um pfp pass literally having been cut off or amputated, hence having been beheaded: funus truncatum a headless corpse BR4/27, etc

truncus, -i n m (wooden) box, chest OX9/23

Trynitas, -atis n f var of Trinitas; see collegium

tualla, -e n f altar-cloth EK975/2

tuba, -e n f in CL a trumpet with a straight tube used for military signals, as well as in various civilian processions; here probably any straight wind instrument not having a reed mouthpiece C841/16, C619/40; CR540/11; EK824/1, etc; OX140/10, etc; tubus (2nd decl) OX416/36

tubator, -oris n m trumpeter, one who plays the 'tuba' (probably one who plays any straight wind instrument not having a reed mouthpiece) EK309/33, etc

tubicen, -inis n m trumpeter, one who plays the 'tuba' (probably one who plays any straight wind instrument not having a reed mouthpiece) C330/27, etc; CR540/10; EK827/40; OX21/19, etc; WL223/8; tubicenibus (dat pl) OX279/4; tubicina (1st decl) C30/28, etc; EK80/40; OX387/40; tubucina (1st decl) EK905/7, etc

tubicinarius, -ii n m trumpeter, one who plays the 'tuba' (probably one who plays any straight wind instrument not having a reed mouthpiece) LI582/2, etc

tubisonus, -i n m trumpeter, one who plays the 'tuba' C78/13, etc

Tullius, -ii n m Marcus Tullius Cicero (106-43 BC), Roman orator and philosopher SM194/8m; WL10/4 [OCD Cicero]; see also Philippica

tumulo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to bury, inter CR463/8

tumulus, -i n m in CL a burial mound, hence a tomb or tomb-shrine within a church building H200/13, etc

tunctemporis see tempus

tunica, -e n f 1. tabard, coat C189/23; CH160/32; EK312/17, etc; IC45/9; OX57/17, etc; SH202/16; tunica curta short coat EK106/12, etc; 2. as a costume for a character in a play or game SM241/34, etc; 3. tunicle, a vestment for a boy-bishop C32/32; OX1093/2 (possibly also an occurrence of sense 1)

turnum see tornus

turpiloquium, -ii n nt rude, shameful, or crude speech, bad language H57/8; OX11/2, etc; turpeloquium OX163/18

tur(r)ibulum, -i n nt thurible, censer EK25/14, etc; LI28/13, etc

turris, -is n f tower; turrus: see constabularia, constabularius

tutelaris, -e adj of or pertaining to a guardian, tutelary OX315/25

Τυχερος, -ου n m the surname Tucker, rendered into Greek as part of a pun based on the resemblance in sound between it and τυχηρός, fortunate, lucky OX347/20

tybicen see tibicen

tympanista, -ae n m one who plays on a drum or other percussion instrument, percussionist, drummer OX79/26, etc; timpanista LI581/24, etc; OX82/28, etc

tympanistrius, -ii n m drummer OX76/16

tympanum, -i n nt small drum or possibly bell C619/41

Tyna, -e n f the river Tyne; see castrum

typus, -i n m type, strictly, an OT figure or event that prefigures a NT figure or event, often used more loosely of any person or symbol (here a boy bishop) that can stand as a figure of Christ EL17/4

tyro, -onis n m literally a (military) recruit, hence by extension Christi tyrones Christ's recruits, that is, monks WL60/7


uacatio, -onis n f 1. vacation OX259/1; 2. specifically the vacations between the law-terms at the Inns of Court; lectures, called readings, were given during the so-called Learning Vacations in Lent and the summer; students were required to attend during a certain number of vacations but those not intending to qualify as a practising barrister might seek to be excused IC21/37, etc

uaco, -are, -aui, -atum v intr 1. literally to be empty, void, hence:

  1. to be free EK912/10;
  2. to be without effect EL211/16;
  3. (of offices or positions) to be vacant EK946/9; LI127/8;
  4. either (of rent) to be unpaid or (of rental property) to be untenanted BR42/24m, etc;
  5. (of expenses) either to be unpaid or to be disallowed, void EK706/11m;
  6. (of statutes, etc, or legal or financial records) to be void L36/15m; LI72/36m; SH198/3m, etc; SM200/37m; SX260/10, etc; W424/12m;
2. to give one's time to, devote oneself to, spend time on (with dat) EK81/25; LI6/3, etc; W395/24 3. treated as synonymous with uagor, wander as a vagrant, roam WL158/6 [see OEDO vagrant n. and a.]

uacuus, -a, -um adj 1. empty OX60/10; 2. (of an election) void EL211/16; see also possessio

uadiatus, -a, -um pfp pass waged, pledged (of judicial combat) IC447/25

uadium, -ii n nt wages EK320/10m, etc; IC28/3, etc; SH353/13; uadia (1st decl) LI208/20

uado, -ere, -- v tr to wage; see lex

uagabundia, -e n f state of being a vagabond or vagrant, vagrancy WL237/18

uagabundus, -i n m vagabond, vagrant, wanderer L21/28; SM145/23; WL158/6 [Black's Vagabond]

uagarans, -ntis prp wandering, being vagrant CH781/25; SM145/23 [either a spelling var of vagans (see OLD uagor1) or a back-formation from ME vagaraunt (see OEDO vagrant n. and a.)]

uago, -are, -aui v intr 1. wander as a vagrant, roam CH694/17; LI342/37; WL158/7, etc; 2. m prp as sbst a vagrant WL129/22 [see OEDO vagrant n. and a.]

ualencia, -e n f value, price, worth (+ gen of price or value) EK967/35; L149/28; OX8/29, etc; WL238/25

Valenscia, -e n f Valence, a surname element EK35/5

Valerius Maximus, Valerii Maximi n m Valerius Maximus, first-century Roman historian and rhetorician SM194/7m [OCD]; see also memorabilis

ualettus, -i n m yeoman, servant in a royal or noble household EK62/38, etc; LI584/29; SH161/32; ualectus garde yeoman of the guard, member of the royal bodyguard EK203/23; ualettus auene avener, a household servant charged with provision of oats for fodder EK63/26; ualettus equorum yeoman of the horses EK63/24, etc; ualettus panetrie yeoman of the pantry EK63/22

ualitudinarii var of ualetudinarii [OLD ualetudinarius]

ualitudo var of ualetudo [OLD]

ualor, -oris n m value, worth (found with gen of price or value) BR27/9m, etc; C505/22; OX74/2; SH168/8, etc; WL215/35, etc; in idiom ad ualorem to, or at, the value (of) LI316/22

ualua, -e n f door, especially one of a pair of doors EK877/19, etc; OX894/27

uapulo, -are, -aui, -atum in CL v intr to be beaten or thrashed but in AL v tr to bait (eg, bulls or bears, as an entertainment) SM143/37 [from confusion between E beat and bait (see OEDO bait v.1 and beat v.1))]

Varuicensis, -is n f Warwick, name of an earldom EK204/20

uasconicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Gascony; see uinum

uastum, -i n nt 1. waste, consumption EK78/23; 2. waste, any action taken by a tenant of freehold property which tends to reduce its value for the owner or the owner's heirs IC471/19; W404/22

uaticinalis, -e adj of or pertaining to a prophesy, prophesied WL223/7

ueluetum, -i n nt velvet, a fabric with a smooth, soft piled surface LI583/21

uenaticus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to hunting; see canis

uenator, -oris n m huntsman C264/36

uendico var of uindico [OLD]

uendidus, -a, -um pfp pass sold OX22/6, etc [var of uenditus from OLD uendo]

uenella, -e n f lane, side road CH153/20, etc; L77/30; OX8/20

Uenetus, -a, -um Venetian, of or pertaining to Venice; see aurum

uentilo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to play a wind instrument OX267/10 [see OLD uentilo]

Venus, -eris n f Venus, Roman goddess of sexual love and generation, whose name was also given to the second planet CH716/17, etc; OX140/7, etc; with 'dies' understood Veneris Friday CH14/13m, etc; EL207/28m; OX84/20, etc; phanum Veneris temple of Venus C190/27 (probably a stage property for a production of Plautus' Rudens); see also dies

Venutius, -ii n m Venutius (fl. AD 51--c 71), a British king who revolted against Roman rule, here used as a name element for a mock-jury member IC463/30

uera, -e sbst f true bill, the decision of an inquest jury that an allegation is sufficient for a valid indictment (shortened from billa uera) SH240/34, etc; SM145/32; see also billa

uerberacio, -onis n f in CL beating, flogging, in AL baiting (eg, of bulls or bears, as an entertainment) SM189/13

uerbero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr in CL to beat or flog, in AL to bait (eg, bulls or bears, as an entertainment) SM375/14, etc [from confusion between E beat and bait (see OEDO bait v.1 and beat v.1))]

uerberum, -i n nt a blow OX56/3

uerbositas, -atis n f wordiness OX60/9

uerbum, -i n nt 1. literally word (usually spoken) CH57/32, etc; EL21/6, etc; SM159/34; WL80/17, etc, hence ~ Domini the word of the Lord, that is, the Bible SM211/11; WL247/11 (also in this sense ~ Dei CH767/37, etc; EL100/27-8 or ~ diuinum CH771/2 the word of God); 2. by extension act of speaking, discourse WL247/13, etc

uerisimiliter adv likely WL215/31

uernaculus, -a, -um adj 1. literally native-born, indigenous, hence lingua uernacula, ie, English C582/30; 2. f sg as sbst native tongue OX314/8

uerniculum, -i n nt varnish, resinous substance used to give a hard, shining surface to an object LI163/40, etc

uerricio, -onis n f literally act of sweeping clean with a broom, hence act of brushing or furbishing (used of rooms and clothes) C145/38; uerracio C158/24

uersus prep with acc 1. to, toward (often with hostile sense) CH753/18; EK537/25, etc; EL24/31; LI72/36; OX5/31; SH14/10, etc; WL223/2; 2. hence against CH778/16m, etc; DR289/6; EL229/40, etc; WL128/35, etc; 3. (of purpose) for, toward LI203/24; OX202/23

uersus, -a, -um pfp reversed, turned over or around, hence uerso folio on the back of the sheet OX571/8

uersus, -us (acc pl appears as -us and -os) n m 1. a verse (of poetry) WL238/1, etc; 2. (Biblical) verse, especially one used as a liturgical response EK24/29; LI332/40

uerto, -ere, -si, -situm v tr of legal proceedings, to arise, be started BR3/23

Vertumnus, -i n m Vertumnus, Etruscan deity regarded by the Romans as the god of the changing year, here named as the title of a play, Vertumnus OX307/1, etc (but see p OX1118, endnote to STC: 24939 pp 18--19, 45--8)

uertus see uirtus

uerumeciam conj for uerum eciam (OLD uerum)

uespera, -e n f (also found in coll pl) 1. vespers, one of the canonical hours making up the divine office of clerics; despite its name, also the L word for evening, vespers was usually said before dark, in the late afternoon or early evening CR503/27; H98/2; LI607/6, etc; OX3/20, etc; uespere Beati Iohannis literally St John's vespers, ie, vespers on St John's Day, 27 December EL17/18; 2. evensong, one of the two services of the daily divine office which survived the Reformation, the other being matins C29/23

uespertinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to evening; see oracio, prex

uestiarius, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to clothing; nt sg as sbst vestry, a room adjacent to a church or chapel in which vestments, linens, and other liturgical requisites were stored OX443/40; see also sutor

uestimentum, -i n nt 1. clothing, often for players or performers C61/25, etc; EK751/35; 2. (liturgical) vestment C189/23; CR503/32; EK974/33, etc; EL3/9; LI350/38, etc; uestamentum LI350/30

uestis, -is n f 1. clothing, in pl clothes OX13/10, etc; duplices uestes literally double clothing, hence two outfits or sets of clothing OX414/15, etc; in idiom consuete uestes either clothing usually required of penitents, a white linen robe, or ordinary clothing, as opposed to penitential garb SM3/23-4, etc; W369/27, etc; 2. for players or performers C150/14, etc; uestis scenica stage clothing, costume C112/37, etc

uestitus, -us n m clothing, in idiom usualis uestitus (suus) (their) usual clothing, ie, either clothing usually required of penitents, a white linen robe, or ordinary clothing, as opposed to penitential garb H140/34, etc; SH61/25-6, etc

uestras, -atis sbst m your man C141/18

uestura, -e n f clothing, here always used of livery C63/18, etc; EK309/26, etc; LI78/11, etc

uetus, -eris adj 1. old OX86/9, etc; 2. m as sbst old friend OX106/29; n as sbst something old OX3/17

uexacio, -onis n f literally harassment, here used in reference to animal baiting EK93/4, etc

uexillum, -i n nt banner: 1. military standard LI603/12; 2. processional banner LI6/25, etc; uexilla (1st decl) EK315/13; LI118/7, etc; W340/n 97; 3. a flag or pennant probably depending from a trumpet and bearing the royal arms or another heraldic device LI583/16, etc

uia, -e n f 1. way, route, road (both literal and metaphorical) EK204/6, etc; EL21/9, etc; LI607/10; WL220/12, etc; lata uia highway EL65/34; uia regia royal road, highway CH154/29, etc; 2. way, manner SH154/23; in idioms:

  1. (in) uia EK757/33-4, etc, by way of (something), as (something) (with gen);
  2. uia summaria summary means C332/24;
  3. uiis et modis by ways and means, the name of a citation issued when a summoner was unable to serve the original citation personally, apparently authorizing him to use any appropriate means to deliver the citation EK645/6, etc; H69/2, etc; LI60/1, etc; SH11/26, etc; SM208/36, etc; SX29/36, etc; W369/25, etc; WL221/35;
  1. shortened to uiis LI257/8, etc; SM210/4;
  2. hence decretum uiis et modis order for the issuing of such a citation SX20/7;
  3. as indecl in idiom per uiis by (a citation of) ways and means LI257/9, etc

uiagium, -ii n nt voyage, journey EK733/31

uicaria, -e n f vicarage, a vicar's benefice EK975/14; OX42/19

uicarius, -ii n m vicar: 1. one who acts as a deputy for a rector who cannot discharge his duties in a parish CH742/8; DR247/35; EK974/17, etc; H167/34, etc; L76/25; LI3/19, LI345/11; OX80/34; SM423/17, etc; SX10/1; W348/28, etc; WL215/30, etc; perpetuus uicarius perpetual vicar, ie, one appointed as a vicar for life H200/6; 2. assistant or deputy for a member of a cathedral chapter, often in carrying out choir duties, vicar choral CH46/30, etc; EL14/18, etc; H200/13; LI104/11, etc; SM236/16, etc; SX4/16; choralis uicarius CH46/23; 3. uicarius in spiritualibus generalis CH767/20-1 or uicarius generalis (in spiritualibus) EL210/20-1; H66/22, etc; SH60/21, etc; SM251/10, etc; W388/1-2, etc; vicar general (for spiritualities), an official appointed by a bishop to act as his deputy in all matters pertaining to the spiritualities of the diocese, including his oversight of the diocesan courts; in form uicario &c W452/40; shortened to uicarius WL221/3; see also commissarius, spiritualis

uicecamerarius, -ii n m vice-chamberlain, officer of the royal household serving under the lord chamberlain DR170/21

uicecancellarius, -ii n m vice-chancellor: 1. deputy of an ecclesiastical chancellor LI155/8; 2. deputy of the (University's) chancellor C203/4, etc; OX7/22, etc; uice-cancellarius OX512/12; uice cancellarius C316/38; uicechancellarius OX281/10

uicecomes, -itis n m sheriff, an officer of the Crown within a given county, or city-county, having particular responsibilities for the county court and other aspects of the administration of justice (in Bristol, a civic officer, because it was a city-county) BR6/39; CH56/28, etc; CR494/28; EK63/9, etc; EL97/12, etc; LI608/16, etc; OX484/18, etc; SH13/35, etc; W404/21; uice comes SH187/12

uicecustos, -odis vice-warden, deputy warden (eg, of a college) OX13/26, etc

uicedecanus, -i n m subdean, an officer of a cathedral chapter subordinate to the dean and acting as his deputy EK236/17

uicedominus, -i n m vidame, a secular lord holding territory from a bishop and acting for him in secular affairs C512/7

uiceprepositus, -i n m vice-provost, administrative officer at King's College, second only to the provost C32/34, etc

uicepreses, -idis n m vice-president, deputy president, here of Magdalen College OX46/36, etc

uicepresidens, -ntis n m vice-president, deputy president, here of Magdalen College OX27/25, etc

uice-principalis, -is n m vice-principal, here of Jesus College OX452/14

uicesgerens, -ntis sbst m deputy EK947/11

uicinium, -ii n nt neighbourhood, surrounding district EK975/2

uicis (gen) n f (nom sg lacking) 1. occasion, time CH59/10, etc; EK311/9, etc; EL33/22, etc; LI342/13, etc; W451/28; WL217/35; uisibus (abl pl) WL158/5; 2. in various idioms:

  1. alia uice on another occasion, another time LI196/34; OX1086/41; SH354/19, etc; SX186/1;
  2. duabus uicibus on two occasions, twice LI196/33; OX1131/33;
  3. prima ... uice on the first occasion, the first time OX556/24;
  4. secunda uice on a second occasion, the second time CR490/5; LI115/32; OX556/24 (in form 2da uice);
  5. tertia uice the third time CR490/31;
  6. trina uice three times H64/5, etc; SH65/16-17, etc; SX37/3;
  7. unica uice EK875/37 or una uice LI321/29 once;
3. one's part or function (by implication, a part filled in rotation or turn) EL17/21, etc; uice mutua mutually, in turn LI342/25; hence uice ... nostra CH154/5, etc, or uicibus ... nostris CH156/36, in our place (used of a representative); uice + gen in place of, instead of OX308/14, etc; 4 hence indicating a deputy: A. uices gerens H98/10-11, etc; W348/28 or uicem gerens C147/18-19; OX48/34, etc, or uices sue EK726/38, etc; L76/18; LI257/6 one's deputy; B. uices gerens spiritualiter one's spiritual deputy, here someone acting for a priest W348/34; C. uices suas iniungere to order (someone) to be one's deputy (+ dat of person ordered) WL247/11; 5. by extension of sense 4 the authority implicit in acting as such a deputy BR5/23, etc; 6. part of a song or other polyphonic composition: triplicatae carminum uices songs in three parts OX305/16; see also ad, per, pro, teneo

uicium, -ii n nt vice, moral fault or weakness LI5/1

uictualia, -ium sbst nt pl victuals, necessary supplies, especially foodstuffs EK322/26, etc; H188/39; LI27/25, etc; SH159/21; SM174/19; SX3/13

uictuaria, -orum sbst nt pl victuals, necessary supplies, especially foodstuffs LI31/20, etc

uictularius, -ii n m victualler, dealer in provisions C571/28

uicus, -i1 n m street CH47/1; DR282/31; EK823/8; EL23/7; H98/35, etc; OX8/20; SH11/7; SM237/14, etc; altus uicus high street OX5/29, etc; borialis uicus North Street CR493/38; see also schola

uicus, -i2 see wicus

uideo, uidere, uidi, uisus v tr 1. to see (physically or intellectually) OX37/34, etc; 2. (of a coroner) to view (a dead person for the purpose of determining the cause of death) OX5/17; 3. in pass idiom to seem OX37/25, etc

uidillator, -oris n m literally one who plays upon a fiddle; possibly by extension a general term for one who plays upon a bowed, as opposed to a plucked-string, instrument H187/7; uidulator W372/8, etc

uidua, -e n f widow CH172/18, etc; EK895/23m; EL242/25; OX179/1; WL112/38 [OLD uiduus1 2]

uielator, -oris n m one who plays upon a fiddle, fiddler H189/13; see also uidillator

uiella, -e n f fiddle, a stringed instrument usually played with a bow OX5/25

uigil, -ilis n m wait or watchman; in the fifteenth-century occ the former sense is clearly primary but it is not as clear which sense is primary in fourteenth-century occ and in fact one need not preclude the other EK48/21, etc (also ambiguous on H189/8); uigilus EK33/26

uigilacio, -onis n f watch-keeping DR253/18; EK740/8

uigilancia, -e n f alertness, hence watch-keeping C38/7

uigilans, -ntis prp keeping watch EK742/3

uigilas, -atis n f wake, apparently a night-time observance at Magdalen College providing an occasion for various popular customs OX176/11, etc; uigelas OX170/17 [likely derived from uigilia]

uigilator, -oris n m wait or watchman; as for the related 'uigil,' the later occ (EK432/16) clearly refers to a wait while the earlier one (EK312/31) is more ambiguous, especially given the reference to a horn ('cornu') rather than a pipe ('fistula'), since the normal term in the early period for Dover's wait was piper ('fistulator'); however, neither sense need preclude the other

uigilia, -ae n f 1. watch (of the night), hence a period of wakefulness or labour at a time usually spent asleep C237/4, etc; 2. vigil, eve of a liturgical festival EK824/9-11c; OX5/22, etc; SM423/15; W347/17; uigilie ... sanctorum eves of the saints, ie, of saints' days CR463/11; LI6/22; specifically:

  1. uigilia Anunciacionis Beate Marie uirginis eve of Lady Day, 24 March SM256/7;
  2. ~ apostolorum Petri et Pauli St Peter's and St Paul's Eve, 28 June EK648/10-11, etc; SH133/8, etc;
  3. ~ Assencionis Ascension Eve EK31/11;
  4. ~ Beate Marie Magdalane CR492/13-14, etc, or ~ Beate Marie Magdalene CR494/6, etc, or ~ Sancte Marie Magdalane CR492/21-2, etc, or (Sancte) Marie Magdalene CR492/5, etc), St Mary Magdalene's Eve, 21 July;
  5. ~ Concepcionis Beate Marie (uirginis) eve of the feast of the Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 7 December SM240/28, etc;
  6. ~ Epiphanie (Domini) C37/2, etc; SM972/39-40 Epiphany Eve, Twelfth Night, 5 January;
  7. ~ Lucee (St) Lucy's Eve, 12 December EK824/11;
  8. ~ Natalis Domini Christmas Eve, 24 December CR504/34; EK342/35;
  9. ~ Natiuitatis (Sancti) Iohannis Baptiste St John's Eve, Midsummer Eve, 23 June SH133/2, etc;
  10. ~ (Sancti) Nic(h)olai St Nicholas' Eve, 5 December C32/31-2, etc;
  11. ~ Pentecostes Whitsun Eve C45/17;
  12. ~ Purificacionis (Beate Marie) Candlemas Eve, 1 February C46/1, etc;
  13. ~ Sancte Katerine St Katherine's Eve, 24 November C8/7;
  14. ~ Sancti Edwardi confessoris eve of the feast of St Edward the Confessor, 12 October SX48/31;
  15. ~ Sancti Egidij St Giles' Eve, 31 August SH128/38;
  16. ~ Sancti Iohannis Baptiste St John's Eve, Midsummer Eve, 23 June CH178/2; LI24/28-9, etc;
  17. ~ Sancti Marci euangeliste St Mark's Eve, 24 April SX51/14;
  18. ~ Sancti Petri literally St Peter's Eve, 31 July, but probably Sts Peter's and Paul's Eve, 28 June EK323/19-20; SH138/31;
  19. ~ Sancti Thome St Thomas Becket's Eve, 28 December EK63/8;
  20. ~ Sancti Thome appostoli St Thomas' Eve, 20 December EK103/33; LI117/7-8;
  21. ~ Translacionis Sancti Thome eve of the Translation of St Thomas, either 2 July (St Thomas the Apostle) or 6 July (St Thomas of Canterbury) SH134/17;
3. wake, vigil kept with the body of a dead person before the funeral, apparently the occasion of various popular customs SH74/1; 4. wake, watch, a night-time observance providing occasion for various popular customs (sense perhaps derived from the association of certain liturgical eves, such as St John's Eve or St Nicholas' Eve, with such customs, or from the vigils kept with the body of a dead person the night before the funeral, which provided similar occasions for such customs) LI6/21; OX40/21, etc; uigialia OX73/17

uigilo, -are, -aui, -atum v intr literally to keep watch; hence by extension either to observe a (liturgical) eve or possibly to hold a wake OX5/24

uigor, -oris n m literally strength, vigour, hence uigore + gen by virtue of, by power of LI581/5, etc; OX146/41

uilesco, -ere, -ui v intr to be cheapened or degraded SM239/7

uilipendium, -ii n nt act of counting as valueless, disparagement CH767/40

uilipendo, -dere, -si, -sum v tr to count as valueless, consider as cheap CH768/25; EK308/21; prp pass as adj worthless, of no value H99/24

uilla, -e n f vill, town BR3/24, etc; C13/15, etc; CH45/5, etc; DR247/36, etc; EK537/25, etc; L77/17, etc; LI607/17, etc; OX5/18, etc; SH10/22, etc; SM126/14, etc; SX44/10, etc; W399/27, etc; WL11/42; in reference to London IC11/13, etc; uilla mercatoria market town CH34/5

uillanus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a town; see balliuus

uillanus, -i n m 1. villein (literally a tenant in villeinage, a form of feudal tenure) SM129/3; WL12/11, etc; 2. by extension peasant, countryman IC497/5

uillata, -e n f vill, township BR3/11; WL127/7

Vindelisoriensis, -e adj Windsor, a town in Berkshire, site of Windsor Castle and St George's Chapel EL147/40

Vinius, -ii n m fictive L nomen formed from 'uinum,' 'wine,' here applied to a mock-jury member: Vinius Bibulus 'Winey Soaker' IC463/37

uinum, -i n nt wine C44/23, etc; CR489/24; EK34/16, etc; SH127/12, etc; in various idioms uinum acre vinegar EK101/18; ~ album white wine CR492/23, etc; EK60/25, etc; IC4/22; SH129/31, etc; ~ claretum claret wine, either wine sweetened with honey or a yellow- or light-red-coloured wine [OEDO claret n.1 and n.2 (a.)] EK100/17; ~ de Reane EK100/22 or ~ de Ruyn SH140/3 Rhine wine, Rhenish wine [OEDO Rhenish a. and n. 2.]; ~ de Romene EK60/26 or ~ de Romney IC4/5 rumney wine [OEDO rumney]; ~ dulce EK61/9, etc, or dulce ~ C67/29 sweet or sweetened wine; ~ molle literally mellow wine but comparison with E version of this account suggests it refers to a sweet wine SH161/31 (see p SH655, endnote to SRO: 3365/427, mb 1d); ~ rubeum C69/28; EK60/26, etc; IC4/6, etc; SH129/30, etc; or rubium ~ EK827/8 or ~ rubium CR492/22 red wine; ~ uasconicum Gascon wine SH159/15-16

uiola, -e n f viol, a bowed stringed instrument with frets LI203/36, etc; trebalis uiola a treble viol OX414/24; see Oxford EG vilyn [cp Ian Woodfield and Lucy Robinson: 'viol,' Grove Music Online, L. Macy (ed) (Accessed 13 April 2009)]

uiolaris, -is n m one who plays the viol, viol player WL289/7

uirga, -ae n f 1. rod, staff EL240/16; here usually symbolic of a virger's office in St Paul's Cathedral EL17/22, etc ; 2. rod (used for administering punishment) C361/34; 3. yard, unit of linear measurement equal to 3 feet: A. for cloth BR6/40; C71/7, etc; EK322/32, etc; IC45/34; LI583/20, etc; B. for land L241/9-11

uirgata, -e n f 1. yard, linear measurement equal to 3 feet CH228/11; used to measure cloth C32/31, etc; land L82/14-15; 2. rod, a linear measure of varying length, probably 5.5 yards or 16.5 feet CH153/232, etc; regea uirgata CH153/231, etc; 3. yardland, measurement of land roughly equal to an area of 20-30 acres SM179/17, etc

Virgilianus, -a, -um adj of, belonging to, or in the manner of Vergil, a Roman epic and pastoral poet (70-19 BC) author of the Eclogues, Georgics, and Aeneid C237/15

Virgilius, -ii n m Publius Vergilius Maro, a Roman epic and pastoral poet (70-19 BC) author of the Eclogues, Georgics, and Aeneid [OCD Virgil]; see also Polydorus Virgilius

uirginitas, -atis n f virginity: de Virginitate 'Of Virginity,' name of a treatise by St Ambrose CH807/30

uirgo, -inis n f 1. virgin, an unmarried girl IC454/4, as the name of a constellation, Virgo IC454/3; 2. used as an attribute of a saint, especially the Virgin Mary C46/2; CH36/22, etc; EK649/26, etc; EL16/17; IC8/18, etc; OX3/14, etc; SM252/33, etc; SX3/21c, etc; W412/30, etc

uirtus, -tutis n f 1. literally strength, power, hence in idiom uirtute + gen by virtue of LI580/6, etc (also in uirtute + gen LI103/22); hence uirtute iuramenti by virtue of one's oath SX19/33; uertus LI584/9; 2. (Christian) virtue LI5/9; SX4/3

uis, uis n f 1. power, strength, ability SH99/5; WL4/10; authority, force (eg, of an agreement or order) CH154/10, etc; SX20/15; in idiom in uim iuramenti (or sub ui iuramenti SH120/18-19, etc) BR164/33; H169/14-15, etc; SH328/6, etc; SM65/9, etc; SX179/18; W378/39, etc, by virtue of one's oath; in uim iuramentorum uestrorum by virtue of your oaths CH767/30-1; in pl (military) forces WL222/28; 2. force, violence CH719/7; WL129/1; in idiom ui laica remouenda literally 'by removal of a lay force,' a writ providing relief for one party disputing the incumbency of a church who has been blocked from entering it by a lay force, by removing that force IC468/21, etc; see also armum

uiscinus var of uicinus [OLD]

uise var of uice [OLD uicis]

uisibus see uicis

uisio, -onis n f that which is seen, a sight, here view, spectacle, display LI118/6

uisitacio, -onis n f 1. act of visiting, visit LI6/24; 2. visitation, inspection of a parish or religious house and its inhabitants by the ecclesiastical authorities EK20/17; LI341/15, etc; SM174/3, etc; uisitacio ... metropolitica metropolitical visitation, one made by an archbishop as metropolitan CH46/21

uisitator, -oris n m visitor, here one appointed to visit (ie, to inspect) grammar schools LI208/9

uisito, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to visit formally, possibly to inspect EK823/23; WL216/13

uisitor, -oris n m visitor, here one appointed to visit (ie, to inspect) religious houses SH196/29

uisum, -i1 sbst nt act of seeing or looking at L41/15; SH186/38

uisum2 acc supine from uideo, seeing, looking at SH180/22, etc (followed by acc obj)

uisus, -us n m 1. literally view, sight BR165/20; in idiom uisus coronatoris view of coroner, a coroner's inquest held to determine culpability in cases of accidental or violent death BR3/8; uisus corporis view of a body, a coroner's inquest held to determine culpability in cases of accidental or violent death CH25/39; SX29/2, SX170/32; 2. hence spectacle, display LI118/21, etc

uitrarius, -ii n m glazier C145/14, etc

uitrum, -i n nt glass C145/14, etc

uitulinus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to a calf; see caro

uitulus, -i n m calf; see caro

uituperiosus, -i, -um adj scornful, vituperative CH767/36, etc

uituperium, -ii n nt censure, scorn, vituperation CH767/36; H99/23; W349/3

ullibi adv anywhere OX305/29

ulna, -e n f ell, a measure of length equal to 45 inches EK34/27, etc; LI33/14, etc; OX8/35

Vlpianus, -i n m Ulpian (d. AD 223), a distinguished Roman jurist whose work was one of the principal sources for the law codes of Justinian, here used as the cognomen of a justice at the court of a Christmas prince IC462/14

ultera var of ultra [OLD]

Vlysses, -is n m 1. Ulysses, the L name of Odysseus, a Greek hero of the Trojan War, here named as representative of military tactics IC425/14 [OLD Vlixes]; 2. named as a character in the play Ajax Flagellifer OX308/4, etc; as a character in the masque Penelope's Wooers OX371/13

umbraculum, -i n nt literally something providing shelter or shade, here by extension a canopy OX137/6, etc

unacum var of una cum [OLD]

unanimis, -e adj being in concord or accord, hence (of agreement or a decision) unanimous CH153/17, etc; EL21/19, etc; LI120/33, etc; OX57/25

unanimiter adv unanimously LI132/21

uncia, -e n f ounce, unit of weight C210/7; EK85/8, etc; LI35/24, etc; SH166/13, etc; SM126/27, etc; WL14/3, etc

uniformiter adv uniformly, without diversity in manner or form WL10/10

uniter adv together SH264/11

uniuersitas, -atis n f 1. university, whether viewed as a physical site C364/13, etc; OX11/26, etc, or as a corporate body C3/24, etc; OX7/24, etc; 2. the whole body or community of people addressed by a document, especially in idiom uniuersitas uestra your university EK731/13; EL21/15; [OEDO university n. 3.]

uniuocus, -a, -um adj having a single voice, unanimous OX799/22

uno, -are, -aui, -atum v intr to unite, come together in a single group CH681/8, etc

uocatio, -onis n f 1. calling, summoning OX6/15, etc; 2. calling, vocation CH770/34

uolo, -are, aui, atum v intr literally to fly, here figuratively in idiom uolare permittere of a horn to let fly, ie, to sound or blow LI321/29-30

uolumen, -inis n nt volume, a collection of discrete writings bound together EL19/9

uoluptuositas, -atis n f over-indulgence, love of pleasure CR465/4

urbanitas, -atis n f elegance, wit, hence an example of this, a witty or elegant remark EL15/25

urbs, urbis n f city: de urbibus usual Latin title of Stephanus of Byzantium's Ἐθνικά, a compilation of antiquarian information about ancient sites presented as list of place names and related adjectives and surviving only in an epitome SM198/4m

Vriteslegus, -i n m attempt to put the English name Wriothesley into Latin C95/7; see also fabrilegus

ursa, -e n f (female) bear (for baiting or other entertainment) CH34/5, etc; OX50/14; SH209/10, etc; see also custos

ursarius, -ii n m bearward CH33/38, etc; L132/29, etc; LI343/25, etc; OX29/20; SH207/10, etc; ursiarius SH194/25, etc; ursuarius SH199/17; ursurius LI333/21

ursiator, -oris n m bearward SH206/15

ursinarius, -ii n m bearward SH168/32, etc; ursenarius SH156/18

ursus, -i n m (male) bear (for baiting or other entertainment) CH36/2, etc; CR494/15, etc; EK827/12, etc; OX37/21; SH185/26, etc; SX184/12, etc; urcium (3rd decl gen pl) EK764/26, etc; ursuum (4th decl gen pl) SH174/13, etc; see also custos, custoditor

usque1 adv 1. as long as one can, hence usque morari to delay as long as possible, to linger OX270/10; huc usque until now EK647/35; OX308/41; 2. in combination with ad up to, as far as CH156/7, etc; EK204/1-2; IC88/9, etc; OX9/24, etc; hence up to (a point in a text) CH48/8; up to (a total) EK824/2; 3. in combination with ad CH68/28; EK974/25; EL26/7; OX414/14, etc; or in (with abl or acc) until, up to the time of EK305/4, etc; EL241/29, etc

usque2 prep with acc 1. (of space) up to, as far as CH716/20, etc; EK909/26, etc; SH154/9; 2. (of time) until, up to the time of CH78/37, etc; EK731/15, etc; EL127/40, etc; IC13/26; OX491/14; SH354/9, etc; 3. (of quantity) up to (an amount) IC60/10; 4. as far as concerns CH78/20

usualis, -e adj usual, customary EL26/11

usura, -e n f usury, the lending of money at interest, especially at excessively high rates EL243/2

usurarius, -ii n m usurer, one who lends money at excessive rates SH120/32

usus, -us n m use, benefit CH153/28, etc; EL18/28; IC49/12; SX171/21; vsus fructuum usufruct, use and enjoyment, a right of temporary possession, such that it does not prejudice that of the true owner EL19/13 [see Black's Use]

utlagatus, -i n m outlaw LI609/29, etc

uttero, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to utter, produce (documents or commodities) SM189/15

Vtopicus, -a, -um adj of or pertaining to Utopia, Utopian, ideal OX310/8

uulgariter adv 1. commonly, usually LI332/25; 2. in the vernacular, hence in English CH156/9; SH172/17; SM173/40m, etc

uulgo adv commonly, in the vernacular, hence in English LI5/3, etc; SM198/6m


waferarius, -ii n m waferer, literally one who makes wafers; waferers and 'menestralli' are sometimes mentioned in close association, but it is not clear whether they are therefore a type of minstrel; see pp H291-2 (Endnotes)) EK60/23, etc; H189/15

wafrator, -oris n m waferer, literally one who makes wafers; waferers and 'menestralli' are sometimes mentioned in close association, but it is not clear whether they are therefore a type of minstrel EK54/34, etc

Waia, -e n f Wye, the name of a river WL219/28

Walensicus, -a, -um adj Welsh WL247/23

Wallensis, -e adj Welsh WL288/8

Wallia, -e n f Wales CH45/8, etc; IC666/21; OX9/20, etc; WL57/17; see also Suth Wallia

Wallicus, -a, -um adj Welsh EK59/30; OX8/19, etc; SH164/32; WL238/4

wappentakium, -ii n nt wapentake, a subdivision of certain shires corresponding to the hundred of other counties, here a judicial court of such a subdivision LI609/23 [see OEDO wapentake]

warantizo, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to warrant or guarantee something to someone (ie, their possession of it) W413/30

warda, -e n f ward: 1. watch, guard, here in idiom warda facienda keeping watch or ward EK537/25; 2. administrative district of a city or town EK967/30, etc; EL97/10, etc; SH111/36

wardens, -ntis n m warden, here the lord warden of the Cinque Ports EK756/28, etc

wardenus, -i n m warden, here the lord warden of the Cinque Ports EK738/35

Warecestria see Worcestria

war(r)anto, -are, -aui, -atum v tr to warrant or guarantee something to someone (ie, their possession of property) CH154/2, etc; EL26/29

warrantum, -i n nt warrant: 1. justification CH41/2, etc; LI103/37; 2. an order or authorization EL128/2, etc; IC86/26, etc; LI580/6, etc; see also dormiens; 3. (arrest) warrant CH691/39, etc; L240/11

warrena, -e n f warren: in phr libera warrena free warren, the right to keep or hunt certain kinds of game or game birds CH41/3 [OEDO warren n.1 1.c.]

Waruicum, -i n nt Warwick: 1. name of a town Warwicum SH265/381; 2. name of a county Warwicum IC124/25; SH265/382; 3. name of a earldom and dukedom C44/36, etc; W397/1, etc; Warewicum EK825/8, etc; Warruicum EK41/14; Warrwicum EK322/9, etc; Warwicum CR492/39, etc; SX45/26, etc; Warwycum SX48/5, etc

wastellum, -i n nt wastel bread, a loaf made from flour of a particularly high quality SM177/38, etc; see also panis

Wellensis, -is n f the town of Wells SM236/14, etc

Wellia, -e n f the town of Wells SM252/2

Westburia, -e n f Westbury, name of a deanery in the diocese of Worcester BR5/9

Westmerlandia, -e n f Westmorland, name of an earldom EK63/30

Westmonasterium, -ii n nt Westminster, name of a city EK733/13, etc; EL229/38, etc; IC34/4, etc; LI580/6, etc; SH266/1

Wia, -e n f Wye, name of a river H184/33m

wicus, -i n m town: Medius Wicus Middlewich CH721/37, etc; Wicus Malbancus CH717/26, etc, or Vicus Malbanus CH795/18 Nantwich

Wigornia, -e n f Worcester; 1. name of a city and diocese W396/3, etc; Wygornia BR3/21; W400/14, etc; 2. name of a county W451/22m (in form <..>gornia due to MS damage), etc; 3. name of an earldom SH128/32, etc (in form Wygornia); LI195/18

Wilticiria, -e n f Wiltshire, name of a county BR59/4

Windishgracius, -a, -um adj of or belonging to the Windischgraetz family: m as sbst a member of that family OX257/18

Winghama, -e n f Wingham, name of a village EK203/33

Wintonia, -ae n f Winchester, name of a diocese OX417/17, etc; Wyntonia EK46/25

wlnero var of uulnero [OLD]

Woodstochia, -ae n f Woodstock, name of a parish OX465/35

Worcestria, -ae n f Worcester, name of an earldom LI86/6 (in form Worcest<...> due to MS damage); OX313/11; used as a personal name element CH36/7m (in form Warecestria)

Wygornia see Wigornia

Wygorniensis, -e adj of or belonging to Worcester, site of a cathedral and its priory WL217/29

Wynsoria, -e n f Windsor, name of a royal castle and chapel OX73/20


Xenophon, -ontis n m Xenophon (c 428/7-c 354 BC), Athenian historian and memoirist, part of the conservative circle formed around Socrates SM191/37m, etc [OCD]; see also historia, oracio

xviijna see octauadecima


ydioma see idioma

ydus see Idus

yemalis, -e adj for hiemalis [OLD]

yems, yemis for hiems [OLD]

ymago, -inis n f for imago [OLD]

ymmo particle for immo [OLD]

ymnum, -i n nt hymn EK27/14

ymus, -a, -um adj for imus [OLD]

Ysayas, -e n m Isaiah, name of an OT prophet and the book ascribed to him EL238/23, etc

Ysodorus see Isidorus

ystrio, ystryo see histrio

ystrionatus, -us n m the state of being an entertainer H99/29; see also histrio


zabuli var of sabuli [OLD sabulum]

Zacharias, -ie n m Zechariah, name of one of the Minor Prophets in the OT CH808/1

zelator, -oris n m zealous supporter, zealot LI762/13

zelotipie var of zelotypie [OLD zelotypia]

zelus, -i n m eagerness, ardour, zeal C237/30; LI4/4; OX178/9

zenium for xenium [OLD]

zitharius, -ii n m harper, one who plays upon a stringed instrument C142/29; see also cithareda [for 'citharius' from 'sitharius'?; cp DML cithara]

Zodiacum, -i n nt the zodiac, a band of twelve constellations, also known as signs of the zodiac, which define the sun's apparent path across the sky following the plane of the ecliptic OX308/27, etc

A  |   B  |  C  |  D  |  E  |  F  |  G  |  H  |  I  |   K  |  L  |  M  |  N  |  O  |  P  |  Q  |  R  |   S  |  T  |  V  |  W  |  X  |  Y  |  Z

Principal Terms Relating to Performance

These pages created and maintained by Abigail Ann Young. Original text copyright (C) Records of Early English Drama, 2007.

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